Publications by authors named "Sadık Muallaoglu"

18 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Stereotactic body radiotherapy for oligoprogressive lesions in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients during abiraterone/enzalutamide treatment.

Prostate 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Metastasis-directed therapy (MDT) utilizing stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for oligoprogressive lesions could provide a delay in next-line systemic treatment (NEST) change while undergoing androgen receptor-targeted agents (ARTA) treatment. We evaluated prognostic factors for prostate cancer-specific survival (PCSS) and progression-free survival (PFS) to characterize patients receiving treatment with ARTA who may benefit from MDT for oligoprogressive lesions. The impact of MDT on delaying NEST and the predictive factors for NEST-free survival (NEST-FS) were also assessed.

Materials And Methods: The clinical data of 54 metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients with 126 oligoprogressive lesions receiving abiraterone (1 g/day) or enzalutamide (160 mg/day) before or after systemic chemotherapy were analyzed. A median of three lesions (range: 1-5) were treated with MDT. The primary endpoints were PCSS and PFS. The secondary endpoints were time to switch to NEST and NEST-FS.

Results: The median follow-up time was 19.1 months. Univariate analysis showed that the number of oligoprogressive lesions treated with SBRT and the time between the start of ARTA treatment and oligoprogression were significant prognostic factors for PCSS, and the timing of ARTA treatment (before or after chemotherapy) and the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response after MDT were significant prognostic factors for PFS. Multivariate analysis showed that early MDT for oligoprogressive lesions delivered less than 6 months after the beginning of ARTA and higher PSA levels after MDT were significant predictors of worse PCSS and PFS. The median total duration of ARTA treatment was 13.8 months. The median time between the start of ARTA treatment and the start of MDT for oligoprogressive lesions was 5.2 months, and MDT extended the ARTA treatment by 8.6 months on average. Thirty-two (59.3%) patients continued ARTA treatment after MDT. ARTA treatment after chemotherapy, early oligoprogression requiring MDT, and lower radiation doses for MDT were independent predictors of NEST-FS in multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: MDT for oligoprogressive lesions is effective and may provide several benefits compared to switching from ARTA treatment to NEST. Patients with early progression while on ARTAs and inadequate PSA responses after MDT have a greater risk of rapid disease progression and poor survival, which necessitates intensified treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pros.24132DOI Listing
April 2021

The hematologic parameters in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone acetate.

Future Oncol 2019 May 12;15(13):1469-1479. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Currently, there are no predictive markers of response to abiraterone. We calculated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) at baseline and at 4 and 12 weeks after initiation of abiraterone, and we evaluated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response every 4 weeks in 102 metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with abiraterone either pre- or postchemotherapy. With a median follow-up was 24.0 months (range: 0.3-54.9), median overall survival (OS) was 20.8 months. High-NLR patients who remained high or who returned to low NLR after 4 and 12 weeks showed significantly worse OS than patients with low baseline NLR. NLR and prostate-specific antigen response to abiraterone was a significant predictor of OS and progression-free survival (PFS) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone delivered either pre- or postchemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fon-2018-0635DOI Listing
May 2019

Outcome of loco-regional radiotherapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone acetate.

Strahlenther Onkol 2019 Oct 30;195(10):872-881. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the potential benefit of curative radiotherapy (RT) to the primary tumor in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with abiraterone.

Materials And Methods: The clinical parameters of 106 mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were either oligometastatic (≤5 metastases) at diagnosis or became oligometastatic after the systemic treatment was analyzed. Local RT to the primary tumor and pelvic lymphatics was delivered in 44 patients (41%), and 62 patients (59%) did not have RT to the primary tumor. After propensity match analysis, a total of 92 patients were analyzed.

Resultsn: Median follow-up time was 14.2 months (range: 2.3-54.9 months). Median overall survival (OS) was higher in patients treated with local RT to the primary tumor than in those treated without local RT with borderline significance (24.1 vs. 21.4 months; p = 0.08). Local RT to the prostate and pelvic lymphatics significantly diminished the local recurrence rate (16 patients, 31% vs. 2 patients, 5%; p = 0.003). In multivariate analysis, the prostate specific antigen (PSA) response ≥50% of the baseline obtained 3 weeks after abiraterone therapy was the only significant prognostic factor for better OS and progression-free survival (PFS). Patients treated with primary RT to the prostate had significantly less progression under abiraterone and a longer abiraterone period than those treated without local prostate RT.

Conclusions: Local prostate RT significantly improved OS and local control in mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone. The patients treated with primary RT had significantly less progression under abiraterone and a longer abiraterone period than those treated without local prostate RT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-019-01429-6DOI Listing
October 2019

Targeted treatment with pazopanib in metastatic soft tissue sarcoma: Nearly complete response in two cases.

Mol Clin Oncol 2015 Mar 13;3(2):400-402. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

Departments of Medical Oncology, Baskent University Adana Hospital, Yuregır, Adana, Turkey.

Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a group of rare mesenchymal cancers that include approximately 50 histological types and account for 1% of all adult cancers. The standard curative treatment option for localized disease is surgical resection and, if a surgically removed tumor exhibits high-risk characteristics, adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be administered. Sarcoma presenting at an advanced stage has a dismal prognosis and survival has not markedly improved over the last 20 years. The standard first-line treatment for advanced STS, other than gastrointestinal stromal tumors, is cytotoxic chemotherapy. Therapies targeting pro-angiogenic factors have been a focus of drug development for STS over the last few years. Pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a novel treatment option for patients with metastatic STS in the second-line setting. This is a presentation of 2 case reports of patients with metastatic STS who responded well to treatment with pazopanib.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mco.2014.456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4360755PMC
March 2015

Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with vinorelbine plus split-dose cisplatin may be an option in inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer: a single-center experience.

Med Sci Monit 2015 Mar 3;21:661-6. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Department of Medical Oncology, Başkent University Medical Faculty, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the current standard treatment for inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study we aimed to investigate the efficacy and toxicity of CCRT with split dose of cisplatin (30 mg/m2) and vinorelbine (20 mg/m2) in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC followed in our oncology clinic.

Material And Methods: Medical records of 97 patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin-vinorelbine were retrospectively analyzed. Cisplatin (30 mg/m2) and vinorelbine (20 mg/m2) were administered on days 1, 8, 22, and 29 during radiotherapy. Two cycles of consolidation chemotherapy were given. All patient data, including pathological, clinical, radiological, biochemical, and hematological data, were assessed retrospectively using our database system.

Results: Our study included 97 unresectable stage III NSCLC patients who were treated with CCRT. Median age was 58 years old (range 39-75) and 87 (89.7%) of the patients were men. ECOG performance score was 0-1 in 93 patients (95.9%). Squamous histology, the most common histology, was diagnosed in 46 patients (47.4%). Median follow-up time was 23.8 months. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and median overall survival time (OS) were 10.3 months and 17.8 months, respectively. Objective response rate and clinical benefit rate were 75.3% and 83.5%, respectively. Distant and local relapse rate were 57.1% and 42.9%, respectively. Hematological and non-hematological grade 3-4 toxicities were seen in 13 (13.4%) and 16 (16.5%) patients, respectively. Six (6.1%) patients died due to toxicity.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that split-dose cisplatin may offer fewer grade III-IV toxicities without sacrificing efficacy and could be an option in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC during CCRT. Similar to past studies, despite high response rate during CCRT, distant relapse is the major parameter that influences patient survival in long-term in NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.892730DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4356262PMC
March 2015

Gemcitabine + platinum combination chemotherapy in patients with metastatic cancer who suffer from severe and irreversible hepatic impairment: a single center experience.

Hepatogastroenterology 2014 Oct;61(135):1895-900

There is limited information on chemotherapeutic agent doses suitable for patients with metastatic cancer who suffer from and irreversible hepatic impairment and who could potentially benefit from chemotherapy and on their results. In this retrospective study, we aimed to share our center’s experience of Gemcitabine + Platinum Combination chemotherapy in these patients. Data of 13 patients matching the criteria were analyzed. In our study the patients were treated with a dose of Gemcitabine + Platinum Combination, 50% of the original dose and the dose was increased gradually on the following days. Thirteen of one patient was given Gemcitabine & Carboplatin protocol and the others were given Gemcitabine & Cisplatin . In 42 chemotherapy cycles in total grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia occurred after 7 cycles, grade 3-4 neutropenia was not observed. While liver functions in 8 patients improved slightly, no change was observed in 2 patients and in 3 patients they deteriorated. Total survival period was calculated as 3.78 (95CI% : 0,17-7.54) months. As a consequence, Gemcitabine + Platinum Combination chemotherapy in patients with metastatic cancer who suffer from severe and irreversible hepatic impairment can be implemented when clinical benefits are expected.
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October 2014

Patients with distal intestinal gastric cancer have superior outcome with addition of taxanes to combination chemotherapy, while proximal intestinal and diffuse gastric cancers do not: does biology and location predict chemotherapy benefit?

Med Oncol 2015 Feb 9;32(2):476. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Department of Medical Oncology, Medical Faculty, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Gastric cancer, with one million new cases observed annually, and its dismal prognosis, is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortalities. Systemic chemotherapy is the main treatment modality in advanced gastric cancer patients. We aim to evaluate the predictive role of tumor localization and histopathology on choosing three or two-drug combination regimens. Consecutive 110 metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma patients who were admitted to the Baskent University Department of Medical Oncology and the Van Research and Training Hospital were included in the study. Data of patients were analyzed retrospectively. Median age of patients was 58 years (range 30-80). Proximal intestinal, distal intestinal, and diffuse gastric cancers were found in 35 (32 %), 64 (58 %), and 11 (10 %) patients, respectively. 5-fluoracil and platinum (PF) and PFtax were administered to 47 (43 %) and 63 (57 %) patients, respectively. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.0 (95 % CI 2.5-5.6) and 7.4 months (95 % CI 6.0-8.7) for PF and PFtax groups, (p = 0.034). When we used tumor localization as strata in the PFS survival curve, PFtax produced significantly higher PFS rates only in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer, compared with PF (p = 0.03). Median overall survival (OS) was 9.0 (95 % CI 5.2-12.3) and 17.3 months (95 % CI 7.8-27) for PF and PFtax groups, (p = 0.010). When we used tumor localization as strata in the OS survival curve, PFtax produced significantly higher OS rates only in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer compared with PF (p = 0.015). Pathology and tumor location in gastric cancers may affect the outcome, the addition of taxanes as a third drug may significantly increase PFS and OS rate purely in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer but not in patients with proximal and diffuse-type gastric cancers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-014-0476-8DOI Listing
February 2015

Primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: clinicopathological features, survival and treatment outcome in two cancer centers of southern Turkey.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(17):7207-11

Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Turkey E-mail :

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological and clinicopathological characteristics of primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (pENL) patients, focusing on treatment and survival outcome.

Materials And Methods: Between October 2003 and March 2012, 802 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) were diagnosed and treated in two different cancer centers of Southern Turkey.

Results: pENL, constituted 12.4% (100/802) of all NHL studied during this period. Median age of the patients was 56 years (range 17-87 years) and the male: female distribution was 3:2. Eighty-five of 100 patients (85%) were in stage I/II, 9/100 (9%) in stage III, whereas 6/100 (6%) were in stage IV. Head and neck constituted the most common site (51/100, 51%), followed by gastrointestinal tract (GIL) (37/100, 37%), and cerebrum (CL) (5/100, 5%). Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the most common histological type, observed in 53% of patients, followed by marginal zone extranodal lymphoma (13%). Most of patients (76%) received a CHOP containing regimen. Complete remission (CR) were achieved in 71% of patients. The median follow-up duration of all patients was reported as 37.6 months (range, 0.8-165 months). This period was reported as 137.5 months (range, 117.5- 1578.6 months) in gastrointestinal lymphoma (GIL) patients, 119.0 months (range, 91.8-146.1 months) in head and neck lymphoma (HNL) patients, and 18.4 months (range, 12.6-24.1 months) in cerebral lymphoma (CL) patients.

Conclusions: Head and neck, and the gastrointestinal tract were the two most common extranodal sites observed. Histologically DLBC accounted for the majority of cases. Most patients were on earlier stages, had low-low intermediate IPI scores and had a favorable prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7314/apjcp.2014.15.17.7207DOI Listing
June 2015

Attributes of cancer patients admitted to the emergency department in one year.

World J Emerg Med 2014 ;5(2):85-90

Department of Medical Oncology, School of Medicine, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Cancer patients frequently visit the emergency department (ED) with various symptoms of cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics and 1-year survival rate of cancer patients in the ED of a university hospital.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 408 cancer patients who visited the ED between January 2011 and December 2011. Patient information on demographics, chief complaints, findings, and survival was gathered from the hospital registry and corresponding health administration.

Results: The study included 240 (58.8%) males and 168 (41.2%) females with a median age of 57.9 years (range 19-87). Regarding cancer staging, 266 patients (65.3%) had metastatic disease and 142 (34.7%) had local and loco-regional disease. The hospitalization rate was 59.6%. The most common symptoms were shortness of breath (23.2%), pain (17.8%), fever (14.2%), and nausea/vomiting (14.4%). The most common cancer sites were the lung (32.5%), gastrointestinal system (25.4%), and breast (9.3%). The initial evaluation determined progressive disease (42.4%), chemotherapy effects (20.7%), infections (17.2%), radiotherapy effects (4.7%), extravasation (1.8%), anemia (1.4%), and unknown (11.3%). During follow up, 191 (46.8%) patients died after admission to the ED. The 1-year overall survival of all patients was 7.3 months.

Conclusions: Symptom management in cancer patients is a complex multifaceted concern for the emergency physician. Because of the increasing prevalence of cancer patients, emergency physicians should develop consensus algorithms in collaboration with the relevant disciplines to manage the commonly encountered problems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5847/wjem.j.issn.1920-8642.2014.02.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4129880PMC
September 2014

The clinicopathological and survival differences between never and ever smokers with non-small cell lung cancer.

J BUON 2014 Apr-Jun;19(2):453-8

Baskent University, School of Medicine, Department of Medical Oncology, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: Cigarette smoking was regarded as the most important carcinogenic factor of lung cancer, yet in recent years lung cancer in never-smokers is an increasingly prominent public health issue. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological and clinicopathological characteristics of never-smoker patients with non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), focusing on clinical risk factors and survival.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 290 NSCLC patients who presented between 2006 and 2011. Differences in clinical features and survival between never- and ever- smoker patients were analyzed. Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to assess the significance of the variables between the groups. Survival curves were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. Hazard ratio (HR) for death and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated by Cox regression analysis.

Results: There were 243 (83.8%) ever-smokers and 47 (16.2%) never-smokers. In never-smokers females predominated (80.9%) as well as patients with adenocarcinomas (78.7%). At the time of analysis 143 (49.3%) patients had died. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were not significantly different between never- and ever-smokers (p=0.410) . The median OS of all patients was 26 months (95% CI: 16.8-35.2). The median OS was 23 months (95% CI: 11.8- 34.2) for never-smokers and 30 months ∥95% CI: 19.7-40.3) for ever-smokers (p=0.410). Never-smokers tended to present with more advanced disease than ever-smokers (p<0.004) and also with more advanced age (p<0.001). The HR for death increased with poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG ) performance status (PS) (ECOG 2=3), advanced stage (stage 3=4) and untreated patients. Slightly lower risk for death was registered in patients with adenocarcinoma vs those with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

Conclusion: Although no difference in survival was seen, definite epidemiologic differences do exist between never- smokers and ever-smokers patients with NSCLC. Future efforts should focus on the underlying biological differences, and on identifying potential non-tobacco related risk factors in order to improve treatment strategies for these two groups of NSCLC patients.
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September 2014

Can low molecular weight heparins circumvent the problem of coumadine and chemotherapy interaction in cancer patients with prosthetic heart valves?

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(4):1889-90

Department of Medical Oncology, Baskent University School of Medicine, Turkey E-mail : drtanersu@ yahoo.com.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7314/apjcp.2014.15.4.1889DOI Listing
November 2014

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio predicts PSA response, but not outcomes in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with docetaxel.

Int Urol Nephrol 2014 Aug 13;46(8):1531-5. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

Tıp FakültesiTıbbiOnkoloji BD, Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi, Hatay, Turkey,

Purpose: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a marker of systemic inflammatory response and evidences for the relationship between NLR and the response to treatment gradually increases in cancer patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of the pretreatment NLR and other factors related to the patient on predicting the outcome of docetaxel + prednisone chemotherapy in prostate cancer patients who become castration resistant.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-three metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients those who were treated between 2009 and 2013 were included in our study. All data of the patients, including pathological, clinical, radiological, biochemical and hematological data, were assessed retrospectively using our database system.

Results: The median progression-free survival (PFS) was determined as 23.9 months (range 0.36-118.7) with androgen suppression therapy and 9.5 months (range 1.7-39.4) with docetaxel + prednisone therapy. NLR was found to be correlated with only posttreatment psa levels. In the NLR ≤3 group, the PSA levels were statistically significantly lower than the other group (r = 0.002). Furthermore, the relationships between the clinical response and PFS and the other pretreatment parameters of the patients were evaluated in order to predict which group would respond better to docetaxel + prednisone therapy after becoming androgen resistant. No relationship was found between any of the parameters and the response to therapy.

Conclusion: Although NLR was found effective in predicting the PSA response in docetaxel + prednisone therapy, neither NLR nor any other clinical parameter was found effective in predicting the outcome and the role of NLR in the future of CRPC is questionable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-014-0664-7DOI Listing
August 2014

Intracystic papillary carcinoma of the breast in a male patient: a case report.

Case Rep Med 2012 30;2012:378157. Epub 2012 Oct 30.

Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, kışla yüreğir, 01230 Adana, Turkey.

Breast carcinoma is an uncommon neoplastic condition among man, accounting for not more than 1% of all breast cancers. Intracystic papillary carcinoma in man is an extremely rare condition and represents only 5-7,5% of all male breast carcinomas. Clinical and radiological manifestations of intracystic papillary carcinomas are not specific. Pathologic diagnosis can be difficult at classical histological examination and identification of myoepithelial cells layer by immunohistochemical study can be useful. Adjuvant therapy is still controversial and prognosis is excellent. We report a case of this rare histological type of breast cancer in 48-year-old male patient and review the literature.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/378157DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3509421PMC
December 2012

Which patients with advanced cancer and biliary obstruction benefit from biliary stenting most? An analysis of prognostic factors.

Support Care Cancer 2013 Apr 8;21(4):1131-5. Epub 2012 Nov 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Başkent University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Patients with advanced cancer may present with obstructive jaundice. Biliary stenting is the treatment of choice. However, which patients benefit most is not well-defined, yet. Our aim was to delineate the clinical factors affecting prognosis.

Material And Methods: Charts of 140 patients with advanced cancer who underwent biliary stenting were retrospectively analyzed. Their median age was 63.5 years. Of these patients, 73 (52.1 %) were male, 32 (22.9 %) had ECOG PS 1 and 81 (57.9 %) had PS 2. The most frequent cancer types were cholangiocellular cancer (64, 45.7 %) and pancreatic cancer (36, 25.7 %).

Results: Median overall survival (OS) was 141 (95 % CI, 100.7-185.3) days. Female patients lived longer (161.0 vs. 124.0 days) (p = 0.036). Those patients with colorectal cancer lived the longest (667.0 days), followed by cholangiocellular (211.0 days), and gastric cancers (106.0 days) (p = 0.004). The distribution of primary diagnosis differed significantly between sexes: cholangiocellular cancer was present in 22 (30.1 %) out of 73 men and 42(62.7 %) out of 67 women (chi-square p < 0.001). There was a trend for longer overall survival if ALT (p = 0.08) and AST (p = 0.06) were normalized after stent insertion. Of the 137 patients, 63 (45.5 %) did not experience any complication. In 74 patients with complications, there were 39 (28.5 %) episodes of cholangitic infections and 35 (25.5 %) biliary obstructions. In three patients, we could not find data on infections.

Conclusion: Underlying malignancy, hence the natural biology and the therapeutic expectations are probably the most important factors which must be considered during decision-making.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-012-1636-zDOI Listing
April 2013

Prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in untreated cancer patients: a cross-sectional study.

Med Oncol 2012 Dec 22;29(5):3608-13. Epub 2012 May 22.

Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Başkent University, KişlaYüregir, 01230, Adana, Turkey.

The relationship between thyroid disease and cancer (and cancer therapies) has been under investigation for years. Factors that increase the risk for thyroid disease include iodine deficiency, autoimmune disorders, old age, and pregnancy. The screening policy for thyroid disease in the healthy population is not precisely defined, and the frequency of thyroid dysfunction in untreated cancer patients has not been investigated in any great detail. This study was designed to compare the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in 457 untreated cancer patients at the time of initial diagnosis to that of 373 age- and sex-matched subjects who were healthy and cancer-free (control group). Thyroid dysfunction was found in 29.5 % (135/457) of the cancer patients, while only 15.4 % (56/373) of the control group had thyroid dysfunction (p = 0.0001). The most prevalent abnormality was euthyroid sick syndrome (14.0 %, 64/457). Overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism and overt hypothyroidism were observed more frequently in cancer patients than the control group, and these differences were all statistically significant. Thyroid dysfunction was more frequent in patients with poor performance scores and those over the age of 50 years. These data indicate that alterations in thyroid hormone metabolism are twice as common in patients with untreated cancer than in control subjects. Those alterations may lead to delayed diagnosis, suboptimal treatment, and a poorer prognosis. In all, this study suggests that screening with thyroid function tests is strongly recommended in all newly diagnosed cancer patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-012-0254-4DOI Listing
December 2012

Acute transient encephalopathy after weekly paclitaxel infusion.

Med Oncol 2012 Jun 27;29(2):1297-9. Epub 2011 May 27.

Department of Medical Oncology, Bayındır Hospital, Söğütözü, Ankara, Turkey.

Paclitaxel is highly active against a variety of solid tumors including breast lung, ovarian and head and neck cancer. Although peripheral neurotoxicity is well-known side effect, central nervous system (CNS) toxicity-related standard dose of paclitaxel is extremely uncommon, because paclitaxel dose not cross the blood-brain barrier and is not detectable in the cerebrospinal fluid. We present a patient with advanced stage breast carcinoma who developed acute and spontaneous resolving encephalopathy after weekly dose of paclitaxel. The patient did not have brain metastasis, or prior whole-brain irradiation, or any type of neurosurgery. Radiological imaging studies showed no abnormalities. CNS toxicity of paclitaxel should be kept in mind in patients without a previous history of brain metastasis or brain irradiation and even with low weekly doses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-011-9956-2DOI Listing
June 2012

Optimal timing of adjuvant treatment in patients with early breast cancer.

Med Oncol 2011 Dec 15;28(4):1255-9. Epub 2010 May 15.

Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara Oncology Research and Training Hospital, and Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

It is well established that adjuvant treatment reduces mortality after early breast cancer. However, the optimal timing of adjuvant treatment is not well described. To determine the optimal timing of adjuvant treatment, 402 breast cancer patients who received adjuvant treatment at Ankara Oncology Research and Training Hospital between January 1995 and August 2002 were evaluated retrospectively. Three hundred and fifty-seven (88.8%) patients received adjuvant chemotherapy, 204 (50.7%) of these patients received only adjuvant chemotherapy and 153 (38%) patients received tamoxifen following chemotherapy. Remaining 45 (11.2%) patients received only adjuvant tamoxifen. The median time to start adjuvant treatment after surgery was day 21 (range, days 4 to days 258), and the median follow-up was 50 months (range, 6-105 months). The patients were divided into 5 groups according to starting time of chemotherapy (shorter than 14 days, between days 15-29, between days 30-44, between days 45.-59 and more than 59 days). Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were not shown significantly different between for 5 groups (P>0.05). Secondly, patients were divided into two groups as starting adjuvant treatment equal to or shorter than 44 days and longer than 44 days (n=344, 85.6% and vs. n=58, 14.4%, respectively). OS was significantly better in patients who started to receive adjuvant treatment within 44 days after surgery compared to patients who received adjuvant treatment after 44 days (92 vs. 83.3%, P=0.03) for 5 years, but DFS was not significantly different between two groups (83.4 vs. 82.2%, P>0.05). According to our study, adjuvant treatment of breast cancer should be initiated earlier after surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-010-9566-4DOI Listing
December 2011

Primary adult soft tissue sarcomas: analysis of 294 patients.

Med Oncol 2011 Mar 24;28(1):391-6. Epub 2010 Feb 24.

Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara Oncology Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

We retrospectively analyzed 294 patients with primary soft tissue sarcoma followed between 1996 and 2002 in Ankara Oncology Hospital. There were 170 male and 124 female patients with the age range of 16-80 years. The primary tumor was in the extremity in 72.9% of the patients. We determined lung metastasis in 102 (85%) out of the 120 patients as distant metastasis. The most common adult sarcomas were liposarcoma (16.3%), malignant mesenchymal tumor (MMT) (13.9%), malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) (11.2%), rhabdomyosarcoma (10.2%) and synovial sarcoma (10.2%). Seventeen patients (5.3%) had grade 1 tumor, 143 patients (52.2%) had grade 2 tumor, and 112 patients (41.4%) had grade 3 tumor. In 45 patients (15.3%), the grade of the tumors is unknown. The tumor size was 0 to <5 cm in 54 cases (19.4%), 5-10 cm in 117 cases (41.9%) and >10 cm in 108 cases (38.7%). In 15 cases (5.1%), tumor size was unknown. Ninety-five patients (32.4%) were treated with adjuvant chemotherapy, and 125 patients (42.7%)) were treated with palliative chemotherapy. Prognostic factors influencing the overall survival were tumor size, grade, adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy had influence on disease-free survival. While tumor grade and size showed a significant value for predicting local recurrence, grade, localization of tumor, adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy had an impact on metastasis development. The 1-year overall survival for all patients was 73.4%, 3-year overall survival was 51.8%, and 5-year overall survival was 45.1%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-010-9450-2DOI Listing
March 2011