Publications by authors named "Samya T Hagos"

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The clinical utility of molecular karyotyping for neurocognitive phenotypes in a consanguineous population.

Genet Med 2015 Sep 11;17(9):719-25. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

Department of Genetics, Research Center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: Molecular karyotyping has rapidly become the test of choice in patients with neurocognitive phenotypes, but studies of its clinical utility have largely been limited to outbred populations. In consanguineous populations, single-gene recessive causes of neurocognitive phenotypes are expected to account for a relatively high percentage of cases, thus diminishing the yield of molecular karyotyping. The aim of this study was to test the clinical yield of molecular karyotyping in the highly consanguineous population of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: We have reviewed the data of 584 patients with neurocognitive phenotypes (mainly referred from pediatric neurology clinics), all evaluated by a single clinical geneticist.

Results: At least 21% of tested cases had chromosomal aberrations that are likely disease-causing. These changes include both known and novel deletion syndromes. The higher yield of molecular karyotyping in this study as compared with the commonly cited 11% can be explained by our ability to efficiently identify single-gene disorders, thus enriching the samples that underwent molecular karyotyping for de novo chromosomal aberrations. We show that we were able to identify a causal mutation in 37% of cases on a clinical basis with the help of autozygome analysis, thus bypassing the need for molecular karyotyping.

Conclusion: Our study confirms the clinical utility of molecular karyotyping even in highly consanguineous populations.
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September 2015