Publications by authors named "Ricardo Vale Pereira"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prognostic Value of Charlson Comorbidity Index in Acute Embolic Lower Limb Ischaemia Patients.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Angiology and Vascular Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Introduction: Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) is commonly used in outcome studies to adjust for patient comorbid conditions but has not been specifically validated for use in acute embolic lower limb ischaemia (AELLI).

Objectives: The aim of this study was to access whether a high CCI score unadjusted (CCIu) and adjusted (CCIa) by age relates to major amputation and mortality after a first episode of AELLI.

Methods: The last 100 patients presenting with the first event of AELLI submitted to embolectomy at our Vascular Surgery Department were retrospectively evaluated. Patient characteristics, pre- and post-operative period variables were collected and CCIu and CCIa calculated. Survival predictors were analyzed using Cox regression. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curves was calculated to validate and determine the discriminating ability of CCIu and CCIa in predicting amputation rate and 30-day mortality. Youden index was used to determine the critical value. Survival analysis was performed with Kaplan-Meier method and differences between survival curves were tested with Log-Rank test. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The mean age was 80.03±10.776 years and the mean follow-up 19.28±7.929 months. Amputation rate was 16%, 30-day mortality 21% and long-term mortality 42%. Patients with CCIu≥3 compared with patients with CCIu<3 had higher amputation rate (37.5% vs. 1.7%; OR:35.400), 30-day mortality (47.5% vs. 3.3%; OR:35.400) and global mortality (P=0.00). Also, patients with CCIa≥6 compared with patients with CCIa<6 had higher amputation rate (34.1% vs. 1.8%; OR:28.488), 30-day mortality (47.7% vs. 0.0%) and global mortality (P=0.00). Multivariate analysis showed that both CCIu and CCIa were independent predictors of amputation rate and 30-day mortality.

Conclusion: CCIu and CCIa have proven to be good predictors of amputation rate and survival, thus being a valuable prognostic factor in patients presenting with the first event of AELLI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2021.04.022DOI Listing
May 2021

Impact of Total Psoas Area and Lean Muscular Area on Mortality after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 16;72:479-487. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Angiology and Vascular Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, EPE, Praceta Professor Mota Pinto, Coimbra, Portugal.

Background: Sarcopenia has assumed growing relevance as a morbimortality predictor after major abdominal surgery. The aim of this study is to access total psoas muscle area (TPA) and lean muscle area (LMA) impact in morbimortality after elective endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR).

Methods: Asymptomatic patients submitted to aortic endoprosthesis implantation between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2018 at our vascular surgery department were retrospectively evaluated. After exclusion criteria were applied, 105 patients were included in the study; preoperative computed tomography scans were evaluated using OSIRIX software (Bernex, Switzerland). Two observers independently calculated TPA at the most caudal level of the L3 vertebra and respective density, therefore calculating LMA. Patients were separated by tertiles with the lowest being considered sarcopenic and with higher muscle steatosis and compared with the higher tertiles. Patient demographics and intraoperative and postoperative period variables were collected. Charlson comorbidity index was calculated and surgical complications classified according to Clavien-Dindo. The intraclass correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman plot were made to characterize interobserver variability. Survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between survival curves were tested with the log-rank test. The effect of sarcopenia on patient survival was assessed using Cox proportional hazard models.

Results: Considering TPA, univariate analyses revealed that patients in the lower tertile had inferior survival (P = 0.03), whereas multivariate analyses showed increased likelihood of mortality (P = 0.039, hazard ratio (HR) 3.829). For LMA, univariate analyses revealed that patients in the lower tertile had inferior survival (P = 0.013), whereas multivariate analyses showed increased likelihood of mortality (P = 0.026, HR 4.153). When analyzing patients in the lowest tertile of both TPA and LMA, both univariate (P = 0.002) and multivariate (P = 0.018, HR 4.166) analyses reveled inferior survival.

Conclusions: Our study reveals reduced survival in patients with low TPA and low LMA submitted to elective EVAR; these factors should probably be taken into consideration in the future for preoperative risk evaluation and surgical planning.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.09.004DOI Listing
April 2021

[The Impact of Patient Transfer After Rupture of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm].

Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc 2019 Oct-Dec;26(4):273-277

Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Portugal.

Objective: determine whether patient transfer adversely affects the survival of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) patients after conventional surgery.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing attempted repair of an rAAA at a tertiary center, over January 2008 and December 2014. Patients were divided into those presenting directly to our center and those transferred from another hospital. The main outcome variable was 24-hour or 30-day mortality, with secondary variables including time to surgical treatment, length of intensive care unit stay and total length hospitalization.

Results: 78 patients (88% men) underwent attempted open repair of an rAAA during this period, 69% (54 cases) were transferred from another institution. Both groups were similar in terms of demographic characteristics, comorbidities and hemodynamic stability. The overall mortality rate was 51% at 30 days. Transferred patients took twice as long as direct patients to get to the operating room (median 7,9 vs. 3,9 horas, p < 0,05), Although the difference for surgery treatment, there was no difference in 24-hour and 30-day mortality between the transferred group and direct group (26% e 50% vs. 29% e 58%, p < 0,05). Mean intensive care unit stay (median, 12 vs. 4 dias, p = 0,04) and total hospitalization (median 11 vs. 4 dias, p = 0,04) were sustantially superior in the transferred group.

Conclusions: Transfer of patients with RAAA in this series results in a doubling of the time interval between initial patient presentation and arrival in the operating room. This, however, did not result in any disadvantage in the survival rate between the groups. The total length and resources consumption were higher in the transfer group. These results may be attributed to a pre-selection of patients (clinically stable) who are able to tolerate such a delay in surgical treatment, secondary to transfer.
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March 2020

[Dysphagia lusoria - a clinical report].

Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc 2013 Jul-Sep;20(3):163-5

Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Portugal.

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June 2015