Publications by authors named "Ron Allen"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Histone Methyltransferase Setdb2 Modulates Macrophage Phenotype and Uric Acid Production in Diabetic Wound Repair.

Immunity 2019 08 23;51(2):258-271.e5. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Macrophage plasticity is critical for normal tissue repair to ensure transition from the inflammatory to the proliferative phase of healing. We examined macrophages isolated from wounds of patients afflicted with diabetes and of healthy controls and found differential expression of the methyltransferase Setdb2. Myeloid-specific deletion of Setdb2 impaired the transition of macrophages from an inflammatory phenotype to a reparative one in normal wound healing. Mechanistically, Setdb2 trimethylated histone 3 at NF-κB binding sites on inflammatory cytokine gene promoters to suppress transcription. Setdb2 expression in wound macrophages was regulated by interferon (IFN) β, and under diabetic conditions, this IFNβ-Setdb2 axis was impaired, leading to a persistent inflammatory macrophage phenotype in diabetic wounds. Setdb2 regulated the expression of xanthine oxidase and thereby the uric acid (UA) pathway of purine catabolism in macrophages, and pharmacologic targeting of Setdb2 or the UA pathway improved healing. Thus, Setdb2 regulates macrophage plasticity during normal and pathologic wound repair and is a target for therapeutic manipulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2019.06.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6703945PMC
August 2019

SIRT3 Regulates Macrophage-Mediated Inflammation in Diabetic Wound Repair.

J Invest Dermatol 2019 12 15;139(12):2528-2537.e2. Epub 2019 Jun 15.

Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Electronic address:

Control of inflammation is critical for the treatment of nonhealing wounds, but a delicate balance exists between early inflammation that is essential for normal tissue repair and the pathologic inflammation that can occur later in the repair process. This necessitates the development of novel therapies that can target inflammation at the appropriate time during repair. Here, we found that SIRT3 is essential for normal healing and regulates inflammation in wound macrophages after injury. Under prediabetic conditions, SIRT3 was decreased in wound macrophages and resulted in dysregulated inflammation. In addition, we found that FABP4 regulates SIRT3 in human blood monocytes, and inhibition of FABP4 in wound macrophages decreases inflammatory cytokine expression, making FABP4 a viable target for the regulation of excess inflammation and wound repair in diabetes. Using a series of ex vivo and in vivo studies with genetically engineered mouse models and diabetic human monocytes, we showed that FABP4 expression is epigenetically upregulated in diabetic wound macrophages and, in turn, diminishes SIRT3 expression, thereby promoting inflammation. These findings have significant implications for controlling inflammation and promoting tissue repair in diabetic wounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2019.05.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7185380PMC
December 2019

Ulcerative Dermatitis in C57BL/6NCrl Mice on a Low-Fat or High-Fat Diet With or Without a Mineralized Red-Algae Supplement.

J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2015 Sep;54(5):487-96

Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Ulcerative dermatitis (UD) is a spontaneous idiopathic disease that often affects C57BL/6 mice or mice on a C57BL/6 background. UD is characterized by intense pruritus and lesion formation, most commonly on the head or dorsal thorax. Self-trauma likely contributes to wound severity and delayed wound healing. Histologically, changes are nonspecific, consisting of ulceration with neutrophilic and mastocytic infiltration and epithelial hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis. Diet appears to have a profound effect on the development and progression of UD lesions. We investigated the incidence and severity of UD in C57BL/6NCrl mice on a high-fat western-style diet (HFWD) compared with a standard rodent chow. In addition, we examined the protective effects of dietary supplementation with a multimineral-rich product derived from marine red algae on UD in these 2 diet groups. HFWD-fed mice had an increased incidence of UD. In addition, mice on a HFWD had significantly more severe clinical and histologic lesions. Dietary mineral supplementation in mice on a HFWD decreased the histologic severity of lesions and reduced the incidence of UD in female mice in both diets. In conclusion, a high-fat western-style diet may potentiate UD in C57BL/6NCrl mice. Insufficient mineral supply and mineral imbalance may contribute to disease development. Mineral supplementation may be beneficial in the treatment of UD.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4587616PMC
September 2015

Divergent effects of Tlr9 deletion in experimental late venous thrombosis resolution and vein wall injury.

Thromb Haemost 2015 Nov 16;114(5):1028-37. Epub 2015 Jul 16.

Peter K. Henke, 1500 E. Medical Center Dr., Rm. 5463, Cardiovascular Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5867, USA, Tel.: +1 734 763 0250, Fax: +1 734 647 9867, E-mail:

Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) resolves via a sterile inflammatory response. Defining the inflammatory response of DVT may allow for new therapies that do not involve anticoagulation. Previously, we have shown that Toll-like receptor 9 (Tlr9) gene deleted mice had impaired venous thrombosis (VT) resolution. Here, we further characterise the role of Tlr9 signalling and sterile inflammation in chronic VT and vein wall responses. First, we found a human precedent exists with Tlr9+ cells present in chronic post thrombotic intraluminal tissue. Second, in a stasis VT mouse model, endogenous danger signal mediators of uric acid, HMGB-1, and neutrophil extracellular traps marker of citrullinated histone-3 (and extracellular DNA) were greater in Tlr9-/- thrombi as compared with wild-type (WT), corresponding with larger VT at 8 and 21 days. Fewer M1 type (CCR2+) monocyte/macrophages (MØ) were present in Tlr9-/- thrombi than WT controls at 8 days, suggesting an impaired inflammatory cell influx. Using bone marrow-derived monocyte (BMMØ) cell culture, we found decreased fibrinolytic gene expression with exposure to several endogenous danger signals. Next, adoptive transfer of cultured Tlr9+/+ BMMØ to Tlr9-/- mice normalised VT resolution at 8 days. Lastly, although the VT size was larger at 21 days in Tlr9-/- mice and correlated with decreased endothelial antigen markers, no difference in fibrosis was found. These data suggest that Tlr9 signalling in MØ is critical for later VT resolution, is associated with necrosis clearance, but does not affect later vein wall fibrosis. These findings provide insight into the Tlr9 MØ mechanisms of sterile inflammation in this disease process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1160/TH14-12-1031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5131365PMC
November 2015

You're the flight surgeon. Irritable bowel syndrome.

Authors:
J Ron Allen

Aviat Space Environ Med 2014 Sep;85(9):973-5

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/ASEM.3841.2014DOI Listing
September 2014

Toll like receptor 3 plays a critical role in the progression and severity of acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity.

PLoS One 2013 7;8(6):e65899. Epub 2013 Jun 7.

Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America.

Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation has been implicated in acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity. Herein, we hypothesize that TLR3 activation significantly contributed to APAP-induced liver injury. In fasted wildtype (WT) mice, APAP caused significant cellular necrosis, edema, and inflammation in the liver, and the de novo expression and activation of TLR3 was found to be necessary for APAP-induced liver failure. Specifically, liver tissues from similarly fasted TLR3-deficient (tlr3(-/-) ) mice exhibited significantly less histological and biochemical evidence of injury after APAP challenge. Similar protective effects were observed in WT mice in which TLR3 was targeted through immunoneutralization at 3 h post-APAP challenge. Among three important death ligands (i.e. TNFα, TRAIL, and FASL) known to promote hepatocyte death after APAP challenge, TNFα was the only ligand that was significantly reduced in APAP-challenged tlr3(-/-) mice compared with APAP-challenged WT controls. In vivo studies demonstrated that TLR3 activation contributed to TNFα production in the liver presumably via F4/80(+) and CD11c(+) immune cells. In vitro studies indicated that there was cooperation between TNFα and TLR3 in the activation of JNK signaling in isolated and cultured liver epithelial cells (i.e. nMuLi). Moreover, TLR3 activation enhanced the expression of phosphorylated JNK in APAP injured livers. Thus, the current study demonstrates that TLR3 activation contributes to APAP-induced hepatotoxicity.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0065899PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3676358PMC
January 2014

A multi-mineral natural product inhibits liver tumor formation in C57BL/6 mice.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2012 Jun 6;147(1-3):267-74. Epub 2012 Jan 6.

The Department of Pathology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

C57BL/6 mice were maintained for up to 18 months on high-fat and low-fat diets with or without a multi-mineral supplement derived from the skeletal remains of the red marine algae Lithothamnion calcareum. Numerous grossly observable liver masses were visible in animals on the "western-style" high-fat diet sacrificed at 12 and 18 months. The majority of the masses were in male mice (20 out of 100 males versus 3 out of 100 females; p = 0.0002). There were more liver masses in animals on the high-fat diet than on the low-fat diet (15 out of 50 on high-fat versus 5 out of 50 on low-fat; p = 0.0254). The multi-mineral supplement reduced the number of liver masses in mice on both diets (3 out of 25 male mice in the low-fat diet group without the supplement versus 1 out of 25 mice with supplement; 12 of 25 male mice in the high-fat diet group without the supplement versus 3 of 25 mice with supplement [p = 0.0129]). Histological evaluation revealed a total of 17 neoplastic lesions (9 adenomas and 8 hepatocellular carcinomas), and 18 pre-neoplastic lesions. Out of eight hepatocellular carcinomas, seven were found in unsupplemented diet groups. Steatosis was widely observed in livers with and without grossly observable masses, but the multi-mineral supplement had no effect on the incidence of steatosis or its severity. Taken together, these findings suggest that a multi-mineral-rich natural product can protect mice against neoplastic and pre-neoplastic proliferative liver lesions that may develop in the face of steatosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-011-9316-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3360994PMC
June 2012

The reinforcing effects of houselight illumination during chained schedules of food presentation.

J Exp Anal Behav 2008 Sep;90(2):187-205

University of Florida, USA.

Pigeons' keypecking was maintained under two- and three-component chained schedules of food presentation. The component schedules were all fixed-interval schedules of either 1- or 2-min duration. Across conditions the presence of houselight illumination within each component schedule was manipulated. For each pigeon, first-component response rates increased significantly when the houselight was extinguished in the first component and illuminated in the second. The results suggest that the increase was not the result of disinhibition or modification of stimulus control by component stimuli, but appears to result from the reinforcement of responding by the onset of illumination in the second component. Additionally, the apparent reinforcing properties of houselight illumination resulted neither from association of the houselight with the terminal component of the chained schedule nor through generalization of the hopper illumination present during food presentation. The results of the present series of experiments are related to previous demonstrations of illumination-reinforced responding and to the interpretation of data from experiments employing houselight illumination as stimuli associated with timeout or brief stimuli in second-order schedules.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2529187PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1901/jeab.2008.90-187DOI Listing
September 2008

Induced attack during fixed-ratio and matched-time schedules of food presentation.

J Exp Anal Behav 2008 Jan;89(1):31-48

University of Florida, USA.

Adjunctive or induced behavior is generated during a variety of schedules of reinforcement. Several theoretical conceptualizations suggest that rate of reinforcement is the primary variable controlling the strength or levels of induced behavior. The operant response requirement within the schedule context has not been extensively studied as a determinant of induced responding. In the present study, levels of induced attack by food-deprived pigeons against restrained conspecifics were compared during response-dependent and response-independent schedules of food presentation equated or yoked interval-by-interval for reinforcement frequency. Experiment 1 compared levels of attack induced by fixed-ratio schedules of key pecking and yoked "matched-time" schedules. Experiment 2 similarly compared chained fixed-ratio 1 fixed-ratio 74 and yoked chained matched-time matched-time schedules. In both experiments, the response-dependent schedules generated greater levels (amount and probability) of induced attack than the response-independent time-based schedules. Thus, the ratio response requirement may be an important determinant of levels of induced responding, and the lower levels of attack observed during the response-independent condition may not be due to the absence of stimuli predicting food presentations. It is concluded that rate of reinforcement is not the sole variable determining levels of induced responding and that response-based and time-based schedules differ in their generation of induced responding.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2211440PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1901/jeab.2008.89-31DOI Listing
January 2008