Publications by authors named "Rosa Maria Garcia Martin"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Myc-Related Mitochondrial Activity as a Novel Target for Multiple Myeloma.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 1;13(7). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

H12O-CNIO Hematological Malignancies Clinical Research Unit, CNIO, 28029 Madrid, Spain.

Mitochondria are involved in the development and acquisition of a malignant phenotype in hematological cancers. Recently, their role in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) has been suggested to be therapeutically explored. MYC is a master regulator of b-cell malignancies such as multiple myeloma, and its activation is known to deregulate mitochondrial function. We investigated the impact of mitochondrial activity on the distinct entities of the disease and tested the efficacy of the mitochondrial inhibitor, tigecycline, to overcome MM proliferation. COXII expression, COX activity, mitochondrial mass, and mitochondrial membrane potential demonstrated a progressive increase of mitochondrial features as the disease progresses. In vitro and in vivo therapeutic targeting using the mitochondrial inhibitor tigecycline showed promising efficacy and cytotoxicity in monotherapy and combination with the MM frontline treatment bortezomib. Overall, our findings demonstrate how mitochondrial activity emerges in MM transformation and disease progression and the efficacy of therapies targeting these novel vulnerabilities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers13071662DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8037116PMC
April 2021

Craniopharyngiomas: A clinicopathological and molecular study of 52 cases - Experience in the Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo and Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre (Madrid).

Clin Neuropathol 2021 Jan-Feb;40(1):26-35

Craniopharyngiomas (CPs) are histologically benign tumors that are associated with high levels of morbidity. Two clinicopathological variants - adamantinomatous (ACP) and papillary (PCP) - have been described. They differ in their molecular features, whereby activating mutations in (V600E) and genes characterize PCP and ACP, respectively. Recently, both variants have been shown to express elevated PD-L1 protein expression, but ACP also exhibited tumor cell-intrinsic PD-1 expression. In this study we analyze these molecular alterations in 52 cases with a long follow-up and examine their associations with immunohistochemical and clinical characteristics. ACPs comprise 73.1% of cases, while 21.2% are PCPs. Aberrant nuclear immunoreactivity for β-catenin was observed in all ACPs. p.V600E mutations were observed in 90.9% of PCPs. Only one ACP case featured both alterations. Both types of CP exhibited strong nuclear staining for p63 with diffuse and basal distribution. ACP and PCP consistently expressed PD-L1, most in a substantial percentage of tumor cells, with a distinctive spatial distribution of expression in each subtype; only ACP demonstrated PD-1 expression. There was no evidence of differences in clinical prognosis between ACPs and PCPs. The identification of hallmark molecular signatures in the two CP variants is useful for sub-categorization in routine histopathology reporting. It is also pertinent to personalized therapy and for the development of improved non-invasive therapeutic strategies in this disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/NP301268DOI Listing
December 2020

Proteomic analysis reveals heat shock protein 70 has a key role in polycythemia Vera.

Mol Cancer 2013 Nov 19;12:142. Epub 2013 Nov 19.

Hematology Service, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida, Córdoba, s/n, 28041, Madrid, Spain.

JAK-STAT signaling through the JAK2V617F mutation is central to the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). However, other events could precede the JAK2 mutation. The aim of this study is to analyze the phenotypic divergence between polycytemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocytemia (ET) to find novel therapeutics targets by a proteomic and functional approach to identify alternative routes to JAK2 activation. Through 2D-DIGE and mass spectrometry of granulocyte protein from 20 MPN samples, showed differential expression of HSP70 in PV and ET besides other 60 proteins. Immunohistochemistry of 46 MPN bone marrow samples confirmed HSP70 expression. The median of positive granulocytes was 80% in PV (SD 35%) vs. 23% in ET (SD 34.25%). In an ex vivo model KNK437 was used as an inhibition model assay of HSP70, showed dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth and burst formation unit erythroid (BFU-E) in PV and ET, increased apoptosis in the erythroid lineage, and decreased pJAK2 signaling, as well as a specific siRNA for HSP70. These data suggest a key role for HSP70 in proliferation and survival of the erythroid lineage in PV, and may represent a potential therapeutic target in MPN, especially in PV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-4598-12-142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4225507PMC
November 2013