Publications by authors named "Sérgio Scherrer Thomasi"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Repellent activity of acetylcarvacrol and its effects on salivary gland morphology in unfed Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato ticks (Acari: Ixodidae).

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2021 09 4;12(5):101760. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Health Sciences, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Av. Dr. Sylvio, Menicucci, 1001 Lavras, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (s.l.), commonly known as brown dog tick, is a widely distributed tick species that is substantially important for human and veterinary medicine. Therefore, it is the target of different control methods. Carvacrol and its semisynthetic derivative, acetylcarvacrol, are promising chemical compounds for alternative tick control. Thus, this study aimed to compare the repellent activities of carvacrol and acetylcarvacrol at different concentrations and drying times. Additionally, morphological alterations found in salivary glands were evaluated through histological techniques after exposure to acetylcarvacrol. The impact of the morphological changes on the development and survival of acini/cells in salivary glands was measured by a semiquantitative analysis. The repellent action of both compounds did not differ when evaluated at different concentrations, although acetylcarvacrol increased its effects as the concentration raised. Regarding the different drying times, acetylcarvacrol maintained its effects after 3 hours of exposure, while the efficacy of carvacrol decreased during this time period. Salivary glands of unfed R. sanguineus s.l. females showed dose-dependent alterations in the size and shape of acini as well as cytoplasmic vacuolization. Loss of the acinar cell limit, rupture of secretory granules and nuclear changes in the cells were also observed in the treated groups. Thus, our results demonstrated the potential of acetylcarvacrol to act as repellent against R. sanguineus s.l. Additionally, the morphological alterations found in salivary glands may interfere with the feeding process of ticks, which contributes to mitigate infestation by this species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2021.101760DOI Listing
September 2021

Lignans as new chemical markers of a certified Brazilian organic propolis.

Nat Prod Res 2020 Nov 6:1-5. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Department of Agri-Food Industry, Food and Nutrition, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil.

Commercially certified organic propolis produced in areas of environmental conservation and reforestation forests of Southern Brazil are generally poor in flavonoids, although one of its variants - Brazilian certified organic propolis 1 (OP1) - has shown strong antioxidant activity. The objective was to identify active compounds from OP1 related to its strong antioxidant activity. OP1 ethanolic extracts were subjected to liquid-liquid fractionation, and the fractions presenting the strongest antioxidant activity were combined and purified into subfractions. Compounds isolated from the most active subfractions had their structure elucidated by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). As a result, five lignans and two lignan-precursors were isolated, and four of them are herein reported for the very first time in propolis. Hence, these compounds may be used as chemical markers for product standardization and authentication purposes, since OP1 is only produced by honeybees in native forests and its botanical origins remain unknown.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2020.1839459DOI Listing
November 2020

Preparation and characterization of a synthetic curcumin analog inclusion complex and preliminary evaluation of in vitro antileishmanial activity.

Int J Pharm 2020 Nov 25;589:119764. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address:

The aim of this work was to prepare and characterize inclusion complexes between a synthetic curcumin analog (dibenzalacetone, DBA) and beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD); and to evaluate their in vitro antileishmanial activity. DBA was synthetized and characterized by spectroscopic methods and the inclusion complexes were obtained by kneading and lyophilization (LIO) in 1:1 and 1:2 stoichiometries. Phase solubility and dissolution assays showed a 40-fold increase in the aqueous solubility of DBA and its complete dissolution from LIO 1:1 formulation after 120 min respectively. Solid-state characterization by differential scanning calorimetry and near infrared spectroscopy demonstrated the inclusion of DBA in the β-CD cavity at the molar ratios tested, with LIO 1:1 formulation being the most stable. Using nuclear magnetic resonance experiments, the protons inside the cavity of β-CD were the most affected after the inclusion of DBA molecule. The cellular viability of THP-1 macrophage cells treated with plain DBA, β-CD and DBA/CD inclusion complexes showed that the plain DBA and DBA/CD at 1:2 stoichiometry presented toxicity, while β-CD alone and DBA/CD at 1:1 stoichiometry showed no toxicity up to 640 μg mL. The in vitro assay with free-living promastigotes demonstrated that plain DBA and β-CD had IC of < 10 and > 320 μg mL respectively, while only inclusion complexes with 1:1 stoichiometry showed antiproliferative activity with IC = 51.3 μg mL. Using the amastigote intracellular forms, there was also a difference between the plain and β-CD complexed DBA with complexes of 1:1 and 1:2 stoichiometry presenting EC = 66.3 μg mL and 58.9 μg mL respectively. The study concluded that DBA/CD at 1:1 molar ratio has the potential to decrease the intrinsic toxicity of plain DBA towards Leishmania host cells, which may be a therapeutic advantage in the application of these compounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119764DOI Listing
November 2020

Sublethal concentrations of acetylcarvacrol affect reproduction and integument morphology in the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (Acari: Ixodidae).

Exp Appl Acarol 2020 Oct 28;82(2):265-279. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Av. Dr. Sylvio Menicucci 1001, Lavras, MG, 37.200-900, Brazil.

Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (s.l.), also known as the brown dog tick, is among the main tick species involved in the transmission of pathogens to humans and other animals and, therefore, the target of numerous control methods. However, due to the disadvantages of synthetic acaricides, the use of alternative products such as plant derivatives has been encouraged. This study aimed to evaluate the acaricidal potential of acetylcarvacrol and to determine its efficacy at sublethal doses for the control of R. sanguineus s.l. female ticks. In addition, as acetylcarvacrol was applied topically, morphological alterations in the integument were assessed. Acetylation of carvacrol was performed by reaction with acetic anhydride in a sodium hydroxide solution, being confirmed by infrared spectroscopy. The lethal concentration for 50 and 90% (LC and LC) of unfed ticks and the efficacy of acetylcarvacrol in engorged females were determined after the Adult Immersion Test (AIT). For the evaluation of effects of acetylcarvacrol in the integument, routine histological techniques were employed after the AIT. The LC and LC in unfed females were 2.8 and 7.2 μL/mL, respectively. Regarding reproductive performance, after treatment with 8.0 μL/mL acetylcarvacrol 90.9% control was achieved, as ticks showed the lowest egg production index (EPI), hatching rate (HR), and fecundity rate (FR). In the integument, considerable morphological alterations were observed both in cuticle and epithelium. Thus, acetylcarvacrol affected R. sanguineus s.l. external coating and reproduction when applied at sublethal concentrations, probably contributing to a long-term control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-020-00538-7DOI Listing
October 2020

Acetylation of carvacrol raises its efficacy against engorged cattle ticks (Acari: Ixodidae).

Nat Prod Res 2020 Jun 27:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Health Sciences, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Lavras, MG, Brazil.

The effects of acetylcarvacrol on the reproductive performance of engorged female were evaluated. Carvacrol was acetylated by a reaction with acetic anhydride, confirmed by the identification of its melting point and by infrared spectroscopy. Based on the median lethal concentration, females were exposed to sublethal concentrations (3.7, 4.6 and 5.0 μL/mL) of acetylcarvacrol by means of the adult immersion test. The following parameters were evaluated: female weight before oviposition, pre-oviposition period, egg mass weight, egg production index, incubation period, hatching rate, fecundity rate, percentage of reduction in oviposition, percentage of reduction in hatching and product efficacy. The greatest efficacy was observed in the group treated with the highest concentration (91.69%) due to the greater weight reduction in egg mass (34.91 ± 0.02 mg) and the lower hatching rate (7.23 ± 15.50%). Therefore, this compound is a promising alternative for the control of infestations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2020.1784169DOI Listing
June 2020

Low concentrations of acetylcarvacrol induce drastic morphological damages in ovaries of surviving Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato ticks (Acari: Ixodidae).

Micron 2020 02 8;129:102780. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Department of Health Sciences, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Lavras, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (s. l.) ticks are targets of acaricidal treatments due to their great veterinary and medical importance. Acetylcarvacrol stands out as a promising acaricidal substance for its increased biocidal activity and stability. Additionally, its toxicity to mammals is reduced when compared to the parent molecule, carvacrol. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of acetylcarvacrol on the morphology of ovaries of engorged R. sanguineus s. l. ticks. The animals were subjected to the Adult Immersion Test to calculate the lethal concentrations (LC and LC) of acetylcarvacrol. Subsequently, the surviving ticks were dissected for collection of the ovaries. The samples were processed through routine histological techniques. The histological sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, bromophenol blue (protein detection) and PAS (polysaccharide detection). The alterations found in the ovaries were evaluated by morphometric and semiquantitative analysis. The LC and LC were 17.805 and 26.164 μL/mL, respectively. The most severe morphological alterations were disappearance of the female germ cells (oocytes), nucleolus vacuolization, thicker and irregular chorion, and decrease in size of the oocytes. Also, the content of proteins and carbohydrates in the oocytes were heavily affected by the chemical, as evidenced by a non-homogeneous staining pattern. The group exposed to the highest concentration of acetylcarvacrol (20 μL/mL) exhibited a statistically greater score in the semiquantitative analysis when compared to the other groups. The morphological changes in the ovaries may reduce the ticks' offspring production or generate descendants that will struggle to carry out essential biochemical processes during their lives. Thus, acetylcarvacrol may be a promising alternative to control tick infestation by impairing the reproduction of this parasite.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2019.102780DOI Listing
February 2020

Biological and Chemical Control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum using Stachybotrys levispora and Its Secondary Metabolite Griseofulvin.

J Agric Food Chem 2018 Jul 10;66(29):7627-7632. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Departamento de Química , Universidade Federal de São Carlos , CP 676, São Carlos , SP 13565-905 , Brazil.

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is responsible for the white mold of soybeans, and the difficulty to control the disease in Brazil is causing million-dollar damages. Stachybotrys levispora has shown activity against S. sclerotiorum. In our present investigation, we analyzed the chemical basis of this inhibition. Eight compounds were isolated, and using spectroscopic methods, we identified their structures as the known substances 7-dechlorogriseofulvin, 7-dechlorodehydrogriseofulvin, griseofulvin, dehydrogriseofulvin, 3,13-dihydroxy-5,9,11-trimethoxy-1-methylbenzophenone, griseophenone A, 13-hydroxy-3,5,9,11-tetramethoxy-1-methylbenzophenone, and 12-chloro-13-hydroxy-3,5,9,11-tetramethoxy-1-methylbenzophenone. Griseofulvin inhibited the mycelial growth of S. sclerotiorum at 2 μg mL. Thus, the antagonistic effect of S. levispora to S. sclerotiorum may well be due to the presence of griseofulvins. Our results stimulate new work on the biosynthesis of griseofulvins, to locate genes that encode key enzymes in these routes and use them to increase the production of these compounds and thus potentiate the fungicide effect of this fungus. S. levispora represents an agent for biocontrol, and griseofulvin represents a fungicide to S. sclerotiorum.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04197DOI Listing
July 2018
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