Publications by authors named "Sümeyye Balci"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Quality of Physical Activity Apps: Systematic Search in App Stores and Content Analysis.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 06 9;9(6):e22587. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute of Psychology and Education, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Background: Physical inactivity is a major contributor to the development and persistence of chronic diseases. Mobile health apps that foster physical activity have the potential to assist in behavior change. However, the quality of the mobile health apps available in app stores is hard to assess for making informed decisions by end users and health care providers.

Objective: This study aimed at systematically reviewing and analyzing the content and quality of physical activity apps available in the 2 major app stores (Google Play and App Store) by using the German version of the Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS-G). Moreover, the privacy and security measures were assessed.

Methods: A web crawler was used to systematically search for apps promoting physical activity in the Google Play store and App Store. Two independent raters used the MARS-G to assess app quality. Further, app characteristics, content and functions, and privacy and security measures were assessed. The correlation between user star ratings and MARS was calculated. Exploratory regression analysis was conducted to determine relevant predictors for the overall quality of physical activity apps.

Results: Of the 2231 identified apps, 312 met the inclusion criteria. The results indicated that the overall quality was moderate (mean 3.60 [SD 0.59], range 1-4.75). The scores of the subscales, that is, information (mean 3.24 [SD 0.56], range 1.17-4.4), engagement (mean 3.19 [SD 0.82], range 1.2-5), aesthetics (mean 3.65 [SD 0.79], range 1-5), and functionality (mean 4.35 [SD 0.58], range 1.88-5) were obtained. An efficacy study could not be identified for any of the included apps. The features of data security and privacy were mainly not applied. Average user ratings showed significant small correlations with the MARS ratings (r=0.22, 95% CI 0.08-0.35; P<.001). The amount of content and number of functions were predictive of the overall quality of these physical activity apps, whereas app store and price were not.

Conclusions: Apps for physical activity showed a broad range of quality ratings, with moderate overall quality ratings. Given the present privacy, security, and evidence concerns inherent to most rated apps, their medical use is questionable. There is a need for open-source databases of expert quality ratings to foster informed health care decisions by users and health care providers.
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June 2021

Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of culturally adapted internet- and mobile-based health promotion interventions.

BMJ Open 2020 11 9;10(11):e037698. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute of Psychology and Education, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Introduction: High rates of immigration pose challenges for the healthcare systems of many countries to offer high-quality care to diverse populations. Advancing health interventions with incorporating the cultural background of diverse populations can be helpful to overcome this challenge. First studies suggest that culturally diverse populations might benefit from culturally adapted internet-based and mobile-based interventions (IMI) to promote health behaviours. However, the effectiveness of culturally adapted IMIs for health promotion interventions has not been evaluated systematically. Therefore, the aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of culturally adapted IMIs regarding health promotion. Additionally, the cultural adaptation features of these interventions will be outlined.

Methods And Analysis: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effectiveness of culturally adapted IMIs to promote health behaviours in the field of healthy eating, smoking cessation, alcohol consumption, physical activity and sexual health behaviour will be identified via a systematic search of the databases MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CENTRAL. The preliminary search has been conducted on the 26 August 2019 and will be updated in the process. Data will be pooled meta-analytically in case of at least three included studies reporting on the same outcome. Moreover, a narrative synthesis of the included studies will be conducted. The risk of bias will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for the Quality Assessment of RCTs V. 2.0. Publication bias will be assessed using funnel plots.

Ethics And Dissemination: Ethical approval is not required for this study. The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed international journal.

Prospero Registration Number: PROSPERO; CRD42020152939.
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November 2020

Cultural adaptation of Internet- and mobile-based interventions for mental disorders: a systematic review protocol.

Syst Rev 2020 09 3;9(1):207. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Engelbergerstr. 41, 79085, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMI) are an effective and scalable low-threshold solution to reach people who are undersupplied by current healthcare. Adapting interventions to the cultural and ethnic background of the target group enhances their acceptance and effectiveness. However, no systematic approach to cultural adaptation of IMI has been established so far. Therefore, this review aims to summarise components and procedures commonly used in the cultural adaptation of IMI for mental disorders, as well as the current evidence base on whether such a cultural adaptation leads to an increased acceptance, adherence, and effectiveness of IMI for mental disorders.

Methods: A systematic literature search will be performed using the following databases: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, and WoS. The search term will include keywords related to cultural adaptation, IMI, and mental disorders/disturbances. Two independent reviewers will evaluate studies against inclusion and exclusion criteria and extract study and intervention characteristics, details on the cultural adaptation approach, and outcome data. Quality of evidence will be assessed using the Quality Assessment Tool for Reviewing Studies with Diverse Designs, and results will be synthesised qualitatively.

Discussion: Providing adequate mental healthcare regardless of cultural backgrounds is a major global health challenge. The planned systematic review will lay the foundation for the further development of the cultural adaptation of IMI for mental disorders by summarising the current state and providing recommendations for future research.

Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO CRD42019142320.
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September 2020