Publications by authors named "S Amin Yavari"

36 Publications

Suppressing effects of green tea extract and Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on TGF-β- induced Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition via ROS/Smad signaling in human cervical cancer cells.

Gene 2021 Jun 11;794:145774. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-induced Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process is a fundamental target for preventing cervical cancer cells' progression and invasion. Green tea and its principal active substance, Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), demonstrate anti-tumor activities in various tumor cells.

Methods: The cell viability of two cervical cancer cell lines, Hela and SiHa, in the experimental groups was examined employing the MTT method, and ROS generation was probed applying 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate-based assay. The Smad signaling and EMT process was evaluated utilizing western blot analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and Smad binding element (SBE)-luciferase assays were employed to measure Smad-DNA interaction and Smad transcriptional activity, respectively.

Results: EGCG (0-100 μmol/L) and green tea extract (0-250 μg/ml) suppressed the viability of cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.01). Our conclusions affirmed that pre-incubation with green tea extract (80 μg/ml) and EGCG (60 μmol/L) significantly reversed the impacts of TGF-β in Hela and SiHa cells by decreasing Vimentin, ZEB, Slug, Snail, and Twist and increasing E-cadherin expression. The molecular mechanism of green tea extract and EGCG for TGF-β-induced EMT inhibition interfered with ROS generation and Smad signaling. Green tea extract and EGCG could significantly decrease ROS levels, the phosphorylation of Smad2/3, the translocation, DNA binding, and activity of Smads in cervical cancer cell lines treated with TGF-β1 (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: EGCG and green tea extract suppressed TGF-β-induced EMT in Hela and SiHa cells, and the underlying molecular mechanism may be related to the ROS generation and Smad signaling pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2021.145774DOI Listing
June 2021

Nutrient-assisted phytoremediation of wood preservative-contaminated technosols with co-planting of Salix interior and Festuca arundinacea.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Département de Sciences biologiques, Université de Montréal, 4101 Sherbrooke St E, Montreal, Quebec, H1X 2B2, Canada.

The remediation of wood preservative-contaminated sites is an important issue due to the carcinogenic nature of some contaminants derived from wood preservatives (e.g., Cr, arsenate, and pentachlorophenol). This study evaluated the effects of fertilizer application on remediation potential of co-plantings of Salix interior Rowlee. (Salix) and Festuca arundinacea Schreb. (Festuca) in a wood preservative-spiked technosol while considering the potential contaminant and nutrient leaching. Two levels of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizers, NaNO and NaHPO (25 and 75 mg L), were applied to achieve three N:P ratios, i.e., 3:1 (75:25), 1:3 (25:75), and 1:1 (25:25), that were compared with a control treatment (0:0 N:P) in a mesocosm experiment. Roots of the plant supplied with 1:1 and 1:3 N:P had more than double arsenic (As) and copper (Cu) amounts (i.e., biomass × concentration) compared to the control ones. Highest As and Cu amounts in shoots were found for Salix stems and Festuca leaves in the 1:3 and 1:1 N:P treatments, respectively. Arsenic and P leaching was high in mesocosms supplied with 1:3 N:P. Contamination and nutrient leaching in the 1:1 N:P treatment did not differ from the control, except for Cu. In conclusion, 1:1 N:P treatment yielded the best results in terms of metal(loid) uptake and contaminant and nutrient leaching. In 1:1 N:P treatment, the maximum values of percent As, Cr, and Cu in Salix and Festuca aboveground were 0.18%, 0.024%, and 1.20% and 0.89%, 0.08%, and 1.78%, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14076-1DOI Listing
June 2021

Synergistic effects of green tea extract and paclitaxel in the induction of mitochondrial apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell lines.

Gene 2021 Jun 17;787:145638. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Medical Radiation, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Green tea is a natural compound with anti-neoplastic properties. Paclitaxel (PTX) is a natural anti-tumor medication used to manage patients with advanced ovarian cancer. This manuscript evaluated the cytotoxic effects of green tea extract combined with PTX drug in two human ovarian cancer cell lines (p53-negative cell line, SKOV-3; and mutant type p53 cell line, OVCAR-3) and underlying mechanisms.

Methods: The human ovarian cancer cell lines were treated with green tea extract, PTX, and green tea plus PTX for 24 h, and cell viability was assessed using the MTT method. Flow cytometric analyses were carried out to detect apoptosis. For the apoptotic process, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting analysis were applied to study pAkt, Bax, Bcl-2, Cytochrome C (Cyt-C), cleaved-caspase-3, and cleaved-caspase-9 levels after drug treatments.

Results: Our results pointed out that various green tea (25 and 50 µg/ml) concentrations combined with PTX (20 and 40 µg/ml) synergistically inhibited cell viability of cancer cells more than green tea or PTX alone after 24 h of treatment. Also, green tea and PTX combination induced apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells by blocking the phosphorylation of Akt and the expression of Bcl-2 while inducing Bax, Cyt-C, cleaved-caspase 3, and cleaved-caspase 9.

Conclusion: Our results showed that the combination of green tea and PTX could be more potent than the individual drug to induce cytotoxicity and apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2021.145638DOI Listing
June 2021

Prevalence of cigarette smoking among college students in Iran: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 8;34:165. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychosocial Health Research Institute (PHRI), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Cigarette smoking is known as a gateway drug for illicit drug use in youth. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking in the college students in Iran. We searched electronic databases including Scopus, Medline/PubMed, Google Scholar and Web of Science, and national databases such as Magiran, Scientific Information Database, Iranmedex, Medlib, Irandoc, and IranPsych from 1946 to 21st July 2018 without any language restriction using a proper search strategy. We used a random effect model to calculate the pooled prevalence of cigarette smoking in college students in Iran. Chi-square test and I2 index were used to evaluate the heterogeneity between the studies. We used the meta-regression and subgroup analysis to assess the potential source of heterogeneity. Stata software, version 11 (StataCorp, TX) was used for all statistical analysis. We included 60 eligible articles in our study. The pooled prevalence of cigarette smoking at least once in the lifetime was 19% (95%CI: 17-22). The I2 index indicated considerable between-study heterogeneity (I2 =98%, p<0.001). The pooled prevalence of cigarette smoking at least once in the lifetime in males and females was 28% (95% CI: 23-34) and 9% (95% CI: 6-13), respectively. In multivariable meta-regression, a significant association was shown between the year of study (β=-13.1, p=0.011) and sampling method (β=-12.8 p=0.017) and daily use in the last month. Increasing prevalence of smoking among Iranian university students is an important health priority. Increasing preventive and health education programs are recommended.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.47176/mjiri.34.165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8004567PMC
December 2020

Macrophyte Potential to Treat Leachate Contaminated with Wood Preservatives: Plant Tolerance and Bioaccumulation Capacity.

Plants (Basel) 2020 Dec 14;9(12). Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Département de Sciences Biologiques, Institut de Recherche en Biologie Végétale, Université de Montréal, 4101 Sherbrooke East, Montreal, QC H1X 2B2, Canada.

Pentachlorophenol and chromated copper arsenate (CCA) have been used worldwide as wood preservatives, but these compounds can toxify ecosystems when they leach into the soil and water. This study aimed to evaluate the capacity of four treatment wetland macrophytes, , , and two subspecies of , to tolerate and treat leachates containing wood preservatives. The experiment was conducted using 96 plant pots in 12 tanks filled with three leachate concentrations compared to uncontaminated water. Biomass production and bioaccumulation were measured after 35 and 70 days of exposure. There were no significant effects of leachate contamination concentration on plant biomass for any species. No contaminants were detected in aboveground parts of the macrophytes, precluding their use for phytoextraction within the tested contamination levels. However, all species accumulated As and chlorinated phenols in belowground parts, and this accumulation was more prevalent under a more concentrated leachate. Up to 0.5 mg pentachlorophenol/kg (from 81 µg/L in the leachate) and 50 mg As/kg (from 330 µg/L in the leachate) were accumulated in the belowground biomass. Given their high productivity and tolerance to the contaminants, the tested macrophytes showed phytostabilization potential and could enhance the degradation of phenols from leachates contaminated with wood preservatives in treatment wetlands.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants9121774DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7765096PMC
December 2020