Publications by authors named "Samira Hajiaghalou"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

FeO magnetic nanoparticles improve the vitrification of mouse immature oocytes and modulate the pluripotent genes expression in derived pronuclear-stage embryos.

Cryobiology 2021 Jun 27;100:81-89. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

The vitrification of Germinal Vesicle (immature) oocytes is beneficial for preservation of fertility in cases involving reproductive problems. The use of nanoparticles (NP(s)) as vitrification aid is a novel approach towards improving vitrification efficiency. The efficacy of use of iron oxide (FeO) nanoparticles as vitrification aid is reported in this paper. Immature oocytes from NMRI mice were collected and divided into non-vitrified (nVit), Vitrified (Vit) and Vitrified + NP (Vit) groups. In the Vit group, solutions containing FeO nanoparticles at three different concentrations (0.004%, 0.008% and 0.016% w/v) were separately added to the vitrification solution and their effects on the vitrification of the oocytes were compared. The concentration that was found to be best performing (0.004% w/v) was used in vitrification studies in subsequent experiments. Mitochondrial function, apoptosis incidence, ultrastructure alteration, nuclear maturity, embryo formation and genes expression (Nanog, Oct4, Cdx2, and Sox2) were evaluated in response to the addition of the nanoparticle solution during vitrification. Nuclear maturity of oocyte and embryo formation increased significantly (P ≤ 0.05) in the vitrified + NP group. Expression of Sox2 also increased significantly in both vitrified and vitrified + NP groups. While there was a significant increase in Oct4 expression in the vitrified group as compared to control, there was no significant difference between vitrified and Vit groups. The expression of Cdx2 decreased significantly (P ≤ 0.05) in the Vit group. From these observations, FeO nanoparticles could protect immature oocytes from cryodamages, positively affect vitrification and modulate the pluripotency of derived pronuclear-stage embryos.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2021.03.006DOI Listing
June 2021

Comparison of apoptosis pathway following the use of two protocols for vitrification of immature mouse testicular tissue.

Theriogenology 2016 Nov 13;86(8):2073-82. Epub 2016 Jul 13.

Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Our objective was to evaluate the apoptosis incidence in immature mouse testicular tissue after two different protocols of vitrification and short-term culture. Testes of 7-day-old Naval Medical Research Institute mice were isolated and distributed into control and vitrification groups. In vitrification 1 group, testes were vitrified using a combination of ethylene glycol and DMSO in three steps, and in vitrification 2 group, testes were vitrified using a combination of ethylene glycol and sucrose in five steps. Then, fresh and vitrified-warmed testis fragments were cultured for 20 hours. Morphology, cell viability, apoptosis incidence, and apoptosis gene expression (BAX, BCL2, Caspase 3, Fas, Fas ligand, p53) were evaluated at 0, 3, and 20 hours of culture by light microscopy, flow cytometry, and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Significant decrease of early apoptosis (annexin V+/PI- cells in vitrification 1 and 2 groups at 0 hours of culture, 37.34 ± 0.91 and 30.72 ± 2.2, and at 20 hours of culture, 1.46 ± 0.28 and 0.76 ± 0.11, respectively), increase of late apoptosis (annexin V+/PI+ cells in vitrification 1 group at 0 hours of culture, 14.46 ± 0.86, and at 20 hours of culture, 37.18 ± 2.34), and BAX/BCL-2 ratio (in vitrification 1 and 2 groups at 0 hours of culture, 7.31 ± 0.31 and 6.83 ± 1.38, and at 20 hours of culture, 24.08 ± 4.32 and 9.35 ± 1.91, respectively) were observed in vitrification groups during culture period. Caspase 3 expression was significantly decreased in all groups after 3 hours of culture (in control, vitrification 1, and vitrification 2 groups at 0 hours of culture, 1.00 ± 0.0, 1.56 ± 0.09, and 0.79 ± 0.06, and at 20 hours of culture, 0.37 ± 0.0, 0.96 ± 0.10, and 0.12 ± 0.03, respectively). Expression of p53 was significantly lower in vitrification 1 (0.32 ± 0.02) and control (0.50 ± 0.03) groups in 20 hours of culture as compared with vitrification 2 (0.88 ± 0.14) group. Fas (in vitrification 1 and 2 groups at 0 hours of culture, 2.29 ± 0.23 and 1.14 ± 0.15, and at 20 hours of culture, 12.43 ± 0.46 and 6.7 ± 0.48, respectively) and Fas Ligand (in vitrification 1 and 2 groups at 0 hours of culture, 1.2 ± 0.28 and 5.24 ± 0.32, and at 20 hours of culture, 21.75 ± 2.00 and 25.82 ± 2.15, respectively) expressions significantly increased in vitrification groups after 20 hours of culture. Although both vitrification protocols cause cell death via apoptotic and necrotic pathway, it seems that vitrification 1 protocol induces cell death more via apoptotic pathway than via necrosis. The apoptosis incidence after vitrification may have occurred independent of p53.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.06.027DOI Listing
November 2016