Publications by authors named "Saeid Fallahizadeh"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of COVID-19 pandemic on medical waste management: a case study.

J Environ Health Sci Eng 2021 Mar 18:1-6. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Covid-19 Pandemic leads to medical services for the society all over the world. The Covid-19 pandemic influence the waste management and specially medical waste management. In this study, the effect of the Covid-19 outbreak on medical waste was evaluated via assessing the solid waste generation, composition, and management status in five hospitals in Iran. The results indicated that the epidemic Covid-19 leads to increased waste generation on average 102.2 % in both private and public hospitals. In addition, the ratio of infectious waste in the studied hospitals increased by an average of 9 % in medical waste composition and 121 % compared with before COVID-19 pandemic. Changes in plans and management measurement such as increasing the frequency of waste collection per week leads to lower the risk of infection transmission from medical waste in the studied hospitals. The results obtained from the present research clearly show the changes in medical waste generation and waste composition within pandemic Covid-19. In addition, established new ward, Covid-19 ward with high-infected waste led to new challenges which should be managed properly by change in routine activities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40201-021-00650-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7970745PMC
March 2021

Degradation of furfural in aqueous solution using activated persulfate and peroxymonosulfate by ultrasound irradiation.

J Environ Manage 2020 Jul 22;266:110616. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran. Electronic address:

Furfural is a toxic compound that can cause many problems for human health and the environment. In this study, we addressed the degradation of furfural in aqueous solution using the activated persulfate (SPS) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS) through the ultrasonic (US) wave. Besides, the effect of various parameters (pH, oxidizing dose, initial furfural concentration, US frequency, Inorganic anions concentration, and scavenger) on SPS + US (SPS/US) and PMS + US (PMS/US) processes were examined. The results showed, in order to furfural removal, the US had excellent efficiency in activating SPS and PMS, as in SPS/US and PMS/US processes, 95.3% and 58.4% of furfural (at 25 mg/L concentration) was decomposed in 90 min, respectively. The furfural degradation rate increased with increasing oxidizing dose and US frequency in both SPS/US and PMS/US processes. Considering the synergistic effect, the best removal rate has occurred in the SPS/US process. In the SPS/US and PMS/US processes, furfural removal increased at natural pH (pH 7), and the presence of inorganic anions such as NO and Cl had negative effects on furfural removal efficiency. Also CO and HCO acted as a radical scavenger in the SPS/US process but these anions in the PMS/US process produced more SO radicals, and subsequently, they increased the furfural degradation rate. The results also showed that the predominant radical in the oxidation reactions is the sulfate radical. This study showed that the SPS/US and PMS/US processes are promising methods for degrading organic pollutants in the environment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110616DOI Listing
July 2020

Estimation of methane gas by LandGEM model from Yasuj municipal solid waste landfill, Iran.

MethodsX 2019 15;6:391-398. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

CH has a high potential for energy production and by utilizing the proper technology, large amounts of energy can be extracted from it. This study aimed to estimate the amounts of methane emissions from the municipal solid waste landfill in Yasuj city using LandGEM software. The LandGEM model which is used for this aim is based on input data of open landfill year, land closure year, methane production rate, potential methane production capacity, and waste acceptance rate. According to the results, methane gas production during the years 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 was obtained to be 250, 275, 303, and 330 m/h respectively. The results also showed that maximum methane production rate occurred during the years 2010-2012 and then reduced with a soft slope from 2012. The method and results of this research can be used for design and execute of methane gas collection systems and also, control of greenhouse gases emission for the landfills.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2019.02.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411487PMC
February 2019