Publications by authors named "Sílvia M C Soares"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The presence of Apicomplexan parasites in king scallops (Pecten maximus) in Scottish waters.

J Invertebr Pathol 2021 Jan 2;178:107508. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Marine Scotland Science, Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.

The king scallop (Pecten maximus) is a commercially important species found around the United Kingdom coast. The association of an Apicomplexan-like parasite with mass mortality of Icelandic scallop (Chlamys islandica) in Iceland and the presence of identical parasites in king scallop (Pecten maximus) and queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis) in Scotland raised serious concerns regarding the health of Scottish king scallops. Marine Scotland Science (MSS) conducted a survey in 2016 to assess the prevalence and the intensity of parasite infection in king scallops. King scallops were collected and sampled during the annual scallop dredge surveys in the Shetland Isles and the east and west coast of Scotland. The king scallop adductor muscle was macroscopically examined and tissue imprints taken to grade the intensity of infection. The parasite was present in the majority of the king scallops sampled in all surveyed areas: Shetland Isles 87.1%, east coast 76.0% and west coast of Scotland 64.1%. However, the parasitic infestations were light in intensity with the majority of the king scallops graded as 1 (≤20 zoites per microscopic field). No macroscopic changes in the adductor muscle were observed and histopathology examination revealed minor localized fiber degeneration of adjacent fibers to parasite clusters. The results suggested the parasite to be widespread around the Scottish coast and it appears to be able to live within the king scallop at low intensity of infection without causing significant downgrade of the adductor muscle (in terms of colour or texture) or mortality. The partial genome sequence of the parasite in king scallops from Scottish waters was identical to the one reported by Kristmundsson and Freeman (2018) in the Icelandic scallop in Icelandic waters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2020.107508DOI Listing
January 2021

First isolation of Flavobacterium psychrophilum associated with reports of moribund wild European eel (Anguilla anguilla) in Scotland.

J Fish Dis 2019 Nov 27;42(11):1509-1521. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

Marine Laboratory, Marine Scotland Science, Aberdeen, UK.

In late April 2015, the River Dee Trust informed Marine Scotland Science, Fish Health Inspectorate (FHI), that there had been observations of dead and moribund European eels on the River Dee. Later in May, the Spey Fishery Board also reported a number of moribund European eels in a rotary screw smolt trap on the River Spey. In total, 10 cases involving moribund eels were investigated in 2015 and one case in 2016. In addition, a health screen was conducted to investigate the potential presence of Flavobacterium psychrophilum in healthy eels and Atlantic salmon from the River Dee in 2015. Externally, the diseased eels demonstrated white patches in different locations of the body. In all cases, F. psychrophilum was detected by bacterial isolation and/or molecular methods. Three isolates were further characterized by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) as belonging to sequence type 15 (ST15). Histological examination of diseased European eels revealed lesions at the level of the integument. The pathogen screen for F. psychrophilum in wild healthy fish tested negative by PCR. Further investigation is required to understand the pathogenicity of this bacterium on the health of eels and the potential impact on the wild salmonid population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfd.13069DOI Listing
November 2019