Publications by authors named "S Belašková"

15 Publications

Clinical Presentation, Diagnostic Findings, and Long-term Survival Time in 182 Dogs With Meningoencephalitis of Unknown Origin From Central Europe That Were Administered Glucocorticosteroid Monotherapy.

Top Companion Anim Med 2021 May 5;44:100539. Epub 2021 May 5.

Institute of Mathematics and Statistics, Masaryk University, Brno, 60200 Czech Republic.

Canine non-infectious inflammatory meningoencephalomyelitis is termed meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown origin (MUO) and may affect dogs of every breed at any age. Treatment with immunosuppressive medication, the survival time based on MRI, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings has been widely reported; however, these studies only included a small number of patients, or they are summaries from the literature. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the clinical presentation, diagnostic findings, treatment protocol and long-term survival time in many dogs diagnosed with MUO in one clinic with previously published studies. One hundred eighty-two dogs met the inclusion criteria. Age, sex, duration of clinical signs before diagnosis, presence of neurological signs, MRI and CSF analysis were similar to those in previous reports. Our study revealed that dogs with a brainstem lesion have a 60% lower chance of death before 1 year than dogs with multifocal brain lesions. A total of 55.56% of treated dogs survived for more than 1 year, and 10.55% survived for more than 5 years since diagnosis. The median survival time for all dogs was 540 days. Our findings support glucocorticosteroid monotherapy as a viable treatment option for dogs with MUO.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcam.2021.100539DOI Listing
May 2021

An RNA aptamer restores defective bone growth in FGFR3-related skeletal dysplasia in mice.

Sci Transl Med 2021 May;13(592)

Department of Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic.

Achondroplasia is the most prevalent genetic form of dwarfism in humans and is caused by activating mutations in FGFR3 tyrosine kinase. The clinical need for a safe and effective inhibitor of FGFR3 is unmet, leaving achondroplasia currently incurable. Here, we evaluated RBM-007, an RNA aptamer previously developed to neutralize the FGFR3 ligand FGF2, for its activity against FGFR3. In cultured rat chondrocytes or mouse embryonal tibia organ culture, RBM-007 rescued the proliferation arrest, degradation of cartilaginous extracellular matrix, premature senescence, and impaired hypertrophic differentiation induced by FGFR3 signaling. In cartilage xenografts derived from induced pluripotent stem cells from individuals with achondroplasia, RBM-007 rescued impaired chondrocyte differentiation and maturation. When delivered by subcutaneous injection, RBM-007 restored defective skeletal growth in a mouse model of achondroplasia. We thus demonstrate a ligand-trap concept of targeting the cartilage FGFR3 and delineate a potential therapeutic approach for achondroplasia and other FGFR3-related skeletal dysplasias.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.aba4226DOI Listing
May 2021

Incidence of Stroke and Ischemic Stroke Subtypes: A Community-Based Study in Brno, Czech Republic.

Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 10;50(1):54-61. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne's University Hospital, Brno, Czechia,

Background: There are few contemporary epidemiological data on stroke for Central Europe. We performed a population-based study evaluating the incidence of stroke, stroke types, and ischemic stroke (IS) subtypes in Brno, the second biggest city in the Czech Republic (CR).

Methods: Using the National Registry of Hospitalized Patients, and hospital databases, we identified all patients hospitalized with a stroke diagnosis in Brno hospitals in 2011. For Brno residents with validated stroke diagnosis, we calculated (a) the overall incidence of hospitalized stroke, (b) incidence rates for IS, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and (c) incidence rates for IS subtypes. We calculated the average annual age- and sex-standardized incidence (European Standard Population and World Health Organization), to compare our results with other studies.

Results: The overall crude incidence of stroke in Brno was 213/100,000 population. The incidence of stroke for stroke types were as follows: SAH, 6.9; ICH, 26.4; and IS, 180 cases per 100,000 population, respectively. The WHO-standardized annual stroke incidence was 107 for all strokes and 88 for IS, 14.4 for ICH, and 5 for SAH. For IS subtypes, the WHO-standardized incidence was large artery atherosclerosis 25.8, cardioembolism 27.8, lacunar 21.6, other determined etiology 6.2, and undetermined etiology 6.5 cases per 100,000 population.

Conclusions: The stroke incidence is lower than that previously reported for the CR and Eastern Europe probably reflecting socioeconomic changes in post-communistic countries in the region. These findings could contribute to stroke prevention strategies and influence health policies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000512180DOI Listing
December 2020

Detection of ischemic changes on baseline multimodal computed tomography: expert reading vs. Brainomix and RAPID software.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2020 Sep 30;29(9):104978. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Radiology, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare the assessment of ischemic changes by expert reading and available automated software for non-contrast CT (NCCT) and CT perfusion on baseline multimodal imaging and demonstrate the accuracy for the final infarct prediction.

Methods: Early ischemic changes were measured by ASPECTS on the baseline neuroimaging of consecutive patients with anterior circulation ischemic stroke. The presence of early ischemic changes was assessed a) on NCCT by two experienced raters, b) on NCCT by e-ASPECTS, and c) visually on derived CT perfusion maps (CBF<30%, Tmax>10s). Accuracy was calculated by comparing presence of final ischemic changes on 24-hour follow-up for each ASPECTS region and expressed as sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). The subanalysis for patients with successful recanalization was conducted.

Results: Of 263 patients, 81 fulfilled inclusion criteria. Median baseline ASPECTS was 9 for all tested modalities. Accuracy was 0.76 for e-ASPECTS, 0.79 for consensus, 0.82 for CBF<30%, 0.80 for Tmax>10s. e-ASPECTS, consensus, CBF<30%, and Tmax>10s had sensitivity 0.41, 0.46, 0.49, 0.57, respectively; specificity 0.91, 0.93, 0.95, 0.91, respectively; PPV 0.66, 0.75, 0.82, 0.73, respectively; NPV 0.78, 0.80, 0.82, 0.83, respectively. Results did not differ in patients with and without successful recanalization.

Conclusion: This study demonstrated high accuracy for the assessment of ischemic changes by different CT modalities with the best accuracy for CBF<30% and Tmax>10s. The use of automated software has a potential to improve the detection of ischemic changes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.104978DOI Listing
September 2020

Bipolar ablation with contact force-sensing of swine ventricles shows improved acute lesion features compared to sequential unipolar ablation.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2020 05 2;31(5):1128-1136. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, International Clinical Research Center, St Anne's University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Despite technical progress, ventricular tachycardia (VT) recurrence after unipolar ablation remains relatively high (12%-47%). Bipolar ablation has been proposed as an appealing solution that may overcome limitations associated with unipolar ablation settings. We designed an animal study to compare bipolar (BPA) vs sequential unipolar ablation (UPA) using contact force-sensing technology on both ablation catheters.

Methods: Twenty large white female pigs (6-months-old, 50-60 kg) underwent multiple RF ablations (30 W, 60 seconds, 30 mL/min irrigation) on the ventricular myocardium from the epicardial and endocardial sides. The hearts were fixed and scanned with high-resolution cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Thermal lesions were located and characterized in volume, depth, width, and transmurality.

Results: Lesion volume was calculated as the sum of epicardial or endocardial conjoined/isolated lesions at one location. Linear dimensions (width and depth) were measured twice for each location, on the endocardial and epicardial side. We evaluated 35 lesions across the intraventricular septum (UPA, N = 17 vs BPA, N = 18). No difference in volume, linear dimensions or impedance drop was observed in this area between UPA and BPA. However, BPA required half RF time and showed an increased transmurality trend. We then analyzed 73 lesions from the endocardial side (UPA, N = 35 vs BPA, N = 38) and 50 from the epicardial side (UPA, N = 11 vs BPA N = 39) of the ventricular free walls. Lesion transmurality was markedly improved by BPA (P = .030, odds ratio, 23.73 [4.71,31.96]). Ventricular BPA lesions were significantly deeper on the epicardial side (P < .0001) and endocardial side (P = .015).

Conclusion: Bipolar ablation is more likely to create transmural and epicardial lesions in the ventricle wall. Half the time is needed for the creation of comparably deep and large lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jce.14407DOI Listing
May 2020