Publications by authors named "Robin Ramos"

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Insights into the antiproliferative mechanism of (C^N)-chelated half-sandwich iridium complexes.

Dalton Trans 2020 Dec;49(48):17635-17641

Institut Parisien de Chimie Moléculaire (IPCM), Sorbonne Université, CNRS, 4 place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris, France.

Transition metal-based anticancer compounds, as an alternative to platinum derivatives, are raising scientific interest as they may present distinct although poorly understood mechanisms of action. We used a structure-activity relationship-based methodology to investigate the chemical and biological features of a series of ten (C^N)-chelated half-sandwich iridiumIII complexes of the general formula [IrCp*(phox)Cl], where (phox) is a 2-phenyloxazoline ligand forming a 5-membered metallacycle. This series of compounds undergoes a fast exchange of their chlorido ligand once solubilised in DMSO. They were cytotoxic to HeLa cells with IC50 values in the micromolar range and induced a rapid activation of caspase-3, an apoptosis marker. In vitro, the oxidative power of all the complexes towards NADH was highlighted but only the complexes bearing substituents on the oxazoline ring were able to produce H2O2 at the micromolar range. However, we demonstrated using a powerful HyPer protein redox sensor-based flow cytometry assay that most complexes rapidly raised intracellular levels of H2O2. Hence, this study shows that oxidative stress can partly explain the cytotoxicity of these complexes on the HeLa cell line and gives a first entry to their mechanism of action.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0dt03414bDOI Listing
December 2020