Publications by authors named "Rose P S Chan"

4 Publications

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Comparison of two-year treatment outcomes between subthreshold micropulse (577 nm) laser and aflibercept for diabetic macular edema.

Jpn J Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, Caritas Medical Centre, 111 Wing Hong Street, Sham Shui Po, Hong Kong.

Purpose: To compare two-year treatment outcomes of subthreshold micropulse (577 nm) laser and aflibercept for diabetic macular edema (DME).

Study Design: Retrospective case-control study.

Methods: A total 164 eyes in 164 DME patients treated with either micropulse laser (86 eyes) or intravitreal aflibercept monotherapy (78 eyes) were recruited. Main outcome measures included at least five Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters' improvement from baseline at 6, 12 and 24 months.

Results: Rescue aflibercept was initiated in 24% of eyes in micropulse laser group. At 6-month visit the aflibercept group achieved a higher percentage of eyes with at least 5-letter visual acuity improvement than micropulse laser group (56% vs 38%, P = 0.044), however, this was not the case at 12-month (45% vs 49%, P = 0.584) and 24-month visits (49% vs 57%, P = 0.227). At 6-month visit the aflibercept group achieved a higher percentage of eyes with at least 10% improvement of central macular thickness (73% vs 49%, P = 0.005), but this was not the case at 12-month (73% vs 70%, P = 0.995) and 24-month visits (85% vs 84%, P = 0.872).

Conclusion: Aflibercept achieved faster and higher rates of anatomical and functional improvement than micropulse laser in DME patients. Long term efficacy of treatment did not result in significant differences between aflibercept monotherapy and micropulse laser in DME patients. Primary treatment of micropulse laser with deferred rescue aflibercept might be the treatment option without reducing the chance of visual improvement in DME eyes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10384-021-00846-4DOI Listing
June 2021

Review of Clinical Features, Microbiological Spectrum, and Treatment Outcomes of Endogenous Endophthalmitis over an 8-Year Period.

J Ophthalmol 2012 23;2012:265078. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Purpose. To evaluate the clinical features, microbiological spectrum, and treatment outcomes of endogenous endophthalmitis. Methods. Retrospective review of consecutive cases with infective endogenous endophthalmitis presenting from 2000 to 2007. The main outcome measure was the visual outcome at the latest follow-up visit. Other outcome measures included microbiological investigations, anatomical and clinical outcomes. Results. 22 eyes of 21 patients were included, and the mean follow-up duration was 2.7 years. Eyes with fungal endogenous endophthalmitis were more likely to have visual acuity of finger counting or better at presentation compared with those with bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis (odds ratio = 15.0, P = 0.013). Gram-negative microorganisms accounted for 50% of infections, while fungal and gram-positive organisms accounted for 27.3% and 22.7%, respectively. Despite treatment, the visual outcome was poor in general as 10 (45.5%) eyes had no light perception at the latest follow-up visit and 6 (27.3%) eyes required enucleation or evisceration. Contrary to previous studies, fungal endogenous endophthalmitis did not appear to have better visual outcome compared with bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis. Conclusion. Gram-negative microorganisms were the main causative pathogens of endogenous endophthalmitis in Hong Kong. The visual prognosis of endogenous endophthalmitis is generally poor as almost 50% of eyes were blind despite treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/265078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3594912PMC
March 2013

Photodynamic therapy with or without intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for symptomatic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2010 Feb;26(1):91-5

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Eye Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT) with or without intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) for the treatment of symptomatic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of PCV patients who underwent PDT with or without IVTA with follow-up of 2 or more years. Changes in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), proportion of eyes with moderate visual loss (3 or more lines), and complications were compared between patients with or without IVTA.

Results: Twenty-seven eyes of 27 patients were analyzed, with 12 eyes treated by PDT monotherapy and 15 eyes treated by combined PDT with IVTA. The baseline characteristics of both groups were similar. At 1 year, the mean logMAR BCVA for the PDT monotherapy group improved from 0.74 to 0.58 (P = 0.011), whereas the combined PDT and IVTA group improved from 0.84 to 0.74 (P = 0.17). At 2 years, the mean logMAR BCVA for the monotherapy and combined treatment groups were 0.62 and 0.84, respectively, and the changes compared with baseline were not statistically significant. No significant difference was found in the mean logMAR BCVA, the mean line of visual changes, and the mean number of PDT treatments between the 2 groups at 1 and 2 years. One (8.3%) and 4 (26.7%) eyes in the monotherapy and the combined groups lost 3 or more lines at 2 years, respectively. Patients who had combined PDT with IVTA were more likely to develop cataract requiring surgery and ocular hypertension (P = 0.043 and 0.046, respectively).

Conclusions: PDT reduced the risks of visual loss in patients with symptomatic PCV in the short term but the effect might not be sustained after 1 year. The adjunctive use of IVTA during PDT did not appear to result in additional benefit for treating PCV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jop.2009.0073DOI Listing
February 2010
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