Publications by authors named "Rui-Min Wang"

48 Publications

FOXP4-AS1 is a favorable prognostic-related enhancer RNA in ovarian cancer.

Biosci Rep 2021 Apr;41(4)

Department of Gynaecology, Affiliated Xing Tai People Hospital of Hebei Medial University, 399 Shunde Road, Xingtai 054001, China.

Ovarian cancer (OV) is the main cause of deaths worldwide in female reproductive system malignancies. Enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) are derived from the transcription of enhancers and has attracted increasing attention in cancers recently. However, the biological functions and clinical significance of eRNAs in OV have not been well described presently. We used an integrated data analysis to identify prognostic-related eRNAs in OV. Tissue-specific enhancer-derived RNAs and their regulating genes were considered as putative eRNA-target pairs using the computational pipeline PreSTIGE. Gene expression profiles and clinical data of OV and 32 other cancer types were obtained from the UCSC Xena platform. Altogether, 71 eRNAs candidates showed significant correlation with overall survival (OS) of OV samples (Kaplan-Meier log-rank test, P<0.05). Among which, 23 were determined to be correlated with their potential target genes (Spearman's r > 0.3, P<0.001). It was found that among the 23 prognostic-related eRNAs, the expression of forkhead box P4 antisense RNA 1 (FOXP4-AS1) had the highest positive correlation with its predicted target gene FOXP4 (Spearman's r = 0.61). Moreover, the results were further validated by RT-qPCR analysis in an independent OV cohort. Our results suggested the eRNA FOXP4-AS1 expression index may be a favorable independent prognostic biomarker candidate in OV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20204008DOI Listing
April 2021

Neobavaisoflavone Induces Bilirubin Metabolizing Enzyme UGT1A1 via PPARα and PPARγ.

Front Pharmacol 2020 8;11:628314. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) is an essential enzyme in mammals that is responsible for detoxification and metabolic clearance of the endogenous toxin bilirubin and a variety of xenobiotics, including some crucial therapeutic drugs. Discovery of potent and safe UGT1A1 inducers will provide an alternative therapy for ameliorating hyperbilirubinaemia and drug-induced hepatoxicity. This study aims to find efficacious UGT1A1 inducer(s) from natural flavonoids, and to reveal the mechanism involved in up-regulating of this key conjugative enzyme by the flavonoid(s) with strong UGT1A1 induction activity. Among all the tested flavonoids, neobavaisoflavone (NBIF) displayed the most potent UGT1A1 induction activity, while its inductive effects were confirmed by both western blot and glucuronidation activity assays. A panel of nuclear receptor reporter assays demonstrated that NBIF activated PPARα and PPARγ in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, we also found that NBIF could up-regulate the expression of PPARα and PPARγ in hepatic cells, suggesting that the induction of UGT1A1 by NBIF was mainly mediated by PPARs. In silico simulations showed that NBIF could stably bind on pocket II of PPARα and PPARγ. Collectively, our results demonstrated that NBIF is a natural inducer of UGT1A1, while this agent induced UGT1A1 mainly via activating and up-regulating PPARα and PPARγ. These findings suggested that NBIF can be used as a promising lead compound for the development of more efficacious UGT1A1 inducers to treat hyperbilirubinaemia and UGT1A1-associated drug toxicities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.628314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7897654PMC
February 2021

Crotonpenoids A and B, Two Highly Modified Clerodane Diterpenoids with a Tricyclo[7.2.1.0]dodecane Core from : Isolation, Structural Elucidation, and Biomimetic Semisynthesis.

Org Lett 2020 06 26;22(11):4435-4439. Epub 2020 May 26.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, People's Republic of China.

Crotonpenoids A () and B (), two highly modified clerodane diterpenoids featuring a new 10-(butan-2-yl)-1,6,12-trimethyltricyclo[7.2.1.0]dodecane skeleton, were isolated from the leaves and twigs of . Their structures including the absolute configurations were determined by spectroscopic analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and biomimetic semisynthesis. Compounds and exhibited an agonistic effect on pregnane X receptor at 10 μM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.0c01443DOI Listing
June 2020

Transcriptome analysis of differential gene expression in the longissimus dorsi muscle from Debao and landrace pigs based on RNA-sequencing.

Biosci Rep 2019 12;39(12)

College of Animal Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

RNA-seq analysis was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) at the genetic level in the longissimus dorsi muscle from two pigs to investigate the genetic mechanisms underlying the difference in meat quality between Debao pigs and Landrace pigs. Then, these DEGs underwent functional annotation, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analyses. Finally, the expression levels of specific DEGs were assessed using qRT-PCR. The reference genome showed gene dosage detection of all samples which showed that the total reference genome comprised 22342 coding genes, including 14743 known and 190 unknown genes. For detection of the Debao pig genome, we obtained 14168 genes, including 13994 known and 174 unknown genes. For detection of the Landrace pig genome, we obtained 14404 genes, including 14223 known and 181 unknown genes. GO analysis and KEGG signaling pathway analysis show that DEGs are significantly related to metabolic regulation, amino acid metabolism, muscular tissue, muscle structure development etc. We identified key genes in these processes, such as FOS, EGR2, and IL6, by PPI network analysis. qRT-PCR confirmed the differential expression of six selected DEGs in both pig breeds. In conclusion, the present study revealed key genes and related signaling pathways that influence the difference in pork quality between these breeds and could provide a theoretical basis for improving pork quality in future genetic thremmatology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20192144DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6893171PMC
December 2019

[Prognostic Value of Interim PET/CT in 227 Patients of DLBCL].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;27(1):74-79

Department of Hematology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the prognostic evaluation value of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) interim positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

Methods: Two hundred and twenty-seven patients with pathologically diagnosed DLBCL underwent 18F-FDG scans at baseline and before 3 cycles of a rituximab-containing chemotherapy regimen. The Visual Deauville score (DS) and changes in maximum standard uptake values (ΔSUVmax) were calculated for tracer for the predominant lesion of each patient, for prediction of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) using Kaplan-Meier method and COX regression.

Results: The median follow-up period was 71 months. Receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that the best ΔSUV cut-off values for FDG (ΔSUVFDG) was 71%. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DS and ΔSUVmax were 86.9%, 74.3%, 82.8% and 77.8%, 63.5%, 73.1%, respectively in response assessment. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed DS, ΔSUVmax and IPI had significance for prediction of PFS and OS (P = 0.001). The DS 4-5 and IPI 3-5 were independent risk factors of poor prognosis by COX regression analysis.

Conclusion: Interim PET/CT is important predictor for evaluation therapeutic response and prognosis in DLBCL patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2019.01.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Comprehensive identification of peptides in tandem mass spectra using an efficient open search engine.

Nat Biotechnol 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Key Laboratory of Intelligent Information Processing of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Institute of Computing Technology, CAS, Beijing, China.

We present a sequence-tag-based search engine, Open-pFind, to identify peptides in an ultra-large search space that includes coeluting peptides, unexpected modifications and digestions. Our method detects peptides with higher precision and speed than seven other search engines. Open-pFind identified 70-85% of the tandem mass spectra in four large-scale datasets and 14,064 proteins, each supported by at least two protein-unique peptides, in a human proteome dataset.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nbt.4236DOI Listing
October 2018

Sinusoidal Signal Assisted Multivariate Empirical Mode Decomposition for Brain-Computer Interfaces.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2018 09 20;22(5):1373-1384. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a communication approach that permits cerebral activity to control computers or external devices. Brain electrical activity recorded with electroencephalography (EEG) is most commonly used for BCI. Noise-assisted multivariate empirical mode decomposition (NA-MEMD) is a data-driven time-frequency analysis method that can be applied to nonlinear and nonstationary EEG signals for BCI data processing. However, because white Gaussian noise occupies a broad range of frequencies, some redundant components are introduced. To solve this leakage problem, in this study, we propose using a sinusoidal assisted signal that occupies the same frequency ranges as the original signals to improve MEMD performance. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed sinusoidal signal assisted MEMD (SA-MEMD) method, we compared the decomposition performances of MEMD, NA-MEMD, and the proposed SA-MEMD using synthetic signals and a real-world BCI dataset. The spectral decomposition results indicate that the proposed SA-MEMD can avoid the generation of redundant components and over decomposition, thus, substantially reduce the mode mixing and misalignment that occurs in MEMD and NA-MEMD. Moreover, using SA-MEMD as a signal preprocessing method instead of MEMD or NA-MEMD can significantly improve BCI classification accuracy and reduce calculation time, which indicates that SA-MEMD is a powerful spectral decomposition method for BCI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2017.2775657DOI Listing
September 2018

Catecholic Isoquinolines from Portulaca oleracea and Their Anti-inflammatory and β-Adrenergic Receptor Agonist Activity.

J Nat Prod 2018 04 8;81(4):768-777. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Shandong University , Jinan , Shandong 250012 , People's Republic of China.

Isoquinoline alkaloids possess a wide range of structural features and pharmaceutical activities and are promising drug candidates. Ten water-soluble catecholic isoquinolines were isolated from the medicinal plant Portulaca oleracea, including three new (1-3) and seven known compounds (4-10), along with the known catecholamines 11 and 12 and four other known compounds (13-16). A method of polyamide column chromatography using EtOAc-MeOH as the mobile phase was developed for the isolation of catecholic isoquinolines. Alkaloids 1-12 exhibited anti-inflammatory activities (EC = 18.0-497.7 μM) through inhibition of NO production in lipopolysaccharide-induced murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. Among these compounds, 11, 2, 5, 4, and 8 were more potent than was the positive control, 3,4-dihydroxybenzohydroxamic acid (EC = 82.4 μM), with EC values of 18.0, 18.1, 35.4, 36.3, and 58.7 μM, respectively. Additionally, at 100 μM, compounds 1-12 showed different degrees of β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) agonist activity in the CHO-K1/GA15 cell line which stably expressed β-AR as detected by a calcium assay. The EC values of 2 and 10 were 5.1 μM and 87.9 nM, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.7b00762DOI Listing
April 2018

pSite: Amino Acid Confidence Evaluation for Quality Control of De Novo Peptide Sequencing and Modification Site Localization.

J Proteome Res 2018 01 21;17(1):119-128. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Key Lab of Intelligent Information Processing of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100190, China.

MS-based de novo peptide sequencing has been improved remarkably with significant development of mass-spectrometry and computational approaches but still lacks quality-control methods. Here we proposed a novel algorithm pSite to evaluate the confidence of each amino acid rather than the full-length peptides obtained by de novo peptide sequencing. A semi-supervised learning approach was used to discriminate correct amino acids from random one; then, an expectation-maximization algorithm was used to adaptively control the false amino-acid rate (FAR). On three test data sets, pSite recalled 86% more amino acids on average than PEAKS at the FAR of 5%. pSite also performed superiorly on the modification site localization problem, which is essentially a special case of amino acid confidence evaluation. On three phosphopeptide data sets, at the false localization rate of 1%, the average recall of pSite was 91% while those of Ascore and phosphoRS were 64 and 63%, respectively. pSite covered 98% of Ascore and phosphoRS results and contributed 21% more phosphorylation sites. Further analyses show that the use of distinct fragmentation features in high-resolution MS/MS spectra, such as neutral loss ions, played an important role in improving the precision of pSite. In summary, the effective and universal model together with the extensive use of spectral information makes pSite an excellent quality control tool for both de novo peptide sequencing and modification site localization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00428DOI Listing
January 2018

Correlation of rs9331888 polymorphism with Alzheimer's disease among Caucasian and Chinese populations: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

Metab Brain Dis 2017 08 6;32(4):981-989. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Department of Pharmacy, Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.

Clusterin polymorphism (rs9331888) was reported to be associated with the susceptibility to alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, the results were inconclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of this association, this meta-analysis was conducted. We've conducted a comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase, CNKI and AlzGene database for case-control studies published throughout October, 2016 that evaluated the role of rs9331888 gene variants in AD patients. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of associations between the rs9331888/C > G polymorphism and AD disease. A total of 9 studies were enrolled in the Meta Analysis. The overall analysis revealed a significant association between the rs9331888/C > G polymorphism and AD disease in the recessive model (GG vs. GC + CC: OR = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.05-1.18; P < 0.01). Sub-group analysis revealed that the Caucasian populations which with recessive model (GG vs. GC + CC: OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.06-1.2; P < 0.01) were dramatically related to AD, while no significant association was found in the Chinese populations among the five genetic models. Our meta-analysis demonstrated that the rs9331888/C > G polymorphism in the clusterin gene might contribute to AD susceptibility especially in Caucasian populations. Whereas the relationship of the polymorphism to the disease in Chinese populations was still in controversial. Additional well-designed studies, with larger sample sizes, are required to further elucidate this association.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11011-017-9957-8DOI Listing
August 2017

[Keap1-tat peptide attenuates oxidative stress damage in hippocampal CA1 region and learning and memory deficits following global cerebral ischemia].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2016 Feb;48(1):154-9

Institute of Medical Research Center, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063000, Hebei, China.

Objective: To design Keap1-tat peptide and explore its neuroprotective role on hipocampal CA1 neuron, as well as the effect on spacial learning and memory function following global cerebral ischemia.

Methods: Adult male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were subjected to global cerebral ischemia (GCI) by four-vessel occlusion for 15 min and randomly divided into five groups: sham, sham+Keap1-tat, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), Keap1-tat peptide- and vehicle-administrated groups. For Keap1-tat or vehicle groups, the rats were treated with Keap1-tat (30, 50, 100 μg in 5 μL 0.9% saline) or the same volume vehicle by intracerebroventricular injection (icv) 30 min prior to ischemia. Cresyl violet staining was used to observe the surviving neurons and 4-hydroxy-2-noneal (4-HNE) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) immunostaining were used to detect the change of markers response to oxidative stress in hippocampal CA1 region. The spatial learning and memory function of the rats was evaluated using Morris water maze.

Results: Compared with sham group, the number of surviving neurons in ischemia-reperfusion and vehicle groups significantly decreased in the hippocampal CA1 region (P<0.05), while administration of Keap1-tat significantly decreased the damage following GCI (P<0.05), and the dose of 50 μg existed the most effective neuroprotective role. Furthermore, immunostaining intensity of 4-HNE and 8-OHdG, markers of oxidative stress damage attenuated by Keap1-tat peptide as compared with vehicle group in CA1 region. Of significant interest, the time of finding underwater platform in Keap1-tat group animals was significantly short, and after removing the platform, the probe time of Keap1-tat group animals in the original quadrant where the platform was significantly increased compared with that of vehicle and I/R group animals (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Keap1-tat peptide can effectively attenuate neuronal damage in hippocampal CA1 region and improve learning and memory function, which might bedue to the attenuation of oxidative stress caused by GCI.
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February 2016

pTop 1.0: A High-Accuracy and High-Efficiency Search Engine for Intact Protein Identification.

Anal Chem 2016 Mar 23;88(6):3082-90. Epub 2016 Feb 23.

Key Lab of Intelligent Information Processing of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Institute of Computing Technology, CAS , Beijing 100190, China.

There has been tremendous progress in top-down proteomics (TDP) in the past 5 years, particularly in intact protein separation and high-resolution mass spectrometry. However, bioinformatics to deal with large-scale mass spectra has lagged behind, in both algorithmic research and software development. In this study, we developed pTop 1.0, a novel software tool to significantly improve the accuracy and efficiency of mass spectral data analysis in TDP. The precursor mass offers crucial clues to infer the potential post-translational modifications co-occurring on the protein, the reliability of which relies heavily on its mass accuracy. Concentrating on detecting the precursors more accurately, a machine-learning model incorporating a variety of spectral features was trained online in pTop via a support vector machine (SVM). pTop employs the sequence tags extracted from the MS/MS spectra and a dynamic programming algorithm to accelerate the search speed, especially for those spectra with multiple post-translational modifications. We tested pTop on three publicly available data sets and compared it with ProSight and MS-Align+ in terms of its recall, precision, running time, and so on. The results showed that pTop can, in general, outperform ProSight and MS-Align+. pTop recalled 22% more correct precursors, although it exported 30% fewer precursors than Xtract (in ProSight) from a human histone data set. The running speed of pTop was about 1 to 2 orders of magnitude faster than that of MS-Align+. This algorithmic advancement in pTop, including both accuracy and speed, will inspire the development of other similar software to analyze the mass spectra from the entire proteins.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.5b03963DOI Listing
March 2016

Can Carrier-Mediated Delivery System Promote the Development of Antisense Imaging?

Mol Imaging Biol 2015 Oct;17(5):625-32

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing, 100853, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: We aimed to explore the feasibility of transfection methods for antisense imaging.

Procedures: Antisense oligonucleotides (ASON) targeted to the mRNA of hTERT gene were synthesized and labeled with Technetium-99m and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), respectively. Then, ASON was combined with transfection reagent Lipofectamine 2000 and Xfect(TM), named Lipo-ASON and Xfect-ASON, respectively. After transfection, the labeled ASON was characterized in hNPCs-G3 and hRPE cells. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were performed to assay the hTERT mRNA and protein levels after hNPCs-G3 cells were incubated with Lipo-ASON, Xfect-ASON, and naked ASON. In addition, Lipo-ASON, Xfect-ASON, and naked ASON were injected into tumor-bearing mice, and the biodistribution in vivo was performed.

Results: The presence of two transfection reagents significantly increased intracellular uptake of radiolabeled ASON in both cell lines compared with naked ASON (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in cellular uptake rates of Lipo-ASON and Xfect-ASON between hNPCs-G3 and hRPE cells. In comparison with naked ASON, the fluorescence intensity was strongly enhanced after binding to transfection reagents. Furthermore, the levels of hTERT mRNA and protein were significantly reduced in cells treated with Lipo-ASON and Xfect-ASON (p < 0.05), but naked ASON had no significant effect on hTERT expression level. The biodistribution study indicated that tumor radioactivity uptake of radiolabeled ASON for naked ASON, Lipo-ASON, and Xfect-ASON group was low and shown no significant difference in vivo.

Conclusions: Lipofectamine transfection and Xfect(TM) transfection were not effective delivery methods of ASON for antisense imaging.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11307-015-0827-7DOI Listing
October 2015

[Effect of N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline on differentiation from pulmonary fibroblast to myofibroblast mediated by Rho-associated coiled-coil forming protein kinase pathway].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2013 Sep;31(9):654-60

Hebei United University, Tangshan, Hebei Province 063000, China.

Objective: To investigate whether N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) can inhibit the differentiation of pulmonary fibroblasts into myofibroblasts by regulating Rho-associated coiled-coil forming protein kinase (ROCK) pathway mediated by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1).

Methods: Primary culture of pulmonary fibroblasts was performed by trypsinization method. Four generations of pulmonary fibroblasts were divided into control group, TGF-β-induced differentiation group, Y-27632 treatment group, and Ac-SDKP treatment group. The intracellular distributions of ROCK, serum response factor (SRF), and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The protein expression of ROCK, SFR, α-SMA, and type I and type III collagen in pulmonary fibroblasts was measured by Western blot. The mRNA expression of ROCK, SFR, and α-SMA was measured by real-time quantitative PCR.

Results: Compared with the control group, the pulmonary fibroblasts stimulated by TGF-β1 had a lot of α-SMA antibody-labeled myofilaments in parallel or cross arrangement, as observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy, and the mRNA and protein expression of ROCK, SRF, and α-SMA and protein expression of type I and type III collagen increased significantly after 6, 12, and 24 h of stimulation (P < 0.05). Compared with the TGF-β1-induced differentiation group, the Y-27632 treatment group and Ac-SDKP treatment group had significantly decreased mRNA and protein expression of ROCK, SRF, and α-SMA and protein expression of type I and type III collagen at the same time point (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Ac-SDKP can inhibit the differentiation of pulmonary fibroblasts into myofibroblasts and the synthesis of collagen in rats by regulating the ROCK pathway mediated by TGF-β1. That may be one of the mechanisms by which Ac-SDKP acts against (silicotic) pulmonary fibrosis.
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September 2013

[Regulating effect of N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline on activation of c-jun N-terminal kinase pathway in rats with silicosis].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2013 May;31(5):335-40

Department of Pathology, Hebei United University, Tangshan 063000, China.

Objective: To investigate the regulatory effect of N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (AcSDKP) on the activation of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway and its role in silicotic fibrosis.

Methods: A rat model of silicosis was developed by intratracheal instillation. Sixty rats were randomly divided into 4-week control group (n = 10), 8-week control group (n = 10), 4-week silicosis model group (n = 10), 8-week silicosis model group (n = 10), AcSDKP treatment group (n = 10), and AcSDKP prevention group (n = 10). The content of hydroxyproline in lung tissue was measured using a p-dimethylaminoben-zaldehyde reagent; the expression levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 (TGF-β1), phospho-JNK, JNK, and c-jun in lung tissue were measured by Western blot. The lung fibroblasts from neonatal rats were cultured, and the 4th generation of cells were used in the experiment; these cells were divided into control group, TGF-β1 stimulation group, SP600125 intervention group, and AcSDKP intervention group. The distributions of phospho-JNK and c-jun in lung fibroblasts were observed by immunocytochemistry; the expression levels of type I collagen and type III collagen in lung fibroblasts were measured by Western blot.

Results: The expression levels of TGF-β1, phospho-JNK, and c-jun and the content of hydroxyproline in the AcSDKP treatment group were 70.60%, 78.03%, 79.85%, and 71.28%, respectively, of those in the 4-week silicosis model group (P < 0.05) and 77.99%, 66.73%, 69.94%, and 64.82%, respectively, of those in the 8-week silicosis model group (P < 0.05); the expression levels of TGF-β1, phospho-JNK, and c-jun and the content of hydroxyproline in the AcSDKP prevention group were 84.56%, 61.18%, 64.73%, and 74.96%, respectively, of those in the 8-week silicosis model group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of phospho-JNK and c-jun in the AcSDKP intervention group were 54.59% and 55.56%, respectively, of those in the TGF-β1 stimulation group; the expression levels of type I collagen and type III collagen in the AcSDKP intervention group were 79.9% and 84.4%, respectively, of those in the TGF-β1 stimulation group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: AcSDKP exerts anti-silicotic fibrosis effect probably by inhibiting the activation of JNK signal transduction pathway mediated by TGF-β1 and the deposition of interstitial collagen.
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May 2013

Adenovirus-mediated Wnt5a expression inhibits the telogen-to-anagen transition of hair follicles in mice.

Int J Med Sci 2013 21;10(7):908-14. Epub 2013 May 21.

Department of Cell Biology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.

The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays an important role in hair cycle induction. Wnt5a is a non-canonical Wnt family member that generally antagonizes canonical Wnt signaling in other systems. In hair follicles, Wnt5a and canonical Wnt are both expressed in cells in the telogen stage. Wnt5a has been shown to be critical for controlling hair cell fate. However, the role that Wnt5a plays in the transition from the telogen to anagen stage is unknown. In this study, using whole-mount in situ hybridization, we show that Wnt5a is produced by several other cell types, excluding dermal papilla cells, throughout the hair cycle. For example, Wnt5a is expressed in bulge and secondary hair germ cells in the telogen stage. Our studies focused on the depilated 8-week-old mouse as a synchronized model of hair growth. Interestingly, overexpression of adenovirus Wnt5a in the dorsal skin of mice led to the elongation of the telogen stage and inhibition of the initiation of the anagen stage. However, following an extended period of time, four pelage hair types grew from hairless skin that was induced by Wnt5a, and the structure of these new hair shafts was normal. Using microarray analysis and quantitative arrays, we showed that the expression of β-catenin and some target genes of canonical Wnt signaling decreased after Wnt5a treatment. These data demonstrate that Wnt5a may inhibit the telogen stage to maintain a quiescent state of the hair follicle.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/ijms.6137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3675505PMC
January 2014

Hyperaccumulation of (18)F-FDG in order to differentiate solid pseudopapillary tumors from adenocarcinomas and from neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors and review of the literature.

Hell J Nucl Med 2013 May-Aug;16(2):97-102. Epub 2013 May 20.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPT) are rare, unique pancreatic tumors with benign entity and low malignant potential. Limited information is available in the literature reporting their accumulation of fluorine-18 fluoro deoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). The aim of this retrospective study was to define t he uptake-accumulation of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in a comparatively large cohort of SPT, and to compare their uptake with the uptake of (18)F-FDG in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PAC) and neuroendocrine tumors (PNET). Between June 2007 and January 2013, 18 pathologically proven SPT were identified from the total of patients studied by PET/CT in our Center, including 13 women and 5 men, aging from 23 to 56 years old (mean age, 38.5 years). Malignant SPT was histologically classified using the WHO criteria. Eighty-six PAC patients and 28 PNET patients were also identified and included in this study for comparison. Positron emission tomography results were considered as positive if focal accumulation of (18)F-FDG exceeded the surrounding normal pancreatic tissue. Regions of interest were drawn on the pancreatic lesions, and the maximal standardized uptake values (SUVmax values) were calculated. The mean values of SUVmax were compared with independent-samples t test or with the nonparametric Mann-Whitney U method. Correlation of SUVmax values and tumor size were analyzed in cases of SPT. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC curve) were used to study the efficiency of SUV values for the differential diagnosis between SPT versus (vs) PAC and SPT vs PNET. A value of P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. All SPT cases were (18)F-FDG-PET positive, with SUVmax values ranging from 3.5-18.3. The SUVmax values of SPT had poor correlation with tumor size, and no significant difference by gender and age. Areas under the curve ROC were 0.619 and 0.526, respectively for the differentiation of SPT from PNET and PAC tumors. Five SPT tumors were malignant, and exhibited relatively low (18)F-FDG uptake (SUVmax range, 3.0-4.5) except a tumor after recurrence (SUVmax 17.7). Images of CT were of low dose and thus were not evaluated. In conclusion, our results suggest that SPT benign or malignant are consistently hyperaccumulating (18)F-FDG above SUVmax 3. Differentiation from PAC and PNET if only based on the higher SUVmax values was not possible but if based on lower SUVmax, of ≤2.6 (in 14%) and ≤2.5 (in 21,4%) of PAC and PNET, respectively, these pancreatic tumors could be differentiated from SPT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1967/s002449910084DOI Listing
October 2013

The influence of interpreters' professional background and experience on the interpretation of multimodality imaging of pulmonary lesions using 18F-3'-deoxy-fluorothymidine and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT.

PLoS One 2013 2;8(4):e60104. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Objective: Based on the results of a recently accomplished multicenter clinical trial for the incremental value of a dual-tracer (18F-FDG and 18F-FLT), dual-modality (PET and CT) imaging in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary lesions, we investigate some issues that might affect the image interpretation and result reporting.

Methods: The images were read in two separate sessions. Firstly the images were read and reported by physician(s) of the imaging center on completion of each PET/CT scanning. By the end of MCCT, all images collected during the trial were re-read by a collective of readers in an isolated, blinded, and independent way.

Results: One hundred sixty two patients successfully passed the data verification and entered into the final analysis. The primary reporting result showed adding 18F-FDG image information did not change the clinical performance much in sensitivity, specifity and accuracy, but the ratio between SUVFLT and SUVFDG did help the differentiation efficacy among the three subgroups of patients. The collective reviewing result showed the diagnostic achievement varied with reading strategies. ANOVA indicated significant differences among (18)F-FDG, (18)F-FLT in SUV (F = 14.239, p = 0.004). CT had almost the same diagnostic performance as 18F-FLT. When the 18F-FDG, 18F-FLT and CT images read in pair, both diagnostic sensitivity and specificity improved. The best diagnostic figures were obtained in full-modality strategy, when dual-tracer PET worked in combination with CT.

Conclusions: With certain experience and training both radiologists and nuclear physicians are qualified to read and to achieve the similar diagnostic accuracy in PET/CT study. Making full use of modality combination and selecting right criteria seems more practical than professional back ground and personal experience in the new hybrid imaging technology, at least when novel tracer or application is concerned.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0060104PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3614939PMC
October 2013

Hypersensitivity of the hippocampal CA3 region to stress-induced neurodegeneration and amyloidogenesis in a rat model of surgical menopause.

Brain 2013 May 9;136(Pt 5):1432-45. Epub 2013 Mar 9.

Department of Neurology, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Medical College of Georgia, Georgia Regents University, 1120 15th Street, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

Females who enter menopause prematurely via bilateral ovariectomy (surgical menopause) have a significantly increased risk for cognitive decline and dementia. To help elucidate the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we used an animal model of surgical menopause, long-term (10-week) bilateral ovariectomy in female rats. Herein, we demonstrate that long-term oestrogen deprivation dramatically increases sensitivity of the normally resistant hippocampal CA3 region to ischaemic stress, an effect that was gender-specific, as it was not observed in long-term orchiectomized males. Furthermore, the enhanced damage to the CA3 region correlated with a worse cognitive outcome after ischaemic stress. Long-term ovariectomized rats also displayed a robust hyperinduction of Alzheimer's disease-related proteins in the CA3 region and a switch in amyloid precursor protein processing from non-amyloidogenic to amyloidogenic following ischaemic stress CA3 hypersensitivity also extended to an Alzheimer's disease-relevant insult, as the CA3 region of long-term ovariectomized rats was profoundly hypersensitive to the neurotoxic effects of amyloid-β1-42, the most amyloidogenic form of the amyloid-β peptide. Additional studies revealed that CA3 region hypersensitivity, Alzheimer's disease-related protein induction, and amyloidogenesis are mediated by a NADPH oxidase/superoxide/c-Jun N-terminal kinase/c-Jun signalling pathway, involving both transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms. In addition, while 17β-oestradiol replacement at the end of the long-term oestrogen deprivation period could not prevent CA3 hypersensitivity and amyloidogenesis, if 17β-oestradiol was initiated at the time of ovariectomy and maintained throughout the 10-week oestrogen deprivation period, it completely prevented these events, providing support for the 'critical window' hypothesis for oestrogen replacement therapy benefit. Collectively, these findings may help explain the increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia observed in women following surgical menopause, and they provide increased support that early 17β-oestradiol replacement is critical in preventing the negative neural effects associated with bilateral ovariectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awt046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3634196PMC
May 2013

Association analysis of USF1 gene polymorphisms and total unstable carotid plaque area in atherosclerotic stroke patients.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2013 Oct;36(3):317-23

The Center for Laboratory Diagnosis, Beijing Tian Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.

Polymorphisms of the upstream stimulatory factor 1 (USF1) have been associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness and coronary atherosclerotic lesions. Unstable carotid plaque is an atherosclerotic change of vascular morphology that has been correlated with cerebrovascular ischemic symptoms. Associations of three single nucleotide polymorphisms of the USF1 gene with total unstable carotid plaque area (CPA) were investigated in Chinese atherosclerotic stroke patients. We recruited 668 atherosclerotic stroke patients and 602 controls. Total unstable CPA values were measured by ultrasound. Genotypes were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) or mismatched PCR-RFLP. A significant difference in total unstable CPA was found for rs2516838 and rs2516839 genotypes (P = 0.039 and 0.046, respectively) in atherosclerotic stroke patients with unstable carotid plaque. Furthermore, in multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted by age, sex, BMI, hypertension, smoking status, glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterols, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterols and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, significant associations were seen between the total unstable CPA values and genotypes of the rs2516838 or the rs2516839 in these patients. The rare allele C of rs2516838 or rare allele A of rs2516839 could predict relative low total unstable CPA values. The rs2516838 and rs2516839 polymorphisms of USF1 influence total unstable CPA in atherosclerotic stroke patients, which might be new markers to predict the risk of recurrence for this disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-012-0861-0DOI Listing
October 2013

Transplantation of human retinal pigment epithelium cells in the treatment for Parkinson disease.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2012 Dec;18(12):1012-20

Institute of Neurosurgery, The PLA Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background And Purpose: To assess the clinical effect of transplantation of human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells into the unilateral postcommissural putamen for treatment for Parkinson disease (PD).

Methods And Results: Cells from postmortem human eye tissue (10-20 weeks of gestation) were cultured in vitro. Cells from -generation passage were implanted in PD postcommissural putamen with stereotactic operation in 12 patients with PD. All patients tolerated surgery well, and no major adverse events occurred. Eleven patients showed improvement in the primary outcome measure at 3 months post-treatment, particularly the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-M score in the off state. Response reached a peak at 12 months and declined during the next 24 months. At the 36-month endpoint, there were eight patients who felt better than at baseline. Positron emission tomography (PET) showed a trend with increased dopamine (DA) release during the first 6 months.

Conclusion: Human retinal pigment epithelial cells have the characteristics of neural progenitor cells and can be induced to differentiate into DA neurons. The results of this clinical trial suggest that the treatment of transplanted hRPE cells could improve symptoms of PD. These cells might serve as a useful source of DA neurons for neural graft in the treatment for PD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cns.12025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6493491PMC
December 2012

[Value of (18)F-FLT positron emission tomography/computed tomography in diagnosis and staging of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2012 Jun;20(3):603-7

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of (18)F-FLT positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in diagnosis and staging of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients and compare with CT. Thirty-six patients with DLBCL in our hospital from September 2008 to December 2009 were prospectively evaluated. All 36 patients underwent whole body and head (18)F-FLT PET/CT and CT (chest, abdomen cavity and pelvis) were studied before therapy. The maximal standardized uptake value (SUV(max)) of every single focus and the SUV(max) of aortic arch blood pool were measured and used to calculate the median T/MB value (tumor SUV(max)/mediastinal SUV(max)) of every patient. The results showed that the consistency of (18)F-FLT PET/CT and CT examinations in focus of DLBCL was 79.10%, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accurate rate of (18)F-FLT PET/CT were 96.65%, 100%, 100%, 61.11% and 96.82%, respectively, which were much higher than that of CT (85.44%, 57.14%, 96.70%, 21.05% and 83.64%). It is concluded that the (18)F-FLT PET/CT is a good means for DLBCL diagnosis and staging, which is more sensitive and specific than CT.
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June 2012

Long-term follow up of interventional therapy of secundum atrial septal defect.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2012 Jan;125(1):149-52

Department of Cardiology, Zhengzhou Cardiovascular Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan 450016, China.

Background: The percutaneous transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is increasingly a widespread alternative to surgical closure. The aim of this study was to assess long-term results of percutaneous closure of secundum-type atrial septal defect (ASDII).

Methods: Between January 2001 and December 2005, 61 patients underwent a successful percutaneous closure of ASDII; including 25 male and 36 female. All were included in the patient study and were followed up to monitor by electrocardiogram and echocardiography, at intervals of 3 days, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years after operation.

Results: Three days after percutaneous transcatheter septal closure (PTSC), the right atrium diameter, right ventricular end-diastolic left-right diameter and right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) decreased significantly (P < 0.05). Right ventricular end-diastolic anteroposterior diameter (RVEDD), right ventricular end-systolic volume (RVESV) and right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) also decreased (P < 0.01). During the period from 3 to 6 months, the size of the right atrium and right ventricle returned to normal range. Three days after PTSC, the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular-systolic volume (LVSV) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were significantly increased (P < 0.05). At 1 year, the size of the left atrium, left ventricle and left cardiac function returned to normal range (P < 0.01). There were no deaths or significant complications during the study. At five year follow-up, all defects were completely closed and remained closed thereafter.

Conclusion: Transcatheter closure of ASDII effectively eliminated the abnormal shunt and, subsequently improved the dimensions of each chamber and cardiac function.
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January 2012

11C-CHO PET in optimization of target volume delineation and treatment regimens in postoperative radiotherapy for brain gliomas.

Nucl Med Biol 2012 Apr 14;39(3):437-42. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Center of Radiation Oncology, People's Liberation Army's Navy General Hospital, Beijing 10048, China.

Objective: We explored the clinical values of (11)C-choline ((11)C-CHO) PET in optimization of target volume delineation and treatment regimens in postoperative radiotherapy for brain gliomas.

Methods: Sixteen patients with the pathological confirmation of the diagnosis of gliomas prior to receiving radiotherapy (postoperative) were included, and on whom both MRI and CHO PET scans were performed at the same position for comparison of residual tumors with the two techniques. (11)C-CHO was used as the tracer in the PET scan. A plain T1-weighted, T2-weighted and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging scans were performed in the MRI scan sequence. The gliomas' residual tumor volume was defined as the area with CHO-PET high-affinity uptake and metabolism (V(CHO)) and one with MRI T1-weighted imaging high signal intensity (V(Gd)), and was determined by a group of experienced professionals and clinicians.

Results: (1) In CHO-PET images, the tumor target volume, i.e., the highly metabolic area with a high concentration of isotopes (SUV 1.016-4.21) and the corresponding contralateral normal brain tissues (SUV0.1-0.62), was well contrasted, and the boundary between lesions and surrounding normal brain tissues was better defined compared with MRI and (18)F-FDG PET images. (2) For patients with brain gliomas of WHO Grade II, the SUV was 1.016-2.5; for those with WHO Grades III and IV, SUVs were >26-4.2. (3) Both CHO PET and MRI were positive for 10 patients and negative for 2 patients. The residual tumor consistency between these two studies was 75%. Four of the 10 CHO-PET-positive patients were negative on MRI scans. The maximum distance between V(Gd) and V(CHO) margins was 1.8 cm. (4) The gross tumor volumes (GTVs) and the ensuing treatment regimens were changed for 31.3% (5/16) of patients based on the CHO-PET high-affinity uptake and metabolism, in which the change rate was 80% (4/5), 14.3 % (1/7) and 0% (0/4) for patients with WHO Grade II III, and IV gliomas, respectively.

Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that difference exists between CHO PET and MRI by which to judge and identify residual tumor for patients with brain gliomas. CHO PET is considered to be a supplementary diagnostic approach for MRI. Biological tumor target volume (BTV) displayed in the CHO PET images is useful in determining or delineating the radiotherapy target volume and making decisions in selecting treatment regimens. Tumor target volume may be defined more accurately and rationally when the CHO PET is combined with MRI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2011.10.003DOI Listing
April 2012

[Start-up and affecting factors of biofilter for treatment of NO(x) under aerobic conditions].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2011 Jul;32(7):1881-7

Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection and Eco-Remediation of Guangdong Regular Higher Education Institutions, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China.

An optimized aerobic denitrifying bacteria was applied to a biofilter for the removal of NO(x). The removal process of NO(x) was investigated, and the relationship between environmental factors and NO(x) removal efficiency as well as the NO(x) transfermechanism under aerobic conditions are discussed. The results show that the biofilter finished start-up after 26 days and the presence of oxygen has no evident negative effect on the efficiency of NO(x) removal. Mainly happening at the middle and under part of the biofiltration system, the removal of NO(x) get a high efficiency of 93.6% at the EBRT of 59s and the inlet NO(x) concentration of 286.4 mg/m3 with 10% O2. A special biomembrane system was formulated by nitrobacteria, facultative denitrifying bacteria and aerobic denitrifying bacteria in the biofiltration system.
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July 2011

C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP)-mediated degradation of hippocampal estrogen receptor-alpha and the critical period hypothesis of estrogen neuroprotection.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2011 Aug 1;108(35):E617-24. Epub 2011 Aug 1.

Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

Recent work suggests that timing of 17β-estradiol (E2) therapy may be critical for observing a beneficial neural effect. Along these lines, E2 neuroprotection, but not its uterotropic effect, was shown to be lost following long-term E2 deprivation (LTED), and this effect was associated with a significant decrease of estrogen receptor-α (ERα) in the hippocampus but not the uterus. The purpose of the current study was to determine the mechanism underlying the ERα decrease and to determine whether aging leads to a similar loss of hippocampal ERα and E2 sensitivity. The results of the study show that ERα in the rat hippocampal CA1 region but not the uterus undergoes enhanced interaction with the E3 ubiquitin ligase C terminus of heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70)-interacting protein (CHIP) that leads to its ubiquitination/proteasomal degradation following LTED (10-wk ovariectomy). E2 treatment initiated before but not after LTED prevented the enhanced ERα-CHIP interaction and ERα ubiquitination/degradation and was fully neuroprotective against global cerebral ischemia. Administration of a proteasomal inhibitor or CHIP antisense oligonucleotides to knock down CHIP reversed the LTED-induced down-regulation of ERα. Further work showed that these observations extended to natural aging, because aged rats showed enhanced CHIP interaction; ubiquitination and degradation of both hippocampal ERα and ERβ; and, importantly, a correlated loss of E2 neuroprotection against global cerebral ischemia. In contrast, E2 administration to middle-aged rats was still capable of exerting neuroprotection. As a whole, the study provides support for a "critical period" for E2 neuroprotection of the hippocampus and provides important insight into the mechanism underlying the critical period.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1104391108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3167560PMC
August 2011

An iridium(III) complex of oximated 2,2'-bipyridine as a sensitive phosphorescent sensor for hypochlorite.

Analyst 2011 Jun 21;136(11):2277-82. Epub 2011 Apr 21.

State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China.

The designed synthesis of a sensitive phosphorescent chemosensor [Ir(ppy)(2)(L1)](PF(6)) (1) (Hppy = 2-phenylpyridine, L1 = 4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl-4-carbaldehyde oxime) was carried out for selective detection of hypochlorite (ClO(-)). Complex 1 is weakly emissive in solution at ambient temperature due likely to rapid isomerization of C=N-OH as an effective non-radiative decay process. When 1 reacts with ClO(-), however, the emission is remarkably enhanced, in which the oxime in L1 is converted to a carboxylic acid in L2 (4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridine-4-carboxylic acid). The produced complex [Ir(ppy)(2)(L2)](PF(6)) (2) exhibits bright orange-yellow luminescence originating from [5d(Ir) → π*(bpy)] (3)MLCT and [π(ppy) → π*(bpy)] (3)LLCT triplet excited states as suggested from the DFT computational studies. The selective and competitive experiments reveal that complex 1 shows high sensing selectivity and sensitivity for ClO(-) over other reactive oxygen species (ROS) and metal ions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c1an15030hDOI Listing
June 2011

Prevalence and related factors of urinary incontinence among Hebei women of China.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2011 13;71(4):262-7. Epub 2011 Jan 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PLA Bethune International Peace Hospital, Shijiazhuang, PR China. xiaohuawu65 @ yahoo.com

Background/aims: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and related factors of different types of urinary incontinence (UI) among Hebei women in China.

Methods: A total of 2,500 women aged 20 years or more were sampled and interviewed face-to-face by well-trained interviewers.

Results: Among these women, 35.2% (862/2,448) had UI. The prevalence of stress, urge, and mixed UI was 26.4% (647/2,448), 1.9% (47/2,448), and 6.9% (168/2,448), respectively. In multivariable logistic regression, age, constipation, pelvic organ prolapse, number of abortions, and cesarean sections were associated with both stress and mixed UI; body mass index, dysmenorrhea, vaginitis and cervicitis, fetal weight, and dystocia were associated with stress UI only; age of menarche and dystocia were associated with urge UI only, and living in a city or countryside, a history of pelvic operation, urinary infection, diseases of the respiratory system, heart disease, and alcohol consumption with mixed UI.

Conclusions: UI is a highly prevalent condition among women in Hebei Province, PR China. Stress, urge, and mixed UI not only have some related factors in common but also have some different ones. Economic condition and a lack of UI-related knowledge are factors keeping patients from seeing a doctor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000320333DOI Listing
October 2011

[Effect of N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline on regulation of expression of ras-raf-ERK1/2 signal transduction pathway in lung of rats with silicosis].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2010 Oct;28(10):760-5

Hebei United University, Tangshan 063009, China.

Objective: to investigate the effect of N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (AcSDKP) on the expressions of c-Raf, ERK1/2 and TGF-β1 in the lung of rats with silicosis, thus to investigate the regulating of AcSDKP on the Ras-Raf-ERK1/2 signal transduction pathway.

Methods: rats were instilled with silica through trachea as silicotic models and administered AcSDKP in the experiment. Rats were divided into 6 groups randomly, 10 rats in each group: Control 1 and 2 of silicotic model: each rat was intratracheally instilled with 1.0 ml normal sodium and was killed after 4 or 8 weeks; Silicotic model 1 and Silicotic model 2: each rat was intratracheally instilled with 1ml silica suspension and was killed after 4 or 8 weeks; Anti-fibrosis treatment of AcSDKP: after each rat was intratracheally instilled with 1ml silica suspension for 4 weeks, AcSDKP 800 microg × kg(-1) × d(-1) was administered into every rat and rats were killed at the eighth week; Preventing fibrosis treatment of AcSDKP: after AcSDKP 800 microg × kg(-1) × d(-1) was administered into every rat for 48 hours, each rat was intratracheally instilled with 1.0 ml silica suspension and rats were killed at the eighth week. The expression of c-Raf, phospho-c-Raf, ERK1/2, phospho-ERK1/2 and TGF-β1 was measured by immunohistochemistry and western blot assay.

Results: compared with the corresponding control groups, the expressions of phospho-c-Raf, phospho-ERK1/2 and TGF-β1 increased in the lung tissue of the silicotic models. Compared with the corresponding model groups, after administration AcSDKP, the expressions of phospho-c-Raf, phospho-ERK1/2 and TGF-β1 in the lung tissue reduced obviously. In anti-fibrosis treatment of AcSDKP group, expressions of phospho-c-Raf, phospho-ERK1/2 and TGF-β1 decreased to 52.25%, 51.72% and 67.74% compared with those of the silicotic model 1, and expressions of phospho-c-Raf, phospho-ERK1/2 and TGF-β1 decreased to 49.37%, 55.76%, 65.63% compared with those of the silicotic model 2; In preventing fibrosis treatment of AcSDKP group, expressions of phospho-c-Raf, phospho-ERK1/2 and TGF-β1 decreased to 54.64%, 55.76% and 78.91% compared with those of the silicotic model 2 (P < 0.05) while the expressions of c-Raf and ERK1/2 were not different significantly among each groups.

Conclusion: AcSDKP possibly plays an important role in anti-silicotic fibrosis by blocking the TGF-β-induced Ras-Raf-ERK1/2 signal transduction pathway.
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October 2010

Monitoring early responses to irradiation with dual-tracer micro-PET in dual-tumor bearing mice.

World J Gastroenterol 2010 Nov;16(43):5416-23

Nuclear Medicine Department, The General Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and Military Medical Postgraduate College, 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100853, China.

Aim: To monitor the early responses to irradiation in primary and metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) with (18)F-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) small-animal position emission tomography (micro-PET).

Methods: The primary and metastatic CRC cell lines, SW480 and SW620, were irradiated with 5, 10 and 20 Gy. After 24 h, the cell cycle phases were analyzed. A dual-tumor-bearing mouse model of primary and metastatic cancer was established by injecting SW480 and SW620 cells into mice. micro-PET with (18)F-FLT and (18)F-FDG was performed before and 24 h after irradiation with 5, 10 and 20 Gy. The region of interest (ROI) was drawn over the tumor and background to calculate the ratio of tumor to non-tumor (T/NT) in tissues. Immunohistochemical assay and Western blotting were used to examine the levels of integrin β(3,) Ki-67, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and heat shock protein 27 (HSP27).

Results: The proportion of SW480 and SW620 cells in the G(2)-M phase was decreased with an increasing radiation dose. The proportion of SW480 cells in the G(0)-G(1) phase was increased from 48.33% ± 4.55% to 87.09% ± 7.43% (P < 0.001) and that of SW620 cells in the S-phase was elevated from 43.57% ± 2.65% to 66.59% ± 7.37% (P = 0.021). In micro-PET study, with increasing dose of radiation, (18)F-FLT uptake was significantly reduced from 3.65 ± 0.51 to 2.87 ± 0.47 (P = 0.008) in SW480 tumors and from 2.22 ± 0.42 to 1.76 ± 0.45 (P = 0.026) in SW620 tumors. (18)F-FDG uptake in SW480 and SW620 tumors was reduced but not significantly (F = 0.582, P = 0.633 vs F = 0.273, P = 0.845). Dose of radiation was negatively correlated with (18)F-FLT uptake in both SW480 and SW620 tumors (r = -0.727, P = 0.004; and r = -0.664, P = 0.009). No significant correlation was found between (18)F-FDG uptake and radiation dose in SW480 or SW620 tumors. HSP27 and integrin β(3) expression was higher in SW480 than in SW620 tumors. The T/NT ratio for (18)F-FLT uptake was positively correlated with HSP27 and integrin β(3) expression (r = 0.924, P = 0.004; and r = 0.813, P = 0.025).

Conclusion: (18)F-FLT is more suitable than (18)F-FDG in monitoring early responses to irradiation in both primary and metastatic lesions of colorectal cancer.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2988233PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v16.i43.5416DOI Listing
November 2010