Publications by authors named "Roula Merheb"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of Implementation of Infant-Driven Oral Feeding Guideline on Preterm Infants' Abilities to Achieve Oral Feeding Milestones, in a Tertiary Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Nutr Clin Pract 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University and MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Objective: This study examines the hypothesis that infant-driven oral feeding leads to earlier achievement of oral feeding and reduces the length of hospital stay compared with provider-driven oral feeding in premature infants METHODS: We used a retrospective chart review to compare 2 groups of premature infants born at ≤35 weeks of gestation. The control group (CG) received the Provider-Driven Oral Feeding model and the intervention group (IG) received the Infant-Driven Oral Feeding model. Postmenstrual age (PMA) upon achieving full oral feeding, PMA at first oral feeding, discharge weight, and length of hospital stay were compared between the groups.

Results: There are 208 infants in CG and 170 infants in IG. Infants in IG were born, on average, at a lower gestational age and birth weight than infants in CG. The median PMA at full oral feeding of 35 2/7 weeks (interquartile range [IQR], 34 2/7-36 2/7) for IG is significantly lower than the median of 35 5/7 weeks (IQR, 35-36 5/7) for CG, P-value < 0.001. Median PMA at first oral feeding is 34 1/7 weeks for both groups. Median PMA at discharge was 36 6/7 weeks for both groups. Median discharge weights of 2509 g (IQR, 2175-2964) for IG and 2459 g (IQR, 2204-2762) for CG are not statistically different.

Conclusion: Implementation of the Infant-Driven Feeding guideline led to earlier achievement of full oral feeding by 3 days on average while maintaining the same discharge weight but did not lead to earlier hospital discharge.
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March 2021

Neonatal Serum Phosphorus Levels and Enamel Defects in Very Low Birth Weight Infants.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2016 08 2;40(6):835-41. Epub 2015 Mar 2.

Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants miss out on the period of greatest mineral accretion that occurs during the last trimester of pregnancy and are at higher risk of enamel defects. No studies have well described the relationship between neonatal nutrition and dental outcomes in preterm, VLBW infants. The objective of this study was to assess the differences in nutrition biomarkers, feeding intake, and comorbidities among VLBW infants with and without enamel defects.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of VLBW infants recruited for an ongoing longitudinal dental study between 2007 and 2010 was done. Participants were classified as cases and controls according to the presence/absence of developmental defects of enamel at 8 and/or 18-20 and/or 36 months. Demographics and medical and nutrition data were abstracted from 76 subjects' medical charts.

Results: Of the 76 VLBW subjects, 62% had enamel defects (hypoplasia and/or opacity). The only significant variable in the logistic regression analysis was that infants with a 1-mg/dL increase in serum phosphorus levels had a 68% reduction in the odds of having enamel hypoplasia (odds ratio, 0.322; P = .024).

Conclusion: Neonatal lower serum phosphorus levels are significantly associated with enamel hypoplasia in VLBW infants younger than 3 years.
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August 2016