Publications by authors named "Risa Sekiguchi"

5 Publications

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A phase I, dose-escalation study of oral PIM447 in Japanese patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma.

Int J Hematol 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

PIM447, a pan-proviral integration site for Moloney leukemia (PIM) kinase inhibitor, has shown preclinical activity in multiple myeloma (MM). This phase I, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation study aimed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose for expansion (RDE) of PIM447 in Japanese patients with relapsed and/or refractory (R/R) MM. The study included 13 patients (250 mg once daily (QD), [n = 7]; 300 mg QD, [n = 6]). The sole dose-limiting toxicity observed was grade 3 QTc prolongation in one patient from the 300 mg group, and the MTD and RDE was not determined. The most common suspected PIM447-related adverse events (AEs) included thrombocytopenia (76.9%), anemia (53.8%), and leukopenia (53.8%). All patients experienced at least one grade 3 or 4 AE, most frequently thrombocytopenia or leukopenia (61.5% each). The overall response rate was 15.4%, disease control rate 69.2%, clinical benefit rate 23.1%, and two patients had a partial response (one in each dose group). Two patients treated with 250 mg QD had a progression-free survival > 6 months. PIM447 250 mg or 300 mg QD was tolerated in Japanese patients with R/R MM. Further studies are required to evaluate clinical outcomes of PIM447 in combination with other drugs for the treatment of MM.Trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov: (NCT02160951).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-021-03096-9DOI Listing
February 2021

Phase I study of oral gemcitabine prodrug (LY2334737) in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2013 Jun 25;71(6):1645-55. Epub 2013 Apr 25.

Division of Thoracic Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: LY2334737 is an oral gemcitabine prodrug. This Phase I study assessed the safety and tolerability of LY2334737 in Japanese patients with solid tumors and evaluated pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics, and antitumor activity.

Methods: Patients with advanced/metastatic solid tumors received escalating doses of LY2334737 once daily for 14 days, followed by a 7-day drug-free period. Cycles were repeated until discontinuation criteria were met.

Results: Of 13 patients treated, 3 received 20 mg/day, 6 received 30 mg/day, 4 received 40 mg/day. On the 40 mg dose, 3 patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs): hepatic toxicities (e.g., Grade [G]3/4 transaminase and G1-3 bilirubin elevation) and G4 thrombocytopenia; all 3 showed features of disseminated intravascular coagulation. One additional DLT occurred on the 30 mg dose (G3 transaminase elevation). Exploratory pharmacogenetic analyses identified a genetic variation in the CES2 gene potentially associated with these DLTs. PK data showed no clear relationship between the AUC of gemcitabine and its incorporation into leukocyte DNA; 2 of the 3 DLT patients had high incorporation. Two patients (30 mg/day) achieved stable disease with progression-free survival lasting 135 and 155 days.

Conclusions: LY2334737 was tolerated by Japanese patients up to 30 mg/day. The toxicities observed at the 40 mg dose may require the development of alternative dosing schedules.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-013-2165-2DOI Listing
June 2013

Pemetrexed and carboplatin followed by pemetrexed maintenance therapy in chemo-naïve patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer.

Invest New Drugs 2013 Oct 10;31(5):1275-82. Epub 2013 Mar 10.

Department of Medical Oncology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, 377-2 Ohno-higashi, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, 589-8511, Japan,

Introduction: This study prospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed and carboplatin followed by maintenance pemetrexed in chemo-naïve patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: A total of 109 patients received pemetrexed (500 mg/m(2)) and carboplatin (area under the curve = 6 mg/mL·min) every 21 days. For patients without disease progression after 4 cycles, pemetrexed was continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Pre-planned subgroup analysis results based on the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are also presented.

Results: The median number of treatment cycles was 5 (range: 1-30) in the entire study period. Most of the grade ≥ 3 toxicities observed were hematologic in nature, with no increase in the relative incidence associated with continuation maintenance therapy with pemetrexed. Among the 106 total patients assessable for efficacy, the objective response rate was 35.8 %, median progression free survival (PFS) 5.7 months, and median overall survival (OS) 20.2 months. Sixty patients received maintenance pemetrexed (median: 4 cycles, range: 1-26 cycles); median PFS from the beginning of induction treatment was 7.5 months. From the subgroup analysis for EGFR mutation status, the median OS of EGFR wild-type patients (n=61) was 20.2 months.

Conclusions: Pemetrexed/carboplatin followed by pemetrexed was well tolerated and active for front-line treatment of advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. Encouraging survival outcomes were observed even in EGFR-wild type patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10637-013-9941-zDOI Listing
October 2013

Dose-escalation study of thoracic radiotherapy in combination with pemetrexed plus Cisplatin followed by pemetrexed consolidation therapy in Japanese patients with locally advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer.

Clin Lung Cancer 2013 Jan 24;14(1):62-9. Epub 2012 May 24.

Division of Thoracic Oncology, National Cancer Centre Hospital East, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Pemetrexed has radiosensitizing potential when evaluated in vitro in combination with platinum-containing compounds and radiation. We determined the recommended dose (RD) of thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) with a concurrent chemotherapy combination of pemetrexed and cisplatin in Japanese patients with nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Patients And Methods: Eligible patients were histologically confirmed as having locally advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. Study treatment consisted of 2 phases: concurrent chemoradiation and consolidation. In the concurrent chemoradiation phase, all patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) plus cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) on day 1 of a 21-day interval for 3 cycles. The first 6 patients were given 60 Gy concurrently at level 1 dose (L1D). If dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) occurred in < 2 patients at L1D, radiation was escalated to 66 Gy (level 2 dose [L2D]).

Results: Eighteen patients were treated and completed chemoradiotherapy; 12 completed the consolidation phase. In the concurrent chemoradiation phase, 1 patient experienced 2 DLTs [grade 3 anorexia and diarrhea] at L1D. Because no DLT was observed at L2D, it was determined to be the RD. Common toxicities ≥grade 3 were neutropenia and leukopenia. At L1D, 1 patient each experienced grade 2 and grade 3 pneumonitis, and 2 patients experienced grade 2 esophagitis. Six patients experienced grade 2 pneumonitis and 3 patients experienced grade 2 esophagitis at L2D. Fifteen patients achieved partial response (PR), 2 had stable disease (SD), and 1 had progressive disease (PD).

Conclusion: Expected toxicities from concurrent chemoradiation were not worsened with concurrent TRT at a total dose of 66 Gy combined with pemetrexed in Japanese patients with locally advanced (LA) nonsquamous NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cllc.2012.03.007DOI Listing
January 2013

Dose-escalation study of pemetrexed in combination with carboplatin followed by pemetrexed maintenance therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Lung Cancer 2010 Nov 16;70(2):168-73. Epub 2010 Mar 16.

Department of Medical Oncology, Kinki University School of Medicine, 377-2 Ohno-higashi, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka 589-8511, Japan.

Introduction: The primary objectives of this study were to determine the recommended dose of pemetrexed and carboplatin in patients with chemo-naive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: Patients received escalated doses of carboplatin area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of 5 (cohort 1) or 6 (cohort 2) and pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks for six cycles. For patients with objective response and stable disease, pemetrexed were continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Results: In cohort 1, a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was observed in one of the six patients: grade 4 thrombocytopenia. No DLTs were seen in the first 6 patients of cohort 2, and thus the combination of pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) plus carboplatin at AUC 6 was determined as the recommended dose. Among a total of 20 patients, 8 patients received a median of four cycles of pemetrexed monotherapy in a maintenance setting without unexpected or cumulative toxicities. No complete responses and 12 partial responses were observed, giving an overall response rate of 60.0% [95% confidence interval (CI), 36.1-80.9%]. Median progression-free survival time for all patients was 7.6 months (95% CI: 4.8-8.0 months).

Conclusions: Pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) plus carboplatin AUC 6 combination therapy followed by pemetrexed maintenance therapy, is generally tolerable, and shows encouraging antitumor activity in chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2010.02.007DOI Listing
November 2010