Publications by authors named "S Volpe"

211 Publications

Critical investigation of the pre-surgical anatomic factors that influence the aesthetic result in post-extractive implantology and immediate prosthetic.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2021 May-Jun;35(3 Suppl. 1):127-137

Private Practice, Rome, Italy.

The aesthetic goals of implant dentistry should be similar to those of conventional prostheses. In implant-prosthetic rehabilitations of the anterior sectors, the quantity and quality of hard and soft tissue play a fundamental role in achieving the desired aesthetics and in integrating the restoration in a complete and harmonious way into the existing anterior dentition. Post-extraction implantology is a treatment option for implant therapy after the extraction of a single tooth in the anterior jaw. This article presents some key factors to analyze and follow in order to achieve a predictable and acceptable aesthetic result. The creation of a predictable peri-implant aesthetics requires adequate preservation of the bone and soft tissues around the teeth that will be extracted and a correct positioning of the 3D implant. Furthermore, aesthetic success requires the creation of a correct transmucosal path, during the provisional prosthetic phases, which must be replicated and maintained with the definitive crowns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23812/21-3supp1-15DOI Listing
July 2021

Exploring miRNA Signature and Other Potential Biomarkers for Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer Characterization: The Biological Challenge behind Clinical Practice. A Narrative Review.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jun 30;13(13). Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Division of Radiation Oncology, IEO, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, Via Ripamonti 435, 20141 Milan, Italy.

In recent years, a growing interest has been directed towards oligometastatic prostate cancer (OMPC), as patients with three to five metastatic lesions have shown a significantly better survival as compared with those harboring a higher number of lesions. The efficacy of local ablative treatments directed on metastatic lesions (metastases-directed treatments) was extensively investigated, with the aim of preventing further disease progression and delaying the start of systemic androgen deprivation therapies. Definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer is traditionally based on histopathological analysis. Nevertheless, a bioptic sample-static in nature-inevitably fails to reflect the dynamics of the tumor and its biological response due to the dynamic selective pressure of cancer therapies, which can profoundly influence spatio-temporal heterogeneity. Furthermore, even with new imaging technologies allowing an increasingly early detection, the diagnosis of oligometastasis is currently based exclusively on radiological investigations. Given these premises, the development of minimally-invasive liquid biopsies was recently promoted and implemented as predictive biomarkers both for clinical decision-making at pre-treatment (baseline assessment) and for monitoring treatment response during the clinical course of the disease. Through liquid biopsy, different biomarkers, commonly extracted from blood, urine or saliva, can be characterized and implemented in clinical routine to select targeted therapies and assess treatment response. Moreover, this approach has the potential to act as a tissue substitute and to accelerate the identification of novel and consistent predictive analytes cost-efficiently. However, the utility of tumor profiling is currently limited in OMPC due to the lack of clinically validated predictive biomarkers. In this scenario, different ongoing trials, such as the RADIOSA trial, might provide additional insights into the biology of the oligometastatic state and on the identification of novel biomarkers for the outlining of true oligometastatic patients, paving the way towards a wider ideal approach of personalized medicine. The aim of the present narrative review is to report the current state of the art on the solidity of liquid biopsy-related analytes such as CTCs, cfDNA, miRNA and epi-miRNA, and to provide a benchmark for their further clinical implementation. Arguably, this kind of molecular profiling could refine current developments in the era of precision oncology and lead to more refined therapeutic strategies in this subset of oligometastatic patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers13133278DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8267686PMC
June 2021

FDG positron emission tomography mining for metabolic imaging biomarkers of radiation-induced xerostomia in patients with oropharyngeal cancer.

Clin Transl Radiat Oncol 2021 Jul 6;29:93-101. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States.

Purpose: Head and neck cancers radiotherapy (RT) is associated with inevitable injury to parotid glands and subsequent xerostomia. We investigated the utility of SUV derived from FDG-PET to develop metabolic imaging biomarkers (MIBs) of RT-related parotid injury.

Methods: Data for oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) patients treated with RT at our institution between 2005 and 2015 with available planning computed tomography (CT), dose grid, pre- & first post-RT FDG-PET-CT scans, and physician-reported xerostomia assessment at 3-6 months post-RT (Xero 3-6 ms) per CTCAE, was retrieved, following an IRB approval. A CT-CT deformable image co-registration followed by voxel-by-voxel resampling of pre & post-RT FDG activity and dose grid were performed. Ipsilateral (Ipsi) and contralateral (contra) parotid glands were sub-segmented based on the received dose in 5 Gy increments, i.e. 0-5 Gy, 5-10 Gy sub-volumes, etc. Median and dose-weighted SUV were extracted from whole parotid volumes and sub-volumes on pre- & post-RT PET scans, using in-house code that runs on MATLAB. Wilcoxon signed-rank and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to test differences pre- and post-RT.

Results: 432 parotid glands, belonging to 108 OPC patients treated with RT, were sub-segmented & analyzed. Xero 3-6 ms was reported as: non-severe (78.7%) and severe (21.3%). SUV- median values were significantly reduced post-RT, irrespective of laterality (p = 0.02). A similar pattern was observed in parotid sub-volumes, especially ipsi parotid gland sub-volumes receiving doses 10-50 Gy (p < 0.05). Kruskal-Wallis test showed a significantly higher mean RT dose in the contra parotid in the patients with more severe Xero 3-6mo (p = 0.03). Multiple logistic regression showed a combined clinical-dosimetric-metabolic imaging model could predict the severity of Xero 3-6mo; AUC = 0.78 (95%CI: 0.66-0.85; p < 0.0001).

Conclusion: We sought to quantify pre- and post-RT FDG-PET metrics of parotid glands in patients with OPC. Temporal dynamics of PET-derived metrics can potentially serve as MIBs of RT-related xerostomia in concert with clinical and dosimetric variables.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctro.2021.05.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8239739PMC
July 2021

How lockdown measures, during COVID-19 pandemic, matter on psoriatic patient's perception: Study on 600 patients on biologic therapy.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Jul 1;14(7):878-882. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Dermatology Unit "D. Innocenzi", Polo Pontino, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a public health crisis of global proportion. In psoriatic patients treated with biologic agents, evidence is not yet available on susceptibility to infection with the novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, and data about the perception of COVID-19 and its impact on these patients are lacking.

Aims: The aim of this observational, spontaneous study was the evaluation of the impact of anti COVID-19 measures in "fragile population" such as patients with a chronic inflammatory disease. Thus, we evaluated the impact of perceived risk on quality of life of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, in our outpatient clinic, and how their perceptions changed before and after the adoption of Covid-19 emergency measures following the Italian Ministerial Decree in March 9, 2020.

Methods: Using a series of questions, our study surveyed adult patients with moderate to severe psoriasis receiving treatment with biologic agents (n = 591), before and after the adoption of COVID-19 emergency measures.

Results: Most patients (97%) had been sufficiently informed by healthcare staff about COVID-19 spread. A significant change was observed in social activity reduction before and after the adoption of the measures (18% vs. 90% of patients; P < 0.0001). Similarly, patients were more likely to suspend ongoing therapy after the measures were adopted than before (87% vs. 34% of patients; P < 0.0001). Following the measures, older patients were significantly more inclined to suspend therapy and reduce social activities than younger patients.

Conclusions: Government COVID-19 emergency measures further curtailed already reduced social activities in psoriatic patients, and led to a greater inclination to suspend biologic therapy, more so in older patients, despite there being no evidence to support this suspension. These vulnerable patients may need support from clinicians in order to maintain treatment adherence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2021.03.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8015377PMC
July 2021

Computed Tomography Radiomics Kinetics as Early Imaging Correlates of Osteoradionecrosis in Oropharyngeal Cancer Patients.

Front Artif Intell 2021 9;4:618469. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University, Houston, TX, United States.

Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is a major side-effect of radiation therapy in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) patients. In this study, we demonstrate that early prediction of ORN is possible by analyzing the temporal evolution of mandibular subvolumes receiving radiation. For our analysis, we use computed tomography (CT) scans from 21 OPC patients treated with Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) with subsequent radiographically-proven ≥ grade II ORN, at three different time points: pre-IMRT, 2-months, and 6-months post-IMRT. For each patient, radiomic features were extracted from a mandibular subvolume that developed ORN and a control subvolume that received the same dose but did not develop ORN. We used a Multivariate Functional Principal Component Analysis (MFPCA) approach to characterize the temporal trajectories of these features. The proposed MFPCA model performs the best at classifying ORN vs. Control subvolumes with an area under curve (AUC) = 0.74 [95% confidence interval (C.I.): 0.61-0.90], significantly outperforming existing approaches such as a pre-IMRT features model or a delta model based on changes at intermediate time points, i.e., at 2- and 6-month follow-up. This suggests that temporal trajectories of radiomics features derived from sequential pre- and post-RT CT scans can provide markers that are correlates of RT-induced mandibular injury, and consequently aid in earlier management of ORN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/frai.2021.618469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8063205PMC
April 2021