Publications by authors named "Rochell Issa"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of Nutritional Epigenetics in Essential Hypertension: Targeting microRNAs in the Gut-Liver Axis.

Curr Hypertens Rep 2021 05 7;23(5):28. Epub 2021 May 7.

Microbiome Consortium, Center for Hypertension and Precision Medicine, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Block Health Science Bldg, 3000 Arlington Ave, Toledo, OH, 43614, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To review the current knowledge on interactions between dietary factors and microRNAs (miRNAs) in essential hypertension (EH) pathogenesis.

Recent Findings: There exists an integration of maintenance signals generated by genetic, epigenetic, immune, and environmental (e.g., dietary) factors that work to sustain balance in the gut-liver axis. It is well established that an imbalance in this complex, intertwined system substantially increases the risk for EH. As such, pertinent research has been taken to decipher how each signal operates in isolation and together in EH progression. Recent literature indicates that both macro- and micronutrients interrupt regulatory miRNA expressions and thus, alter multiple cellular processes that contribute to EH and its comorbidities. We highlight how carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, salt, and potassium modify miRNA signatures during EH. The disruption in miRNA expression can negatively impact communication systems such as over activating the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, modulating the vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype, and promoting angiogenesis to favor EH. We also delineate the prognostic value of miRNAs in EH and discuss the pros and cons of surgical vs dietary prophylactic approaches in EH prevention. We propose that dietary-dependent perturbation of the miRNA profile is one mechanism within the gut-liver axis that dictates EH development.
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May 2021

HER2-positive metastatic cervical cancer responsive to first and second-line treatment: A case report.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2020 Feb 21;31:100520. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Hematology and Oncology, Toledo Clinic Cancer Center, Toledo, OH, United States.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common malignant disease among women, with metastatic disease having a dismal survival rate compared to localized disease when using standard combination chemotherapy. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of tumors has allowed for targeted treatments of cancers in patients who have progressed on first-line therapy. We present a case of a 46 year-old female with advanced cervical adenocarcinoma and metastatic recurrence in the lungs found to have HER2 mutation who underwent first and second-line HER2-targeted therapy with sustained disease response. We review the standard of care for advanced cervical cancer, toxicity profiles of chemotherapy and immunotherapy that were employed, the economics of NGS and targeted treatment, and future directions for HER2-targeted therapy. This case report highlights a patient with metastatic cervical cancer responsive to first and second-line HER2-targeted therapy.
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February 2020