Publications by authors named "Salvador Oliver-Ferrando"

3 Publications

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Exploratory field study on the effect of Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) sow vaccination on serological, virological and reproductive parameters in a PCV2 subclinically infected sow herd.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Apr 16;14(1):130. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

IRTA, Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA, IRTA-UAB), Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.

Background: This study sought to evaluate the effect of sow vaccination against Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) on reproductive parameters during two consecutive reproductive cycles. The study was performed in a PCV2 subclinical infected breeding herd (PCV2 circulation but absence of major reproductive problems). Ninety-four pregnant sows were primo-immunized with a commercial PCV2 vaccine and ninety-seven were injected with phosphate-buffered saline at 6 and 3 weeks before the first studied farrowing, and then boosted at 2 weeks before the second one. Blood samples were taken throughout the study to assess PCV2 DNA load and antibodies. At farrowing, main reproductive parameters and piglet vitality index were registered. In addition, in those litters with more than three mummified or stillborn piglets, microscopic examination and PCV2 antigen detection in foetal myocardium was done.

Results: Vaccinated sows showed significantly higher antibody levels compared to the non-vaccinated counterparts. PCV2 DNA was only detected at farrowing in 2 (4.2%) non-vaccinated sows. Vaccinated sows had 1.3 more live-born piglets per litter at the second cycle than non-vaccinated counterparts. Piglets from vaccinated sows had significantly higher (+ 12.7%) vitality score than the ones born from non-vaccinated sows. No PCV2 compatible lesions neither PCV2 antigen were detected in the tested foetal hearts.

Conclusions: The present study represents a first attempt to demonstrate that PCV2 sow vaccination may have a positive influence on prolificacy and vitality of the offspring in a subclinical infected breeding herd. However, since reproductive outcomes at farm level may be affected by a number of factors, further studies would be needed to confirm this association.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1452-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5902936PMC
April 2018

Comparison of cytokine profiles in peripheral blood mononuclear cells between piglets born from Porcine circovirus 2 vaccinated and non-vaccinated sows.

Vet Microbiol 2018 Feb 19;214:148-153. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

IRTA, Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA, IRTA-UAB), Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. Electronic address:

This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) sow vaccination on cell-mediated immune responses in sows and their progeny. At 7 weeks before farrowing, fifteen PCV2 PCR negative pregnant sows with medium-low antibody values were selected and randomly distributed in two groups according to the antibody levels. Seven sows were vaccinated with a commercial PCV2 vaccine and eight were injected with phosphate-buffered saline at 6 and 3 weeks before farrowing. Blood samples were taken from sows and their piglets (n = 90) during the study duration. PCV2 DNA and antibodies were tested in sera, and cytokine (IFN-α, IFN-γ, IL-12p40, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10) levels were assessed in supernatant from cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells. All sows and piglets were negative by PCV2 PCR throughout the study. Significantly higher PCV2 antibody levels were detected in vaccinated sows after vaccination and in their offspring after colostrum ingestion compared to the non-vaccinated counterparts. Vaccinated sows did not show significant differences in cytokine secretion levels at farrowing compared to unvaccinated dams. In contrast, piglets from vaccinated sows had significantly higher levels of cytokines linked to Th1 memory cells (IFN-γ and TNF-α) in comparison to the ones from non-vaccinated dams. In conclusion, PCV2 sow vaccination, apart from triggering a humoral immunity response in sows and their progeny, might be associated to an increased transfer of cell-mediated immunity from the dam to the piglet.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.12.011DOI Listing
February 2018

Evaluation of natural porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) subclinical infection and seroconversion dynamics in piglets vaccinated at different ages.

Vet Res 2016 12 3;47(1):121. Epub 2016 Dec 3.

IRTA, Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA, IRTA-UAB), Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain.

This study aimed to determine the porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) serological and virological dynamics in piglets vaccinated at different ages in a PCV2 subclinical infection (PCV2-SI) scenario. Six hundred and forty-four 2 week-old healthy piglets were selected and distributed into four treatment groups: vaccination at 3, 6 or 10 weeks of age (3W-VAC, 6W-VAC and 10W-VAC groups, respectively) and unvaccinated pigs (NON-VAC group). Blood (n = 112 pigs) and oral fluid (OF) (n = 40 pens) samples were taken throughout the study to assess PCV2 load, humoral immunity and viral genotyping. Percentage of PCV2-DNA positive sera mainly raised by 10 weeks of age, being maximum at 14 weeks of age, and then started to decrease at 18 and 25 weeks of age. Specifically, PCV2 vaccination at 3 or 6 weeks of age yielded similar results, since they produced an earlier seroconversion and reduced, at different sampling points, the proportion of viremic animals in comparison to the unvaccinated group. In contrast, PCV2 vaccination at 10 weeks of age only achieved such reduction at 25 weeks of age; in this case, vaccination coincided with the increase of the percentage of viremic pigs in the population. Both serological techniques used in sera and OF offered similar results with a high and statistically significant correlation. In contrast, a higher percentage of PCV2 DNA positivity was detected in OF in comparison with sera. In conclusion, under the present study conditions, the optimal time for PCV2 piglet vaccination was at either 3 or 6 weeks of age.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13567-016-0405-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5135804PMC
December 2016
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