Publications by authors named "Richard K Bennington"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Detection of genomic abnormalities in multiple myeloma: the application of FISH analysis in combination with various plasma cell enrichment techniques.

Am J Clin Pathol 2011 Nov;136(5):712-20

Department of Molecular Analysis, HematoLogics, 3161 Elliott Avenue, Seattle, WA 98121, USA.

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematopoietic neoplasm characterized by malignant plasma cells (PCs) that accumulate in the bone marrow. A number of different genomic abnormalities are associated with MM; however, detection of these by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) can be limited by the percentage of PCs in the specimen. In this study, we tested 20 bone marrow specimens with known MM and a low concentration of monoclonal PCs for the presence of genomic abnormalities using FISH in combination with various PC enrichment techniques: magnetic cell sorting, targeted manual scoring, and automated image analysis. In addition, flow cytometric cell sorting of PCs in combination with FISH analysis was also tested for minimal residual disease applications. Different parameters were evaluated when assessing the detection efficiency of each approach. FISH results are highly dependent on the chosen enrichment method. We describe the evaluation of different techniques applicable for various laboratory settings and specimen parameters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/AJCPF7NFLW8UAJEPDOI Listing
November 2011

A minority of concurrent monoclonal lymphocytes and plasmacytic cells sharing light chains are genetically related in putative lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma.

Leuk Res 2011 Dec 14;35(12):1597-604. Epub 2011 Jul 14.

HematoLogics Inc., 3161 Elliott Ave, Seattle, WA 98121, USA.

Flow cytometric cell sorting combined with molecular gene rearrangement analysis was used to detect and to further characterize simultaneously occurring phenotypically distinct B cell monoclonal lymphoid and monoclonal plasma cell populations from 38 individual specimens. By sorting and subsequent gene rearrangement analysis, separate or identical monoclonality genotypes could be revealed and confirmed. In only 13 of 38 specimens, the B lymphoid cells and plasma cell populations showed an identical genotypic profile, while 25 had non-identical profiles (including 4 process control specimens). The majority of the genotypically identical group had a phenotype consistent with Waldenström's/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (WM/LPL), while WM/LPL phenotype was present in 16/25 of the non-identical cases. Proof of an identical monoclonal genotype for plasmacytic and B-lymphoid cell populations must be used to define WM/LPL as a distinct entity in the clinical setting of monoclonal lymphoid and plasma cells expressing the same light chains. Conversely, the confirmation of genotypically distinct populations can significantly improve confidence in diagnostic and prognostic decisions in specimens with B lymphoid lymphomas and a concurrent, possibly smoldering myeloma or multiple myeloma. These techniques are requisite in future clinical studies for diagnosis and prognosis in these diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2011.06.012DOI Listing
December 2011