Publications by authors named "Rifat Ergul"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Indication for Y Chromosome Microdeletion Analysis in Infertile Men: Is a New Sperm Concentration Threshold Needed?

Urology 2020 Dec 6;146:113-117. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Urology Department, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To describe the prevalence of Y-chromosome deletions in patients with a sperm concentration of less than 5 million/mL. To also determine a new sperm threshold for Y-chromosome analysis in men with infertility.

Methods: A total of 3023 patients who had a semen concentration of less than 5 million/mL included in this retrospective study. All of these patients had a genetic evaluation, hormonal evaluation, and 2 abnormal semen analyses.

Results: Y-chromosome deletions were present in 116 (3.8 %) patients with sperm concentration <5 million/mL. The frequency of a Y-chromosome deletions was 6.8%, 1.0%, 0.15% in azoospermic men, in men with sperm concentrations of 0-1 million /mL, in men with sperm concentrations of 1-5 million/mL. Patients were divided into 2 groups regarding the determined new sperm threshold. The sensitivity and specificity of the Y-chromosome deletions test were 92.2.7% and 49.3 %, 99.1%, and 22.1% in patients with azoospermia and sperm concentrations <1 million/mL, respectively. If the sperm concentration thresholds of azoospermia or <1 million/mL, are applied, the number of tests decreased to 50.5% (1442 tests) and 23.1% (643 tests), respectively. Approximately $108,150 and $48,225 would be saved if the sperm thresholds were azoospermia and <1 million/mL, respectively CONCLUSION: The current threshold of sperm concentration for Y-chromosome deletions is controversial. The new proposed sperm threshold for genetic testing of 1 million/mL would increase sensitivity and more cost-effective compared to the current threshold.
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December 2020

Management of Patients Who Seek Urologic Care in Covid-19 Pandemic Era.

Urol J 2020 Aug 18;17(5):548-554. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Istanbul University, Istanbul School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Istanbul.

Introduction:  Novel coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) has emerged in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and became a pandemic in a few weeks. In this review, we aimed to summarize the current urologic practice trends worldwide to help urologist in decision making in disasters particularly in Covid-19 pandemic.

Material And Method:  We have performed a PubMed and Internet search by using the keywords: 'Covid', 'new coronavirus', 'coronavirus urology, 'covid urology' without a date restriction.  Results: All elective surgeries for benign urological conditions such as urinary tract stone disease that not caused complicated obstruction, benign prostate enlargement, infertility, incontinence and genitourinary prolapse, erectile dysfunction undescendent testis, vesico-ureteral reflux   should be postponed till the lasting of Covid-19 outbreak. In obstructing ureteral stone both nephrostomy tube and double-J stent insertion are valid management options. However, one must consider that these procedures must be performed under local anesthesia when possible to spare a ventilator. When deferring urooncological operations and treatments oncological outcomes must be considered. Aggressive cessation or reducing the dosage of immunosuppressant therapy might be an option in renal transplanted patients with severe pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome.
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August 2020