Publications by authors named "Sander C Kuipers"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

PROTECT: Prospective Phase-II-Trial Evaluating Adaptive Proton Therapy for Cervical Cancer to Reduce the Impact on Morbidity and the Immune System.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Oct 15;13(20). Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands.

External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with concurrent chemotherapy followed by brachytherapy is a very effective treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). However, treatment-related toxicity is common and reduces the patient's quality of life (QoL) and ability to complete treatment or undergo adjuvant therapies. Intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) enables a significant dose reduction in organs at risk (OAR), when compared to that of standard intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT). However, clinical studies evaluating whether IMPT consequently reduces side effects for LACC are lacking. The PROTECT trial is a nonrandomized prospective multicenter phase-II-trial comparing clinical outcomes after IMPT or IMRT/VMAT in LACC. Thirty women aged >18 years with a histological diagnosis of LACC will be included in either the IMPT or IMRT/VMAT group. Treatment includes EBRT (45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy), concurrent five weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m), and 3D image (MRI)-guided adaptive brachytherapy. The primary endpoint is pelvic bones D and mean bowel V. Secondary endpoints include dosimetric parameters, oncological outcomes, health-related QoL, immune response, safety, and tolerability. This study provides the first data on the potential of IMPT to reduce OAR dose in clinical practice and improve toxicity and QoL for patients with LACC.
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October 2021

Correlations between bone marrow radiation dose and hematologic toxicity in locally advanced cervical cancer patients receiving chemoradiation with cisplatin: a systematic review.

Radiother Oncol 2021 Sep 21;164:128-137. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Radiotherapy, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) treated with chemoradiation often experience hematologic toxicity (HT), as chemoradiation can induce bone marrow (BM) suppression. Studies on the relationship between BM dosimetric parameters and clinically significant HT might provide relevant indices for developing BM sparing (BMS) radiotherapy techniques. This systematic review studied the relationship between BM dose and HT in patients with LACC treated with primary cisplatin-based chemoradiation. A systematic search was conducted in Embase, Medline, and Web of Science. Eligibility criteria were treatment of LACC-patients with cisplatin-based chemoradiation and report of HT or complete blood cell count (CBC). The search identified 1346 papers, which were screened on title and abstract before two reviewers independently evaluated the full-text. 17 articles were included and scored according to a selection of the TRIPOD criteria. The mean TRIPOD score was 12.1 out of 29. Fourteen studies defining BM as the whole pelvic bone contour (PB) detected significant associations with V10 (3/14), V20 (6/14), and V40 (4/11). Recommended cut-off values were V10 > 95-75%, V20 > 80-65%, and V40 > 37-28%. The studies using lower density marrow spaces (PBM) or active bone marrow (ABM) as a proxy for BM only found limited associations with HT. Our study was the first literature review providing an overview of articles evaluating the correlation between BM and HT for patients with LACC undergoing cisplatin-based chemoradiation. There is a scarcity of studies independently validating developed prediction models between BM dose and HT. Future studies may use PB contouring to develop normal tissue complication probability models.
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September 2021