Richard M Ransohoff

Richard M Ransohoff

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Richard M Ransohoff

Richard M Ransohoff

Publications by authors named "Richard M Ransohoff"

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100Publications

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Author Correction: TLR9 activation via microglial glucocorticoid receptors contributes to degeneration of midbrain dopamine neurons.

Nat Commun 2018 Aug 1;9(1):3109. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Institute of Biology Paris Seine, Gene Regulation and Adaptive Behaviors Team, Department of Neuroscience Paris Seine, Sorbonne Université, CNRS UMR 8246 & INSERM U1130, 9 Quai Saint Bernard, F-75005, Paris, France.

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August 2018

TLR9 activation via microglial glucocorticoid receptors contributes to degeneration of midbrain dopamine neurons.

Nat Commun 2018 Jun 22;9(1):2450. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Institute of Biology Paris Seine, Gene Regulation and Adaptive Behaviors Team, Department of Neuroscience Paris Seine, Sorbonne Université, CNRS UMR 8246 & INSERM U1130, 9 Quai Saint Bernard, F-75005, Paris, France.

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June 2018

Infiltrating macrophages are broadly activated at the early stage to support acute skeletal muscle injury repair.

J Neuroimmunol 2018 Apr 4;317:55-66. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Department of Neurology & Neurotherapeutics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, United States. Electronic address:

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April 2018

Microglia-mediated recovery from ALS-relevant motor neuron degeneration in a mouse model of TDP-43 proteinopathy.

Nat Neurosci 2018 Mar 20;21(3):329-340. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research (CNDR), Institute on Aging, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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March 2018

Traumatic Brain Injury in hTau Model Mice: Enhanced Acute Macrophage Response and Altered Long-Term Recovery.

J Neurotrauma 2018 Jan 1;35(1):73-84. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

3 Medical and Molecular Genetics, Stark Neuroscience Research Institute, Indiana University , Indianapolis, Indiana.

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January 2018

Laquinimod attenuates inflammation by modulating macrophage functions in traumatic brain injury mouse model.

J Neuroinflammation 2018 Jan 30;15(1):26. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

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January 2018

GRP78 autoantibodies initiate the breakdown of the blood-brain barrier in neuromyelitis optica.

Oncotarget 2017 Dec 21;8(63):106175-106176. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Fumitaka Shimizu: Department of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Minamikogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan.

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December 2017

Specks of insight into Alzheimer's disease.

Nature 2017 12;552(7685):342-343

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December 2017

Temporal Tracking of Microglia Activation in Neurodegeneration at Single-Cell Resolution.

Cell Rep 2017 Oct;21(2):366-380

Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Electronic address:

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October 2017

Polymorphic regulation of mitochondrial fission and fusion modifies phenotypes of microglia in neuroinflammation.

Sci Rep 2017 Jul 10;7(1):4942. Epub 2017 Jul 10.

Departments of Anatomy and Molecular Histology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Yamanashi, 409-3898, Japan.

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July 2017

Should We Stop Saying 'Glia' and 'Neuroinflammation'?

Trends Mol Med 2017 06 9;23(6):486-500. Epub 2017 May 9.

Institut de Neurociències and Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Unitat de Bioquímica de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain; ICREA, Pg. Lluís Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

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June 2017

The blood-brain barrier.

Handb Clin Neurol 2016 ;133:39-59

Neuro/Immuno Discovery Biology, Biogen, Cambridge, MA, USA.

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February 2017

CCR2 deficiency does not provide sustained improvement of muscular dystrophy in mdx5cv mice.

FASEB J 2017 01 21;31(1):35-46. Epub 2016 Sep 21.

Department of Neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA; and

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January 2017

Effects of neuromyelitis optica-IgG at the blood-brain barrier in vitro.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2017 Jan 19;4(1):e311. Epub 2016 Dec 19.

Neuroinflammation Research Center (Y.T., B.O., A.C.C., S.F.S., F.S., E.Y., R.M.R.), Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, OH; Department of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience (Y.S., T.K.), Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan; and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology (T.J.K., V.A.L.), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Y.T. and F.S. are currently affiliated with the Department of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. B.O., A.C.C., and R.M.R. are currently affiliated with Neuroimmunology Research, Biogen, Cambridge, MA. S.F.S. is currently affiliated with the Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, Section of Pharmacology, University of Catania, Italy.

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January 2017

Identification and Function of Fibrocytes in Skeletal Muscle Injury Repair and Muscular Dystrophy.

J Immunol 2016 12 9;197(12):4750-4761. Epub 2016 Nov 9.

Department of Neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029; and

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December 2016

Reply.

Ann Neurol 2016 11 19;80(5):793-794. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

Laboratory of Molecular Neuro-oncology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY.

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November 2016

Efficient derivation of microglia-like cells from human pluripotent stem cells.

Nat Med 2016 11 26;22(11):1358-1367. Epub 2016 Sep 26.

Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

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November 2016

Infiltrating monocytes promote brain inflammation and exacerbate neuronal damage after status epilepticus.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2016 09 6;113(38):E5665-74. Epub 2016 Sep 6.

Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322;

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September 2016

How neuroinflammation contributes to neurodegeneration.

Science 2016 Aug;353(6301):777-83

Biogen, 225 Binney Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.

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August 2016

A polarizing question: do M1 and M2 microglia exist?

Nat Neurosci 2016 07;19(8):987-91

Neuroimmunology, Biogen, Cambridge, Massachusetts USA.

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July 2016

Sphingosine 1 Phosphate at the Blood Brain Barrier: Can the Modulation of S1P Receptor 1 Influence the Response of Endothelial Cells and Astrocytes to Inflammatory Stimuli?

PLoS One 2015 21;10(7):e0133392. Epub 2015 Jul 21.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America.

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May 2016

Neutrophil depletion after subarachnoid hemorrhage improves memory via NMDA receptors.

Brain Behav Immun 2016 May 9;54:233-242. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Neuroscience, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

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May 2016

Neuroinflammation: Surprises from the sanitary engineers.

Nature 2016 Apr 6;532(7598):185-6. Epub 2016 Apr 6.

Neuroimmunology group, Biogen, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.

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April 2016

Microglial Physiology and Pathophysiology: Insights from Genome-wide Transcriptional Profiling.

Immunity 2016 Mar;44(3):505-515

Neuroimmunology, Biogen, 225 Binney Street, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA. Electronic address:

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March 2016

CX3CR1 deficiency delays acute skeletal muscle injury repair by impairing macrophage functions.

FASEB J 2016 Jan 6;30(1):380-93. Epub 2015 Oct 6.

*Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA; and Department of Neurosciences, Neuroinflammation Research Center, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

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January 2016

Ccr2 deletion dissociates cavity size and tau pathology after mild traumatic brain injury.

J Neuroinflammation 2015 Dec 3;12:228. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

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December 2015

Spatiotemporal ablation of CXCR2 on oligodendrocyte lineage cells: Role in myelin repair.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2015 Dec 19;2(6):e174. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Neuroinflammation Research Center (L.L., L.C.S., B.H., S.S., A.L., C.Z., M.Y., A.C.C., R.M.R.), Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic; Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University (B.P.); and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (B.B.), Cleveland, OH.

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December 2015

A destructive feedback loop mediated by CXCL10 in central nervous system inflammatory disease.

Ann Neurol 2015 Oct 21;78(4):619-29. Epub 2015 Aug 21.

Laboratory of Molecular Neuro-oncology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY.

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October 2015

Neuroinflammation: Ways in Which the Immune System Affects the Brain.

Neurotherapeutics 2015 Oct;12(4):896-909

Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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October 2015

Microglia in Health and Disease.

Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 2015 Sep 9;8(1):a020560. Epub 2015 Sep 9.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Center for Immunology and Inflammatory Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129.

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September 2015

Inflammatory reaction after traumatic brain injury: therapeutic potential of targeting cell-cell communication by chemokines.

Trends Pharmacol Sci 2015 Jul 13;36(7):471-80. Epub 2015 May 13.

Neuro/Immuno Discovery Biology, Biogen, Cambridge, MA, USA. Electronic address:

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July 2015

Reactive microglia drive tau pathology and contribute to the spreading of pathological tau in the brain.

Brain 2015 Jun 31;138(Pt 6):1738-55. Epub 2015 Mar 31.

1 Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, MSC08 4660, 1 University of New Mexico, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM 87131, USA

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June 2015

Sphingosine 1-phosphate signaling at the blood-brain barrier.

Trends Mol Med 2015 Jun 1;21(6):354-63. Epub 2015 May 1.

Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA; Neuroinflammation Research Center, Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

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June 2015

Immune attack: the role of inflammation in Alzheimer disease.

Nat Rev Neurosci 2015 Jun;16(6):358-72

Institute of Experimental Immunology, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zrich, Switzerland.

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June 2015

Loss of tau rescues inflammation-mediated neurodegeneration.

Front Neurosci 2015 3;9:196. Epub 2015 Jun 3.

Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM, USA.

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June 2015

Corrigendum: multiple sclerosis-a quiet revolution.

Nat Rev Neurol 2015 May 24;11(5):246. Epub 2015 Mar 24.

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May 2015

A dynamic spectrum of monocytes arising from the in situ reprogramming of CCR2+ monocytes at a site of sterile injury.

J Exp Med 2015 Apr 23;212(4):447-56. Epub 2015 Mar 23.

Immunology Research Group, Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases; Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infectious Diseases; and Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada Immunology Research Group, Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases; Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infectious Diseases; and Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada

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April 2015

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor, the Zelig of cytokines, is a chaperone for SOD1 in non-neuronal cells.

Neuron 2015 Apr;86(1):2-3

Neuroimmunology Group, Biogen, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Electronic address:

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April 2015

Editorial Research Topic "Chemokines and chemokine receptors in brain homeostasis".

Front Cell Neurosci 2015 8;9:132. Epub 2015 Apr 8.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Istituto Pasteur Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, University of Rome "Sapienza," Rome, Italy.

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April 2015

Multiple sclerosis-a quiet revolution.

Nat Rev Neurol 2015 Mar 17;11(3):134-42. Epub 2015 Feb 17.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

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March 2015

TREM2 deficiency eliminates TREM2+ inflammatory macrophages and ameliorates pathology in Alzheimer's disease mouse models.

J Exp Med 2015 Mar 2;212(3):287-95. Epub 2015 Mar 2.

The Lerner Research Institute and Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195 The Lerner Research Institute and Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195 Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106

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March 2015

Meet the new team!

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2014 Dec 18;1(4):e44. Epub 2014 Dec 18.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Mellen Center for MS Treatment and Research; and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

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December 2014

Physiology. Good barriers make good neighbors.

Science 2014 Oct 2;346(6205):36-7. Epub 2014 Oct 2.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Mellen Center for MS Treatment and Research, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

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October 2014

A meditation on medications, among other things.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2014 Oct 30;1(3):e37. Epub 2014 Oct 30.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Mellen Center for MS Treatment and Research; and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.

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October 2014

Rapid remodeling of tight junctions during paracellular diapedesis in a human model of the blood-brain barrier.

J Immunol 2014 Sep 25;193(5):2427-37. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

Department of Pathology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611;

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September 2014

Ontogeny and functions of central nervous system macrophages.

J Immunol 2014 Sep;193(6):2615-21

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195; and Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and Research, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195

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September 2014

Opposing effects of membrane-anchored CX3CL1 on amyloid and tau pathologies via the p38 MAPK pathway.

J Neurosci 2014 Sep;34(37):12538-46

Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, Department of Genetics and Department of Neurosciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, and

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September 2014

Systemic lipopolysaccharide induces cochlear inflammation and exacerbates the synergistic ototoxicity of kanamycin and furosemide.

J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 2014 Aug 21;15(4):555-70. Epub 2014 May 21.

Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA,

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August 2014

Modulating neurotoxicity through CX3CL1/CX3CR1 signaling.

Front Cell Neurosci 2014 8;8:229. Epub 2014 Aug 8.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Lerner Research Institute and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, OH, USA.

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August 2014

Informing and inspiring.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2014 Aug 21;1(2):e23. Epub 2014 Aug 21.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Mellen Center for MS Treatment and Research; and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

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August 2014

An in vitro blood-brain barrier model combining shear stress and endothelial cell/astrocyte co-culture.

J Neurosci Methods 2014 Jul 22;232:165-72. Epub 2014 May 22.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, United States. Electronic address:

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July 2014

Mitochondrial immobilization mediated by syntaphilin facilitates survival of demyelinated axons.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014 Jul 23;111(27):9953-8. Epub 2014 Jun 23.

Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195; and

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July 2014

Differential roles of microglia and monocytes in the inflamed central nervous system.

J Exp Med 2014 Jul 7;211(8):1533-49. Epub 2014 Jul 7.

Neuroinflammation Research Center and Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; and Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and Research, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44106Neuroinflammation Research Center and Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; and Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and Research, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44106 Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106

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July 2014

Gathering thunder.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2014 Jun 31;1(1):e15. Epub 2014 May 31.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Mellen Center for MS Treatment and Research, and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

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June 2014

High-resolution intravital imaging reveals that blood-derived macrophages but not resident microglia facilitate secondary axonal dieback in traumatic spinal cord injury.

Exp Neurol 2014 Apr 24;254:109-20. Epub 2014 Jan 24.

Department of Neurosciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. Electronic address:

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April 2014

Microglial derived tumor necrosis factor-α drives Alzheimer's disease-related neuronal cell cycle events.

Neurobiol Dis 2014 Feb 17;62:273-85. Epub 2013 Oct 17.

Department of Neurosciences, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

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February 2014

Clinical outcomes following surgical management of coexistent cervical stenosis and multiple sclerosis: a cohort-controlled analysis.

Spine J 2014 Feb 12;14(2):331-7. Epub 2013 Nov 12.

Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA; Cleveland Clinic Center for Spine Health, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, S-40, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

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February 2014

Development, maintenance and disruption of the blood-brain barrier.

Nat Med 2013 Dec 5;19(12):1584-96. Epub 2013 Dec 5.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Department of Neuroscience, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

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December 2013

CCR7 signaling in pediatric opsoclonus-myoclonus: upregulated serum CCL21 expression is steroid-responsive.

Cytokine 2013 Oct 10;64(1):331-6. Epub 2013 Jun 10.

National Pediatric Myoclonus Center and Neuroimmunology Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 19643, Springfield, IL 62794-9643, USA; Department of Neurology, SouthernIllinois University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 19643, Springfield, IL 62794-9643, USA. Electronic address:

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October 2013

Act1 mediates IL-17-induced EAE pathogenesis selectively in NG2+ glial cells.

Nat Neurosci 2013 Oct 1;16(10):1401-8. Epub 2013 Sep 1.

1] Shanghai Institute of Immunology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. [2] Department of Immunology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

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October 2013

Functional defect of peripheral neutrophils in mice with induced deletion of CXCR2.

Genesis 2013 Aug 24;51(8):587-95. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Department of Neuroscience, Neuroinflammation Research Center, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

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August 2013

Regulation of adaptive immunity by the fractalkine receptor during autoimmune inflammation.

J Immunol 2013 Aug 1;191(3):1063-72. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Department of Biology, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA.

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August 2013

CCR4 agonists CCL22 and CCL17 are elevated in pediatric OMS sera: rapid and selective down-regulation of CCL22 by ACTH or corticosteroids.

J Clin Immunol 2013 May 23;33(4):817-25. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Neuroimmunology Research Laboratory, National Pediatric Myoclonus Center, Department of Neurology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794-9643, USA.

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May 2013

Synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus shows resistance to acute ethanol exposure in transgenic mice with astrocyte-targeted enhanced CCL2 expression.

Neuropharmacology 2013 Apr 16;67:115-25. Epub 2012 Nov 16.

Molecular and Integrative Neuroscience Department, SP30-1522, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

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April 2013

Characterization of natural killer cells in paired CSF and blood samples during neuroinflammation.

J Neuroimmunol 2013 Jan 2;254(1-2):165-9. Epub 2012 Sep 2.

Experimental and Clinical Research Center, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

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January 2013

BAFF/APRIL system in pediatric OMS: relation to severity, neuroinflammation, and immunotherapy.

J Neuroinflammation 2013 Jan 16;10:10. Epub 2013 Jan 16.

Department of Neurology, National Pediatric Myoclonus Center and Neuroimmunology Laboratory, and Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19643, Springfield, IL 62794-9643, USA.

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January 2013

Capture, crawl, cross: the T cell code to breach the blood-brain barriers.

Trends Immunol 2012 Dec 25;33(12):579-89. Epub 2012 Aug 25.

Theodor Kocher Institute, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 1, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland.

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December 2012

Chemokine CXCL12 in neurodegenerative diseases: an SOS signal for stem cell-based repair.

Trends Neurosci 2012 Oct 10;35(10):619-28. Epub 2012 Jul 10.

Department of Cell Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

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October 2012

Microglial repopulation model reveals a robust homeostatic process for replacing CNS myeloid cells.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012 Oct 15;109(44):18150-5. Epub 2012 Oct 15.

German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, DZNE, and Department of Cellular Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tuebingen, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany.

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October 2012

The anatomical and cellular basis of immune surveillance in the central nervous system.

Nat Rev Immunol 2012 Sep 20;12(9):623-35. Epub 2012 Aug 20.

Neuroinflammation Research Center and Mellen Center for MS Treatment and Research, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.

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September 2012

Immunology: Licensed in the lungs.

Nature 2012 Aug;488(7413):595-6

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August 2012

Inflammatory cell trafficking across the blood-brain barrier: chemokine regulation and in vitro models.

Immunol Rev 2012 Jul;248(1):228-39

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Department of Neuroscience, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

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July 2012

Animal models of multiple sclerosis: the good, the bad and the bottom line.

Nat Neurosci 2012 Jul 26;15(8):1074-7. Epub 2012 Jul 26.

Neuroinflammation Research Center, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

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July 2012