Publications by authors named "Rostyslav Stoika"

60 Publications

Synthesis of novel indole-thiazolidinone hybrid structures as promising scaffold with anticancer potential.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 11 5;50:116453. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Department of Pharmaceutical, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Pekarska 69, Lviv 79010, Ukraine; Department of Public Health, Dietetics and Lifestyle Disorders, Faculty of Medicine, University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow, Sucharskiego 2, 35-225 Rzeszow, Poland. Electronic address:

A series of novel indole-azolidinone hybrids has been synthesized via Knoevenagel reaction of 5-fluoro-3-formyl-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester and some azolidinones differing in heteroatoms in positions 1, 2 and 4. Their anticancer activity in vitro was screened towards MCF-7 (breast cancer), HCT116 (colon cancer), HepG2 (hepatoma), HeLa (cervical cancer), A549 (lung cancer), WM793 (melanoma) and THP-1 (leukemia) cell lines, and a highly active 5-fluoro-3-(4-oxo-2-thioxothiazolidin-5-ylidenemethyl)-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester (3a) was identified and subjected to in-depth investigation of cytotoxicity mechanisms. This compound was found to possess the highest cytotoxic action towards tumor cells comparing with the action of other derivatives (1, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e). Compound 3a exhibited toxicity toward MCF-7, HCT116, and A549, HepG2 cancer cells, while the non-malignant cells (human keratinocytes of HaCaT line and murine embryonic fibroblasts of Balb/c 3T3 line) possessed moderate sensitivity to it. The compound 3a induced apoptosis in studied tumor cells via caspase 3-, PARP1-, and Bax-dependent mechanisms; however, it did not affect the G1/S transition in HepG2 cells. The compound 3a impaired nuclear DNA in HepG2, HCT116, and MCF-7 cells without intercalating this biomolecule, but much less DNA damage events were induced by 3a in normal Balb/c 3T3 fibroblasts compared with HepG2 carcinoma cells. Thus, 5-fluoro-3-(4-oxo-2-thioxothiazolidin-5-ylidenemethyl)-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester 3a was shown to trigger DNA damage and induce apoptosis of human tumor cells and it might be considered as an anticancer agent perspective for in-depth studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2021.116453DOI Listing
November 2021

Treatment of Parkinson's disease in Zebrafish model with a berberine derivative capable of crossing blood brain barrier, targeting mitochondria, and convenient for bioimaging experiments.

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Nov 31;249:109151. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Biology Institute, Qilu University of Technology, Shandong Academy of Sciences, Jinan 250103, Shandong Province, China; Engineering Research Center of Zebrafish Models for Human Diseases and Drug Screening of Shandong Province, Jinan 250103, Shandong Province, China. Electronic address:

Berberine is a famous alkaloid extracted from Berberis plants and has been widely used as medications and functional food additives. Recent studies reveal that berberine exhibits neuroprotective activity in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorders all over the world. However, the actual site of anti-PD action of berberine remains largely unknown. To this end, we employed a fluorescently labeled berberine derivative BBRP to investigate the subcellular localization and blood brain barrier (BBB) permeability in a cellular model of PD and zebrafish PD model. Biological investigations revealed that BBRP retained the neuroprotective activity of berberine against PD-like symptoms in PC12 cells and zebrafish, such as protecting 6-OHDA induced cell death, relieving MPTP induced PD-like behavior and increasing dopaminergic neuron loss in zebrafish. We also found that BBRP could readily penetrate BBB and function in the brain of zebrafish suffering from PD. Subcellular localization study indicated that BBRP could rapidly and specifically accumulate in mitochondria of PC12 cells when it exerted anti-PD effect. In addition, BBRP could suppress accumulation of Pink1 protein and inhibit the overexpression of LC3 protein in 6-OHDA damaged cells. All these results suggested that the potential site of action of berberine is mitochondria in the brain under the PD condition. Therefore, the findings described herein would be useful for further development of berberine as an anti-PD drug.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2021.109151DOI Listing
November 2021

Suppression of systemic inflammation and signs of acute and chronic cholangitis by multi-kinase inhibitor 1-(4-Cl-benzyl)-3-chloro-4-(CF3-phenylamino)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione.

Mol Cell Biochem 2021 Aug 1;476(8):3021-3035. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of High Technologies, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine.

An aberrant activity of growth factor receptors followed by excessive cell proliferation plays a significant role in pathogenesis of cholangitis. Therefore, inhibition of these processes could be a fruitful therapeutic strategy. The effects of multi-kinase inhibitor 1-(4-Cl-benzyl)-3-chloro-4-(CF3-phenylamino)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (MI-1) on the hepatic and systemic manifestations of acute and chronic cholangitis in rats were addressed. MI-1 (2.7 mg/kg per day) was applied to male rats that experienced α-naphthylisothiocyanate-induced acute (3 days) or chronic (28 days) cholangitis. Liver autopsy samples, blood serum markers, and leukograms were studied. MI-1 localization in liver cells and its impact on viability of HepG2 (human hepatoma), HL60 (human leukemia), and NIH3T3 (normal murine fibroblasts) cell lines and lymphocytes of human peripheral blood (MTT, DNA fragmentation, DNA comet assays, Propidium Iodide staining) were assessed. Under both acute and chronic cholangitis, MI-1 substantially reduced liver injury, fibrosis, and inflammatory scores (by 46-86%) and normalized blood serum markers and leukograms. Moreover, these effects were preserved after a 28-day recovery period (without any treatment). MI-1 inhibited the HL60, HepG2 cells, and human lymphocytes viability (IC 0.6, 9.5 and 8.3 µg/ml, respectively), while NIH3T3 cells were resistant to that. Additionally, HepG2 cells and lymphocytes being incubated with MI-1 demonstrated insignificant pro-apoptotic and pro-necrotic changes and DNA single-strand breaks, suggesting that MI-1 effects in liver might be partly caused by its cytotoxic action towards liver cells and lymphocytes. In conclusion, MI-1 attenuated the systemic inflammation and signs of acute and chronic cholangitis partly through cytotoxicity towards cells of hepatic and leukocytic origin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11010-021-04144-yDOI Listing
August 2021

Isolation and identification in human blood serum of the proteins possessing the ability to bind with 48 kDa form of unconventional myosin 1c and their possible diagnostic and prognostic value.

Biomed Chromatogr 2021 Apr 2;35(4):e5029. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Institute of Cell Biology, Nationa Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Drahomanov st., 14\16, Lviv, Ukraine.

We firstly identified 48 kDa molecular form of the unconventional myosin 1c (p48/Myo1C), and isolated it from blood serum of multiple sclerosis patients. The amount of p48/Myo1C in human blood serum correlated with some autoimmune, hemato-oncological and neurodegenerative diseases and thus may serve as a potential molecular biomarker. The biological functions of this protein in human blood remain unknown. Previously, we used the monodisperse magnetic poly (glycidyl methacrylate)(mag-PGMA-NH ) microspheres with immobilized 48/Myo1C and western-blot analysis, which allowed us to identify IgM and IgG immunoglobulins presenting an affinity to this protein. Here, we used mass spectrometry followed by the western blotting in order to identify other blood serum proteins with affinity to 48/Myo1C. The obtained data demonstrate that 48/Myo1C binds to component 3 of the complement and the antithrombin-III proteins. A combination of magnetic microparticle-based affinity chromatography with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and an in silico analysis provided an opportunity to identify the partners of interaction of 48/Myo1C with other proteins, in particular those participating in complement and coagulation cascades.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.5029DOI Listing
April 2021

Synthesis of a novel fluorescent berberine derivative convenient for its subcellular localization study.

Bioorg Chem 2020 08 17;101:104021. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Biological Engineering College, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Jinan 250056, Shandong Province, China.

Berberine is a naturally occurred isoquinoline alkaloid that shows great potential for developing anticancer drugs. However, the problem stays of poor understanding of the mechanisms of anticancer action of berberine. It depends on evaluation of berberine's pharmacokinetics, namely monitoring of its uptake and distribution in cells, tissues and organs. In order to address these problems, we have designed and synthesized a novel berberine derivative BBR-BODIPY bearing a fluorescent tag that allows screening its interaction with the targeted cells. It was shown that the synthesized fluorescent derivative could penetrate into human breast carcinoma MCF7 cells, and then induced apoptosis detected by the Western Blot analysis as changed expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including Bax, Bcl2, and Cyto C released from mitochondria, Cleaved Caspase 9, Cleaved PARP, Pro-Caspase 3, and Cleaved Caspase 3. The results of MitoTracker analysis followed by the confocal microscopy of sub-cellular localization of BBR-BODIPY in the MCF7 cells demonstrated excellent cell-penetrating ability of this compound even at low concentrations, and mitochondria was the main site of its accumulation. Together with the results of Western Blot analysis, these data indicated that the mitochondria pathway might be involved in berberine-induced apoptosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2020.104021DOI Listing
August 2020

Synthesis of disaccharide modified berberine derivatives and their anti-diabetic investigation in zebrafish using a fluorescence-based technology.

Org Biomol Chem 2020 05;18(18):3563-3574

Biology Institute, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Jinan 250014, Shandong Province, China.

Berberine is a naturally occurring isoquinoline alkaloid and has been used as an important functional food additive in China due to its various pharmacological activities. Berberine exhibits great potential for developing anti-diabetic agents against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), as it can reduce the blood glucose level in many animal models. However, the low anti-diabetic activity and poor bioavailability of berberine (below 5%) by oral administration significantly limit its practical applications. To solve these problems, this article focuses on the structural modification of berberine using some disaccharide groups, because the carbohydrate moiety has been proved to improve the bioavailability and enhance the receptor-binding affinity of drugs. Anti-diabetic investigation of the synthesized compounds was performed in a zebrafish model using a fluorescently labelled glucose analog 2-deoxy-2-[(7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)amino]-d-glucose (2-NBDG) as a glucose tracker. The results indicated that the modification of berberine with carbohydrate groups could give derivatives with improved anti-diabetic activity, in particular the diglucose modified berberine derivative 1 which could dramatically promote the uptake of 2-NBDG in both zebrafish larvae and their eyes even at very low concentrations. Furthermore, the fluorescence-based anti-diabetic investigation method in zebrafish shows great potential for anti-diabetic drug screening.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0ob00327aDOI Listing
May 2020

Magnetic Temperature-Sensitive Solid-Lipid Particles for Targeting and Killing Tumor Cells.

Front Chem 2020 9;8:205. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czechia.

Magnetic and temperature-sensitive solid lipid particles (mag. SLPs) were prepared in the presence of oleic acid-coated iron oxide (IO-OA) nanoparticles with 1-tetradecanol and poly(ethylene oxide)--poly(ε-caprolactone) as lipid and stabilizing surfactant-like agents, respectively. The particles, typically ~850 nm in hydrodynamic size, showed heat dissipation under the applied alternating magnetic field. Cytotoxic activity of the mag.SLPs, non-magnetic SLPs, and iron oxide nanoparticles was compared concerning the mammalian cancer cell lines and their drug-resistant counterparts using trypan blue exclusion test and MTT assay. The mag.SLPs exhibited dose-dependent cytotoxicity against human leukemia cell lines growing in suspension (Jurkat and HL-60/wt), as well as the doxorubicin (Dox)- and vincristine-resistant HL-60 sublines. The mag.SLPs showed higher cytotoxicity toward drug-resistant sublines as compared to Dox. The human glioblastoma cell line U251 growing in a monolayer culture was also sensitive to mag.SLPs cytotoxicity. Staining of U251 cells with the fluorescent dyes Hoechst 33342 and propidium iodide (PI) revealed that mag.SLPs treatment resulted in an increased number of cells with condensed chromatin and/or fragmented nuclei as well as with blebbing of the plasma membranes. While the Hoechst 33342 staining of cell suggested the pro-apoptotic activity of the particles, the PI staining indicated the pro-necrotic changes in the target cells. These conclusions were confirmed by Western blot analysis of apoptosis-related proteins, study of DNA fragmentation (DNA laddering due to the inter-nucleosomal cleavage and DNA comets due to single strand breaks), as well as by FACS analysis of the patterns of cell cycle distribution (pre-G1 phase) and Annexin V/PI staining of the treated Jurkat cells. The induction of apoptosis or necrosis by the particles used to treat Jurkat cells depended on the dose of the particles. Production of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) was proposed as a potential mechanism of mag.SLPs-induced cytotoxicity. Accordingly, hydrogen peroxide and superoxide radical levels in mag.SLPs-treated Jurkat leukemic cells were increased by ~20-40 and ~70%, respectively. In contrast, the non-magnetic SLPs and neat iron oxides did not influence ROS levels significantly. Thus, the developed mag.SLPs can be used for effective killing of human tumor cells, including drug-resistant ones.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2020.00205DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7161697PMC
April 2020

The purification and identification of human blood serum proteins with affinity to the antitumor active RL2 lactaptin using magnetic microparticles.

Biomed Chromatogr 2019 Nov 18;33(11):e4647. Epub 2019 Aug 18.

Institute of Cell Biology NAS Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine.

The cytopoxic effect of RL2 lactaptin (the recombinant analog of proteolytic fragment of human kappa-casein) toward tumor cells in vitro and in vivo presents it as a novel promising antitumor drug. The binding of any drug with serum proteins can affect their activity, distribution, rate of excretion and toxicity in the human body. Here, we studied the ability of RL2 to bind to various blood serum proteins. Using magnetic microparticles bearing by RL2 as an affinity matrix, in combination with mass spectrometry and western blot analysis, we found a number of blood serum proteins possessing affinity for RL2. Among them IgA, IgM and IgG subclasses of immunoglobulins, apolipoprotein A1 and various cortactin isoforms were identified. This data suggests that in the bloodstream RL2 lactaptin takes part in complicate protein-protein interactions, which can affect its activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.4647DOI Listing
November 2019

Comb-like PEG-containing polymeric composition as low toxic drug nanocarrier.

Cancer Nanotechnol 2018 20;9(1):11. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

5International Research and Innovation in Medicine Program, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 6500 Wilshire Blvd., Ste. 2102, Los Angeles, CA 90048-5502 USA.

Background: Development of biocompatible multifunctional polymeric drug carriers is crucial in modern pharmaceutics aimed to create "smart" drugs. The high potential of the PEGylated comb-like polymeric nanocarrier (PNC) in delivering both traditional and experimental drugs to tumor cells in vitro and in vivo has been demonstrated previously. In the present study, we investigated the general toxicity of polyethylene glycol (PEG) processed with both covalent and non-covalent attachments of PEG to compose a comb-like polymer that behaves like a simple chain of n monomers decorated with swollen side chains. The PNC possesses properties of a water-soluble surfactant containing methyl-terminated PEG side branches in some monomer units attached covalently to the carbon chain backbone.

Results: We have demonstrated that the synthesized PNC possesses weak toxic effects toward human leukemia cells (HL-60 and Jurkat lines), as well as toward hepatocellular (HepG2), colon (HCT116) and breast (MCF-7) tumor cell lines. Additionally, after a long period (20 days) of intraperitoneal administration, the PNC had no significant toxic effects in laboratory white mice (470 mg/kg body mass in 1 ml) and Wistar rats (440 mg/kg body mass in 10 ml).

Conclusion: The developed PNC we studied can be qualified as a compound of grade 4 toxicity (low toxicity substance). The reduced toxicity of this PNC in combination with its improved bioavailability and previously detected capability to enhance cytotoxicity toward tumor cells in vitro and potential tumor treatment effects in vivo suggests its potential as a safe drug delivery platform for treating various diseases, especially cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12645-018-0045-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302051PMC
December 2018

Fluorine-containing block/branched polyamphiphiles forming bioinspired complexes with biopolymers.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2019 Feb 20;174:393-400. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Lviv Polytechnic National University, S. Bandery str., 12, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine. Electronic address:

Colloidal-chemical characteristics of block/branched cationic and non-ionic polyamphiphiles containing poly(fluorine-alkyl methacrylate) (poly(FMA)) block and their intermolecular complexes with biopolymers were studied. The dependences of their surface activity and micelle size on the length of hydrophobic and hydrophilic blocks, as well as the length of side fluorine-alkyl branches were established. Poly(FMA)-block-poly(DMAEMA) was used for formation of interpolyelectrolyte complexes with plasmid DNA (pDNA) via their electrostatic interaction. Novel non-viral polyplexes were tested as gene delivery systems for mammalian cells. The results of DLS, TEM and MALDI-ToF studies demonstrated disaggregation of lysozyme (LYZ) aggregates in the presence of poly(FMA)-block-poly(NVP) and formation of the polyamphiphile…LYS complex possessing antibacterial action.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.11.047DOI Listing
February 2019

Proapoptotic effects of novel thiazole derivative on human glioma cells.

Anticancer Drugs 2019 01;30(1):27-37

Biology Faculty.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the antiproliferative and proapoptotic actions of N-(5-benzyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-3,5-dimethyl-1-benzofuran-2-carboxamide derivative (compound 5) in glioma cells in comparison with the actions of temozolomide (TMZ) and doxorubicin (Dox), used as positive controls. The antiproliferative activity of the compound 5, TMZ, and Dox on human glioblastoma U251 and human glioblastoma multiform T98G cells was measured using the MTT test. Western blot analysis, fluorescent microscopy, agarose gel retardation assay, flow cytometric analysis, and the DNA comet assay under alkaline conditions were carried out to study the effect of compound 5 on U251 cells. This compound showed ~20 times higher cytotoxicity toward U251 and T98G cells compared with the effects of TMZ and approximately two times higher activity than that of the Dox. Compound 5 induced apoptosis in U251 cells by PARP1 and caspase 3 cleavage mechanisms, also inducing an increase in the level of Bax and Bim proapoptotic proteins and a decrease in the level of phosho-ERK1/2 kinase. The cytotoxicity of compound 5 was associated with an increase in the production of the hydrogen peroxide and the formation of DNA single-strand breaks. This compound 5 did not intercalate into a DNA molecule. Thus, the novel thiazole derivative (compound 5) proved to be a potential antiglioma drug that showed much higher cytotoxic action on human glioma cells compared with the effects of TMZ and Dox. Its cytotoxicity is associated with apoptosis induction, production of the reactive oxygen species, and formation of DNA single-strand breaks without significant DNA intercalation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0000000000000686DOI Listing
January 2019

Anticancer Activity Evaluation of New Thieno[2,3-]pyrimidin-4(3)-ones and Thieno[3,2-]pyrimidin-4(3)-one Derivatives.

Sci Pharm 2018 Jul 16;86(3). Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Organic Chemistry Department, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Kyryla & Mefodiya Str., 6, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine.

Anticancer screening of several novel thienopyrimidines has been performed. The thienopyrimidine derivatives were synthesized from available starting materials according to the convenient synthetic procedures using a one-pot solvent-free reaction which gave a wide access to thienopyrimidine-derivative production. The synthesized compounds were preselected via molecular docking to be tested for their anticancer activity in NCI 60 cell lines. It was observed that some compounds showed remarkable anticancer activity. It was found that the most active compound among thieno[2,3-]pyrimidine-4(3)-ones is 2-(benzylamino)-5,6-dimethylthieno[2,3-]pyrimidin-4(3)-one, which possesses cytotoxic activity on almost all cancer cell lines with mean growth 51.01%, where the most sensitive was the melanoma cell line MDA-MB-435 with GP (Growth Percent) = -31.02%. The patterns of structure⁻activity that are important for further optimization of the structure and the creation of more selective and active anticancer agents were proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/scipharm86030028DOI Listing
July 2018

Characteristics of Potential Protein Biomarkers Extracted with 10% TCA from Blood Serum of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Multiple Myeloma Patients.

Int J Mol Cell Med 2017 11;6(4):235-238. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Department of Regulation of Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis, Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine .

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22088/BUMS.6.4.235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6004295PMC
November 2017

Monodisperse magnetic poly(glycidyl methacrylate) microspheres for isolation of autoantibodies with affinity for the 46 kDa form of unconventional Myo1C present in autoimmune patients.

Mikrochim Acta 2018 04 23;185(5):262. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Polymer Particles, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovského nám. 2, 162 06, Prague 6, Czech Republic.

Monodisperse nonmagnetic macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) microspheres were synthesized by multistep swelling polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate, ethylene dimethacrylate and 2-[(methoxycarbonyl)methoxy]ethyl methacrylate (MCMEMA). This was followed (a) by ammonolysis to modify the microspheres with amino groups, and (b) by incorporation of iron oxide (γ-FeO) into the pores to render the particles magnetic. The resulting porous and magnetic microspheres were characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), atomic absorption and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (AAS and FTIR), elemental analysis, vibrating magnetometry, mercury porosimetry and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller adsorption/desorption isotherms. The microspheres are meso- and macroporous, typically 5 μm in diameter, contain 0.9 mM · g of amino groups and 14 wt.% of iron according to elemental analysis and AAS, respectively. The particles were conjugated to p46/Myo1C protein, a potential biomarker of autoimmune diseases, to isolate specific autoantibodies in the blood of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS). The p46/Myo1C loaded microspheres are shown to enable the preconcentration of minute quantities of specific immunoglobulins prior to their quantification via SDS-PAGE. The immunoglobulin M (IgM) with affinity to Myo1C was detected in MS patients. Graphical abstract Monodisperse magnetic poly(glycidyl methacrylate) microspheres were synthesized, conjugated with 46 kDa form of unconventional Myo1C protein (p46/Myo1C) via carbodiimide (DIC) chemistry, and specific autoantibodies isolated from blood of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients; immunoglobulin M (IgM) level increased in MS patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-018-2807-5DOI Listing
April 2018

Tissue-protective activity of selenomethionine and D-panthetine in B16 melanoma-bearing mice under doxorubicin treatment is not connected with their ROS scavenging potential.

Croat Med J 2017 Apr;58(2):171-184

Rostyslav R. Panchuk, Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Drahomanov Street 14/16, 79005, Lviv, Ukraine,

Aim: To evaluate molecular mechanisms of tissue-protective effects of antioxidants selenomethionine (SeMet) and D-pantethine (D-Pt) applied in combination with doxorubicin (Dx) in B16 melanoma-bearing-mice.

Methods: Impact of the chemotherapy scheme on a survival of tumor-bearing animals, general nephro- and hepatotoxicity, blood cell profile in vivo, and ROS content in B16 melanoma cells in vitro was compared with the action of Dx applied alone. Nephrotoxicity of the drugs was evaluated by measuring creatinine indicator assay, hepatotoxicity was studied by measuring the activity of ALT/AST enzymes, and myelotoxicity was assessed by light microscopic analysis of blood smears. Changes in ROS content in B16 melanoma cells under Dx, SeMet, and D-Pt action in vitro were measured by incubation with fluorescent dyes dihydrodichlorofluoresceindiacetate (DCFDA, H2O2-specific) and dihydroethidium (DHE, O2--specific), and further analysis at FL1 (DCFDA) or FL2 channels (DHE) of FACScan flow cytometer. The impact of aforementioned compounds on functional status of mitochondria was measured by Rhodamine 123 assay and further analysis at FL1 channel of FACScan flow cytometer.

Results: Selenomethionine (1200 µg/kg) and D-pantethine (500 mg/kg) in combination with Dx (10 mg/kg) significantly reduced tumor-induced neutrophilia, lymphocytopenia, and leukocytosis in comparison to Dx treatment alone. Moreover, SeMet and D-Pt decreased several side effects of Dx, namely an elevated creatinine level in blood and monocytosis, thus normalizing health conditions of B16 melanoma-bearing animals.

Conclusions: Our results showed that antioxidants selenomethionine and D-pantethine possess significant nephroprotective and myeloprotective activity toward Dx action on murine B16 melanoma in vivo, but fail to boost a survival of B16 melanoma-bearing animals. The observed cytoprotective effects of studied antioxidants are not directly connected with their ROS scavenging.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5410729PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2017.58.171DOI Listing
April 2017

Differential pro-apoptotic effects of synthetic 4-thiazolidinone derivative Les-3288, doxorubicin and temozolomide in human glioma U251 cells.

Croat Med J 2017 Apr;58(2):150-159

Rostyslav Stoika, Drahomanov Str. 14/16, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine,

Aim: To compare various pro-apoptotic effects of synthetic 4-thiazolidinone derivative (Les-3288), doxorubicin (Dox) and temozolomide (TMZ) in the treatment of human glioma U251 cells to improve treatment outcomes of glioblastoma and avoid anticancer drug resistance.

Methods: The cytotoxic effects of drugs used in human glioma U251 cells were measured by cell viability and proliferation assay (MTT), Trypan blue exclusion test, and Western-blot analysis of the apoptosis-related proteins. In addition, flow cytometry study of reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in glioma cells was carried out. Cytomorphological changes in treated cells were monitored by fluorescent microscopy after cell staining with Hoechst 33342 and ethydium bromide.

Results: Half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of Les-3288, Dox, and TMZ was calculated for human glioblastoma U251 cells. The rating of the values of this indicator of cellular vitality was assessed. The results of MTT assay proved the superiority of Les-3288 vs Les-3288>Dox>TMZ, which is in agreement with the results of Trypan blue testing showing Les-3288≈Dox>TMZ. In general, such ranking corresponded to a scale of pro-apoptotic impairments in the morphology of glioma U251 cells and the results of Western-blot analysis of cleaved Caspase 3. Contrary to Dox, Les-3288 and TMZ did not affect significantly ROS levels in the treated cells.

Conclusion: The effect of the synthetic 4-thiazolidinone derivative Les-3288 is realized via apoptosis mechanisms and does not involve ROS. In comparison with Dox and TMZ, it is more effective in destroying human glioblastoma U251 cells. Les-3288 compound has a potential as an anticancer drug for glioblastoma. Nevertheless, further preclinical studies of the blood-brain barrier are needed.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5410732PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2017.58.150DOI Listing
April 2017

4-Thiazolidinone derivative Les-3833 effectively inhibits viability of human melanoma cells through activating apoptotic mechanisms.

Croat Med J 2017 Apr;58(2):129-139

Rostyslav Stoika, Institute of Cell Biology, NAS of Ukraine, Drahomanov Street 14/16, 79005, Lviv, Ukraine,

Aim: To evaluate cytotoxic action of 4-thiazolidinone derivative Les-3833 and study the mechanisms of its pro-apoptotic action toward human melanoma cells and human tumor cell lines of other tissue origin.

Methods: The effect of Les-3833 or doxorubicin on the viability of 9 cell lines was studied using MTT assay, while human melanoma cells of WM793 line were additionally examined using light and fluorescent microscopies for evaluating cytomorphological changes. The Western-blot and flow cytometric analyses were carried out to study signaling pathways of melanoma cell cycling and death.

Results: Les-3833 was the most efficient against melanoma cells. Its half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was 0.22 μg/mL for WM793 cells and 0.3 μg/mL for SK-Mel-28 melanoma cells. For human lung A549, breast MCF-7, colon HCT116, and ovarian SKOV3 carcinoma cell lines IC50 was in between 2.5 to >5.0 μg/mL. Les-3833 was relatively not toxic (IC50 > 5 μg/mL) for human embryonic kidney HEK293 cells. Results of Annexin V/PI staining of melanoma cells and activation of caspase 3, PARP, MAPK, and EndoG protein suggest apoptosis in Les-3833-treated cells. Les-3833 also induced ROS production in melanoma cells and their arrest in G0/G1 phase of cell cycle.

Conclusion: Novel 4-thiazolidinone derivative Les-3833 is effective against human melanoma cells in vitro, and such effect is tumor specific since it is much less pronounced in human carcinoma and leukemia cells. In melanoma cells Les-3833 induces apoptosis (morphological changes and increased pro-apoptotic proteins), ROS production, and arrest in G0/G1 phase of cell cycle.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5410740PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2017.58.129DOI Listing
April 2017

Magnetic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) microspheres for affinity purification of monospecific anti-p46 kDa/Myo1C antibodies for early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis patients.

Biosci Rep 2017 04 28;37(2). Epub 2017 Apr 28.

Institute of Cell Biology, NAS of Ukraine, Drahomanov Str. 14/16, Lviv 79005, Ukraine.

The aim of the present study is to develop new magnetic polymer microspheres with functional groups available for easy protein and antibody binding. Monodisperse macroporous poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA-COOH) microspheres ~4 µm in diameter and containing ∼1 mmol COOH/g were synthesized by multistep swelling polymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), ethylene dimethacrylate (EDMA), and 2-[(methoxycarbonyl)methoxy]ethyl methacrylate (MCMEMA), which was followed by MCMEMA hydrolysis. The microspheres were rendered magnetic by precipitation of iron oxide inside the pores, which made them easily separable in a magnetic field. Properties of the resulting magnetic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (mgt.PHEMA) particles with COOH functionality were examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), static volumetric adsorption of helium and nitrogen, mercury porosimetry, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), and elemental analysis. Mgt.PHEMA microspheres were coupled with p46/Myo1C protein purified from blood serum of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, which enabled easy isolation of monospecific anti-p46/Myo1C immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies from crude antibody preparations of mouse blood serum. High efficiency of this approach was confirmed by SDS/PAGE, Western blot, and dot blot analyses. The newly developed mgt.PHEMA microspheres conjugated with a potential disease biomarker, p46/Myo1C protein, are thus a promising tool for affinity purification of antibodies, which can improve diagnosis and treatment of MS patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20160526DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5484020PMC
April 2017

Rapid generation of hydrogen peroxide contributes to the complex cell death induction by the angucycline antibiotic landomycin E.

Free Radic Biol Med 2017 05 9;106:134-147. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Institute of Cancer Research and Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Landomycin E (LE) is an angucycline antibiotic produced by Streptomyces globisporus. Previously, we have shown a broad anticancer activity of LE which is, in contrast to the structurally related and clinically used anthracycline doxorubicin (Dx), only mildly affected by multidrug resistance-mediated drug efflux. In the present study, cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the anticancer activity of landomycin E towards Jurkat T-cell leukemia cells were dissected focusing on the involvement of radical oxygen species (ROS). LE-induced apoptosis distinctly differed in several aspects from the one induced by Dx. Rapid generation of both extracellular and cell-derived hydrogen peroxide already at one hour drug exposure was observed in case of LE but not found before 24h for Dx. In contrast, Dx but not LE induced production of superoxide radicals. Mitochondrial damage, as revealed by JC-1 staining, was weakly enhanced already at 3h LE treatment and increased significantly with time. Accordingly, activation of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway initiator caspase-9 was not detectable before 12h exposure. In contrast, cleavage of the down-stream caspase substrate PARP-1 was clearly induced already at the three hour time point. Out of all caspases tested, only activation of effector caspase-7 was induced at this early time points paralleling the LE-induced oxidative burst. Accordingly, this massive cleavage of caspase-7 at early time points was inhibitable by the radical scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Additionally, only simultaneous inhibition of multiple caspases reduced LE-induced apoptosis. Specific scavengers of both HO and OH effectively decreased LE-induced ROS production, but only partially inhibited LE-induced apoptosis. In contrast, NAC efficiently blocked both parameters. Summarizing, rapid HO generation and a complex caspase activation pattern contribute to the antileukemic effects of LE. As superoxide generation is considered as the main cardiotoxic mechanism of Dx, LE might represent a better tolerable drug candidate for further (pre)clinical development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2017.02.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5552372PMC
May 2017

Identification of SER-PRO-CYS Peptide in Blood Serum of Multiple Sclerosis Patients.

Protein Pept Lett 2016 ;23(9):808-11

Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Drahomanov St., 14/16, 79005, Lviv, Ukraine.

Monitoring of multiple sclerosis (MS) requires additional molecular markers. Recently, we used original TCA-precipitation/extraction approach in combination with MALDI TOF/TOF mass-spectrometry and identified earlier unknown 48 kDa form of the unconventional myosin IC isoform b (Myo1C) in blood serum of the MS patients. Further examination of TCA-extracted fraction of blood serum of these patients by means of thin-layer chromatography and HPLC gel-filtration allowed detecting 300-500 Da peptides. MALDI TOF/TOF massspectrometry of these peptides showed that they contain Ser-Pro-Cys amino acid sequence. We discussed potential mechanisms of a release of these peptides that were earlier unknown in blood serum of the MS patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/0929866523666160622215628DOI Listing
March 2017

Antioxidants selenomethionine and D-pantethine decrease the negative side effects of doxorubicin in NL/Ly lymphoma-bearing mice.

Croat Med J 2016 Apr;57(2):180-92

Rostyslav R. Panchuk, Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Drahomanov Street 14/16, 79005, Lviv, Ukraine,

Aim: To investigate the potential tissue-protective effects of antioxidants selenomethionine and D-pantethine applied together with doxorubicin (Dx) on NK/Ly lymphoma-bearing mice. The impact of this chemotherapy scheme on animal survival, blood cell profile, hepatotoxicity, glutathione level, and activity of glutathione-converting enzymes in the liver was compared with the action of Dx applied alone..

Methods: The hematological profile of animals was studied by the analysis of blood smears under light microscopy. Hepatotoxicity of studied drugs was evaluated measuring the activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) enzymes, De Ritis ratio, and coenzyme A fractions by McDougal assay. Glutathione level in animal tissues was measured with Ellman reagent, and the activity of glutathione reductase, transferase, and peroxidase was measured using standard biochemical assays.

Results: D-pantethine (500 mg/kg) and, to a lower extent, selenomethionine (600 µg/kg) partially reduced the negative side effects (leukocytopenia and erythropenia) of Dx (5 mg/kg) in NK/Ly lymphoma bearing animals on the 14th day of their treatment. This increased animal survival time from 47-48 to 60+ days and improved the quality of their life. This ability of D-pantethine and selenomethionine was realized via hepatoprotective and immunomodulating activities. D-pantethine also restored the levels of acid-soluble and free CoA in the liver of tumor-bearing animals, while selenomethionine caused the recovery of glutathione peroxidase levels in the liver, which was significantly diminished under Dx treatment. Both compounds decreased glutathione level in the liver, which was considerably induced by Dx.

Conclusions: Antioxidants selenomethionine and D-pantethine partially reversed the negative side effects of Dx in NK/Ly lymphoma-bearing mice and significantly increased the therapeutic efficiency of this drug in tumor treatment.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4856192PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2016.57.180DOI Listing
April 2016

Putative anticancer potential of novel 4-thiazolidinone derivatives: cytotoxicity toward rat C6 glioma in vitro and correlation of general toxicity with the balance of free radical oxidation in rats.

Croat Med J 2016 Apr;57(2):151-63

Rostyslav S. Stoika, Institute of Cell Biology, NAS of Ukraine, Drahomanov Street 14/16, 79005, Lviv, Ukraine,

Aim: To evaluate the cytotoxic action of 4-thiazolidinone derivatives (ID 3288, ID 3882, and ID 3833) toward rat glioma C6 cells and to compare the effects of these compounds and doxorubicin on the balance of free radical oxidation (FRO) and antioxidant activity (AOA) in the serum of rats.

Methods: Glioma cells were treated with ID 3882, ID 3288, ID 3833, and doxorubicin, and their cytotoxicity was studied using MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay and Trypan blue exclusion test, light and fluorescent microscopy, and flow cytometric study of cell cycling and apoptosis, including measuring of Annexin V-positive cells. The contents of superoxide radical, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical, malonic dialdehyde, and hydrogen sulfide were measured in the serum of rats. Enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (Cat), and glutathione peroxydase (GPO) was determined.

Results: Among novel 4-thiazolidinone derivatives, ID 3288 was most toxic toward rat glioma C6 cells, even compared with doxorubicin. All applied derivatives were less active than doxorubicin in inducing reactive oxygen species-related indicators in the serum of rats. A similar effect was observed when enzymatic indicators of AOA processes were measured. While doxorubicin inhibited the activity of SOD, GPO, and Cat, the effects of 4-thiazolidinone derivatives were less prominent.

Conclusion: Novel 4-thiazolidinone derivatives differ in their antineoplastic action toward rat glioma C6 cells, and ID 3288 possesses the highest activity compared to doxorubicin. Measurement of indicators of FRO and AOA in the serum of rats treated with these compounds showed their lower general toxicity compared with doxorubicin's toxicity.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4856196PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2016.57.151DOI Listing
April 2016

Interleukin 6/Wnt interactions in rheumatoid arthritis: interleukin 6 inhibits Wnt signaling in synovial fibroblasts and osteoblasts.

Croat Med J 2016 Apr;57(2):89-98

Olexandr Korchynskyi, Department of Regulation of Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis, Institute of Cell Biology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), 14/16, Drahomanov St., Lviv 79005, Ukraine,

Aim: To evaluate the impact of previously unrecognized negative interaction between the Wnt and interleukin (IL) 6 signaling pathways in skeletal tissues as a possible major mechanism leading to age- and inflammation-related destruction of bone and joints.

Methods: Luciferase reporter assays were performed to monitor Wnt pathway activation upon IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) treatment. Functional contribution of IL-6 and TNFα interaction to inhibition of bone formation was evaluated in vitro using small hairpin RNAs (shRNA) in mouse mesenchymal precursor cells (MPC) of C2C12 and KS483 lines induced to differentiate into osteoblasts by bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP).

Results: IL-6 inhibited the activation of Wnt signaling in primary human synoviocytes, and, together with TNFα and Dickkopf-1, inhibited the activation of Wnt response. ShRNA-mediated knockdown of IL-6 mRNA significantly increased early BMP2/7-induced osteogenesis and rescued it from the negative effect of TNFα in C2C12 cells, as well as intensified bone matrix mineralization in KS483 cells.

Conclusion: IL-6 is an important mediator in the inhibition of osteoblast differentiation by TNFα, and knockdown of IL-6 partially rescues osteogenesis from the negative control of inflammation. The anti-osteoblastic effects of IL-6 are most likely mediated by its negative interaction with Wnt signaling pathway.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4856197PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2016.57.89DOI Listing
April 2016

5-Ene-4-thiazolidinones induce apoptosis in mammalian leukemia cells.

Eur J Med Chem 2016 Jul 2;117:33-46. Epub 2016 Apr 2.

Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, 69 Pekarska Str., Lviv 79010, Ukraine. Electronic address:

The article presents the synthesis of 5-ene-4-thiazolidinone derivatives with pyrazole core linked by enamine group. The structure and purity of compounds were confirmed by analytical and spectral data including X-ray analysis. Target compounds were screened for their anticancer activity and selective antileukemic action was confirmed. 5-[5-(2-Hydroxyphenyl)-3-phenyl-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-ylmethylene]-3-(3-acetoxyphenyl)-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (compound 1) was selected as most active agent against HL-60 and HL-60/ADR cell lines; IC50 = 118 nM/HL-60 with low toxicity towards pseudonormal cells. The mitochondria-depended apoptosis was identified as the main mode of 1 action. Moreover compound's effect induces G0/G1 arrest of the treated cells and causes inhibition of cell division and is related with activation of ROS production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.03.089DOI Listing
July 2016

Complex of C60 Fullerene with Doxorubicin as a Promising Agent in Antitumor Therapy.

Nanoscale Res Lett 2015 Dec 29;10(1):499. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Technical University of Ilmenau, Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology, 25 Weimarer Str., 98693, Ilmenau, Germany.

The main aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of doxorubicin in complex with C60 fullerene (C60 + Dox) on the growth and metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma in mice and to perform a primary screening of the potential mechanisms of C60 + Dox complex action. We found that volume of tumor from mice treated with the C60 + Dox complex was 1.4 times less than that in control untreated animals. The number of metastatic foci in lungs of animals treated with C60 + Dox complex was two times less than that in control untreated animals. Western blot analysis of tumor lysates revealed a significant decrease in the level of heat-shock protein 70 in animals treated with C60 + Dox complex. Moreover, the treatment of tumor-bearing mice was accompanied by the increase of cytotoxic activity of immune cells. Thus, the potential mechanisms of antitumor effect of C60 + Dox complex include both its direct action on tumor cells by inducing cell death and increasing of stress sensitivity and an immunomodulating effect. The obtained results provide a scientific basis for further application of C60 + Dox nanocomplexes as treatment agents in cancer chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s11671-015-1206-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4695471PMC
December 2015

Identification of a 48 kDa form of unconventional myosin 1c in blood serum of patients with autoimmune diseases.

Biochem Biophys Rep 2016 Mar 3;5:175-179. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Drahomanova Street 14/16, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine.

We searched for protein markers present in blood serum of multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in comparison to healthy human individuals. We used precipitation/extraction methods and MALDI TOF/TOF mass spectrometry, and identified a protein with Mr ~46 kDa as a fragment of human unconventional myosin IC isoform b (Myo1C). Western blotting with specific anti-human Myo1C antibodies confirmed the identity. Screening of blood serum samples from different autoimmune patients for the presence of Myo1c revealed its high level in MS and RA patients, relatively low level in SLE patients, and undetected in healthy donors. These data are suggesting that the level of p46 Myo1C in blood serum is a potential marker for testing of autoimmune diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrep.2015.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5600340PMC
March 2016

Hepatic metallothioneins in molecular responses to cobalt, zinc, and their nanoscale polymeric composites in frog Rana ridibunda.

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2015 Jun-Jul;172-173:45-56. Epub 2015 May 16.

Institute of Cell Biology (ICB), NAS of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine. Electronic address:

Despite numerous studies suggesting a dramatic decline of amphibians, the biochemical mechanisms of adaptation in these animals to polluted environment are poorly studied. The aim of this study was to elucidate the ability to release cobalt (Co) and zinc (Zn) from their nanoscale complexes (NCs) derived from the polymeric substance of N-vinylpyrrolidone (PS) in the liver of amphibian (Rana ridibunda). Frog males were subjected to 14days exposure to waterborne Co(2+) (50μg/L), Zn(2+) (100μg/L), as well as corresponding concentrations of Co-NC, Zn-NC or PS. Main attention was paid to MT's interrelations with indices of stress and toxicity. Only Co(2+) and Zn(2+) caused elevation of the correspondent metal in MTs. Co(2+) caused down-regulation of cathepsin D activity, while Zn(2+), Zn-NC and the PS up-regulated this activity. Zn(2+) provoked 1.6 times increase of metal-bounded form of the MT (MT-Me), while all other exposures caused the elevation of the ratio of MT total protein concentration (MT-SH) and concentrations of the MT-Me and/or immunoreactive (MTi) form (up to ~10 times) accompanied by a decrease in the levels of oxyradicals. The increased DNA fragmentation and down-regulation of caspase-3 activity in relation to the redox state of glutathione and/or lactate/pyruvate were shown at all exposures. These data indicate the vulnerability of the redox state of cellular thiols and inability to release Co and Zn from NCs in frog's liver.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2015.04.006DOI Listing
February 2016

Use of specific polysaccharide-immobilized monodisperse poly(glycidyl methacrylate) core-silica shell microspheres for affinity purification of lectins.

Biomed Chromatogr 2015 May 22;29(5):783-7. Epub 2014 Oct 22.

Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Drahomanov St, 14/16, 79005, Lviv, Ukraine.

Immobilization of polysaccharides (yeast mannan and gum arabic) on the macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate) monodisperse microspheres coated with silica (SiO2 )-containing amino groups on the surface was used to prepare affinity sorbents for lectin purification. The efficiency of isolating mannose specific Pisum sativum lectin was demonstrated on sorbent with immobilized yeast mannan and that of galactose specific Glycine hispida lectin on sorbent with immobilized gum arabic. The microspheres with immobilized polysaccharides can be used for selecting an affinity sorbent for purification of other mannose- and galactose-specific lectins. In contrast to yeast mannan, the gum arabic immobilized on the microspheres possesses much narrower specificity and is suitable for purification of only those galactose specific lectins which interact well with l-rhamnose or l-arabinose. The synthesized macroporous particles are capable of immobilizing 50 mg of polysaccharide per 1 g of the matrix, which is 10 times higher than the capacity of epoxy-activated Sepharose 6B. That makes it possible to obtain the same lectin quantity using a column of 10 times smaller volume. Another advantage of novel affinity sorbents comparing corresponding Sepharose gels is the possibility of sorbent drying after use.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.3360DOI Listing
May 2015

DMAEM-based cationic polymers as novel carriers for DNA delivery into cells.

Cell Biol Int 2015 Mar 6;39(3):243-5. Epub 2014 Oct 6.

Department of Genomics and Molecular Biotechnology, Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Osipovskogo St. 2a, Kyiv, 04123, Ukraine.

Different transformation systems and vectors have been improved to increase the effectiveness of transformation and achieve stable expression of target genes. Because classical direct and indirect transformation processes commonly suffer from instability of a gene in the environment, gene deletion, transgene silencing, and poor gene transfer efficiency. Nowadays, gene transformation technologies are based on the use of new carriers (nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, whiskers, and polymers) characterized by better efficiency and reproducibility for the direct DNA delivery into cells. In this review, we have focused on the novel DMAEM-based direct DNA delivery system and its possible applications for cell transformation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbin.10381DOI Listing
March 2015

Two-step chromatography purification of IgGs possessing sialidase activity from human blood serum.

Biomed Chromatogr 2015 Mar 3;29(3):328-32. Epub 2014 Jul 3.

Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Drahomanov St., 14/16, 79005, Lviv, Ukraine.

Sialation of cell surface is known to be tightly connected with tumorigenicity, invasiveness, metastatic potential and clearance of aged cells, while sialation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules determines their anti-inflammatory properties. Recently, we have found for the first time IgG-antibodies possessing sialidase-like activity (sialylic abzyme) in blood serum of multiple myeloma and systemic lupus erythematosis patients. This abzyme was detected in a pool of IgGs purified by a typical procedure including immunoglobulin's precipitation with ammonium sulfate and following chromatography on protein G-Sepharose column. Here we describe a novel matrix for affinity purification of sialylic abzyme that is based on using bovine submandibular gland mucin conjugated to Sepharose matrix (mucin-Sepharose). This matrix preferentially binds sialidase-like IgGs from a pool of sialidase-active fraction of proteins precipitated with 50% ammonium sulfate from blood serum of the systemic lupus erythematosis patients. That allowed us to develop a new scheme of double-step chromatography purification of sialidase-like IgGs from human blood serum.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.3283DOI Listing
March 2015
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