Publications by authors named "Sabry Abdel Rahman Tolba"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Maternal Δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase 1-2 genotype enhances fetal lead exposure and increases the susceptibility to the development of cerebral palsy.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Dec 24;27(36):44709-44723. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Public Health & Community Medicine Departments, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Limited epidemiologic studies questioned the association between pre- and postnatal lead exposure and the development of cerebral palsy (CP). Moreover, the genotypes of δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (δ-ALAD) in CP patients and their mothers and their association to the blood lead levels (BLLs) were not previously studied. This study aimed to evaluate the association between δ-ALAD gene polymorphism and BLL in cases of CP and their mothers. A case control study was carried out on 23 CP cases and equal number of healthy matched controls. The mothers of the included children were asked to answer a questionnaire involving the baseline clinical and demographic characteristics. Also, questionnaires were done to detect the sources of environmental lead exposure and screen lead exposure during the pregnancy period. BLL, δ-ALAD enzyme activity, and genetic analysis for ALAD G177C were done for each child and his mother. There was significant (p < 0.001) elevation of BLL in CP cases and their mothers that was positively correlated (r = 0.436, p < 0.05). There were progressive decreases in δ-ALAD activity with increasing BLL in both children and mothers (p < 0.05). There were non-significant (p > 0.05) differences between CP and the control group regarding frequency of ALAD G177C genotypes, while there was a significant (p = 0.04) increase in the frequency of ALAD 1-2 (GC) genotype in the mothers of the CP group associated with high BLL and significant decrease in δ-ALAD activity (p < 0.001). The study can indicate the significance of δ-ALAD gene polymorphism in the prenatal exposure to lead and the affection of the developing brain, pointing to the importance of controlling lead in pregnant women especially those with ALAD 1-2 genotype.
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December 2020

Brachial Artery Flow-mediated Dilatation and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Children With Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2018 Nov;12(6):331-340

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Introduction: Disturbances of lipid metabolism has been reported in nephrotic syndrome (NS) and may predispose to atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between cardiovascular risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation in patients with idiopathic NS.

Materials And Methods: This case-control study included 31 patients with NS and 31 healthy individuals as the control group. All patients were subjected to full clinical examination; laboratory investigations in the form of lipid profile, kidney function tests, serum protein, serum albumin, C-reactive protein, and ferritin; carotid ultrasonography, and brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation.

Results: Serum cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels was significantly higher in the case group than the control group. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and albumin levels were significantly lower in the case group. The absolute change in brachial artery diameter was significantly lower in the case group than that of the control group. Proportionate change in brachial artery diameter was significantly lower in the case group than that of the control group. Common carotid artery CIMT in the case group was significantly higher than that of the controls. Lastly, there were significant increases in weight and body mass index in the relapse group than the remission group.

Conclusions: Patients with NS are more prone to atherosclerosis and vascular changes; CIMT was thicker in nephrotic children compared to the controls. The significantly abnormal values of flow-mediated dilatation in children with NS suggests an ongoing process of endothelial dysfunction.
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November 2018