Publications by authors named "Saïd Ibeggazene"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Embedding supervised exercise training for men on androgen deprivation therapy into standard prostate cancer care: a feasibility and acceptability study (the STAMINA trial).

Sci Rep 2021 06 14;11(1):12470. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Allied Health Professionals, Radiotherapy and Oncology, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK.

Lifestyle interventions involving exercise training offset the adverse effects of androgen deprivation therapy in men with prostate cancer. Yet provision of integrated exercise pathways in cancer care is sparse. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of an embedded supervised exercise training intervention into standard prostate cancer care in a single-arm, multicentre prospective cohort study. Feasibility included recruitment, retention, adherence, fidelity and safety. Acceptability of behaviourally informed healthcare and exercise professional training was assessed qualitatively. Despite the imposition of lockdown for the COVID-19 pandemic, referral rates into and adherence to, the intervention was high. Of the 45 men eligible for participation, 79% (n = 36) received the intervention and 47% (n = 21) completed the intervention before a government mandated national lockdown was enforced in the United Kingdom. Patients completed a mean of 27 min of aerobic exercise per session (SD = 3.48), at 77% heart rate maximum (92% of target dose), and 3 sets of 10 reps of 3 resistance exercises twice weekly for 12 weeks, without serious adverse event. The intervention was delivered by 26 healthcare professionals and 16 exercise trainers with moderate to high fidelity, and the intervention was deemed highly acceptable to patients. The impact of societal changes due to the pandemic on the delivery of this face-to-face intervention remain uncertain but positive impacts of embedding exercise provision into prostate cancer care warrant long-term investigation.
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June 2021

A systematic review of exercise testing in patients with intermittent claudication: A focus on test standardisation and reporting quality in randomised controlled trials of exercise interventions.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(5):e0249277. Epub 2021 May 3.

Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, Hull York Medical School, Hull, United Kingdom.

A systematic review was conducted to identify the range of terminology used in studies to describe maximum walking distance and the exercise testing protocols, and testing modalities used to measure it in patients with intermittent claudication. A secondary aim was to assess the implementation and reporting of the exercise testing protocols. CINAHL, Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched. Randomised controlled trials whereby patients with intermittent claudication were randomised to an exercise intervention were included. The terminology used to describe maximal walking distance was recorded, as was the modality and protocol used to measure it. The implementation and reporting quality was also assessed using pre-specified criteria. Sixty-four trials were included in this review. Maximal walking distance was reported using fourteen different terminologies. Twenty-two different treadmill protocols and three different corridor tests were employed to assess maximal walking distance. No single trial satisfied all the implementation and reporting criteria for an exercise testing protocol. Evidence shows that between-study interpretation is difficult given the heterogenous nature of the exercise testing protocols, test endpoints and terminology used to describe maximal walking distance. This is further compounded by poor test reporting and implementation across studies. Comprehensive guidelines need to be provided to enable a standardised approach to exercise testing in patients with intermittent claudication.
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May 2021

Remote interventions to improve exercise behaviour in sedentary people living with and beyond cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Cancer 2021 Mar 24;21(1):308. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

College of Health, Wellbeing and Life Sciences, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many cancer services to consider a transition to a remote format of delivery that is largely untested. Accordingly, we sought to perform a systematic review of the effects of remotely delivered interventions to improve exercise behaviour in sedentary adults living with and beyond cancer.

Methods: Eligible studies were randomised controlled trials comparing a remotely delivered exercise intervention to a usual care comparison in sedentary people over 18 years old with a primary cancer diagnosis. Nine electronic databases were searched from inception to November 2020.

Results: The review included three trials, totalling 186 participants. Two of the included trials incorporated prescriptions that meet current aerobic exercise recommendations, one of which also meets the guidelines for resistance exercise. No trials reported an intervention adherence of 75% or more for a set prescription that meets current exercise guidelines.

Conclusion: There is little evidence suggesting that remote exercise interventions promote exercise behaviours or improve physical function in sedentary adults living with and beyond cancer. The development and evaluation of novel remote exercise interventions is needed to establish their usefulness for clinical practice. Given the social response to the COVID-19 pandemic, further research in this area is urgently needed.
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March 2021

Considering the Feasibility, Tolerability, and Safety of High-Intensity Interval Training as a Novel Treatment for Patients With Intermittent Claudication.

J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2021 May;41(3):188-193

Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, Hull York Medical School, Hull, England (Messrs Pymer, Smith, and Chetter, Dr Ibeggazene, and Ms Palmer); Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, England (Dr Harwood); and Department of Sport, Health & Exercise Science, University of Hull, Hull, England (Drs Harwood, Carroll, and Ingle).

Purpose: This study assessed the feasibility, tolerability, safety, and potential efficacy of a novel, 6-wk, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program for patients with intermittent claudication (IC).

Methods: Patients referred to a usual-care supervised exercise program were invited to undertake a HIIT program. All recruited patients performed a baseline cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) to inform their exercise prescription. HIIT involved 10, 1-min high-intensity cycling intervals interspersed with 1-min recovery intervals, performed 3 d/wk for 6 wk. Outcomes included feasibility, tolerability, safety, walking distance, and quality of life.

Results: A total of 144 patients with IC were referred, 95 met initial eligibility criteria (66%) and 30 (32%) were recruited for HIIT, of which 15 (50%) completed. Of the recruited patients, 90% were on optimal medical therapy and 40% had concomitant cardiac, cerebrovascular, and/or respiratory disease. Patients who completed the program attended 100% of the sessions and one serious adverse event was recorded. Improvements in walking distances and quality of life were observed. Following recruitment of the first 20 patients, the inclusion criteria were refined on the basis of CPX, leading to improved completion rates.

Conclusions: This study provides preliminary findings indicating that patients with IC can complete a short-term HIIT program. We provide very early evidence that HIIT may be safe and well-tolerated. In addition, walking distances seem to improve following HIIT. After a small change in the exclusion criteria, the intervention and inclusion/exclusion criteria now seem appropriate for this population, meaning further research to evaluate HIIT in patients with IC is warranted.
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May 2021

UK cardiac rehabilitation fit for purpose? A community-based observational cohort study.

BMJ Open 2020 10 10;10(10):e037980. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Objectives: This study aimed to characterise the exercise performed in UK cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and explore relationships between exercise dose and changes in physiological variables.

Design: Observational cohort study.

Setting: Outpatient community-based CR in Leeds, UK. Rehabilitation sessions were provided twice per week for 6 weeks.

Participants: Sixty patients (45 male/15 female 33-86 years) were recruited following referral to local outpatient CR.

Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was heart rate achieved during exercise sessions. Secondary outcomes were measured before and after CR and included incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) distance and speed, blood pressure, brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation, carotid arterial stiffness and accelerometer-derived habitual physical activity behaviours.

Results: The mean % of heart rate reserve patients exercised at was low and variable at the start of CR (42%±16 %) and did not progress by the middle (48%±17 %) or end (48%±16 %) of the programme. ISWT performance increased following CR (440±150 m vs 633±217 m, p<0.001); however, blood pressure, body weight, endothelial function, arterial stiffness and habitual physical activity behaviours were unchanged following 6 weeks of CR (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Patients in a UK CR cohort exercise at intensities that are variable but generally low. The exercise dose achieved using this CR format appears inadequate to impact markers of health. Attending CR had no effect on physical activity behaviours. Strategies to increase the dose of exercise patients achieve during CR and influence habitual physical activity behaviours may enhance the effectiveness of UK CR.
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October 2020

Feasibility and reproducibility of a cardiovascular magnetic resonance free-breathing, multi-shot, navigated image acquisition technique for ventricular volume quantification during continuous exercise.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2020 Sep;10(9):1837-1851

Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre & Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Background: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) image acquisition techniques during exercise typically requires either transient cessation of exercise or complex post-processing, potentially compromising clinical utility. We evaluated the feasibility and reproducibility of a navigated image acquisition method for ventricular volumes assessment during continuous physical exercise.

Methods: Ten healthy volunteers underwent supine cycle ergometer (Lode) exercise CMR on two separate occasions using a free-breathing, multi-shot, navigated, balanced steady-state free precession cine pulse sequence. Images were acquired at 3-stages, baseline and during steady-state exercise at 55% and 75% maximal heart rate (HR), based on a prior supine cardiopulmonary exercise test. Intra-and inter-observer variability and inter-scan reproducibility were derived. Clinical feasibility was tested in a separate cohort of patients with severe mitral regurgitation (n=6).

Results: End-diastolic volume (EDV) of both LV and RV decreased during exercise at 55% and 75% HR, although a reduction in RVEDV index was only observed at 75% HR. Ejection fractions (EF) for both ventricles were significantly higher at 75% HR compared to their respective baselines (LVEF 68%±3% 58%±5%, P=0.001; RVEF 66%±4% 58%±7%, P=0.02). Intra-observer and inter-observer reproducibility of LV parameters was excellent at all 3-stages. Although measurements of RVESV were more variable during exercise, the reproducibility of both RVEF and RV cardiac index was excellent (CV <10%). Inter-scan LV and RV ejection fraction were highly reproducible at all 3 stages, although inter-scan reproducibility of indexed RVESV was only moderate. The protocol was well tolerated by all patients.

Conclusions: Exercise CMR using a free-breathing, multi-shot, navigated cine imaging method allows simultaneous assessment of left and right ventricular volumes during exercise. Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility were excellent. Inter-scan LV and RV ejection fraction were also highly reproducible.
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September 2020

High INtensity Interval Training In pATiEnts with intermittent claudication (INITIATE): protocol for a multicentre, proof-of-concept, prospective interventional study.

BMJ Open 2020 07 6;10(7):e038825. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, Hull York Medical School, Hull, UK.

Introduction: The first-line recommended treatment for patients with intermittent claudication (IC) is a supervised exercise programme (SEP), which includes a minimum of 2-hours of exercise per week over a 12-week period. However, provision, uptake and adherence rates for these SEP programmes are poor, with time constraints cited as a common participant barrier. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is more time-efficient and therefore has the potential to overcome this barrier. However, evidence is lacking for the role of HIIT in those with IC. This proof-of-concept study aims to consider the safety, feasibility, tolerability and acceptability of a HIIT programme for patients with IC.

Methods And Analysis: This multicentre, single-group, prospective, interventional feasibility study will recruit 40 patients with IC, who will complete 6 weeks of HIIT, 3 times a week. HIIT will involve a supervised programme of 10×1 min high-intensity cycling intervals at 85%-90% peak power output (PPO), interspaced with 10×1 min low intensity intervals at 20%-25% PPO. PPO will be determined from a baseline cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and it is intended that patients will achieve ≥85% of maximum heart rate from CPET, by the end of the second HIIT interval. Primary outcome measures are safety (occurrence of adverse events directly related to the study), programme feasibility (including participant eligibility, recruitment and completion rates) and HIIT tolerability (ability to achieve and maintain the required intensity). Secondary outcomes include patient acceptability, walking distance, CPET cardiorespiratory fitness measures and quality of life outcomes.

Ethics And Dissemination: Ethical approval was obtained via a local National Health Service research ethics committee (Bradford Leeds - 18/YH/0112) and recruitment began in August 2019 and will be completed in October 2020. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at international conferences and are expected to inform a future pilot randomised controlled trial of HIIT versus usual-care SEPs.

Trial Registration Number: NCT04042311; Pre-results.
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July 2020