Publications by authors named "San-Jun Zhang"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Shell-Isolated Nanoparticle-Enhanced Luminescence of Metallic Nanoclusters.

Anal Chem 2020 05 28;92(10):7146-7153. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, iChEM, College of Energy, Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China.

Metallic nanoclusters (NCs) have molecular-like structures and unique physical and chemical properties, making them an interesting new class of luminescent nanomaterials with various applications in chemical sensing, bioimaging, optoelectronics, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), etc. However, weak photoluminescence (PL) limits the practical applications of NCs. Herein, an effective and facile strategy of enhancing the PL of NCs was developed using Ag shell-isolated nanoparticle (Ag SHIN)-enhanced luminescence platforms with tuned SHINs shell thicknesses. 3D-FDTD theoretical calculations along with femtosecond transient absorption and fluorescence decay measurements were performed to elucidate the enhancement mechanisms. Maximum enhancements of up to 231-fold for the [AuAg(C≡CBu)] cluster and 126-fold for DNA-templated Ag NCs (DNA-Ag NCs) were achieved. We evidenced a novel and versatile method of achieving large PL enhancements with NCs with potential for practical biosensing applications for identifying target DNA in ultrasensitive surface analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.0c00600DOI Listing
May 2020

Shell-Isolated Nanoparticle-Enhanced Phosphorescence.

Anal Chem 2018 09 5;90(18):10837-10842. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, iChEM, Department of Physics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Xiamen University , Xiamen 361005 , China.

The emerging field of plasmonics has promoted applications of optical technology, especially in plasmon-enhanced spectroscopy (PES). However, in plasmon-enhanced fluorescence (PEF), "metal loss" could significantly quench the fluorescence during the process, which dramatically limits its applications in analysis and high-resolution imaging. In this report, silver core silica shell-isolated nanoparticles ([email protected] NPs or SHINs) with a tunable thickness of shell are used to investigate the interactions between NPs and emitters by constructing coupling and noncoupling modes. The plasmonic coupling mode between [email protected] NPs and Ag film reveals an exceeding integrating spectral intensity enhancement of 330 and about 124 times that of the radiative emission rate acceleration for shell-isolated nanoparticle enhanced phosphorescence (SHINEP). The experimental findings are supported by theoretical calculations using the finite-element method (FEM). Hence, the SHINEP may provide a novel approach for understanding the interaction of plasmon and phosphorescence, and it holds great potential in surface detection analysis and singlet-oxygen-based clinical therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b02109DOI Listing
September 2018

Plasmon-Enhanced Ultrasensitive Surface Analysis Using Ag Nanoantenna.

Anal Chem 2018 02 10;90(3):2018-2022. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University , Xiamen 361005, China.

Raman scattering and fluorescence spectroscopy permeate analytic science and are featured in the plasmon-enhanced spectroscopy (PES) family. However, the modest enhancement of plasmon-enhanced fluorescence (PEF) significantly limits the sensitivity in surface analysis and material characterization. Herein, we report a Ag nanoantenna platform, which simultaneously fulfills very strong emission (an optimum average enhancement of 10-fold) and an ultrafast emission rate (∼280-fold) in PES. For applications in surface science, this platform has been examined with a diverse array of fluorophores. Meanwhile, we utilized a finite-element method (FEM) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) to comprehensively investigate the mechanism of largely enhanced radiative decay. PES with a shell-isolated Ag nanoantenna will open a wealth of advanced scenarios for ultrasensitive surface analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04113DOI Listing
February 2018

[Fluorescence Properties of Single-Trp Peptide: Response to pH and Metal Ions].

Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 2017 Feb;37(2):476-80

Considering the important role of metal ions including copper ions are playing in human body, a novel single-Trp peptide WDAHSS was designed and synthesized in this study to achieve sensitive detection of copper ions via fluorescence spectroscopy. The intrinsic fluorescence of a tryptophan residue in WDAHSS, which was the only source of the molecular fluorescence, could be easily quenched with copper ions. By comparing fluorescence spectra of WDAHSS with those of tryptophan molecules at different pH values, the quenching mechanism of WDAHSS was explored in detail. Research showed that the histidine in WDAHSS bound copper ions with metal coordination. With participation of peptide bond, a square planar structure was formed. It was a consequent chelation of copper ions that caused the quenching of tryptophan residue. At the same time, this study discussed how pH conditions affected the fluorescence spectra of WDAHSS. Furthermore, association constants of copper ions towards WDAHSS were calculated through fluorescence measurements and fitting analyses. To enhance the anti-jamming ability to pH variation, the amino terminal of WDAHSS was intentionally acetylized, leading to a stable fluorescence emission under physiological pH conditions. Besides, WDAHSS was designed as a special structure to enhance the selectivity and biocompatibility of its sensitive detection of copper ions. Further studies on WDAHSS may help to improve the fluorescence imaging detection in vivo.
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February 2017

[Precise and Rapid Detection of Glutathione by Using Novel Fluorescent Ag Nanoclusters].

Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 2016 Dec;36(12):3973-7

Glutathione (GSH) is an important three-peptide molecule, which has the functions of antioxidation and detoxification, and plays a crucial role in the fields of biology, medicine and food science. It is involved in many important biochemical reactions in cells and body fluid, and the changes of GSH content reflect the specific health problems of human body. Current methods of GSH detection are always complicated, time-consuming and expensive instrument depended, such as surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), electrochemical analysis, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and so on. The probe’s photochemical properties can be modified by the reaction between GSH and nanoclusters, which will result in the changes of fluorescence intensity and wavelength. In this paper, a new method to realize precise and rapid GSH detection is developed by using silver na-noclusters as a fluorescent probe, and simultaneously measures the probe’s fluorescence intensity and wavelength. The synthesis of the fluorescence probe reported in this paper possesses the advantages of steps-simple and pollution free, and the GSH detection method has faster response, more accurate measurement and smaller relative error over the traditional methods. The good specificity of GSH detection among other molecules with the similar structure is further proved in control group experiments by comparing the differences of their fluorescence intensities and wavelength. The measurement accuracy is fully assured due to the insensitivity of the probe to a variety of salt ions and amino acids. This technique can be further employed in the intracellular detection and imaging of GSH.
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December 2016

"Smart" Ag Nanostructures for Plasmon-Enhanced Spectroscopies.

J Am Chem Soc 2015 Nov 23;137(43):13784-7. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University , Shanghai 200062, China.

Silver is an ideal candidate for surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based applications because of its great optical cross-section in the visible region. However, the uses of Ag in plasmon-enhanced spectroscopies have been limited due to their interference via direct contact with analytes, the poor chemical stability, and the Ag(+) release phenomenon. Herein, we report a facile chemical method to prepare shell-isolated Ag nanoparticle/tip. The as-prepared nanostructures exhibit an excellent chemical stability and plasmonic property in plasmon-enhanced spectroscopies for more than one year. It also features an alternative plasmon-mediated photocatalysis pathway by smartly blocking "hot" electrons. Astonishingly, the shell-isolated Ag nanoparticles (Ag SHINs), as "smart plasmonic dusts", reveal a ∼1000-fold ensemble enhancement of rhodamine isothiocyanate (RITC) on a quartz substrate in surface-enhanced fluorescence. The presented "smart" Ag nanostructures offer a unique way for the promotion of ultrahigh sensitivity and reliability in plasmon-enhanced spectroscopies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.5b09682DOI Listing
November 2015

[Quenched fluorescein: a reference dye for instrument response function of TCSPC].

Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 2014 Aug;34(8):2284-8

Measuring the instrument response function (IRF) and fitting by reconvolution algorithms are routines to improve time resolution in fluorescence lifetime measurements. Iodide ions were successfully used to quench the fluorescence of fluorescein in this study. By systematically adding saturated NaI water solution in basic fluorescein solution, the lifetimes of fluorescein were reduced from 4 ns to 24 ps. The quenched lifetime of fluorescein obtained from the analysis of Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC) measurement agrees well with that from femtosecond frequency up-conversion measurement. In time resolved excitation spectra measurements, the IRF should be measured at various detection wavelengths providing scattring materials are used. This study could not only reduce the complexity of IRF measurement, but also avoid the existing color effect in system. This study should have wide applications in time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy and fluorescence lifetime imaging.
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August 2014

Facile large-scale synthesis of monodisperse mesoporous silica nanospheres with tunable pore structure.

J Am Chem Soc 2013 Feb 6;135(7):2427-30. Epub 2013 Feb 6.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Chemical Processes, Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are experiencing rapid development in the biomedical field for imaging and for use in heterogeneous catalysis. Although the synthesis of MSNs with various morphologies and particle sizes has been reported, synthesis of a pore network with monodispersion control below 200 nm is still challenging. We achieved this goal using mild conditions. The reaction occurred at atmospheric pressure with a templating sol-gel technique using cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA(+)) as the templating surfactant and small organic amines (SOAs) as the mineralizing agent. Production of small pore sizes was performed for the first time, using pure and redispersible monodispersed porous nanophases with either stellate (ST) or raspberry-like (RB) channel morphologies. Tosylate (Tos(-)) counterions favored ST and bromide (Br(-)) RB morphologies at ultralow SOA concentrations. Both anions yielded a worm-like (WO) morphology at high SOA concentrations. A three-step formation mechanism based on self-assembly and ion competition at the electrical palisade of micelles is proposed. Facile recovery and redispersion using specific SOAs allowed a high yield production at the kilogram scale. This novel technique has practical applications in industry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja3116873DOI Listing
February 2013
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