Publications by authors named "Ryuji Maruyama"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical effectiveness of efinaconazole 10% solution for treatment of onychomycosis with longitudinal spikes.

J Dermatol 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Dermatology, Ina Central Hospital, Ina, Japan.

Onychomycosis with longitudinal spikes in the nail plate has been reported to be refractory to oral drugs as with dermatophytoma. We evaluated the efficacy of 10% efinaconazole solution in the treatment of onychomycosis with longitudinal spikes. Of the 223 subjects who were enrolled in a previous study, a post-hoc analysis of 82 subjects with longitudinal spikes was performed in this study. The opacity ratio of longitudinal spikes was decreased over time from 8.1 to 0.9 at the final assessment. In addition, the longitudinal spike disappearance rate increased early after the application to 81.7% at the final assessment. Therefore, 10% efinaconazole solution can be a first-line drug for longitudinal spikes, which have been regarded as refractory to oral drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.16035DOI Listing
July 2021

A phase III, 52-week, open-label study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 5% sofpironium bromide (BBI-4000) gel in Japanese patients with primary axillary hyperhidrosis.

J Dermatol 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Dermatology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

A long-term study was conducted in Japanese patients with primary axillary hyperhidrosis who completed the preceding 6-week phase III, confirmatory study of 5% sofpironium bromide gel (hereinafter referred to as sofpironium) to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 52-week treatment with sofpironium. In the long-term study, 185 patients who completed the confirmatory study (94 and 91 patients in the vehicle and sofpironium groups, respectively) started to receive sofpironium (switching and extension groups, respectively), and all these patients were included in both the full analysis set (FAS) and the safety analysis set (SAF). In the FAS, there were more females than males (73.0% vs. 27.0%), and median age was 38.0 years. A total of 161 patients (86 and 75 patients in the switching and extension groups, respectively) completed the study at week 52. The proportions of patients with hyperhidrosis disease severity score of 1 or 2 and a 50% or more reduction in total gravimetric weight of sweat were 57.4% in the switching group and 58.2% in the extension group at week 52. The proportions of patients who achieved this efficacy end-point in the long-term study were similar to that (53.9%) in the sofpironium group in the confirmatory study. In the SAF, the incidences of adverse events (AEs) were 80.9% in the switching group and 83.5% in the extension group, and the incidences of adverse drug reactions were 39.4% and 45.1%, respectively. AEs that occurred in at least 20% of patients in both treatment groups were application site dermatitis (25.5% and 33.0%, respectively) and nasopharyngitis (31.9% and 23.1%, respectively). Reported AEs were generally mild, and there were no deaths. Serious AEs occurred in three patients, but none were considered related to the study drug. In this study, the efficacy of sofpironium was maintained during 52-week treatment, and no new safety risk was observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15927DOI Listing
May 2021

Validation of a lateral flow immunochromatographic assay for tinea unguium diagnosis.

J Dermatol 2021 May 8;48(5):633-637. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Maruyama Dermatology Clinic, Tokyo, Japan.

Tinea unguium is a common nail disease caused by dermatophytes. Although direct potassium hydroxide (KOH) microscopy and fungal culture are considered the gold standard for diagnosing this disease, their accuracy is insufficient. A lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFIA) kit, using a monoclonal antibody against Trichophyton rubrum, was developed and its sensitivity was recently improved 50% in vitro relative to its earlier version. The present study aimed to validate the clinical utility of this improved LFIA kit for diagnosing tinea unguium in comparison with direct KOH microscopy. A similar trial was simultaneously performed using scale samples from patients with tinea pedis to determine the assay's diagnostic potential. Nail samples, approximately 2 mg in weight, were collected from 112 non-treated tinea unguium patients and 56 non-tinea unguium patients. Samples from 25 tinea pedis patients and 20 non-tinea pedis patients were also collected. The sensitivity and specificity of the LFIA kit for tinea unguium was 84.8% (95/112) (95% confidence interval [CI], 76.8-90.9) and 83.9% (47/56) (95% CI, 71.7-92.4), respectively. The inconsistency rate was 15.5% (26/168) (95% CI, 10.4-21.9). The sensitivity and specificity of the LFIA kit for tinea pedis was 84.0% (21/25) and 100.0% (20/20), respectively. These results suggest that for diagnosing tinea unguium, the LFIA kit is a useful supplement to, but not a replacement for, direct KOH microscopy. For definitive diagnosis of suspected cases, appropriate sampling, repeated examinations, and a combination of diagnostic techniques are essential.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15838DOI Listing
May 2021

A phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, parallel-group study of 5% sofpironium bromide (BBI-4000) gel in Japanese patients with primary axillary hyperhidrosis.

J Dermatol 2021 Mar 7;48(3):279-288. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Kaken Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.

A phase 3 study was conducted to verify the efficacy and safety of 5% sofpironium bromide (BBI-4000) gel (hereinafter referred to as sofpironium) administrated for 6 weeks in Japanese patients with primary axillary hyperhidrosis. The primary efficacy end-point was the proportion of patients who satisfied both criteria of a Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Score (HDSS) of 1 or 2 at the end of 6-week treatment and a 50% or more reduction in total gravimetric weight of sweat at the end of treatment relative to baseline. A total of 281 patients were randomized to receive 5% sofpironium (141 patients) or vehicle (140 patients), and all patients were included in the full analysis set (FAS). In the FAS, 70.1% of patients were female, and the median age was 35.0 years. The proportion of patients who achieved the primary efficacy end-point was 53.9% in the sofpironium group and 36.4% in the vehicle group, with a statistically significant difference of 17.5% (95% confidence interval, 6.02-28.93) between these two groups (P = 0.003). The incidence of adverse events was 44.0% in the sofpironium group and 30.7% in the vehicle group, and the incidence of adverse drug reactions was 16.3% in the sofpironium group and 5.0% in the vehicle group. Reported adverse events were generally mild or moderate in severity. In the sofpironium group, common events (incidence, ≥5%) were nasopharyngitis (14.2%) and dermatitis/erythema at the application site (8.5%/5.7%), with no serious adverse events reported. This study demonstrated the efficacy and safety of 5% sofpironium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7986147PMC
March 2021

Guidelines for the management of dermatomycosis (2019).

J Dermatol 2020 Dec 25;47(12):1343-1373. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Maruyama Dermatology Clinic, Tokyo, Japan.

The "Guidelines for the management of dermatomycosis" of the Japanese Dermatological Association were first published in Japanese in 2009 and the Guidelines Committee of the Japanese Dermatological Association revised it in 2019. The first guidelines was prepared according to the opinions of the Guidelines Committee members and it was of educational value. The revised version is composed of introductory descriptions of the disease concepts, diagnosis, medical mycology and recent advances in treatment, along with clinical questions (CQ), which is intended to help in general practice for dermatologists. The CQ are limited to those involved in therapy but include some of the recently launched antifungal agents. The level of evidence and the degree of recommendation for each item were reviewed by the committee based on clinical studies published by 2018. For rare dermatomycoses, recommendations by the committee are described in the guidelines. In this field, there are still few good quality studies on treatment. Periodic revision in line with new evidence is necessary.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15618DOI Listing
December 2020

Efficacy of long-term treatment with efinaconazole 10% solution in patients with onychomycosis, including severe cases: A multicenter, single-arm study.

J Dermatol 2019 Aug 17;46(8):641-651. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

Department of Dermatology, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa, Japan.

We evaluated the efficacy of efinaconazole 10% topical solution in long-term use, for up to 72 weeks, for onychomycosis, including severe cases. Among 605 participants, 219 patients diagnosed as having onychomycosis were evaluated for the efficacy of efinaconazole. The treatment success rate (<10% clinical involvement of the target toenail) at the final assessment time point was 56.6%, the complete cure rate was 31.1% and the mycological cure rate was 61.6%, all of which increased over time, demonstrating that continuous application contributed to the improvement of cure rate. Even in severe cases, reduction of the affected nail area was observed, showing the potential efficacy of the treatment. Responses to a quality of life questionnaire among patients with onychomycosis, OnyCOE-t, suggested that efinaconazole treatment improved the patients' quality of life. The incidence of adverse drug reaction in the patients eligible for the assessment was 6.3%, and this developed only in the administration site in all cases. No systemic adverse event was observed. In addition, no increase in the incidence of adverse drug reaction due to long-term use was found. Efinaconazole therapy was proved to exhibit excellent balance between efficacy and safety, and thus may serve as a useful treatment option for onychomycosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.14935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6771904PMC
August 2019

Figuring of plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror by local wet etching.

Opt Express 2009 Apr;17(8):6414-20

Research Center for Ultra-precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-9871, Japan.

Local wet etching technique was proposed to fabricate high-performance aspherical mirrors. In this process, only the limited area facing to the small nozzle is removed by etching on objective surface. The desired objective shape is deterministically fabricated by performing the numerically controlled scanning of the nozzle head. Using the technique, a plano-elliptical mirror to focus the neutron beam was successfully fabricated with the figure accuracy of less than 0.5 microm and the focusing gain of 6. The strong and thin focused neutron beam is expected to be a useful tool for the analyses of various material properties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/oe.17.006414DOI Listing
April 2009

[Diagnosis of cutaneous mycoses].

Authors:
Ryuji Maruyama

Nihon Ishinkin Gakkai Zasshi 2008 ;49(4):329-34

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3314/jjmm.49.329DOI Listing
March 2009

[Prevention of dermatophytoses].

Nihon Ishinkin Gakkai Zasshi 2003 ;44(4):265-8

Division of Dermatology, Nakano General Hospital, 4-59-16 Chuo, Nakano-ku, Tokyo 164-8607, Japan.

Preventive measures against tinea pedis were discussed based on our mycological studies using foot-press method and house dust cultures. 1) Untreated patients with tinea pedis frequently disseminate pathogenic fungi into the environment, but dissemination could be easily controlled by simple application of antifungal agents. 2) A high proportion of dermatophytes disseminated in house dust perished naturally within a month under dry conditions, while under moist conditions they survived several months or more. Therefore, humid areas such as the floor and carpet of a bathroom should be cleaned or washed regularly. 3) Adhesion of dermatophytes onto healthy feet usually happens in public spaces where people enter without shoes. Wearing socks cannot prevent dermatophyte adhesion. Cleaning the feet by wiping with a towel or washing with soap seemed to be an effective prophylactic measure after stepping into such spaces.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3314/jjmm.44.265DOI Listing
March 2004
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