Publications by authors named "Sai V Vangala"

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Effects of modern military backpack loads on walking speed and cardiometabolic responses of US Army Soldiers.

Appl Ergon 2021 Feb 27;94:103395. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM), 10 General Greene Avenue, Natick, MA, 01760, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Military leaders must understand how modern military equipment loads affect trade-offs between movement speed and physiological strain to optimize pacing strategies.

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of load carried in a recently developed military backpack on the walking speed and cardiometabolic responses of dismounted warfighters.

Methods: Fifteen soldiers (1 woman, 14 men; age, 22 ± 2 years; height, 173 ± 7 cm; body mass (BM), 73 ± 10 kg) completed incremental walking tests with four external load conditions (0, 22, 44, or 66% BM) using the US Army's newest backpack: the Modular Lightweight Load-Carrying Equipment 4000 (MOLLE 4000). Oxygen uptake (V̇O) and heart rate (HR) were evaluated relative to maximal values (V̇O and HR respectively). Testing ceased when participants completed the highest tested speed (1.97 m s), exceeded a respiratory exchange ratio (RER) of 1.00, or reached volitional exhaustion.

Results: Peak speed significantly decreased (p < 0.03) with successively heavier loads (0% BM, 1.95 ± 0.06 m s; 22% BM, 1.87 ± 0.10 m s; 44% BM, 1.69 ± 0.13 m s; 66% BM, 1.48 ± 0.13 m s). Peak V̇O was significantly lower (p < 0.01) with 0% BM (47 ± 5% V̇O) than each load (22% BM, 58 ± 8% V̇O; 44% BM, 63 ± 10% V̇O; 66% BM, 61 ± 11% V̇O). Peak HR was significantly lower (p < 0.01) with 0% BM (71 ± 5% HR) versus each load (22% BM, 83 ± 6% HR; 44% BM, 87 ± 6% HR; 66% BM, 88 ± 6% HR).

Conclusion: Overburdened warfighters suffer severe impairments in walking speed even when carrying recently developed military load carriage equipment. Our results suggest that the relative work intensity of heavy load carriage may be better described when expressed relative to HR versus V̇O.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2021.103395DOI Listing
February 2021