Publications by authors named "S M Hisam Al Rabbi"

18 Publications

Assessment of the Link of and gene polymorphisms with the prednisolone resistance in pediatric nephrotic syndrome patients of Bangladesh: A genotype and haplotype approach.

J Adv Res 2021 11 17;33:141-151. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali 3814, Bangladesh.

Introduction: Nephrotic syndrome is a common pediatric kidney disease. Investigations on several genetic polymorphisms revealed an inconsistent influence on the resistance of patients to steroids.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the association of (1236C > T, 2677G > T, 3435C > T), (rs10482634, rs6877893), and (CYP3A5*3) gene polymorphism as well as sociodemographic and clinicopathological parameters with the risk of developing prednisolone resistance in pediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome.

Methods: A case-control analysis was performed on 180 nephrotic syndrome patients. Among them, 30 patients were classified as prednisolone resistant group, and 150 were classified as prednisolone sensitive group. Genotyping was performed by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method.

Results: No significant association of 1236C > T polymorphism with the risk of prednisolone resistance (p > 0.05) was found. The GT heterozygous of 2677G > T was found to be significantly associated with the development of prednisolone resistance (OR = 3.9, p = 0.034). In the case of 3435C > T, a statistically significant association was observed in TC heterozygous and TT mutant homozygous genotypes (OR = 0.38, p = 0.047; OR = 3.06, p = 0.038, respectively) with prednisolone resistance. For rs10482634 polymorphism, the AG heterozygous and AG+GG genotypes were significantly linked with prednisolone resistance (OR = 2.40, p = 0.033; OR = 2.36, p = 0.034, respectively). We found no association with the risk of prednisolone resistance with rs6877893 and CYP3A5*3 polymorphism (p > 0.05). CTC and TGT haplotypes of and GA haplotype of were also associated with the increased risk of pediatric prednisolone resistance (OR = 4.47, p = 0.0003; OR = 2.71, p = 0.03; and OR = 4.22, p = 0.022, consecutively). We also observed the correlation of different sociodemographic and clinicopathological factors with prednisolone resistance in pediatric nephrotic syndrome.

Conclusion: Our findings showed a significant association of and gene polymorphisms with prednisolone resistant pediatric nephrotic syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2021.02.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8463901PMC
November 2021

Prevalence of CYP2C19 and ITGB3 polymorphisms among Bangladeshi patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention.

SAGE Open Med 2021 26;9:20503121211042209. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Introduction: Antithrombotic agents are the basic therapeutic option for patients with arterial thrombosis who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In Bangladesh, aspirin and clopidogrel are frequently prescribed as antithrombotics or platelet inhibitors. Studies reported the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*17, and ITGB3 cause an alteration of the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profile of aspirin and clopidogrel. Therefore, we aimed to assess the prevalence of CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*17, and ITGB3 polymorphisms among Bangladeshi patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) who underwent PCI.

Methods: Here we assessed a total of 1,000 CVD patients (male 782 and female 218) who underwent PCI and were treated with clopidogrel and/or aspirin. We performed genotyping of patients treated with clopidogrel and aspirin by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR (T-ARMS-PCR) methods. The PCR products of clopidogrel-treated patients were screened with agarose gel electrophoresis and then digested with SmaI and NsiI-HF for CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*17, respectively. We genotyped aspirin-treated patients with T-ARMS-PCR for missense rs5918 (PlA1/A1) polymorphism of the ITGB3 gene. Then we ran the digested PCR products on 2% agarose gel electrophoresis to detect the mentioned polymorphisms.

Results: Among the clopidogrel-treated patients, we observed 64.1% polymorphism (hetero + mutant) of CYP2C19*2 (loss-of-function allele) and 22.7% (hetero + mutant) of CYP2C19*17 (gain-of-function allele). On the other hand, among the aspirin-treated patients, polymorphisms of ITGB3 were 84.1% homozygous (PlA1/A1), 15.6% heterozygous (PlA1/A2), and 0.3% mutant homozygous.

Conclusion: In the present study, we observed a high prevalence of genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C19 and ITGB3 genes. Therefore, we recommend genotyping of CVD patients before prescribing clopidogrel or aspirin to prevent coagulation. Based on the genotyping study, the adjustment of doses or alternative generics might require to avoid therapeutic failure or toxicity in some cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/20503121211042209DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8404630PMC
August 2021

Genome-Wide Association Mapping for Yield and Related Traits Under Drought Stressed and Non-stressed Environments in Wheat.

Front Genet 2021 22;12:649988. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics, and Genomics, University of Georgia, Griffin, GA, United States.

Understanding the genetics of drought tolerance in hard red spring wheat (HRSW) in northern USA is a prerequisite for developing drought-tolerant cultivars for this region. An association mapping (AM) study for drought tolerance in spring wheat in northern USA was undertaken using 361 wheat genotypes and Infinium 90K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay. The genotypes were evaluated in nine different locations of North Dakota (ND) for plant height (PH), days to heading (DH), yield (YLD), test weight (TW), and thousand kernel weight (TKW) under rain-fed conditions. Rainfall data and soil type of the locations were used to assess drought conditions. A mixed linear model (MLM), which accounts for population structure and kinship (PC+K), was used for marker-trait association. A total of 69 consistent QTL involved with drought tolerance-related traits were identified, with ≤ 0.001. Chromosomes 1A, 3A, 3B, 4B, 4D, 5B, 6A, and 6B were identified to harbor major QTL for drought tolerance. Six potential novel QTL were identified on chromosomes 3D, 4A, 5B, 7A, and 7B. The novel QTL were identified for DH, PH, and TKW. The findings of this study can be used in marker-assisted selection (MAS) for drought-tolerance breeding in spring wheat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2021.649988DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8258415PMC
June 2021

Identification of Main-Effect and Environmental Interaction QTL and Their Candidate Genes for Drought Tolerance in a Wheat RIL Population Between Two Elite Spring Cultivars.

Front Genet 2021 17;12:656037. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics, and Genomics, University of Georgia, Griffin, GA, United States.

Understanding the genetics of drought tolerance can expedite the development of drought-tolerant cultivars in wheat. In this study, we dissected the genetics of drought tolerance in spring wheat using a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from a cross between a drought-tolerant cultivar, 'Reeder' (PI613586), and a high-yielding but drought-susceptible cultivar, 'Albany.' The RIL population was evaluated for grain yield (YLD), grain volume weight (GVW), thousand kernel weight (TKW), plant height (PH), and days to heading (DH) at nine different environments. The Infinium 90 k-based high-density genetic map was generated using 10,657 polymorphic SNP markers representing 2,057 unique loci. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis detected a total of 11 consistent QTL for drought tolerance-related traits. Of these, six QTL were exclusively identified in drought-prone environments, and five were constitutive QTL (identified under both drought and normal conditions). One major QTL on chromosome 7B was identified exclusively under drought environments and explained 13.6% of the phenotypic variation (PV) for YLD. Two other major QTL were detected, one each on chromosomes 7B and 2B under drought-prone environments, and explained 14.86 and 13.94% of phenotypic variation for GVW and YLD, respectively. One novel QTL for drought tolerance was identified on chromosome 2D. expression analysis of candidate genes underlaying the exclusive QTLs associated with drought stress identified the enrichment of ribosomal and chloroplast photosynthesis-associated proteins showing the most expression variability, thus possibly contributing to stress response by modulating the glycosyltransferase () and hexosyltransferase () unique genes present in QTL 21 and 24, respectively. While both parents contributed favorable alleles to these QTL, unexpectedly, the high-yielding and less drought-tolerant parent contributed desirable alleles for drought tolerance at four out of six loci. Regardless of the origin, all QTL with significant drought tolerance could assist significantly in the development of drought-tolerant wheat cultivars, using genomics-assisted breeding approaches.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2021.656037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8249774PMC
June 2021

Identifying climatic and non-climatic determinants of malnutrition prevalence in Bangladesh: A country-wide cross-sectional spatial analysis.

Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 2021 06 18;37:100422. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Potsdam Institute for climate impact research, D 14412 Potsdam, Germany; University of Potsdam, 14469 Potsdam, Germany.

Child malnutrition is indisputably a multi-faceted phenomenon. Comprehending the aforesaid crucial issue this paper intended to identify climatic and non-climatic factors for the spatial variation of malnutrition prevalence in Bangladesh. The climatic data on temperature and rainfall are obtained from the WorldClim dataset. We obtained a set of global climate layers that included monthly data on minimum temperature, maximum temperature, mean temperature, and rainfall for the period 1960-1990, at a spatial resolution up to 30 'onds (~ 1 × 1 km at the equator). The data are extracted at the district level using the zonal-statistics in QGIS. This study performed a spatial lag regression to evaluate association of malnutrition with climate characteristics and other factors. The prevalence of malnutrition exhibited substantial association with temperature and precipitation. Food production, water access, improved sanitation, literacy, road density, solvency ratio and GDP had a significant association with the spatial variation of malnutrition in Bangladesh.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sste.2021.100422DOI Listing
June 2021
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