Publications by authors named "Rohan L Deraniyagala"

5 Publications

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The role of chemotherapy in the management of olfactory neuroblastoma: A 40-year surveillance, epidemiology, and end results registry study.

Health Sci Rep 2021 Jun 2;4(2):e257. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Radiation Oncology Beaumont Health Royal Oak Michigan.

Background: In this retrospective surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) registry analysis, we investigated the role of chemotherapy (CT) in the treatment of olfactory neuroblastoma (ON), an exceedingly rare sino-nasal tumor typically treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy (RT).

Methods: We analyzed all patients in the SEER registry diagnosed with a single primary malignancy of ON, a primary tumor site within the nasal cavity or surrounding sinuses, sufficient staging information to derive Kadish staging, and >0 days of survival, ensuring follow-up data. Receipt of CT in the SEER registry was documented as either Yes or No/Unknown.

Results: Six hundred and thirty-six patients were identified. One hundred and ninety-five patients received CT as part of their treatment for ON. Following propensity score matching and inverse probability of treatment weighting, there was inferior overall survival (OS) (HR 1.7, 95% CI: 1.3-2.2, = .001) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) (HR 1.8, 95% CI: 1.3-2.4,  < .001) for patients who received CT compared to those who were not treated with CT or had unknown CT status. On subgroup analysis, the only patient population that derived benefit from CT were patients who did not receive surgery and were treated with CT and/or RT (HR 0.3, 95% CI: 0.14-0.61,  < .001).

Conclusions: Based on this retrospective SEER registry analysis, the use of CT in the management of ON is associated with decreased OS. Our analysis suggests that patients who are considered nonsurgical candidates may benefit from the addition of CT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8088587PMC
June 2021

Radiotherapy alone or combined with chemotherapy as definitive treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Aug 8;273(8):2117-25. Epub 2016 Apr 8.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, 2000 SW Archer Rd., PO Box 100385, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0385, USA.

This study is aimed at updating our institution's experience with definitive radiotherapy (RT) for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil. We reviewed 531 patients treated between 1983 and 2012 with definitive RT for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil. Of these, 179 patients were treated with either induction (n = 19) or concomitant (n = 160) chemotherapy. Planned neck dissection was performed on 217 patients: unilaterally in 199 and bilaterally in 18 patients. Median follow-up was 5.2 years for all patients (range 0.1-31.6 years) and 8.2 years for living patients (range 1.9-31.6 years). The 5-year local control rates by T stage were as follows: T1, 94 %; T2, 87 %; T3 79 %; T4, 70 %; and overall, 83 %. Multivariate analysis revealed that local control was significantly influenced by T stage and neck dissection. The 5-year cause-specific survival rates by overall stage were as follows: I, 94 %; II, 88 %; III, 87 %; IVA, 75 %; IVB, 52 %; and overall, 78 %. Multivariate analysis revealed that cause-specific survival was significantly influenced by T stage, N stage, overall stage, fractionation, neck dissection, sex, and ethnicity. Of 77 patients treated with ipsilateral fields only, contralateral neck failure occurred in 1 %. The rate of severe complications was 12 %. Definitive RT for patients with tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma provides control rates equivalent to other modalities with a comparatively low incidence of late complications. Patients with anterior tonsillar pillar or tonsillar fossa primaries that are well lateralized with no base of tongue or soft palate extension may be treated with ipsilateral fields.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-016-4027-0DOI Listing
August 2016

Ipsilateral radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Aug 30;273(8):2151-6. Epub 2015 Jul 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, 2000 SW Archer Road, PO Box 100385, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0385, USA.

The purpose of this study is to update our institution's experience with ipsilateral radiation therapy (RT) for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsillar area. Outcome study of 76 patients treated between 1984 and 2012 with ipsilateral RT for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil. Patients had either cT1 (n = 41, 54 %) or cT2 (n = 35, 46 %) primaries and cN0 (n = 27, 36 %), cN1 (n = 15, 20 %), cN2a (n = 8, 11 %), or cN2b (n = 26, 34 %) nodal disease. Of these, 32 (42 %) patients underwent a planned neck dissection and 21 (28 %) patients received concomitant chemotherapy. Median follow-up for all patients was 7.1 years (range 0.1-27.2) and 7.8 years (range 2.1-27.2 years) for living patients. The 2- and 5-year control and survival rates were as follows: local control, 98.6 and 96.9 %; local-regional control 95.8 and 92.6 %; cause-specific survival 95.9 and 93.1 %; and overall survival, 92.1 and 83.8 %. One patient failed in the contralateral, non-radiated neck 3 years after primary treatment. Univariate analysis revealed that overall survival was significantly influenced by whether the patient had a primary tumor in the anterior tonsillar pillar versus the tonsillar fossa with the latter performing better. The incidence of severe late complications was 16 %. Ipsilateral RT for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anterior tonsillar pillar or tonsillar fossa with no base of tongue or soft palate extension is an efficacious treatment that provides excellent control rates with a relatively low incidence of late complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-015-3725-3DOI Listing
August 2016

Proton therapy for skull base chordomas: an outcome study from the university of Florida proton therapy institute.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2014 Feb 9;75(1):53-7. Epub 2013 Sep 9.

University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute, Jacksonville, Florida, United States.

Objectives Skull base chordoma is a rare, locally aggressive tumor located adjacent to critical structures. Gross total resection is difficult to achieve, and proton therapy has the conformal advantage of delivering a high postoperative dose to the tumor bed. We present our experience using proton therapy to treat 33 patients with skull base chordomas. Design Retrospective outcomes study. Setting University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute; 2007 to 2011. Participants A total of 33 patients with skull base chordomas received postoperative three-dimensional conformal proton therapy. The patients were 79% male and 6% diabetic; 27% had received a gross total resection. Main Outcome Measures The gross tumor/tumor bed received a dose between 77.4 CGE and 79.4 CGE. Local control and overall survival were tracked, and radiation toxicity was assessed using a modified Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Late Radiation Morbidity Scoring Scheme. Results Median follow-up for all patients was 21 months. Local control and overall survival rates at 2 years were 86% and 92%, respectively. Grade 2 toxicity was observed in 18% of our cohort in the form of unilateral hearing loss partially corrected with a hearing aid. No grade 2 or higher optic or brainstem toxicities were observed. Conclusions Proton therapy is an effective treatment modality for skull base chordomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1354579DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3912148PMC
February 2014

Synergistic effects of multiple natural products in pancreatic cancer cells.

Life Sci 2008 Aug 28;83(7-8):293-300. Epub 2008 Jun 28.

Department of Pathology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, United States.

Pancreatic cancer (PC) remains the fourth most common cause of cancer related death in the United States. Therefore, novel strategies for the prevention and treatment are urgently needed. Numerous dietary and pharmacological agents have been proposed as alternative strategies for the prevention and/or treatment of PC. Isoflavone is a prominent flavonoid found in soy products and has been proposed to be responsible for lowering the incidence of PC in Asians. Similarly, curcumin, an active ingredient of turmeric, that inhibits growth of malignant neoplasms, has a promising role in the prevention and/or treatment of PC. Here we examined whether isoflavone together with curcumin could elicit a greater inhibition of growth of PC cells than either agent alone, and also sought to determine the molecular mechanism of action. We found that the inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis was significantly greater in the combination group than that could be achieved by either agent alone. These changes were associated with decreased Notch-1 expression and DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB and its target genes such as Cyclin D1, Bcl-2, and Bcl-xL. Moreover, we found that the combination of four natural agents at lower concentration was much more effective. Collectively, our results suggest that diet containing multiple natural products should be preferable over single agents for the prevention and/or treatment of PC. The superior effects of the combinatorial treatment could partly be attributed to the inhibition of constitutive activation of Notch-1 and NF-kappaB signaling pathways.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2008.06.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2536622PMC
August 2008