Publications by authors named "S D LaLumondiere"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Using Bessel beams and two-photon absorption to predict radiation effects in microelectronics.

Opt Express 2019 Dec;27(26):37652-37666

Pulsed-laser testing is an attractive tool for studying space-based radiation effects in microelectronics because it provides a high degree of spatial resolution and is more cost-effective than conventional accelerator-based testing. However, quantitatively predicting the effects of radiation is challenging for this optical method. A new approach to pulsed-laser testing is presented, which addresses these challenges by using a Bessel beam and carrier generation via two-photon absorption. By producing a carrier distribution in the device under test that is similar to that of a heavy ion, this optical approach aims to quantitatively predict the response of the device under heavy ion tests that represent space radiation. Furthermore, the carrier distribution can be accurately described using a single analytic expression thereby enabling the laser to be tuned to emulate a specific heavy ion. Herein, we describe the modifications made to an existing pulsed-laser setup to generate this carrier distribution, characterize this distribution using a novel method that provides sub-micron spatial resolution, and provide the equations that describe the distribution. Finally, we use this method to study a silicon photodiode and find that the transient response of the device shows strong agreement with the response generated using heavy ions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.037652DOI Listing
December 2019

Optical communications downlink from a low-earth orbiting 1.5U CubeSat.

Opt Express 2019 Aug;27(17):24382-24392

In this article, we present the first demonstration of an optical communications downlink from a low-earth orbiting free-flying CubeSat. Two 1.5U vehicles, AC7-B&C, built under NASA's Optical Communications and Sensors Demonstration (OCSD) program were launched in November 2017 and subsequently placed into a 450-km, 51.6° inc. circular orbit. Pseudorandom data streams using on-off key (OOK) modulation were transmitted from AC-7B to a 40 cm aperture telescope located at sea level in El Segundo, CA. At 200 Mbps, without forward error correction (FEC), we achieved a 115-second link that was ~78% error free, with the remaining portion exhibiting an error rate below 1E-5. At the time of the engagement, the 1064-nm laser transmitter was operating at 2 W (half capacity) with a full width half maximum (FWHM) beam divergence of ~1 mrad, which was approximately double the anticipated pointing accuracy of the vehicle.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.024382DOI Listing
August 2019

Electrical and optical characterization of surface passivation in GaAs nanowires.

Nano Lett 2012 Sep 20;12(9):4484-9. Epub 2012 Aug 20.

Department of Physics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, United States.

We report a systematic study of carrier dynamics in Al(x)Ga(1-x)As-passivated GaAs nanowires. With passivation, the minority carrier diffusion length (L(diff)) increases from 30 to 180 nm, as measured by electron beam induced current (EBIC) mapping, and the photoluminescence (PL) lifetime increases from sub-60 ps to 1.3 ns. A 48-fold enhancement in the continuous-wave PL intensity is observed on the same individual nanowire with and without the Al(x)Ga(1-x)As passivation layer, indicating a significant reduction in surface recombination. These results indicate that, in passivated nanowires, the minority carrier lifetime is not limited by twin stacking faults. From the PL lifetime and minority carrier diffusion length, we estimate the surface recombination velocity (SRV) to range from 1.7 × 10(3) to 1.1 × 10(4) cm·s(-1), and the minority carrier mobility μ is estimated to lie in the range from 10.3 to 67.5 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) for the passivated nanowires.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl301391hDOI Listing
September 2012

A "space experiment" examining the response of a geosynchronous quartz crystal oscillator to various levels of solar activity.

IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 2003 Mar;50(3):210-3

Electronics and Photonics Laboratory, The Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, CA 90009, USA.

Viewing the frequency history of the high-quality quartz crystal oscillator onboard Milstar FLT-1 as a "space experiment," we have examined the response of the crystal to various solar flares that have occurred over the past 4 years. Our results show that, even for the largest solar flares that can be expected, timekeeping onboard a geosynchronous communications satellite need not be unduly perturbed by the enhanced space-radiation environment of a solar flare, so long as the ground station can take mitigating action within a few hours of the flare's onset.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tuffc.2003.1193613DOI Listing
March 2003
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