Publications by authors named "S Pasquini"

71 Publications

Adenosine and Inflammation: Here, There and Everywhere.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 19;22(14). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Translational Medicine, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy.

Adenosine is a ubiquitous endogenous modulator with the main function of maintaining cellular and tissue homeostasis in pathological and stress conditions. It exerts its effect through the interaction with four G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) subtypes referred as A, A, A, and A adenosine receptors (ARs), each of which has a unique pharmacological profile and tissue distribution. Adenosine is a potent modulator of inflammation, and for this reason the adenosinergic system represents an excellent pharmacological target for the myriad of diseases in which inflammation represents a cause, a pathogenetic mechanism, a consequence, a manifestation, or a protective factor. The omnipresence of ARs in every cell of the immune system as well as in almost all cells in the body represents both an opportunity and an obstacle to the clinical use of AR ligands. This review offers an overview of the cardinal role of adenosine in the modulation of inflammation, showing how the stimulation or blocking of its receptors or agents capable of regulating its extracellular concentration can represent promising therapeutic strategies for the treatment of chronic inflammatory pathologies, neurodegenerative diseases, and cancer.
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July 2021

Accuracy of CGM Systems During Continuous and Interval Exercise in Adults with Type 1 Diabetes.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2021 Jun 11:19322968211023522. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University and Hospital of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Background: continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMs) play an important role in the management of T1D, but their accuracy may reduce during rapid glucose excursions. The aim of study was to assess the accuracy of recent rt-CGMs available in Italy, in subjects with T1D during 2 sessions of physical activity: moderate continuous (CON) and interval exercise (IE).

Method: we recruited 22 patients with T1D, on CSII associated or integrated with a CGM, to which a second different sensor was applied. Data recorded by CGMs were compared with the corresponding plasma glucose (PG) values, measured every 5 minutes with the glucose analyzer. To assess the accuracy of the CGMs, we evaluated the Sensor Bias (SB), the Mean Absolute Relative Difference (MARD) and the Clarke error grid (CEG).

Results: a total of 2355 plasma-sensor glucose paired points were collected. Both average plasma and interstitial glucose concentrations did not significantly differ during CON and IE. During CON: 1. PG change at the end of exercise was greater than during IE ( = .034); 2. all sensors overestimated PG more than during IE, as shown by SB ( < .001) and MARD ( < .001) comparisons. Classifying the performance according to the CEG, significant differences were found between the 2 sessions in distribution of points in A and B zones.

Conclusions: the exercise affects the accuracy of currently available CGMs, especially during CON, suggesting, in this circumstance, the need to maintain blood glucose in a "prudent" range, above that generally recommended. Further studies are needed to investigate additional types of activities.
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June 2021

Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation in Osteogenesis and Chondrogenesis: Signaling Pathways and Therapeutic Implications.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jan 15;22(2). Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy.

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the main cell players in tissue repair and thanks to their self-renewal and multi-lineage differentiation capabilities, they gained significant attention as cell source for tissue engineering (TE) approaches aimed at restoring bone and cartilage defects. Despite significant progress, their therapeutic application remains debated: the TE construct often fails to completely restore the biomechanical properties of the native tissue, leading to poor clinical outcomes in the long term. Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) are currently used as a safe and non-invasive treatment to enhance bone healing and to provide joint protection. PEMFs enhance both osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. Here, we provide extensive review of the signaling pathways modulated by PEMFs during MSCs osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation. Particular attention has been given to the PEMF-mediated activation of the adenosine signaling and their regulation of the inflammatory response as key player in TE approaches. Overall, the application of PEMFs in tissue repair is foreseen: (1) in vitro: to improve the functional and mechanical properties of the engineered construct; (2) in vivo: (i) to favor graft integration, (ii) to control the local inflammatory response, and (iii) to foster tissue repair from both implanted and resident MSCs cells.
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January 2021