Publications by authors named "Richard L Beaulaurier"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Need for New Emphasis on Batterers Intervention Programs.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2017 10 12;18(4):425-432. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

2 School of Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.

Although Batterers' Intervention Programs (BIPs) remain a crucial part of victim safety and coordinated community responses, they have received less support and less attention by scholars than other parts of the domestic violence system. Research on BIPs also suggests that they have not been particularly effective at preventing recidivism, are prone to attrition, and increasingly lack the support and confidence of the courts. Nevertheless, BIPs remain one of the few viable alternatives to incarceration for perpetrators of domestic violence. This article examines the historical and empirical reasons for the apparent lack of effectiveness of BIPs. New research suggests avenues for improvement. This begins with incorporating existing research findings, consistency in implementation of best practice models, better diagnosis of personality characteristics of perpetrators and of types of violence that characterize their relationships as well as better funding and support for research. In addition, differentiated treatment approaches tailored to the abuser and their particular types of violence may hold promise-and require increased support by the research and practice communities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838015622440DOI Listing
October 2017

Domestic abuse against elder women and perceived barriers to help-seeking.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2013 ;25(3):205-29

Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA.

The study's (n = 447) purposes were to (1) describe relationships of abuser behavior to elder women's perception of barriers to help-seeking; (2) compare fit of model to participants' levels of abuse, race-ethnicity, age, and gender and relationship of identified close other; and (3) determine extent to which the model differentiated relationship of abuser to participant and level of abuse. Analyses identified six factors contributing to the overall barrier score, accounting for 84% of total variance (χ2/df = 1.527, CFI = .989, RMSEA = .034), including three internal and two external factors and a single abuser behavior factor that were invariant across participant characteristic; however, covariances did differ.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2012.751836DOI Listing
November 2013

Health and cultural determinants of voluntary HIV testing and counseling among middle-aged and older Latina women.

J Women Aging 2012 ;24(2):97-112

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The rate of cases of HIV/AIDS in older people is increasing; indeed one out of every four people with HIV/AIDS is over age 50. This study describes the correlates of HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) using structural equation modeling techniques for a sample of 135 middle-aged and middle-aged and older Latinas in South Florida. Over 60% of participants had been tested for HIV. Provider endorsement was found to be the strongest predictor of VCT (odds ratio [OR] = 6. 38), followed by having a clinic as a regular source of healthcare (OR = 3.88). Social work implications are provided.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08952841.2012.639650DOI Listing
August 2012

Older Latina women and HIV/AIDS: an examination of sexuality and culture as they relate to risk and protective factors.

J Gerontol Soc Work 2009 Jan;52(1):48-63

Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse, School of Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33199, USA.

Older Latina women are one of the least studied American demographic groups with regard to social, health, or sexual behavior. This could leave social workers and other geriatric professionals unprepared for dealing with HIV/AIDS in this population. Currently, older Latina women are one of the fastest growing groups of new AIDS cases. Twenty percent of all women ever diagnosed with the disease are Latina and 5.5% of Latinas infected with the virus are older. The number of diagnosed infections is increasing in older women, including Latinas, in spite of recent declines in infection rates with younger populations. There are also a potentially large number of cases that go misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. This article also addresses risk and protective factors related to gender roles, traditional Latino family values, religion, socioeconomic factors, health, and health care, with special attention to the triple jeopardy faced by this population by virtue of being female, seniors, and minorities. The article concludes with recommendations for the development of culturally competent practices with older Latinas and the development of a research agenda to better understand their risk-related and health-seeking behavior.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01634370802561950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2693918PMC
January 2009

Barriers to help-seeking for older women who experience intimate partner violence: a descriptive model.

J Women Aging 2008 ;20(3-4):231-48

School of Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8 St., GL 415, Miami, FL 33175, USA.

Purpose: The paper describes a model of barriers to help-seeking (MBHS) for older women who experience domestic violence (DV).

Design And Methods: Data were collected from 134 women ages 45 to 85 years in 21 focus groups. Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software (ATLAS.ti) was used to organize transcript analysis and provided access to the quotations upon which codes, themes, relationship maps, and other elements of the analysis were constructed.

Results: Twelve themes emerged that showed strong relationships with experience of DV and barriers to help-seeking concepts. The resulting model of barriers to help-seeking (MBHS) illustrates how identified internal and external factors interrelate with each other and with an abuser's behaviors to create help-seeking barriers. The model also reflects the determination that, for study participants, there was no discernable point where characteristics of the experience of DV ended and resistance to help-seeking began.

Implications: Development of services specifically suitable to the needs and desires of older women who experience DV is vital. Professionals in all service segments must more fully understand the help-seeking barriers that older DV victims face. To this end, the research community is challenged to replace myths and stereotypes about the nature and prevalence of DV among older people with empirically derived knowledge.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08952840801984543DOI Listing
December 2008

Internet surveillance: content analysis and monitoring of product-specific internet prescription opioid abuse-related postings.

Clin J Pain 2007 Sep;23(7):619-28

Inflexxion, Inc, Newton, MA 02464, USA.

Objectives: This study describes the development of a systematic approach to the analysis of Internet chatter as a means of monitoring potentially abusable opioid analgesics.

Methods: Message boards dedicated to drug abuse were selected using specific inclusion criteria. Threaded discussions containing 48,293 posts were captured. A coding system was created to compare content of posts related to 3 opioid analgesics: Kadian, Vicodin, and OxyContin.

Results: The number of posts containing mentions of the target drugs were significantly different [OxyContin (1813)>Vicodin (940)>Kadian (27), P<0.001]. Analyses revealed that these differences were not simply a reflection of the availability of each product (ie, number of prescriptions written). Reliability tests indicated that the content coding system achieved good interrater reliability coefficients (average kappa across all categories=0.76, range=0.52 to 1.0). Content analysis of a sample of 234 randomly selected posts indicated that the proportion of Internet posts endorsing abuse of Kadian was statistically significantly less than OxyContin (45.5% vs. 68.4%, P=0.036, not adjusted for multiple comparisons).

Discussion: These results suggest that a systematic approach to postmarketing surveillance of Internet chatter related to pharmaceutical products is feasible and yields reliable information about the quantity of discussion of specific products and qualitative information regarding the nature of the discussions. Kadian was associated with fewer Internet mentions than either OxyContin or Vicodin. This investigation stands as a first attempt to establish systematic methods for conducting Internet surveillance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0b013e318125c5cfDOI Listing
September 2007

Internal barriers to help seeking for middle-aged and older women who experience intimate partner violence.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2005 ;17(3):53-74

School of Social Work, Florida International University, College of Health and Urban Affairs, Miami, FL, 33199, USA.

There has been relatively little qualitatively or quantitatively published research to guide the field in identifying and addressing barriers to seeking help for older women who experience domestic violence. Women over the age of 45 have seldom been participants in research on domestic violence. This paper describes results from a qualitative study that focused on reactions to and internalization of abusive behaviors of an intimate partner. Twenty-one focus groups were conducted with 134 middle- aged and older women. Analysis of the data identified six factors that describe reactions to abusive behavior that become barriers to help seeking, including self-blame, powerlessness, hopelessness, the need to protect family, and the need to keep such abuse secret from others. These.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/j084v17n03_04DOI Listing
December 2009
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