Publications by authors named "Saeed Zamani"

7 Publications

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Comparative proteome analyses highlight several exercise-like responses of mouse sciatic nerve after IP injection of irisin.

Eur J Neurosci 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Basic Health Sciences Institute, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Many beneficial effects of exercise on the nervous system are mediated by hormone (growth factor)/receptor signaling. Considering the accumulating evidence on the similarity of some beneficial effects, irisin can be a proposed effector of exercise; however, the mechanism underlying these effects remains largely unknown. More evidence on the mechanism of action might reveal its potential as a treatment strategy to substitute exercise recovery protocols for nerve injuries in physically disabled patients. To evaluate the underlying mechanism of irisin involvement in nerve adaptation and exerting beneficial effects, we studied the proteome profile alteration of mouse sciatic nerve after irisin administration. We also compared it with two 8-week protocols of resistance exercise and endurance exercise. The results indicate that irisin contributes to the regulation of nerve metabolism via overexpression of Ckm and ATP5j2 proteins. Irisin administration may improve sciatic nerve function by maintaining the architecture, enhancing axonal transport, and promoting synapse plasticity through increased structural and regulatory proteins and NO production. We also showed that irisin has the potential to induce neurotrophic support on the sciatic nerve by maintaining cell redox homeostasis, and responses to oxidative stress via the upregulation of disulfide-isomerase and superoxide dismutase enzymes. Comparing with exercise groups, these effects are somewhat exercise-like responses. These data suggest that irisin can be a promising therapeutic candidate for specific targeting of defects in peripheral neuropathies and nerve injuries as an alternative for physical therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejn.15202DOI Listing
March 2021

The natural-based optimization of kojic acid conjugated to different thio-quinazolinones as potential anti-melanogenesis agents with tyrosinase inhibitory activity.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Apr 27;36:116044. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Melanin pigment and melanogenesis are a two-edged sword. Melanin has a radioprotection role while melanogenesis has undesirable effects. Targeting the melanogenesis pathway, a series of kojyl thioether conjugated to different quinazolinone derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their anti-tyrosinase activity and all derivatives displayed better potency than kojic acid as the positive control. In this regard, 5j and 5h as the most active compounds showed an IC value of 0.46 and 0.50 µM, respectively. In kinetic evaluation against tyrosinase, 5j depicted an uncompetitive inhibition pattern. Designed compounds also exhibited mild antioxidant capacity. Moreover, 5j and 5h achieved good potency against the B16F10 cell line to reduce the melanin content, whilst showing limited toxicity against malignant cells. The proposed binding mode of new inhibitors evaluated through molecular docking was consistent with the results of structure-activity relationship analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2021.116044DOI Listing
April 2021

All-trans retinoic acid and genistein induce cell apoptosis in OVCAR-3 cells by increasing the P14 tumor suppressor gene.

Res Pharm Sci 2016 Dec;11(6):505-512

Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran.

In this study, we evaluated the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) alone or in combination with genistein (GEN) in p14 tumor suppressor gene and subsequent apoptosis of human ovarian carcinoma cells (OVCAR-3). The cells were treated with ATRA or GEN at concentrations of 50 and 25 μM respectively, either alone or in combination for 24 and 48 h. The cell viability was evaluated using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The percentage of cell apoptosis was determined using flow cytometry and p14 gene expression was measured using real time PCR. The MTT results showed that in both ATRA and GEN treated groups, the cell viabilityviability in group treated for 48 h was significantly lower than group treated for 24 h. The flow cytometry results showed that the percentage of apoptotic cells in groups that treated with ATRA and GEN in combination for 24 h and 48 h was significantly more than all other tested groups. The real time results showed that the mRNA level of p14 in cells treated with both drugs for 48 h was significantly higher than all other groups. In conclusion, we confirm that GEN in combination with ATRA is an effective strategy to up regulate the p14 tumor suppressor gene and induce cell apoptosis in OVCAR-3 cell line.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1735-5362.194899DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5168888PMC
December 2016

Assessment of TGF-β3 on production of aggrecan by human articular chondrocytes in pellet culture system.

Adv Biomed Res 2014 27;3:54. Epub 2014 Jan 27.

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Molecular Biology, Medical Faculty, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Background: The Autologous Chondrocytes Transplantation (ACT) method is being studied for repair of cartilage diseases. As the chondrocytes dedifferentiated during monolayer culture, three-dimensional cultures are suggested to redifferentiate them. The aim of this study was investigation of the effect of TGF-β3 growth factor on chondrocytes in pellet culture system.

Materials And Methods: The chondrocytes were isolated from three human articular cartilages by enzymatic digestion. The cells of the second passage were transferred to pellet culture system. We determined the chondrogenic medium with TGF-β3 as the experimental group and without it as the control group. After 2 weeks, the aggrecan production was investigated using histological and immunohistochemical (IHC) methods.

Results: The presence of glycosaminoglycans was proved through Toluiden blue staining. Comparison of IHC results using MATLAB software showed that aggrecan in the experimental group was significantly higher than in the control group (P ≤ 0.05).

Conclusion: The presence of TGF-β3 in the chondrogenic medium could lead to the production of more aggrecan in chondrocytes cultivated in pellet culture system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2277-9175.125799DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3950793PMC
March 2014

Silica chemically bonded N-propyl kriptofix 21 and 22 with immobilized palladium nanoparticles for solid phase extraction and preconcentration of some metal ions.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2013 Aug 6;33(6):3180-9. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

Chemistry Department, Yasouj University, Yasouj, 75914-353, Iran.

Silica gel chemically bonded N-propyl kriptofix 21 (SBNPK 21) and N-propyl kriptofix 22 (SBNPK 22) and subsequently immobilized with palladium nanoparticles (PNP-SBNPK 21 and PNP-SBNPK 22) to produce two new complexing lipophilic materials. Then these novel sorbents were applied for the enrichment of some metal ions and their subsequent determination by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS). The influences of the variables including pH, amount of solid phase, sample flow rate, eluent conditions and sample volume on the metal ion recoveries were investigated. The detection limit of proposed method was in the interval 2.1-2.3 and 1.7-2.8 ng mL(-1) for PNP-SBNPK 21 and PNP-SBNPK 22 respectively, while the preconcentration factor was 80 for two sorbents. The relative standard deviations of recoveries were between 1.23-1.31 and 1.28-1.49 for PNP-SBNPK 21 and PNP-SBNPK 22 respectively. The method has high sorption-preconcentration efficiency even in the presence of various interfering ions. Due to the reasonable selectivity of proposed method, the relative standard deviation of recoveries of all understudied metal ions in some complicated matrices was less than 3.0%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2013.03.045DOI Listing
August 2013

A novel voltammetric sensor for amoxicillin based on nickel-curcumin complex modified carbon paste electrode.

Bioelectrochemistry 2012 Jun 7;85:44-9. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Electroanalytical Chemistry Research Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.

The electrocatalytic oxidation of amoxicillin was investigated on a nickel-based (Ni(II)-curcumin) chemically modified electrode. This modified electrode was prepared by electropolymerization of complex (curcumin = 1,7-bis[4-hydroxyl-3-methoxyphenyl]-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione) in alkaline solution. For the first time, the catalytic oxidation of amoxicillin was demonstrated by cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, chronocoulometry and amperometry methods at the surface of this modified carbon paste electrode. The obtained results showed that NiOOH acts as an electrocatalyst for oxidation of amoxicillin. This electrocatalytic oxidation exhibited a good linear response for amoxicillin concentration over the range of 8 × 10⁻⁶-1×10⁻⁴ M with a detection limit of 5 × 10⁻⁶ M. Therefore, this electrocatalytic method was used as a simple, selective and rapid method able to determine amoxicillin in pharmaceutical preparations and biological media.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2011.11.010DOI Listing
June 2012

A novel sensor for cephalosporins based on electrocatalytic oxidation by poly(o-anisidine)/SDS/Ni modified carbon paste electrode.

Talanta 2010 Jun 3;81(4-5):1522-8. Epub 2010 Mar 3.

Electroanalytical Chemistry Research Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran.

In this work for first time, the electrocatalytic oxidations of some cephalosporins were carried out by poly(o-anisidine)/SDS/Ni modified carbon paste electrode using cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and chronocoulometry methods. At first, poly(o-anisidine) was formed by cyclic voltammetry in monomer solution containing sodium dodesyl sulfate (SDS), on carbon paste electrode surface. Then, Ni(II) ions were incorporated to electrode by immersion of the polymeric modified electrode having amine group in 0.1molL(-1) Ni(II) ion solution. A good redox behavior was observed for the Ni(OH)(2)/NiOOH couple on the surface of this electrode. Cephalosporins were successfully oxidized on the surface of this nickel ions dispersed poly(o-anisidine) modified carbon paste electrode. The electrocatalytic oxidation peak currents of cephalosporins were linearly dependent on their concentration. Electrode was successfully applied to determine cephalosporins in pharmaceutical preparations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2010.02.062DOI Listing
June 2010