Publications by authors named "Ruiting Li"

79 Publications

First Record of Erysiphe cf. elevata on Cerbera manghas (Apocynaceae) in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Minjiang University, 26465, Institute of Oceanography, Fuzhou, Fujian, China;

Cerbera manghas L. (sea mango) is an evergreen shrub or small flowering tree up to12 m tall. It naturally occupies coastal habitats and is distributed from Seychelles in the Indian Ocean eastward to French Polynesia. In China, it is a popular ornamental urban species growing in roadside green belts, public parks, and residential areas in various coastal cities. In March 2019, powdery mildew symptoms were observed on six trees of C. manghas growing in a residential area near Minjiang University campus, in Minhou district of Fuzhou city. Approximately 60 % of leaves per plant were infected. Initial symptoms appeared as small circular to irregular white patches of superficial mycelia, conidiophores and conidia covered on both surfaces of leaves, which later coalesced and formed dense covered, resulting in discoloration and defoliation. Hyphae were septate, hyaline, smooth with simple to multilobed lobed appressoria formed singly or opposite pairs and 5 to 8 µm diam. Conidiophores were erect and 35 to 80 × 5 to 9 μm, composed of foot-cells, 20 to 35 × 5 to 9 µm, straight to usually curved or flexuous-sinuous at the base, followed by two to three shorter cells. Conidia were solitary, ellipsoid to oblong-elliptical, smooth, and 24 to 37 × 13 to 16 μm without fibrosin bodies. The teleomorph was not found on infected trees. These morphological characteristics were typical for anamorph of the genus Erysiphe (Braun and Cook 2012). To confirm fungal identification, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the partial large subunit (LSU) rDNA were amplified using primers ITS1/ITS4 and LSU1/LSU2 (Scholin et al. 1994; White et al. 1990), respectively. The sequences were deposited in GenBank (ITS: MZ379159; LSU: MZ379160). BLAST analysis of sequences showed 99-100% similarity with Erysiphe elevata on Eucalyptus camaldulensis (LC177375), Catalpa bignonioides (MH638203), Tabernaemontana divaricata (MT802112), and Plumeria rubra (MH507182). Based on morphological and molecular analyses, the fungus was identified as E. elevata. To confirm pathogenicity, infected leaves were gently pressed onto the leaves of three healthy plants in separate pots, while three noninoculated plants were used as controls. All plants were maintained in a greenhouse at 25°C with a relative humidity of 65% to 70%. Disease symptoms were observed only on the inoculated plants after 10 days and the fungus was morphologically identical to that of the original infected leaves. Previously E. elevata has been reported on Catalpa spp. (Cook et al. 2006) from Europe, while E. camaldulensis (Meeboon and Takamatsu 2017), P. rubra (Wu et al. 2019; Yeh et al. 2019), and T. divaricata (Xu et al. 2021) have been reported as hosts from Thailand, Taiwan and China respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first report of powdery mildew caused by E. elevata on C. manghas in China and in the world. The disease would be a serious threat to ornamental plantings of C. manghas in China. References Braun, U., and Cook, R. T. A. 2012. Taxonomic Manual of the Erysiphales (Powdery Mildews). CBS Biodiversity Series No. 11. CBS, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Cook, R. T. A., et al. 2006. Mycol. Res. 110:672. Meeboon, J., and Takamatsu, S. 2017. Mycoscience 58:253. Scholin, C. A., et al. 1994. J. Phycol. 30:999. White, T. J., et al. 1990. Page 315 in: PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. Wu, H., et al. 2019. Plant Dis. 103:1035. Xu, D., et al. 2021. Plant Dis. 105:1203. Yeh, Y. W., et al. 2019. Plant Dis. 103:371.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-07-21-1419-PDNDOI Listing
August 2021

Shell-mediated phagocytosis to reshape viral-vectored vaccine-induced immunity.

Biomaterials 2021 09 10;276:121062. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

School of Public Health (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong, 518107, China; State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health (GIBH), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 518107, China; Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Control (Sun Yat-sen University), Ministry of Education, Guangzhou, 514400, China. Electronic address:

Adenovirus (Ad) has been extensively developed as a gene delivery vector, but the potential side effect caused by systematic immunization remains one major obstacle for its clinical application. Needle-free mucosal immunization with Ad-based vaccine shows advantages but still faces poor mucosal responses. We herein report that the chemical engineering of single live viral-based vaccine effectively modulated the location and pattern of the subsequently elicited immunity. Through precisely assembly of functional materials onto single live Ad particle, the modified virus entered host cell in a phagocytosis-dependent manner, which is completely distinct from the receptor-mediated entry of native Ad. RNA-Seq data further demonstrated that the modified Ad-induced innate immunity was sharply reshaped via phagocytosis-related pathway, therefore promoting the activation and mature of antigen presentation cells (APC). Moreover, the functional shell enabled the modified Ad-based vector with enhanced muco-adhesion to nasal tissues in mice, and then prolonged resident time onto mucosal surface, leading to the robust mucosal IgA production and T cell immunity at local and even remote mucosal-associated lymphoid tissues. This study demonstrated that vaccine-induced immunity can be well modulated by chemistry engineering, and this method provides the rational design for needle-free mucosa-targeting vaccine against a variety of emerging infectious diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2021.121062DOI Listing
September 2021

Developing a SWATH capillary LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous therapeutic drug monitoring and untargeted metabolomics analysis of neonatal plasma.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2021 Aug 27;1179:122865. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States. Electronic address:

Most medications prescribed to neonatal patients are off-label uses. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs differ significantly between neonates and adults. Therefore, personalized pharmacotherapy guided by therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and drug response biomarkers are particularly beneficial to neonatal patients. Herein, we developed a capillary LC-MS/MS metabolomics method using a SWATH-based data-independent acquisition strategy for simultaneous targeted and untargeted metabolomics analysis of neonatal plasma samples. We applied the method to determine the global plasma metabolomics profiles and quantify the plasma concentrations of five drugs commonly used in neonatal intensive care units, including ampicillin, caffeine, fluconazole, vancomycin, and midazolam and its active metabolite α-hydroxymidazolam, in neonatal patients. The method was successfully validated and found to be suitable for the TDM of the drugs of interest. Moreover, the global metabolomics analysis revealed plasma metabolite features that could differentiate preterm and full-term neonates. This study demonstrated that the SWATH-based capillary LC-MS/MS metabolomics approach could be a powerful tool for simultaneous TDM and the discovery of neonatal plasma metabolite biomarkers.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2021.122865DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8403149PMC
August 2021

First Report of Powdery Mildew Caused by Golovinomyces ambrosiae on Bidens pilosa in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Minjiang University, 26465, Institute of Oceanography, Fuzhou, Fujian, China;

Bidens pilosa L., (spanish needle), is a wild, flowering plant of Asteraceae, that is grown in gardens, fields, roadsides, and riverbanks in Fuzhou, China. It is also used in traditional folk medicine for a broad range of ailments in China. In March 2019 and 2020, hundreds of B. pilosa growing along the roadsides, and gardens in the districts of Minhou and Jinshan were observed to be severely affected by a powdery mildew with approximately 80% disease incidence. Symptoms appeared as circular to irregular small white, powdery patches, typically on the adaxial sides of leaves and progressed to coalescent colonies on the leaves. As the disease developed, the infected leaves became wilted and senesced. Mycelia on leaves were superficial and solitary appressoria were slightly to distinctly nipple-shaped. Conidiophores were erect, 120 to 230 × 10 to 12 µm, and produced two to five conidia in chains with a sinuate outline. Foot-cells were erect, cylindrical, and 60 to 110 μm long. Conidia were hyaline, ellipsoid to barrel-shaped, 26 to 40 × 18 to 24 μm, and devoid of distinct fibrosin bodies. Germ tubes were long and produced at the perihilar position of the conidia. No chasmothecia were observed. Morphological characteristics overlapped with Golovinomyces ambrosiae, G. cichoracearum, and G. spadiceus (Braun and Cook 2012) on hosts within the Asteraceae tribe Heliantheae (Takamatsu et al. 2013). For molecular identification, ITS and IGS regions as well as partial LSU of two representative collections (MJU-IM019- MJU-IM020), were amplified using ITS1/ITS4, IGS-12a/ NS1R and LSU1/LSU2 primers (Carbone & Kohn, 1999; Scholin et al. 1994; White et al. 1990), respectively. The resulting sequences were deposited in GenBank (ITS: MW965777, MW965778; LSU: MW965787, MW965788; IGS: MW981256, MW981257). A BLAST search revealed 99 to 100 % sequence similarity to G. ambrosiae sequences (KX987303, AB769421, AB077689, AB769426, AB077643, and AB769425). Phylogenetic analysis of ITS, LSU and IGS also grouped obtained sequences within the G. ambrosiae complex (Qiu et al. 2020). Pathogenicity was confirmed through inoculation by gently pressing infected leaves onto leaves of five healthy, potted, young B. pilosa plants, while five non-inoculated plants served as controls. All plants were maintained in a greenhouse at 25 ± 2°C. Inoculated plants developed symptoms after 7 to 10 days, whereas the control plants remained symptomless. The morphology of the resulting fungus on inoculated plants was identical to that originally observed on diseased plants. Podosphaera spp., have been reported on B. pilosa (Farr & Rossman 2021) from North America, Africa, and Asia. To our knowledge, this is the first report of powdery mildew caused by G. ambrosiae on B. pilosa in China and Asia. Wild populations of B. pilosa may be the primary source of powdery mildew inoculum for commercial Asteraceae members and may warrant consideration in the control of this disease. References: Braun, U., and Cook, R. T. A. 2012. Taxonomic Manual of the Erysiphales (Powdery Mildews), CBS Biodiversity Series No. 11. CBS, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Carbone, I., and Kohn, L. M. 1999. Mycologia 91:553. Farr, D. F., and Rossman, A. Y. 2021. Fungal Databases. Syst. Mycol. Microbiol. Lab., USDA ARS, 18 April 2021. Qiu, P. L., et al. 2020. BMC Microbiol. 20:1. Scholin, C. A., et al. 1994. J. Phycol. 30:999. Takamatsu, S., et al. 2013. Mycologia 105:1135. White, T. J., et al. 1990. Page 315 in: PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-21-0910-PDNDOI Listing
July 2021

Effect of nisin and potassium sorbate additions on lipids and nutritional quality of Tan sheep meat.

Food Chem 2021 Dec 5;365:130535. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710021, China.

Nisin and potassium sorbate as preservatives are used in a broad range of meat. A lipidomic evaluation was performed on Tan sheep meat treated by two types of preservatives. The addition of potassium sorbate resulted in higher lipid losses compared with nisin treatment. Furthermore, 106 significant lipids of 12 lipid classes (PC, PS, LPS, LPC, PE, PI, LPE, TG, Cer, DG, SM, Sph) with variable importance in projection scores greater than 1.0 were detected and qualified to distinguish different preservatives added meat using UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap MS/MS. LOD and LOQ were 0.12-0.32 μg kg and 0.35-0.89 μg kg, indicating high sensitivity and excellent analytical characteristics in the study. Nisin was confirmed to be the better preservative for prolonging the shelf life of Tan sheep meat while reducing the loss of nutrients. These results could provide a strong cornerstone for future research on preservatives in meat products.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.130535DOI Listing
December 2021

Psychological Distress and Its Association With Quality of Life in Organ Transplant Recipients During COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Psychiatry 2021 24;12:690295. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may have an impact on the psychological distress of organ transplant recipients. We aimed to assess the status of psychological distress and its association with quality of life (QoL) in organ transplant recipients during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 305 organ transplant recipients during March 30 and April 2, 2020, in Wuhan. Psychological distress comprised depression, anxiety, insomnia, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire, the Insomnia Severity Index, and Impact of event scale-revised. QoL was assessed using the Chinese version of the short Form 36-item health survey. The prevalence of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and PTSD in organ transplant recipients was 13.4, 6.9, 11.8, and 30.5%, respectively. Organ transplant recipients with depression had significantly lower scores in all eight dimensions of QoL compared with participants without depression (all < 0.05). Lower scores on the QoL dimensions of role physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, role emotional, and mental health were found in organ transplant recipients with anxiety, insomnia, or PTSD compared with their counterparts without the respective disorder (all < 0.05). The cross-sectional study design limited us to make causal conclusion and the influence of potential confounders cannot be ruled out. Psychological distress was prevalent in organ transplant recipients during the COVID-19 pandemic, and those with depression, anxiety, insomnia, and PTSD had poorer QoL. Therefore, timely psychological counseling, COVID-19 related health education, and essential community medical services should be provided to organ transplant recipients to relieve their psychological distress, and to improve their QoL.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.690295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8264141PMC
June 2021

SD-91 as A Potent and Selective STAT3 Degrader Capable of Achieving Complete and Long-Lasting Tumor Regression.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2021 Jun 10;12(6):996-1004. Epub 2021 May 10.

Rogel Cancer Center, Departments of Internal Medicine and Pharmacology, Medical School, Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Life Sciences Institute, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United States.

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is an attractive cancer therapeutic target. We report herein our extensive and evaluations of SD-91, the product of the hydrolysis of our previously reported STAT3 degrader SD-36. SD-91 binds to STAT3 protein with a high affinity and displays >300-fold selectivity over other STAT family protein members. SD-91 potently and effectively induces degradation of STAT3 protein and displays a high selectivity over other STAT members and >7000 non-STAT proteins in cells. A single administration of SD-91 selectively depletes STAT3 protein in tumor tissues with a persistent effect. SD-91 achieves complete and long-lasting tumor regression in the MOLM-16 xenograft model in mice even with weekly administration. Hence, SD-91 is a potent, highly selective, and efficacious STAT3 degrader for extensive evaluations for the treatment of human cancers and other diseases for which STAT3 plays a key role.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.1c00155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8201759PMC
June 2021

Overall trend towards headache remission during the COVID-19 pandemic among Chinese patients with pre-existing headache highlights the role of family support.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jun 15;21(1):224. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, 99 Zhang Zhidong Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan, Hubei Province, 430060, P. R. China.

Background: The global status of the COVID-19 pandemic is not optimistic. This is a particularly vulnerable time for patients with pre-existing headache disorders. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on headache patients in China.

Methods: A survey was conducted through an online survey platform on June 6, 2020. Demographic characteristics, the PHQ-9, the ISI, a COVID-19 questionnaire and a headache profile survey were included in the online questionnaire.

Results: Eventually, a total of 15,000 participants from China completed the online questionnaire. Among them, 2806 participants had pre-existing headache disorders. Our analysis showed reductions in the duration of headaches (3.414 ± 6.859 vs 4.033 ± 7.325 h, P<0.001), number of headache days per month (1.788 ± 2.989 vs 2.092 ± 3.694, P<0.001), and headache intensity (4.110 ± 1.609 vs 4.290 ± 1.680, P<0.001) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Smoking (OR = 1.397, 95% CI 1.090 to 1.790, P = 0.008) and getting support from family members during social isolation (OR = 1.656, 95% CI 1.075 to 2.550, P = 0.022) were independent factors affecting the reduction in the duration of headaches. Education level (OR = 1.478, 95% CI 1.103 to 1.980, P = 0.009) and having a relative or acquaintance who contracted COVID-19 (OR = 0.643, 95% CI 0.458 to 0.902, P = 0.011) were the independent factors affecting the reduction in headache severity. Living in the Wuhan area, having symptoms or a diagnosis of COVID-19 and having relatives or acquaintances who had contracted COVID-19 were associated with the worsening of headaches.

Conclusions: Participants experienced an overall trend towards the improvement of headaches during the COVID-19 pandemic. Family support might play an important role in the improvement of headaches.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-021-02216-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8203488PMC
June 2021

Modulation of Antiviral Immunity and Therapeutic Efficacy by 25-Hydroxycholesterol in Chronically SIV-Infected, ART-Treated Rhesus Macaques.

Virol Sin 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

School of Public Health (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangdong, 518107, China.

Cholesterol-25-hydroxylase (CH25H) and its enzymatic product 25-hydroxycholesterol (25HC) exert broadly antiviral activity including inhibiting HIV-1 infection. However, their antiviral immunity and therapeutic efficacy in a nonhuman primate model are unknown. Here, we report that the regimen of 25HC combined with antiretroviral therapy (ART), provides profound immunological modulation towards inhibiting viral replication in chronically SIV-infected rhesus macaques (RMs). Compared to the ART alone, this regimen more effectively controlled SIV replication, enhanced SIV-specific cellular immune responses, restored the ratio of CD4/CD8 cells, reversed the hyperactivation state of CD4 T cells, and inhibited the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines by CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes in chronically SIV-infected RMs. Furthermore, the in vivo safety and the preliminary pharmacokinetics of the 25HC compound were assessed in this RM model. Taken together, these assessments help explain the profound relationship between cholesterol metabolism, immune modulation, and antiviral activities by 25HC. These results provide insight for developing novel therapeutic drug candidates against HIV-1 infection and other related diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12250-021-00407-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8165512PMC
May 2021

UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS-based quantitative lipidomics reveals the chemical changes of phospholipids during thermal processing methods of Tan sheep meat.

Food Chem 2021 Oct 18;360:130153. Epub 2021 May 18.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710021, China.

Thermal processing affects the lipid compositions of meat products. The study determined the effects of boiled, steamed and roasted processing methods on the lipidomics profiles of Tan sheep meat with a validated UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS combined lipid screening strategy method. Combined with sphingolipid metabolism, the boiled approach was the suitable choice for atherosclerosis patients for more losses of sphingomyelin than ceramide in meat. The similarly less losses of phosphatidylcholine and lysophosphatidylcholine showed in glycerophospholipid metabolism implied that steamed Tan sheep meat was more suitable for the populations of elderly and infants. Furthermore, a total of 90 lipids with significant difference (VIP > 1) in 6 lipid subclasses (sphingomyelin, ceramide, lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamines, triacylglycerol,) were quantified among raw and three types of thermal processed Tan sheep meat, further providing useful information for identification of meat products with different thermal processing methods (LOD with 0.14-0.31 μg kg, LOQ with 0.39-0.90 μg kg).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.130153DOI Listing
October 2021

UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS-based quantitative lipidomics reveals the chemical changes of phospholipids during thermal processing methods of Tan sheep meat.

Food Chem 2021 Oct 18;360:130153. Epub 2021 May 18.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710021, China.

Thermal processing affects the lipid compositions of meat products. The study determined the effects of boiled, steamed and roasted processing methods on the lipidomics profiles of Tan sheep meat with a validated UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS combined lipid screening strategy method. Combined with sphingolipid metabolism, the boiled approach was the suitable choice for atherosclerosis patients for more losses of sphingomyelin than ceramide in meat. The similarly less losses of phosphatidylcholine and lysophosphatidylcholine showed in glycerophospholipid metabolism implied that steamed Tan sheep meat was more suitable for the populations of elderly and infants. Furthermore, a total of 90 lipids with significant difference (VIP > 1) in 6 lipid subclasses (sphingomyelin, ceramide, lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamines, triacylglycerol,) were quantified among raw and three types of thermal processed Tan sheep meat, further providing useful information for identification of meat products with different thermal processing methods (LOD with 0.14-0.31 μg kg, LOQ with 0.39-0.90 μg kg).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.130153DOI Listing
October 2021

Upregulating CXCR7 accelerates endothelial progenitor cell-mediated endothelial repair by activating Akt/Keap-1/Nrf2 signaling in diabetes mellitus.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 05 3;12(1):264. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Radiology, The Sixth People's Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 600 Yi-Shan Road, Shanghai, 200233, People's Republic of China.

Background: Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) dysfunction contributes to vascular disease in diabetes mellitus. However, the molecular mechanism underlying EPC dysfunction and its contribution to delayed reendothelialization in diabetes mellitus remain unclear. Our study aimed to illustrate the potential molecular mechanism underlying diabetic EPC dysfunction in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, we assessed the effect of EPC transplantation on endothelial regeneration in diabetic rats.

Methods: Late outgrowth EPCs were isolated from the bone marrow of rats for in vivo and in vitro studies. In vitro functional assays and Western blotting were conducted to reveal the association between C-X-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR7) expression and diabetic EPC dysfunction. To confirm the association between cellular CXCR7 levels and EPC function, CXCR7 expression in EPCs was upregulated and downregulated via lentiviral transduction and RNA interference, respectively. Western blotting was used to reveal the potential molecular mechanism by which the Stromal-Derived Factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCR7 axis regulates EPC function. To elucidate the role of the SDF-1/CXCR7 axis in EPC-mediated endothelial regeneration, a carotid artery injury model was established in diabetic rats. After the model was established, saline-treated, diabetic, normal, or CXCR7-primed EPCs were injected via the tail vein.

Results: Diabetic EPC dysfunction was associated with decreased CXCR7 expression. Furthermore, EPC dysfunction was mimicked by knockdown of CXCR7 in normal EPCs. However, upregulating CXCR7 expression reversed the dysfunction of diabetic EPCs. The SDF-1/CXCR7 axis positively regulated EPC function by activating the AKT-associated Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (keap-1)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) axis, which was reversed by blockade of AKT and Nrf2. Transplantation of CXCR7-EPCs accelerated endothelial repair and attenuated neointimal hyperplasia in diabetes mellitus more significantly than transplantation of diabetic or normal EPCs. However, the therapeutic effect of CXCR7-EPC transplantation on endothelial regeneration was reversed by knockdown of Nrf2 expression.

Conclusions: Dysfunction of diabetic EPCs is associated with decreased CXCR7 expression. Furthermore, the SDF-1/CXCR7 axis positively regulates EPC function by activating the AKT/keap-1/Nrf2 axis. CXCR7-primed EPCs might be useful for endothelial regeneration in diabetes-associated vascular disease.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-021-02324-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8091720PMC
May 2021

Broadly Antiviral Activities of TAP1 through Activating the TBK1-IRF3-Mediated Type I Interferon Production.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 28;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Public Health (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 514400, China.

Deeply understanding the virus-host interaction is a prerequisite for developing effective anti-viral strategies. Traditionally, the transporter associated with antigen processing type 1 (TAP1) is critical for antigen presentation to regulate adaptive immunity. However, its role in controlling viral infections through modulating innate immune signaling is not yet fully understood. In the present study, we reported that , as a product of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), had broadly antiviral activity against various viruses such as herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), adenoviruses (AdV), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), dengue virus (DENV), Zika virus (ZIKV), and influenza virus (PR8) etc. This antiviral activity by TAP1 was further confirmed by series of loss-of-function and gain-of-function experiments. Our further investigation revealed that TAP1 significantly promoted the interferon (IFN)-β production through activating the TANK binding kinase-1 (TBK1) and the interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) signaling transduction. Our work highlighted the broadly anti-viral function of TAP1 by modulating innate immunity, which is independent of its well-known function of antigen presentation. This study will provide insights into developing novel vaccination and immunotherapy strategies against emerging infectious diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22094668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8125511PMC
April 2021

First Report of Powdery Mildew Caused by Podosphaera xanthii on Cuphea hyssopifolia (Lythraceae) in Mainland China.

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Minjiang University, 26465, Institute of Oceanography, Fuzhou, Fujian, China;

Cuphea hyssopifolia (Mexican heather) is a popular evergreen perennial shrub used for ornamental and medicinal purposes. Due to its high ornamental value, it is often used as a ground cover in parks and gardens in China. During February and March 2019 & 2020, powdery mildew was observed on C. hyssopifolia in the districts of Minhou and Jinshan of Fuzhou, China. Disease incidence was 70% but of low severity with only a few older leaves showing yellowing and wilting. Sparse irregular patches of white superficial powdery mildew observed on both sides of mature and young leaves. The powdery mildew fungal appressoria that occurred on epigenous hyphae, were indistinct to nipple-shaped, hyaline, and smooth. Conidiophores were erect, smooth, 80 to 210 × 10 to 12 µm, and produced two to eight crenate-shaped conidia in chains. Foot-cells of conidiophores were straight, cylindric, and 30 to 65 × 10 to12 µm. Conidia were hyaline, smooth, ellipsoid-ovoid to barrel-shaped, 25 to 38 × 16 to 20 µm with distinct fibrosin bodies. Germ tubes were simple to forked and produced from the lateral position of the germinating conidia. No chasmothecia were observed on the surface of infected leaves. Based on the morphology of the imperfect state, the powdery mildew fungus was identified as Podosphaera xanthii (Castagne) U. Braun & N. Shishkoff (Braun and Cook 2012). To confirm fungal identification, total DNA was extracted (Mukhtar et al., 2018) directly from epiphytic mycelia on infected leaves collected from both districts. Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the partial large subunit (LSU) rDNA were amplified using primers ITS1/ITS4 and LSU1/LSU2 (Scholin et al. 1994, White et al. 1990), respectively. The sequences were deposited in GenBank (ITS: MW692364, MW692365; LSU: MW699924, MW699925). The ITS and LSU sequences were 99 to 100 % identical to those of P. xanthii in GenBank, (ITS: MT568609, MT472035, MT250855, and AB462800; LSU: AB936276, JX896687, AB936277, and AB936274). Koch's postulates were completed by gently pressing diseased leaves onto leaves of five healthy potted C. hyssopifolia plants that were held in a greenhouse at 24 to 30°C without humidity control. Five non-inoculated plants served as controls. Inoculated plants developed symptoms after 6 to 10 days, whereas the controls remained symptomless. The morphology of the fungus on the inoculated leaves was identical to that observed on the originally diseased leaves. Previously, Podosphaera sp. has been reported on C. rosea in the United Kingdom (Beales & Cook 2008) and P. xanthii on C. hyssopifolia in Taiwan (Yeh et al. 2021). To our knowledge, this is the first report of powdery mildew caused by P. xanthii on C. hyssopifolia in mainland China. Our field observations suggest that the P. xanthii infections would be a potential threat to the health of C. hyssopifolia in China. References: Beales, P. A., and Cook, R. T. A. 2008. Plant Pathol. 57:778. Braun, U., Cook, R. T. A. 2012. The Taxonomic Manual of the Erysiphales (Powdery Mildews). CBS Biodiversity Series 11: CBS. Utrecht, The Netherlands. Mukhtar, I., et al. 2018. Sydowia.70:155. Scholin, C. A., et al. 1994. J. Phycol. 30:999. White, T. J., et al. 1990. Page 315 in: PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. Yeh, Y. W., et al. 2021. Trop. Plant Pathol. 46:44.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-21-0545-PDNDOI Listing
March 2021

Gender differences in mental health problems of healthcare workers during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 05 16;137:393-400. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Psychiatry, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Center for Brain Science and Brain-Inspired Intelligence, China. Electronic address:

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has imposed both physical and psychological burdens on healthcare workers (HCWs). What is more, few studies have focused on the gender differences in mental health problems (MHPs) among HCWs during such an outbreak. Thus, the current study investigated the prevalence and gender differences of various MHPs among HCWs in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. This nationwide survey was conducted online from January 29 to February 3, 2020. General information was collected by questions about socio-demographics, work-related factors, and living situations. Depressive, anxiety, stress, and insomnia symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and the Insomnia Severity Index, respectively. Among the 2198 contacted HCWs, 1563 (71.1%) responded with valid data, of whom 1293 (82.7%) were females. The prevalences of depressive, anxiety, stress, and insomnia symptoms in participants were 50.7%, 44.7%, 52.5%, and 36.1%, respectively. Female HCWs had significantly higher scores in all four scales (p < 0.001) and higher prevalences in all MHPs involved (range, odds ratio [OR] 1.55-1.97). After adjusting for potential confounders, female HCWs still had higher risks for all MHPs involved than males (range, adjusted OR 1.36-1.96). HCWs present high prevalences of depressive, anxiety, stress, and insomnia symptoms during the COVID-19 outbreak. Furthermore, female HCWs are more vulnerable to all MHPs involved. These findings highlight the need for timely, special care and support for HCWs during the outbreak, especially for females.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.03.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7962932PMC
May 2021

Discrepancies between self-rated depression and observed depression severity: The effects of personality and dysfunctional attitudes.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2021 May-Jun;70:25-30. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, China. Electronic address:

Background: Patient self-reports and clinician ratings of depression severity can differ substantially. The aim of the current study was to explore factors associated with discrepancies between depressed patients' Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) self-reports and clinicians' Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-17) ratings.

Methods: We first computed discrepancy scores defined as the standardized weighted HAMD-17 total score minus the standardized PHQ-9 total score. To assess correlates of inconsistent scores, results of patients with similar standardized scores were removed (i.e., within ½ standard deviation, n = 270). Positive values indicate underreporting (HAMD-17 > PHQ-9), i.e., the underreporting group (n = 200); and negative discrepancy scores indicate overreporting (PHQ-9 > HAMD-17), i.e., the overreporting group (n = 221). We examined the relationship of demographic, dysfunctional attitudes and personality variables to the discrepancies between self and observer rated depression.

Results: There were significant differences in extraversion, psychoticism, neuroticism, dysfunctional attitudes and occupation between the underreporting group and the overreporting group (all p < .05). When controlling for potential confounding variables, being a working professional and having high neuroticism and dysfunctional attitudes were significantly associated with overestimating symptoms of depression (e.g., professional: OR, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.67-5.00; p < .001; high neuroticism: OR, 7.08; 95% CI, 1.47-34.08; p < .001;dysfunctional attitudes: OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00-1.02; p = .030). People with average, or high extraversion tended to underestimate scores (average extraversion: OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.37-0.95; high extraversion: OR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.24-0.98).

Conclusions: This study is the first to use PHQ-9 and HAMD-17 to explore the discrepancies between self and observer rated depression. Discrepancies occurred between the PHQ-9 score and HAMD-17 score, which were related to neuroticism, extraversion, dysfunctional attitudes and being a working professional. Future research should clarify the relationship between these factors and therapeutic effects of treatments, including adverse outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2020.11.016DOI Listing
December 2020

Rational Design of a Pan-Coronavirus Vaccine Based on Conserved CTL Epitopes.

Viruses 2021 02 21;13(2). Epub 2021 Feb 21.

School of Public Health (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen 518107, China.

With the rapid global spread of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, a safe and effective vaccine against human coronaviruses (HCoVs) is believed to be a top priority in the field of public health. Due to the frequent outbreaks of different HCoVs, the development of a pan-HCoVs vaccine is of great value to biomedical science. The antigen design is a key prerequisite for vaccine efficacy, and we therefore developed a novel antigen with broad coverage based on the genetic algorithm of mosaic strategy. The designed antigen has a potentially broad coverage of conserved cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes to the greatest extent, including the existing epitopes from all reported HCoV sequences (HCoV-NL63, HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-HKU1, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2). This novel antigen is expected to induce strong CTL responses with broad coverage by targeting conserved epitopes against multiple coronaviruses.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v13020333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7926959PMC
February 2021

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for SARS-CoV-2 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Retrospective Study From Hubei, China.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2020 12;7:611460. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

The data on long-term outcomes of patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 and treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in China are merely available. A retrospective study included 73 patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 and treated with ECMO in 21 intensive care units in Hubei, China. Data on demographic information, clinical features, laboratory tests, ECMO durations, complications, and living status were collected. The 73 ECMO-treated patients had a median age of 62 (range 33-78) years and 42 (63.6%) were males. Before ECMO initiation, patients had severe respiratory failure on mechanical ventilation with a median PO/FiO of 71.9 [interquartile range (IQR), 58.6-87.0] mmHg and a median PCO of 62 [IQR, 43-84] mmHg on arterial blood analyses. The median duration from symptom onset to invasive mechanical ventilation, and to ECMO initiation was19 [IQR, 15-25] days, and 23 [IQR, 19-31] days. Before and after ECMO initiation, the proportions of patients receiving prone position ventilation were 58.9 and 69.9%, respectively. The median duration of ECMO support was 18.5 [IQR 12-30] days. During the treatments with ECMO, major hemorrhages occurred in 31 (42.5%) patients, and oxygenators were replaced in 21 (28.8%) patients. Since ECMO initiation, the 30-day mortality and 60-day mortality were 63.0 and 80.8%, respectively. In Hubei, China, the ECMO-treated patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 were of a broad age range and with severe hypoxemia. The durations of ECMO support, accompanied with increased complications, were relatively long. The long-term mortality in these patients was considerably high.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2020.611460DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7835137PMC
January 2021

Molecular mechanism of lipid transformation in cold chain storage of Tan sheep.

Food Chem 2021 Jun 7;347:129007. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710021, China. Electronic address:

Cold chain (-20 °C) is one of the main transportation methods for storage of Tan sheep products. Lipids (66) in seven subclasses involved in sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid and fatty acid degradation metabolism were quantified in Tan sheep under cold chain storage, including fatty acyl carnitines, phosphatidylcholine (PC), lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), ceramides, sphingomyelin (SM) and lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE). Lipid transformation and molecular mechanism analyzed using fragmentation mechanisms and UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap MS/MS combined with lipidomics approaches determined transient increases of certain PC, PE and fatty acyl carnitine during the first 12 days of cold storage, subsequent declines of SM, PC, PE and fatty acyl carnitine, as well as increases of ceramide, LPC and LPE (24 days). These results offered insights into lipid transformation and quality of Tan sheep during cold chain storage.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.129007DOI Listing
June 2021

Severe neuropathic attack in a woman with acute intermittent porphyria: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Jan;49(1):300060520983143

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare autosomal dominant metabolic disease with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, and can be easily confused with other diseases. Many patients with porphyria may have symptoms of peripheral nerve damage during an AIP attack, but most such patients are usually only mildly affected. Herein, we describe the case of an undiagnosed woman who developed overall weakness and respiratory failure within 48 hours, leading to her referral to the intensive care unit. Her neuropathy rapidly deteriorated, leading to quadriplegia and bulbar palsy within 14 days. Finally, the reddish color of her urine and further genetic analysis led to a diagnosis of AIP. The patient was treated with intravenous glucose infusion and her condition gradually improved; however, severe neurological sequelae remained. To the best of our knowledge, the AIP reported in this case, involving rapid and severe neuropathy, is extremely rare worldwide. A diagnosis of AIP should therefore be considered when patients present with severe progressive neuropathy. Moreover, early diagnosis may considerably improve patient prognosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060520983143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7809922PMC
January 2021

Imaging Mass Cytometric Analysis of Postmortem Tissues Reveals Dysregulated Immune Cell and Cytokine Responses in Multiple Organs of COVID-19 Patients.

Front Microbiol 2020 23;11:600989. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

SARS-coronavirus-2-induced immune dysregulation and inflammatory responses are involved in the pathogenesis of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). However, very little is known about immune cell and cytokine alterations in specific organs of COVID-19 patients. Here, we evaluated immune cells and cytokines in postmortem tissues, i.e., lungs, intestine, liver, kidneys, and spleen of three patients with COVID-19. Imaging mass cytometry revealed monocyte, macrophage, and dendritic cell (DC) infiltration in the lung, intestine, kidney, and liver tissues. Moreover, in patients with COVID-19, natural killer T cells infiltrated the liver, lungs, and intestine, whereas B cells infiltrated the kidneys, lungs, and intestine. CD11b macrophages and CD11c DCs also infiltrated the lungs and intestine, a phenomenon that was accompanied by overproduction of the immunosuppressive cytokine interleukin (IL)-10. However, CD11b macrophages and CD11c DCs in the lungs or intestine of COVID-19 patients did not express human leukocyte antigen DR isotype. In contrast, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α expression was higher in the lungs, intestine, liver, and kidneys, but not in the spleen, of all COVID-19 patients (compared to levels in controls). Collectively, these findings suggested that IL-10 and TNF-α as immunosuppressive and pro-inflammatory agents, respectively,-might be prognostic and could serve as therapeutic targets for COVID-19.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.600989DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7785801PMC
December 2020

Correction to: Dynamic Changes of Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 Patients at Early Stage of Outbreak.

Virol Sin 2020 Dec;35(6):887

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12250-020-00318-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7683590PMC
December 2020

Plasma Proteomics Identify Biomarkers and Pathogenesis of COVID-19.

Immunity 2020 11 20;53(5):1108-1122.e5. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Wuhan, Hubei 430071, China; Center for Translational Medicine, Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei 430023, China; Joint Laboratory of Infectious Diseases and Health, Wuhan Institute of Virology & Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, CAS, Wuhan, Hubei 430023, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a global public health crisis. However, little is known about the pathogenesis and biomarkers of COVID-19. Here, we profiled host responses to COVID-19 by performing plasma proteomics of a cohort of COVID-19 patients, including non-survivors and survivors recovered from mild or severe symptoms, and uncovered numerous COVID-19-associated alterations of plasma proteins. We developed a machine-learning-based pipeline to identify 11 proteins as biomarkers and a set of biomarker combinations, which were validated by an independent cohort and accurately distinguished and predicted COVID-19 outcomes. Some of the biomarkers were further validated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a larger cohort. These markedly altered proteins, including the biomarkers, mediate pathophysiological pathways, such as immune or inflammatory responses, platelet degranulation and coagulation, and metabolism, that likely contribute to the pathogenesis. Our findings provide valuable knowledge about COVID-19 biomarkers and shed light on the pathogenesis and potential therapeutic targets of COVID-19.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2020.10.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7574896PMC
November 2020

Acute psychological effects of Coronavirus Disease 2019 outbreak among healthcare workers in China: a cross-sectional study.

Transl Psychiatry 2020 10 13;10(1):348. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, 430060, Wuhan, China.

To study the acute psychological effects of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak among healthcare workers (HCWs) in China, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among HCWs during the early period of COVID-19 outbreak. The acute psychological effects including symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaire, and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and PTSD was estimated at 15.0%, 27.1%, and 9.8%, respectively. Having an intermediate technical title, working at the frontline, receiving insufficient training for protection, and lacking confidence in protection measures were significantly associated with increased risk for depression and anxiety. Being a nurse, having an intermediate technical title, working at the frontline, and lacking confidence in protection measures were risk factors for PTSD. Meanwhile, not worrying about infection was a protective factor for developing depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Psychological interventions should be implemented among HCWs during the COVID-19 outbreak to reduce acute psychological effects and prevent long-term psychological comorbidities. Meanwhile, HCWs should be well trained and well protected before their frontline exposure.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-01031-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7552583PMC
October 2020

AMD3100 and SDF‑1 regulate cellular functions of endothelial progenitor cells and accelerate endothelial regeneration in a rat carotid artery injury model.

Mol Med Rep 2020 Oct 13;22(4):3201-3212. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Radiology, The Sixth People's Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200233, P.R. China.

The present study was conducted to assess the effects of AMD3100 and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) on cellular functions and endothelial regeneration of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The cell proliferation and adhesion capacity of EPCs were evaluated in vitro following treatment with AMD3100 and SDF‑1 using a Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay. Furthermore, the expression levels of C‑X‑C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and C‑X‑C motif chemokine receptor 7 (CXCR7) were detected before and after treatment with AMD3100 and SDF‑1 to elucidate their possible role in regulating the cellular function of EPCs. A rat carotid artery injury model was established to assess the influences of AMD3100 and SDF‑1 on endothelial regeneration. AMD3100 reduced the proliferation and adhesion capacity of EPCs to fibronectin (FN), whereas it increased the adhesion capacity of EPCs to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). However, SDF‑1 stimulated the proliferation and cell adhesion capacity of EPCs to HUVECs and FN. Additionally, the expression levels of CXCR7 but not CXCR4 were upregulated following AMD3100 treatment, whereas the expression levels of both CXCR4 and CXCR7 were upregulated after SDF‑1 treatment. In vivo results demonstrated that AMD3100 increased the number of EPCs in the peripheral blood and facilitated endothelial repair at 7 days after treatment. However, local administration of SDF‑1 alone did not enhance reendothelialization 7 and 14 days after treatment. Importantly, the combination of AMD3100 with SDF‑1 exhibited superior therapeutic effects compared with AMD3100 treatment alone, accelerated reendothelialization 7 days after treatment, and attenuated neointimal hyperplasia at day 7 and 14 by recruiting more EPCs to the injury site. In conclusion, AMD3100 could positively regulate the adhesion capacity of EPCs to HUVECs via elevation of the expression levels of CXCR7 but not CXCR4, whereas SDF‑1 could stimulate the proliferation and adhesion capacity of EPCs to FN and HUVECs by elevating the expression levels of CXCR4 and CXCR7. AMD3100 combined with SDF‑1 outperformed AMD3100 alone, promoted early reendothelialization and inhibited neointimal hyperplasia, indicating that early reendothelialization attenuated neointimal hypoplasia following endothelial injury.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7453604PMC
October 2020

Incidence and Risk Factors of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2020 Jan-Dec;26:1076029620953217

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is prevalent in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the risk factors and incidence rate of DVT remains elusive. Here, we aimed to assess the incidence rate and risk factors of DVT. All patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and performed venous ultrasound by ultrasound deparment between December 2019 and April 2020 in Wuhan Jin Yin-tan hospital were enrolled. Demographic information and clinical features were retrospectively collected. Notably, a comparison between the DVT and the non-DVT groups was explored. The incidence rate of venous thrombosis was 35.2% (50 patients out of 142). Moreover, the location of thrombus at the proximal extremity veins was 5.6% (n = 8), while at distal extremity veins was 35.2% (n = 50) of the patients. We also noted that patients with DVT exhibited a high level of D-dimer (OR 10.9 (95% CI, 3.3-36.0), < 0.001), were admitted to the intensive care unit (OR 6.5 (95% CI, 2.1-20.3), = 0.001), a lower usage of the anticoagulant drugs (OR 3.0 (95% CI, 1.1-7.8), < 0.001). Finally, this study revealed that a high number of patients with COVID-19 developed DVT. This was observed particularly in critically ill patients with high D-dimer levels who required no anticoagulant medication.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1076029620953217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7457409PMC
September 2020

HMGB1 aggravates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury through suppressing the activity and function of Tregs.

Cell Immunol 2020 10 7;356:104192. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Institute of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430022, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: CD4CD25FoxP3 T helper cells (Tregs), a subgroup of CD4 T helper cells, are critical effectors that protect against acute lung injury (ALI) by contact-dependent suppression or releasing anti-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-10 (IL-10), and transforming growth factor (TGF-β). HMGB1 (High mobility group box 1 protein) was identified as a nuclear non-histone DNA-binding chromosomal protein, which participates in the regulation of lung inflammatory response and pathological processes in ALI. Previous studies have suggested that Tregs overexpresses the HMGB1-recognizing receptor. However, the interaction of HMGB1 with Tregs in ALI is still unclear.

Objective: To investigate whether HMGB1 aggravates ALI by suppressing immunosuppressive function of Tregs.

Methods: Anti-HMGB1 antibody and recombinant mouse HMGB1 (rHMGB1) were administered in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI mice and polarized LPS-primed Tregs in vitro. The Tregs pre-stimulated with or without rHMGB1 were adoptively transferred to ALI mice and depleted by Diphtheria toxin (DT). For coculture experiment, isolated Tregs were first pre-stimulated with or without rHMGB1 or anti-HMGB1 antibody, then they were cocultured with bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) under LPS stimulation.

Results: Tregs protected against acute lung pathological injury. HMGB1 modulated the suppressive function of Tregs as follows: reduction in the number of the cells and the activity of Tregs, the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, TGF-β) from Tregs, the production of IL-2 from CD4 T cells and CD11c DCs, and the M2 polarization of macrophages, as well as inducing proinflammatory response of macrophages.

Conclusions: HMGB1 could aggravate LPS induced-ALI through suppressing the activity and function of Tregs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellimm.2020.104192DOI Listing
October 2020

LncRNA THRIL aggravates sepsis-induced acute lung injury by regulating miR-424/ROCK2 axis.

Mol Immunol 2020 10 17;126:111-119. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan City, Hubei Province, 442000, China. Electronic address:

Here, we aimed to investigate the role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) THRIL in septic-induced acute lung injury. C57BL/6 mice were injected with Adenoviruses (Ad)-shTHRIL or negative control (NC) before caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) operation. MPVECs were transfected with Ad-shTHRIL or NC, followed by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. MiR-424 and Rho-associated kinase 2 (ROCK2) were predicted and verified as direct targets of THRIL and miR-424, respectively, by using dual-luciferase reporter assay. ROCK2 overexpression vector and shTHRIL were co-transfected into mouse pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells for 24 h before LPS treatment. Our results showed that THRIL was highly expressed in the lung of sepsis mice. CLP triggered severe lung injury and apoptosis in mice, which was abolished by THRIL knockdown. Moreover, CLP treatment visibly increased protein concentration, the number of total cell of neutrophils, and macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Besides, elevated protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-6 were observed in both lung and BALF. However, inhibition of THRIL reduced the number of inflammatory cells and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in sepsis mouse model. The effect of THRIL on inflammatory response and apoptosis in the lung was confirmed in sepsis cell model. Moreover, mechanistic studies have shown that THRIL up-regulated ROCK2 level through sponging miR-424. Furthermore, ROCK2 overexpression reversed the inhibitory effects of THRIL knockdown on LPS-induced inflammatory response and apoptosis. Overall, in vivo and in vitro results suggested that THRIL accelerates sepsis-induced lung injury by sponging miR-424 and further restoring ROCK2.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2020.07.021DOI Listing
October 2020

Plerixafor stimulates adhesive activity and endothelial regeneration of endothelial progenitor cells via elevating CXCR7 expression.

J Diabetes Complications 2020 10 20;34(10):107654. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Radiology, The Sixth People's Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 600 Yi-Shan Road, Shanghai 200233, PR China.. Electronic address:

Aims: To assess the effects of plerixafor on function and endothelial regeneration of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs).

Methods: The proliferation and adhesion capacity of EPCs were evaluated in vitro. Furthermore, the expression levels of CXC chemokine receptor-7 (CXCR7) were detected before and after treatment with plerixafor. The CXCR7 expression of EPCs was knocked-down by RNA interference to evaluate the role of CXCR7 in regulating function of EPCs. A rat carotid artery injury model was established to assess the influences of plerixafor on endothelial regeneration.

Results: Plerixafor stimulated adhesion capacity of EPCs, associating with upregulation of CXCR7 and activation of LFA-1 and VLA-4 molecules. Knockdown of CXCR7 slightly impaired proliferation capacity but significantly attenuated adhesion capacity of EPCs. Plerixafor facilitated endothelial repair at 7 days, while reduced neointimal hyperplasia at 7 and 14 days via recruiting more EPCs participating in endothelial reparation.

Conclusions: Plerixafor can positively regulate adhesion capacity of EPCs to HUVECs via elevating the expression level of CXCR7 and stimulating LFA-1 and VLA-4 molecules activation. Treatment with plerixafor accelerated re-endothelialization and inhibited neointimal hyperplasia after endoth elial injury, indicating that it can to be used for endothelial regeneration.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107654DOI Listing
October 2020

Dynamic Changes of Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 Patients at Early Stage of Outbreak.

Virol Sin 2020 Dec 27;35(6):744-751. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by SARS-CoV-2, has spread around the world with high mortality. To diagnose promptly and accurately is the vital step to effectively control its pandemic. Dynamic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies which are important for diagnosis of infection have not been fully demonstrated. In this retrospective, single-center, observational study, we enrolled the initial 131 confirmed cases of COVID-19 at Jin-Yin-Tan Hospital who had at least one-time antibody tested during their hospitalization. The dynamic changes of IgM and IgG antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein in 226 serum samples were detected by ELISA. The sensitivities of IgM and IgG ELISA detection were analyzed. Result showed that the sensitivity of the IgG ELISA detection (92.5%) was significantly higher than that of the IgM (70.8%) (P < 0.001). The meantimes of seroconversion for IgM and IgG were 6 days and 3 days, respectively. The IgM and IgG antibody levels peaked at around 18 days and 23 days, and then IgM fell to below the baseline level at about day 36, whereas IgG maintained at a relatively high level. In conclusion, antibodies should be detected to aid in diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. IgG could be a sensitive indicator for retrospective diagnosis and contact tracing, while IgM could be an indicator of early infection.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12250-020-00268-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7383121PMC
December 2020
-->