Publications by authors named "S O Olusi"

64 Publications

Effects of rituximab treatment on the serum concentrations of vitamin D and interleukins 2, 6, 7, and 10 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Biologics 2012 1;6:31-5. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

Rheumatic Disease Unit, Al-Amiri Hospital, Ministry of Health, Kuwait.

Background: Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody that selectively targets CD20-positive B-lymphocytes, is used for the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with an inadequate response or tolerance to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of rituximab treatment on the serum concentrations of vitamin D, interleukin (IL) 2, IL-6, IL-7, and IL-10 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods: Forty-five patients, aged 25-78 years, were enrolled into a cohort prospective study. All patients were treated with intravenous rituximab. Disease activity score-28 (DAS-28) and serum concentrations of rheumatoid factor (RF), C-reactive protein (CRP), anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), vitamin D, ILs 2, 6, 7, and 10 were estimated in the patients before and after treatment with rituximab.

Results: DAS-28, HAQ score, and serum concentrations of CRP, RF, anti-CCP, IL-2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-10, and ESR significantly decreased after treatment. All 45 patients had vitamin D deficiency before treatment and this did not significantly change after treatment. However no significant association was found among serum vitamin D concentration and any of the ILs.

Conclusion: We concluded from this study that although rituximab treatment of patients with RA significantly reduced their disease activity and serum concentrations of IL-2, IL-6, IL-7, and IL-10, it did not significantly alter their vitamin D status. Furthermore, no significant association was found among serum vitamin D concentration and any of the ILs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/BTT.S27840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3280863PMC
October 2012

Prevalence of LDL atherogenic phenotype in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2011 15;7:75-80. Epub 2011 Feb 15.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait.

Background: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are 5-8 times more likely to develop coronary heart disease than the general population. The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of the small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol particle in patients with SLE.

Methods: We recruited 50 consecutive patients with SLE who had no evidence of hypertension or renal failure. Fifty age- and gender-matched healthy controls were also recruited. We measured serum lipid levels and LDL particle diameters by gradient gel electrophoresis in both patients and controls.

Results: Patients with SLE had significant dyslipidemia, characterized by elevated plasma triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, Apoprotein B, triglyceride:high-density (HDL) lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, and decreased plasma concentrations of HDL cholesterol. The LDL particle size in SLE (24.8 ± 1.23 nm) was significantly (P < 0.01) smaller than that in controls (26.1 ± 1.31 nm). The prevalence of the LDL phenotype B (the atherogenic phenotype) was 52% in SLE but only 20% in healthy controls.

Conclusion: We conclude that the high prevalence of small dense LDL in SLE may contribute to the high incidence of coronary heart disease seen in this disorder.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S17015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3049542PMC
June 2011

Serum anti-modified citrullinated vimentin antibody concentration is associated with liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis.

Hepat Med 2011 10;3:13-8. Epub 2011 Mar 10.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, safat, Kuwait.

Background And Aims: The hepatic stellate cell, which plays a pivotal role in hepatic fibrosis, contains the filament vimentin which is known to undergo protein citrullination and become immunogenic. The aims of this study were to find out if anti-modified citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) antibodies are produced in patients with chronic hepatitis and if such production is associated with liver fibrosis.

Methods: Sera and liver biopsy specimens were collected from 100 patients with chronic hepatitis. Sera were also collected from 100 healthy controls. The liver biopsies were graded according to the Metavir fibrosis scores. The serum concentrations of anti-MCV antibody were measured in both patients and controls by ELISA using commercially available kits.

Results: The mean serum concentration of anti-MCV antibody in patients with chronic hepatitis (54.90 ± 6.09 U/mL) was significantly higher (P = 0.001) than that of controls (17.38 ± 0.56 U/mL). Furthermore, serum anti-MCV antibody titer was able to separate patients with no fibrosis from those with moderate or severe fibrosis or cirrhosis. Using receiver operating characteristic curves, a serum concentration of anti-MCV antibody of 8.82 U/mL was able to diagnose cirrhosis with 60% specificity and 60% sensitivity.

Conclusion: We concluded that serum anti-MCV antibody concentration may be a sensitive noninvasive marker for liver cirrhosis that needs to be investigated further.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HMER.S17039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3846543PMC
December 2013

Peptidyl arginine deiminase: A novel immunohistochemical marker for liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis.

Acta Histochem 2010 Nov;112(6):592-603

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Health Science Center, Kuwait University, 13110 Safat, Kuwait.

Peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) is an enzyme known to be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since many of the molecular events present in the joints in RA also take place in the injured liver, we postulated in this study that PAD may be involved in liver fibrosis. The objectives of this study therefore were to find out if PAD could be demonstrated immunohistochemically in liver biopsies of patients with chronic hepatitis and if it is associated with METAVIR activity and fibrosis scores. Liver biopsies were obtained from 100 patients with chronic liver diseases between September 2006 and 2007. The biopsies were scored by two histopathologists according to the METAVIR activity and fibrosis scores after histological preparation. Immunohistochemistry for PAD was performed on the biopsies using a monoclonal antibody against PAD. PAD could not be demonstrated in normal liver biopsies but was found in the hepatocytes of patients with chronic hepatitis. PAD labeling could distinguish patients with no fibrosis from either F1 or F2 or F3 or F4 fibrosis. Similarly, PAD labeling could separate patients with no inflammatory activity from those with mild or moderate or severe activity. We concluded that PAD could be demonstrated immunohistochemically in liver biopsies of patients with chronic hepatitis and that its immunodetection was significantly associated with Metavir activity and fibrosis scores.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acthis.2009.06.007DOI Listing
November 2010

The predictive value of CD38 positive hepatic stellate cell count for assessing disease activity and fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis.

Acta Histochem 2009 1;111(6):520-30. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Health Science Centre, Kuwait University, P.O. Box. 24923, 13110 Safat, Kuwait.

The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a critical event in hepatic fibrosis. The objectives of this study were to find out if cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) can be demonstrated immunohistochemically on HSCs in liver biopsies from patients with chronic liver disease and if CD38 immunopositive HSC count is correlated with METAVIR inflammatory and fibrosis scores. Immunohistochemical labelling for CD38 was performed on 100 liver biopsies from patients with chronic liver disease. The CD38 immunopositive HSCs were identified and counted. The CD38 immunopositive HSC count was found to be associated with both the METAVIR score and the fibrosis scores. The CD38 immunopositive HSC count was able to discriminate between no fibrosis and stages 2, 3 or 4 fibrosis, but could not discriminate between no fibrosis and stage 1 fibrosis. Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, a cut-off point of 10 HSCs per 10 high power field (hpf), or 25 per 100 hepatocytes, is 80% sensitive and 70% specific for predicting fibrosis. The specificity rose to 100% in patients with hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection. We conclude that CD38 positive HSCs can be demonstrated immunohistochemically and that the count is highly predictive of moderate to severe hepatic fibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acthis.2008.04.008DOI Listing
February 2010