Publications by authors named "Rimma Khismatullina"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Serotherapy-Free Regimen Improves Non-Relapse Mortality and Immune Recovery Among the Recipients of αβ TCell-Depleted Haploidentical Grafts: Retrospective Study in Childhood Leukemia.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Apr 14;27(4):330.e1-330.e9. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Medical Center Of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology And Immunology, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

Depletion of αβ T cells from the graft prevents graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and improves the outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from haploidentical donors. Delayed recovery of adaptive immunity remains a problem, which can be approached by adoptive T-cell transfer. In a randomized trial, we have assessed the safety and efficacy of low-dose memory (CD45RA-depleted) donor lymphocytes (mDLI) after HSCT with αβ T-cell depletion. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) is viewed as an essential component of preparative regimen, critical for both prevention of graft failure and GVHD. Variable pharmacokinetics of ATG may significantly affect lymphocyte subpopulations after HSCT. To uncover the potential of mDLI, we replaced rabbit ATG with tocilizumab and abatacept. Here we compare post hoc the immune recovery and the key clinical outcomes, including nonrelapse mortality (NRM), overall- and event-free survival (OS and EFS), between the cohort enrolled in the prospective randomized trial and a historical cohort, comprised of patients grafted with a conventional ATG-based HSCT with αβ T cell depletion. A cohort of 149 children was enrolled in the prospective trial and 108 patients were selected as historical controls from a prospectively populated database. Patient population was comprised of children with high-risk hematologic malignancies, with more than 90% represented by acute leukemia. Median age at enrollment was 8.8 years. In the prospective cohort 91% of the donors were haploidentical parents, whereas in the historical cohort 72% of the donors were haploidentical. Conditioning was based on either 12Gy total body irradiation or treosulfan. Thiotepa, fludarabine, bortezomib, and rituximab were used as additional agents. Patients in the historical cohort received rabbit ATG at 5 mg/kg total dose, while prospective cohort patients received tocilizumab at 8 mg /kg on day -1 and abatacept at 10 mg/kg on days 0, 7, 14, and 28. Patients in the prospective trial cohort were randomized 1:1 to receive mDLI starting on day 0, whereas 69% of historical cohort patients received mDLI after engraftment, as part of previous trials. Primary engraftment rate was 99% in the prospective cohort and 98% in the historical cohort. The incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD was 13% in the prospective cohort and 16 % in the control group. Chronic GVHD developed among 13% (historical) and 7% (prospective) cohorts (P = .07). The incidence of cytomegalovirus viremia was 51% in the prospective cohort arm and 54% in the historical control arm (p = ns). Overall, in the prospective cohort 2-year NRM was 2%, incidence of relapse was 25%, EFS was 71%, and OS was 80%, whereas in the historical cohort 2-year NRM was 13%, incidence of relapse was 19%, EFS was 67%, and OS was 76%, difference non-significant for relapse and survival. NRM was significantly improved in the ATG-free cohort (P = .002). Recovery of both αβ- and γδ- T cells was significantly improved at days +30 and +60 after HSCT in recipients of ATG-free preparative regimens, as well as recovery of naïve T cells. Among the recipients of αβ T-cell-depleted grafts, replacement of ATG with nonlymphodepleting abatacept and tocilizumab immunomodulation did not compromise engraftment and GVHD control and was associated with significantly lower NRM and better immune recovery early after HSCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.01.010DOI Listing
April 2021

Relative expansion of CD19-negative very-early normal B-cell precursors in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia after CD19 targeting by blinatumomab and CAR-T cell therapy: implications for flow cytometric detection of minimal residual disease.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 14;193(3):602-612. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

National Research and Clinical Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russian Federation.

CD19-directed treatment in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP-ALL) frequently leads to the downmodulation of targeted antigens. As multicolour flow cytometry (MFC) application for minimal/measurable residual disease (MRD) assessment in BCP-ALL is based on B-cell compartment study, CD19 loss could hamper MFC-MRD monitoring after blinatumomab or chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy. The use of other antigens (CD22, CD10, CD79a, etc.) as B-lineage gating markers allows the identification of CD19-negative leukaemia, but it could also lead to misidentification of normal very-early CD19-negative BCPs as tumour blasts. In the current study, we summarized the results of the investigation of CD19-negative normal BCPs in 106 children with BCP-ALL who underwent CD19 targeting (blinatumomab, n = 64; CAR-T, n = 25; or both, n = 17). It was found that normal CD19-negative BCPs could be found in bone marrow after CD19-directed treatment more frequently than in healthy donors and children with BCP-ALL during chemotherapy or after stem cell transplantation. Analysis of the antigen expression profile revealed that normal CD19-negative BCPs could be mixed up with residual leukaemic blasts, even in bioinformatic analyses of MFC data. The results of our study should help to investigate MFC-MRD more accurately in patients who have undergone CD19-targeted therapy, even in cases with normal CD19-negative BCP expansion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.17382DOI Listing
May 2021

Plerixafor added to G-CSF allows mobilization of a sufficient number of hematopoietic progenitors without impacting the efficacy of TCR-alpha/beta depletion in pediatric haploidentical and genoidentical donors failing to mobilize with G-CSF alone.

J Clin Apher 2021 Mar 8. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Dmitri Rogachev National Research Centre for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Ministry of Health of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Background: Collection of a large number of early hematopoietic progenitors is essential for allogeneic apheresis products intended for TCR-alpha/beta depletion.

Materials And Methods: We added plerixafor 0.24 mg/kg body weight (bw) on day 4 of high-dose filgrastim mobilization 10 hours prior to apheresis in 16 (30.5%) pediatric allogeneic donors who failed to recover a sufficient number of CD34+ cells.

Results: On day 4 of G-CSF, the median CD34+ cell count in peripheral blood was 6 per μL (range 4-9 per μL) in 6 poor mobilizers and 16 per μL (range 12-19 per μL) in insufficient mobilizers. In all donors, the threshold of 50 CD34+ cells/μL was achieved, and the median increase was 14.8-fold in poor mobilizers and 6.5-fold in insufficient mobilizers, whereas it was 3.45-fold increase in those mobilized with G-CSF alone.

Discussion: In all donors, a predefined number of >10 × 10 CD34+ cells/kg of recipient bw before depletion was reached in the apheresis product. The use of plerixafor did not affect the purity of further TCR-alpha/beta depletion. Side effects were mild to moderate and consisted of nausea and vomiting.

Conclusion: Thus, the safety and high efficacy of plerixafor was proven in healthy pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell donors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jca.21891DOI Listing
March 2021

Safety and efficacy of the low-dose memory (CD45RA-depleted) donor lymphocyte infusion in recipients of αβ T cell-depleted haploidentical grafts: results of a prospective randomized trial in high-risk childhood leukemia.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Medical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Depletion of αβ T cells from the graft prevents graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) and improves outcome of HSCT from haploidentical donors. In a randomized trial, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of low-dose memory (CD45RA-depleted) donor lymphocytes (mDLI) after HSCT with αβ T-cell depletion. A cohort of 149 children was enrolled, 76 were randomized to receive scheduled mDLI and 73 received standard care. Conditioning was based on either 12 Gy total body irradiation or treosulfan. Rabbit antithymocyte globulin was replaced by tocilizumab and abatacept. Primary end points were the incidence of acute GVHD grades II-IV and the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia. The incidence of grades II-IV aGVHD was 14% in the experimental arm and 12% in the control arm, p-0.8. The incidence of CMV viremia was 45% in the experimental arm and 55% in the control arm, p-0.4. Overall, in the total cohort 2-year NRM was 2%, cumulative incidence of relapse was 25%, event-free survival 71%, and overall survival 80%, without difference between the study arms. Memory DLI was associated with improved recovery of CMV-specific T-cell responses in a subcohort of CMV IgG seropositive recipients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01232-xDOI Listing
February 2021

T-cell tracking, safety, and effect of low-dose donor memory T-cell infusions after αβ T cell-depleted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Apr 17;56(4):900-908. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

The delayed recovery of adaptive immunity underlies transplant-related mortality (TRM) after αβ T cell-depleted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We tested the use of low-dose memory donor lymphocyte infusions (mDLIs) after engraftment of αβ T cell-depleted grafts.A cohort of 131 pediatric patients (median age 9 years) were grafted with αβ T cell-depleted products from either haplo (n = 79) or unrelated donors (n = 52). After engraftment, patients received mDLIs prepared by CD45RA depletion. Cell dose was escalated monthly from 25 × 10 to 100 × 10/kg (haplo) and from 100 × 10 to 300 × 10 /kg (MUD). In a subcohort of 16 patients, T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire profiling with deep sequencing was used to track T-cell clones and to evaluate the contribution of mDLI to the immune repertoire.In total, 343 mDLIs were administered. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grades II and III de novo acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 5% and 2%, respectively, and the CI of chronic graft-versus-host disease was 7%. Half of the patients with undetectable CMV-specific T cells before mDLI recovered CMV-specific T cells. TCR repertoire profiling confirmed that mDLI-derived T cells significantly contribute to the TCR repertoire up to 1 year after HSCT and include persistent, CMV-specific T-cell clones.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01128-2DOI Listing
April 2021

Outcome of αβ T cell-depleted transplantation in children with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia, grafted in remission.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2020 01 15;55(1):256-259. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Medical Research Сenter of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Samory Mashela street, 1, Moscow, 117997, Russia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-019-0531-3DOI Listing
January 2020

αβ T Cell-Depleted Haploidentical Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation without Antithymocyte Globulin in Children with Chemorefractory Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2019 05 21;25(5):e179-e182. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Medical Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Immunology, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

We evaluated the outcome of αβ T cell-depleted haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in a cohort of children with chemorefractory acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Twenty-two patients with either primary refractory (n = 10) or relapsed refractory (n = 12) AML in active disease status received a transplant from haploidentical donors. The preparative regimen included cytoreduction with fludarabine and cytarabine and subsequent myeloablative conditioning with treosulfan and thiotepa. Antithymocyte globulin was substituted with tocilizumab in all patients and also with abatacept in 10 patients. Grafts were peripheral blood stem cells engineered by αβ T cell and CD19 depletion. Post-transplantation prophylactic therapy included infusion of donor lymphocytes, composed of a CD45RA-depleted fraction with or without a hypomethylating agent. Complete remission was achieved in 21 patients (95%). The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 18%, and the cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 23%. At 2 years, transplantation-related mortality was 9%, relapse rate was 42%, event-free survival was 49%, and overall survival was 53%. Our data suggest that αβ T cell-depleted haploidentical HSCT provides a reasonable chance of long-term survival in a cohort of children with chemorefractory AML and creates a solid basis for further improvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.01.023DOI Listing
May 2019