Publications by authors named "Sakeena Mushfiq"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mechanistic insights on nsSNPs on binding site of renin and cytochrome P450 proteins: A computational perceptual study for pharmacogenomics evaluation.

J Cell Biochem 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India.

Past several decades, therapeutic investigations lead to the discovery of numerous antihypertensive drugs. Although it has been proved for their potency, altered efficacy is common norms in several conditions due to genetic variations. Cytochrome P450 plays a crucial role in drug metabolism and responsible for the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of the drug molecules. Here, we report the deleterious point mutations in the genes associated with the altered response of antihypertensive drug molecules and their metabolizers. Missense variants were filtered as potential nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms among the available data for the target genes (REN, CYP2D6, CYP3A4). The key objective of the work is to identify the deleterious single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) responsible for the drug response and metabolism for the application of personalized medication. The molecular docking studies revealed that Aliskiren and other clinically approved drug molecules have a high binding affinity with both wild and mutant structures of renin, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 proteins. The docking (Glide XP) score was observed to have in the range of -8.896 to -11.693 kcal/mol. The molecular dynamics simulation studies were employed to perceive the structural changes and conformational deviation through various analyses. Each studied SNPs was observed to have disparate scoring in the binding affinity to the specific drug molecules. As a prospective plan, we assume this study might be applied to identify the risky SNPs associated with hypertension from the patients to recommend the suitable drug for personalized hypertensive treatment. Further, extensive clinical pharmacogenomics studies are required to support the findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.30069DOI Listing
June 2021

The Association of COVID-19 Pandemic Stress With Health-Related Quality of Life in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Analytical Study.

Front Public Health 2021 5;9:600330. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Public Health, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Khamis Mushayt, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

There is a global disaster since WHO declared Covid-19 as a pandemic. With the increase in cases & mortality rate, various health issues viz., stress, mental disorders and altered health-related quality of life have been noted as a result of pandemic and lockdowns. This study aimed to assess the association of COVID-19 pandemic stress with health-related quality of life in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It was a cross-sectional analytical study. Subjects included 878 citizens and residents of Saudi Arabia aged 18 years and above. Convenience, non-probability sampling technique was used. A web-based, self-administered, electronic questionnaire in Arabic language having three sections; Sociodemographic & clinical profile, Standard PSS-10, and Standard SF-12 was used as the study tool and distributed through various social media means. The study period was of 2 months. Data were analyzed using SPS version 25. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, independent sample -test and the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed for suitable statistical analysis. Almost two-thirds of the subjects were between the age of 18 to < 40 and majority (74.1%) being females. Majority (83.0%) reported as having no chronic diseases, and 69.5% had no contact history with COVID-19 cases. The mean of MCS & PCS was (32.34 ± 25.30) & (41.65 ± 11.82), respectively. Majority (67.6%) had a moderate level of COVID-19 stress. A significant negative relationship between total stress scores and HRQOL domains was observed. Majority subjects had a moderate level of stress related to COVID-19 lockdown. Stress during COVID-19 has a significant negative association with both physical and mental HRQOL in which MCS was significantly lower than PCS. It is recommended to evaluate the effectiveness of stress management program and follow a holistic approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.600330DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7973002PMC
April 2021

Serum Selenium and Lead Levels: a Possible Link with Diabetes and Associated Proteinuria.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2020 Feb 19;193(2):342-347. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The study assessed trace element selenium (Se) and a heavy metal lead (Pb) in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated proteinuria. Total 275 subjects aged between 30 and 90 years were studied: 93 T2DM, 98 T2DM with proteinuria, and 84 as controls. Serum Se and Pb were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) and other biochemical indices by ROCHE module COBAS 6000 analyzer. Statistical analysis was done by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) at P < 0.0001 followed by Tukey's honest test. Pearson's correlation coefficient was applied to observe the effects of Se and Pb on FPG and ACR. Decreased Se levels were observed in T2DM and T2DM with proteinuria with no significant difference and serum Pb was found within reference range in both groups. Se showed no significant association with FBG and ACR while mid-upper tertile of Pb was significantly associated with ACR of T2DM with the proteinuria group (P < 0.01). Se is known to have a U-shaped relationship with T2DM. Low Se levels in both groups may be due to the effect of disease and its related inflammation. Detected levels of Pb suggest that studied population had lower exposure to it. Association of Pb with ACR showed consistency with the classical studies that even low levels of Pb may cause the renal deterioration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-019-01721-7DOI Listing
February 2020
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