Publications by authors named "Richard Kitayimbwa"

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Effect of Empiric Anti- Therapy on Survival Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Adults Admitted With Sepsis to a Regional Referral Hospital in Uganda.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Apr 14;6(4):ofz140. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Department of Medicine, Uganda.

Background: is the leading cause of bloodstream infection among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with sepsis in sub-Saharan Africa and is associated with high mortality rates.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of HIV-infected adults with sepsis at the Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital in Uganda to measure the proportion who received antituberculosis therapy and to determine the relationship between antituberculosis therapy and 28-day survival.

Results: Of the 149 patients evaluated, 74 (50%) had severe sepsis and 48 (32%) died. Of the 55 patients (37%) who received antituberculosis therapy, 19 (35%) died, compared with 29 of 94 (31%) who did not receive such therapy (odds ratio, 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], .56-3.18; = .64). The 28-day survival rates did not differ significantly between these 2 groups (log-rank test, = .21). Among the 74 patients with severe sepsis, 9 of 26 (35%) who received antituberculosis therapy died, versus 23 of 48 (48%) who did not receive such therapy (odds ratio, 0.58; 95% CI, .21-1.52; = .27). In patients with severe sepsis, antituberculosis therapy was associated with an improved 28-day survival rate (log-rank test = .01), and with a reduced mortality rate in a Cox proportional hazards model (hazard ratio, 0.32; 95% CI, .13-.80; = .03).

Conclusions: Empiric antituberculosis therapy was associated with improved survival rates among patients with severe sepsis, but not among all patients with sepsis.
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April 2019