Publications by authors named "Romit Jain"

4 Publications

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The spectrum of acute leukoencephalopathy with restricted diffusion (ALERD): A case series and review of literature.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2021 Jun 6;33:86-93. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Rainbow Children's Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: The clinico-etiological spectrum of Acute leukoencephalopathy with restricted diffusion (ALERD) is not well known in Indian population. This is likely to vary between populations and ethnicities.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicoetiological spectrum of ALERD at a tertiary care pediatric center, and described the clinical, imaging, etiological spectrum and short-term outcomes.

Results: Eleven out of 78 children with non-traumatic encephalopathy presenting to our center had a final diagnosis of ALERD. The mean age at presentation was 34.9 months (6-80 months) and 63.6% were males. The monophasic course (72.7%) and the diffuse pattern (63.6%) on neuroimaging were predominant in these children. Dengue haemorrhagic fever was the commonest underlying/triggering infection (5 of 11 children). Ten children required mechanical ventilation in view of neurogenic respiratory failure, with mean duration of ventilation of 6.4 days (Range 2-10 days). The duration of hospital stay varied from 11 to 25 days (Mean - 15.3 days). One child (9 %) died, 6 children (54.5 %) had varying degrees of cognitive impairment and 4 (36.3 %) children had a normal outcome. Children with a shorter duration of ventilation seemed to have a better outcome.

Conclusion: Dengue haemorrhagic fever was the commonest cause, and diffuse imaging pattern with monophasic course was the commonest presentation in Indian children with ALERD. The clinical presentation and factors influencing outcome are possibly different from previously described literature.
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June 2021

Infantile spasms: Etiology, lead time and treatment response in a resource limited setting.

Epilepsy Behav Rep 2020 17;14:100397. Epub 2020 Oct 17.

Departments' of Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology & Radio Diagnosis, Santokba Durlabhji Memorial Hospital, Jaipur, India.

This study explores the etiology and lead time to treatment for infantile spasm (IS) patients and their effect on treatment responsiveness, in a limited resource setting. Patients with IS onset age ≤12 months', seen over 3 years were recruited retrospectively. Clinical information, neuroimaging and genetic results retrieved. Patients categorized into three primary etiological groups: Structural (including Structural Genetic), Genetic, and Unknown. The effect of etiology and lead time from IS onset to initiating appropriate treatment on spasm resolution, evaluated. Total 113 patients were eligible. Mean IS onset age was 6.86(±4.25) months (M: F 3.3:1). Patients were grouped into: Structural 85, Genetic 11 and Unknown 17. Etiology was ascertained in 94/113 (83.1%) with neonatal hypoglycemic brain injury (NHBI) being the most common (40/113, 36%). A genetic etiology identified in 17 (including 6 Structural Genetic, of which five had Tuberous Sclerosis). Structural group was less likely to be treatment resistant (p = 0.013, OR 0.30 [0.12-0.76]). Median treatment lead time - 60 days. Longer lead time to treatment was significantly associated with resistant spasms (χ for trend = 10.0, p = 0.0015). NHBI was the commonest underlying cause of IS. There was significant time lag to initiating appropriate treatment, affecting treatment responsiveness.
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October 2020

X-Linked Thrombocytopenia and Vanishing White Matter Disease in a Child: Double Tragedy.

J Clin Immunol 2020 11 31;40(8):1176-1180. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Allergy Immunology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, 160012, India.

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November 2020