Publications by authors named "Sanaz Jowkar"

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Preconditioning Effect of Remifentanil Versus Fentanyl in Prevalence of Early Graft Dysfunction in Patients After Liver Transplant: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Exp Clin Transplant 2020 10 6;18(5):598-604. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

From the Department of Anesthesia, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Fars, Iran.

Objectives: One of the most prevalent complications of orthotopic liver transplant is primary graft dysfunction. Recent studies have shown the preconditioning effect of remifentanil on animal livers but not human livers. Here, we compared the preconditioning effects of remifentanil and fentanyl in orthotopic liver transplant in human patients.

Materials And Methods: In this double-blind clinical trial, 100 patients who underwent liver transplant from deceased donors were randomly allocated into 2 groups. Patients in the remifentanil group received remifentanil infusion, and those in the fentanyl group received fentanyl infusion during maintenance of anesthesia. Serum aminotransferase levels, prothrombin time (international normalized ratio), partial thrombin time, arterial blood gas levels, and renal function tests were evaluated over 7 days posttransplant. Intensive care unit stay and hospitalization were also recorded.

Results: The median peak alanine aminotransferase level during 7 days after transplant was 2100 U/L (interquartile range, 1230-3220) in the remifentanil group and 3815 U/L (interquartile range, 2385-5675) in the fentanyl group (P = .048). Metabolic acidosis, renal state, prothrombin time (international normalized ratio), and partial thrombin time were similar in both groups (P > .05). Durations of stay in the intensive care unit and hospital were not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = .75 and P = .23, respectively). Overall, the clinical outcomes were similar in the remifentanil and fentanyl groups (P > .05).

Conclusions: We found that remifentanil and fentanyl were not different with regard to their preconditioning effects and graft protection in orthotopic liver transplant recipients.
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October 2020