Publications by authors named "Safwan Omran"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Preoperative and ICU Scoring Models for Predicting the In-Hospital Mortality of Patients With Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 Aug 14. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität and Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Charité Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany.

Objectives: This study's objective was to compare several preoperative and intensive care unit (ICU) prognostic scoring systems for predicting the in-hospital mortality of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs).

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Single tertiary university center.

Participants: The study comprised 157 patients.

Interventions: None.

Measurements And Main Results: A total of 157 patients (82% male) presented with RAAA at Charité University Hospital from January 2011 to December 2020. The mean age was 74 years (standard deviation ten years). In-hospital mortality was 29% (n = 45), of whom nine patients (6%) died en route to the operating room, 13 (8%) on the operating table, and 23 (15%) in the ICU. A total of 135 patients (86%) were admitted to the ICU. All six models demonstrated good discriminating performance between survivors and nonsurvivors. Overall, the area under the curve (AUC) for RAAA preoperative scores was greater than those for ICU scores. The largest AUC was achieved with the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) RAAA risk score (AUC = 0.87 for all patients, AUC = 0.84 for patients admitted to the ICU), followed by Hardman Index (AUC = 0.83 for all patients, AUC = 0.81 for patients admitted to the ICU), and Glasgow Aneurysm Score (AUC = 0.74 for all patients, AUC = 0.83 for patients admitted to the ICU). The largest AUC for ICU scores (only patients admitted to the ICU) was achieved with Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (0.75), followed by Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (0.73), and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (0.71).

Conclusions: Preoperative and ICU scores can predict the mortality of patients presenting with RAAA. In addition, the discriminatory ability of preoperative scores between survivors and nonsurvivors was larger than that for ICU scores.
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August 2021

The effect of revascularization on recovery of mitochondrial respiration in peripheral artery disease: a case control study.

J Transl Med 2021 06 4;19(1):244. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12200, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is accompanied by myopathy characterized by mitochondrial dysfunction. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the effect of revascularization procedures on mitochondrial function in ischemic and non-ischemic muscle.

Methods: Muscle biopsies from patients with symptomatic stage IIB/III PAD caused by isolated pathologies of the superficial femoral artery were obtained from muscle regions within the chronic ischemic muscle (gastrocnemius) and from non-ischemic muscle (vastus lateralis) before and 6 weeks after invasive revascularization. High-resolution respirometry was used to investigate mitochondrial function and results were normalized to citrate synthase activity (CSA). Results are given in absolute values and fold over basal (FOB).

Results: Respiratory states (OXPHOS (P) and electron transfer (E) capacity) normalized to CSA decreased while CSA was increased in chronic ischemic muscle after revascularization. There were no changes in in non-ischemic muscle. The FOB of chronic ischemic muscle was significantly higher for CSA (chronic ischemic 1.37 (IQR 1.10-1.64) vs. non-ischemic 0.93 (IQR 0.69-1.16) p = 0.020) and significantly lower for respiratory states normalized to CSA when compared to the non-ischemic muscle (P per CSA chronic ischemic 0.64 (IQR 0.46-0.82) vs non-ischemic 1.16 (IQR 0.77-1.54) p = 0.011; E per CSA chronic ischemic 0.61 (IQR 0.47-0.76) vs. non-ischemic 1.02 (IQR 0.64-1.40) p = 0.010).

Conclusions: Regeneration of mitochondrial content and function following revascularization procedures only occur in muscle regions affected by malperfusion. This indicates that the restoration of blood and oxygen supply are important mediators aiding mitochondrial recovery.
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June 2021

Giant saccular aneurysm of the internal carotid artery with adhesion to the vagus nerve: A Case Report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;81:105845. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Department of vascular surgery, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Aneurysms of the carotid artery are rare and potentially a risk factor for developing neurological events. This case report describes the treatment of a giant saccular aneurysm of the right extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) with adhesion to the vagus verve.

Case Presentation: An 85-year-old female presented with an asymptomatic pulsating mass on the right neck. Ultrasonography and MR angiography revealed a giant aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery with a massive tortuosity. Intraoperatively, a massive adhesion of the vagus nerve to the aneurysm was found. A resection of the aneurysm followed by a spatulated end-to-end anastomosis was performed. Postprocedural neurological symptoms included a transient paralysis of the vagus nerve that recovered within six weeks.

Clinical Discussion: The treatment options of ICA aneurysms include open surgical and endovascular interventions. Endovascular treatment may be a good option for aneurysms with a particular morphology. However, open surgery is the favorable option for immense ICA aneurysms with a tortuous anatomical path.

Conclusion: Aneurysm resection with end-to-end anastomosis is a possible surgical option in the case of tortuous extracranial ICA aneurysms. Leaving parts of the aneurysmal wall prevented occurring persisting damage of the adhesive vagus nerve.
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April 2021

Aortoduodenal fistulas after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and open aortic repair.

J Vasc Surg 2021 09 5;74(3):711-719.e1. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Department of vascular surgery, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: In the present study, we have reported and compared aortoduodenal fistulas (ADFs) after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) vs after open aortic repair (OAR).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data from patients treated for ADFs from January 2015 to May 2020 in our hospital. The clinical data, diagnostic procedures, and surgical options were evaluated. The primary endpoints of the present study were 30-day and 1-year mortality. The secondary endpoints were major postoperative complications.

Results: A total of 24 patients (20 men; median age, 69 years; range, 53-82 years) were admitted with ADFs after EVAR (n = 9) or OAR (n = 15). These patients accounted for ∼4.3% of all abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs in our hospital. The median interval from the initial aortic repair and the diagnosis of ADF was 68 months (range, 6-83 months) for the ADF-EVAR group and 80 months (range, 1-479 months) for the ADF-OAR group. Three patients in the ADF-EVAR group had refused surgical treatment owing to their high surgical risk. One patient in the ADF-OAR group had undergone removal of the aortic prosthesis without replacement. Of the remaining 20 patients, 12 (ADF-EVAR group, n = 4; ADF-OAR group, n = 8) had undergone in situ replacement of the aorta and 8 (ADF-EVAR group, n = 2; ADF-OAR group, n = 6) had undergone extra-anatomic reconstruction with aortic ligation. After a mean follow-up of 26 months, no patient had experienced early limb loss. However, one case of rupture of the venous graft (ADF-EVAR), one case of aortic stump blowout (ADF-OAR), and one case of a ureteroarterial fistula with a homograft (ADF-OAR) had occurred. Overall, the incidence of postoperative complications was significantly greater after ADF-OAR (93% vs 33%; P = .036). The most frequent bacteria involved in the blood cultures were Escherichia coli (25% of patients), and Candida spp. (61%) were the predominant pathogens found on intra-abdominal smears. The in-hospital mortality rates for the ADF-EVAR and ADF-OAR group were 22% and 13%, respectively. The corresponding 1 -year mortality rates were 22% and 33%.

Conclusions: Patients with ADFs after EVAR or OAR have limited overall survival. In addition to the similar therapeutic approaches, we found no significant differences in postoperative mortality between these two uncommon pathologic entities. In our study, the overall postoperative morbidity seemed greater for the ADF-OAR group.
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September 2021

Management of Tumor- and Nontumor-related Aorto-esophageal and Aorto-bronchial Fistulas.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 21;72:419-429. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Clinic of Vascular Surgery, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: This study aims to review and compare the clinical presentation, management, and outcome in patients with tumor-related (TR) and nontumor-related (NTR) aorto-esophageal fistula (AEF) and aorto-bronchial fistula (ABF) with particular focus on the thoracic endovascular aortic repair.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a series of 16 consecutive patients with TR (n = 8) and NTR (n = 8), ABF (n = 6), and AEF (n = 10) admitted to our hospital from 2011 to 2019.

Results: The median age was 62 years (range 46-81), with 11 men. The most common predisposing factor was esophageal or gastric cardia cancer (n = 6), followed by open repair of the thoracic aorta (n = 5). Endoluminal vacuum therapy (Endo-SPONGE®) accounted for 3 cases of AEFs. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) was applied in 13 patients (4 with ABFs and 9 with AEFs). The primary technical success of the TEVARs was 100%. One patient (8%) was complicated with postoperative middle cerebral artery syndrome and left-sided hemiparesis. The respective in-hospital, 6-month, and 1-year mortality rates were 0% (n = 0), 25% (n = 2), and 25% (n = 2) for the NTR group and 63% (n = 5), 88% (n = 7), and 100% (n = 8) for the TR group. After a mean period of 13 months, 5 (31%) patients were still alive, and one patient lost to follow-up after 11 months. The survivors (n = 5) had all nontumor-related ABF. Progression of underlying cancer and hemodynamic shock were the most common causes of death.

Conclusions: TEVAR represents a reliable option in the treatment of NTR ABFs. In the cases of TR fistulas and NTR AEFs, TEVAR should be applied more selectively. The associated mortality remains very high.
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April 2021

Endovascular and open surgical options in the treatment of uretero-arterial fistulas.

Vascular 2020 Nov 10:1708538120970823. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Clinic of Vascular Surgery, Campus Benjamin Franklin, BerlinCharité - Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: To report and analyze the indications and results of endovascular and open surgical treatment for uretero-arterial fistula.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 25 consecutive patients with uretero-arterial fistulas admitted to our hospital from 2011 to 2020. Endpoints were technical success, freedom from open conversion, stent-graft/graft-related complications, and 30-day and one-year mortality.

Results: The study included 25 patients (68% female,  = 17) with 27 uretero-arterial fistulas by bilateral pathologies in two patients. The mean age was 61 ± 11 years (range 35-80). The most common predisposing factors for uretero-arterial fistula were history of pelvic operations for malignancy in 21 patients (84%), radiotherapy in 21 patients (84%), previous pelvic vascular bypass in 2 patients (8%), and iliac aneurysms in 2 patients (8%). On average, the period between the primary pelvic surgery and the diagnosis of uretero-arterial fistulas was 46 months (range 7-255). Twenty patients (80%) underwent endovascular treatment of the uretero-arterial fistulas. The primary technical success of the endovascular treatment was 95%, and the freedom from open conversion was 40% at six months and 30% at one year. Thirteen uretero-arterial fistulas (48%) underwent delayed open conversion due to recurrent bleeding in six cases (46%), stent-graft infection in three cases (23%), or pelvic abscess in four cases (31%). Primary open surgery was applied for five (20%) patients. After a mean follow-up of 34 months, early (<30 days) mortality was 8% (2/25), one-year mortality 16% (4/25), and overall mortality was 24% (6/25).

Conclusions: Uretero-arterial fistula is a late complication of prior pelvic surgery, radiation, and indwelling ureteral stents. Endovascular treatment remains an effective and less invasive modality in controlling the related life-threatening arterial bleeding of the uretero-arterial fistula. Open surgical treatment is still required for patients with local sepsis, previously failed endovascular treatment or infected stent-grafts.
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November 2020

Regeneration of Mitochondrial Function in Gastrocnemius Muscle in Peripheral Arterial Disease After Successful Revascularisation.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2020 Jan 28;59(1):109-115. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Charité - Medical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: Myopathy, characterised by altered mitochondrial function, is a central part of the pathophysiology of peripheral arterial disease and the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of revascularisation on mitochondrial function.

Methods: High resolution respirometry was used to investigate mitochondrial respiration and the results were normalised to citrate synthase activity (CSA), a marker of mitochondrial content. Ten patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (study group) and 10 subjects without ischaemia (control group) were included. Ankle brachial index and ultrasound imaging were performed before and after vascular intervention to confirm technically successful revascularisation. Within the study group, muscle biopsies from the gastrocnemius muscle were taken before vascular intervention and six weeks after revascularisation. Within the control group, tissue was harvested once.

Results: There were no significant group differences regarding anthropometric data. CSA showed a significant increase after successful revascularisation (CSA pre-operative 281.4 (252.4-391.8) nmol/min/mg protein vs. CSA post-operative 438.5 (361.4-471.3) nmol/min/mg protein; p = .01) with post-operative return of values to the range of control subjects (CSA control 396.6 (308.2-435.9)). Mitochondrial respiration normalised to CSA in oxidative phosphorylation (P) as well as in electron transfer (E) capacity were significantly reduced post-operatively when compared with pre-operative values (P pre-operative 0.218 (0.196-0.266) pmol/(sec×mg) per CSA vs. post-operative 0.132 (0.116-0.150) pmol/(sec×mg) per CSA, p = .007; E pre-operative 0.230 (0.195-0.279) pmol/(sec×mg) per CSA vs. post-operative 0.129 (0.120-0.154) pmol/(sec×mg) per CSA, p = .005) meaning a post-operative return of values to within the range of control subjects (P control 0.124 (0.080-0.155) pmol/(sec×mg) per CSA; E control 0.121 (0.079-0.125) pmol/(sec×mg) per CSA).

Conclusion: With these results, it has been shown that the initially impaired mitochondrial function and content can normalise after revascularisation.
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January 2020

Aortic Foreign Body Caused by Rupture of Endobag after EVAS Using the Nellix Aneurysm Sealing System-A Case Report.

Ann Vasc Surg 2017 Aug 4;43:315.e5-315.e8. Epub 2017 May 4.

Department of vascular surgery, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

The Nellix aneurysm sealing system aims at sealing the cavity of the sac of the aneurysm, to reduce typical complications such as migration or endoleak. We report on a case of a unique device-associated complication: rupture and displacement of the filling material into the aortic lumen, causing peripheral ischemia and imminent renal and visceral occlusion, in a patient with anastomotic ulcer after an open aortobiiliac bypass and calcified and tortuous iliac arteries. The material was removed by open surgery. The patient recovered completely. The device should be handled with great caution in cases with hostile access routes, and in secondary interventions.
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August 2017