Publications by authors named "Ricardo Riso"

19 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Stream chemical dynamic and metal accumulation in a temperate watershed affected by agricultural practices (Penzé, NW France).

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2015 Oct;29(19):1795-804

Université de Bretagne Occidentale (Brest), LEMAR UMR-CNRS 6539, I.U.E.M., Place N. Copernic, 29280, Plouzané, France.

Rationale: Understanding the fate of metals in agricultural land is an important issue for agronomic sustainability. This study aimed at quantifying the export/retention of metals in a temperate watershed subject to important manuring activities.

Methods: The chemical composition of the Penzé stream was examined at high resolution during a 1-year study in 2012. After immediate on-site filtration, here demonstrated as necessary to avoid modification of the dissolved-particulate partition, the concentrations of 21 elements were determined using inductively coupled plasma (ICP) optical emission spectrometry and ICP mass spectrometry. This dataset was extended with the local atmospheric deposition of several metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni and Zn) monitored on a monthly basis.

Results: Two groups were distinguished according to the evolution of the concentrations during floods. Some major cations (Na, Ca, Mg, Sr, K, Ba) and nitrate followed counter-clockwise hysteresis patterns originating from the dilution of the enriched groundwaters by surface waters. Conversely, Al, Fe, Mn, Ti, V, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and U displayed high dissolved concentration increases at the early stage of floods due to washing out of the enriched soils.

Conclusions: The comparison of stream output fluxes for the two main inputs for the watershed, i.e. atmospheric deposition and manure spreading, indicates that the vast majority of the Cu and Zn (>99 and 96%, respectively), mainly originating from pig manure, is accumulated in the watershed. The accumulation rates for other metals were >60% for Ni and Cr, >75% for As and >90% for Pb and Cd.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.7282DOI Listing
October 2015

Dynamics and sources of reduced sulfur, humic substances and dissolved organic carbon in a temperate river system affected by agricultural practices.

Sci Total Environ 2015 Dec 12;537:23-32. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Université Européenne de Bretagne, Brest, France; Université de Bretagne Occidentale, IUEM, LEMAR, UMR-CNRS 6539, groupe Chimie Marine, place N. Copernic, 29280 Plouzané, France.

Although reduced organic sulfur substances (RSS) as well as humic substances (HS) are widely suspected to play a role in, for example, metal speciation or used as a model of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in laboratory studies, reports of their quantification in natural waters are scarce. We have examined the dynamics and sources of reduced sulfur, HS and DOC over an annual cycle in a river system affected by agricultural practices. The new differential pulse cathodic stripping voltammetry was successfully applied to measure glutathione-like compounds (GSHs), thioacetamide-like compounds (TAs) and the liquid chromatography coupled to organic detector to analyze HS and DOC at high frequency in the Penzé River (NW France). The streamflow-concentration patterns, principal components analysis and flux analysis allowed discrimination of the source of each organic compound type. Surprisingly, the two RSS and HS detected in all samples, displayed different behavior. As previously shown, manuring practice is the main source of DOC and HS in this watershed where agricultural activity is predominant. The HS were then transferred to the river systems via runoff, particularly during the spring and autumn floods, which are responsible of >60% of the annual flux. TAs had a clear groundwater source and may be formed underground, whereas GSHs displayed two sources: one aquagenic in spring and summer probably linked to the primary productivity and a second, which may be related to bacterial degradation. High sampling frequency allowed a more accurate assessment of the flux values which were 280 tC y(-1) for DOC representing 20 kg C ha(-1) y(-1). HS, TAs and GSHs fluxes represented 60, 13, and 4% of the total annual DOC export, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.07.089DOI Listing
December 2015

Assessment of the European flounder responses to chemical stress in the English Channel, considering biomarkers and life history traits.

Mar Pollut Bull 2015 Jun 8;95(2):634-45. Epub 2014 Dec 8.

Université Européenne de Bretagne, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, UMR 6539 CNRS/UBO/IRD/Ifremer, Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin LEMAR, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, 29280 Plouzané, France.

A multi-biomarker approach was developed to evaluate responses of European flounder (Platichthys flesus) in three contrasted estuaries over the English Channel: the Canche (pristine site), Tamar (heavy metals and PAHs contamination) and Seine (heavily pollution with a complex cocktail of contaminants). The condition factor and several biomarkers of the immune system, antioxidant enzymes, energetic metabolism and detoxification processes were investigated in young-of-the-year (0+) and one-year-old (1+) flounder. Results underlined the difference between the pristine site and the Seine estuary which showed a lower condition factor, a modulation of the immune system, a higher Cytochrome C oxidase activity, and an up-regulation of BHMT expression. The moderate biomarker responses in the Tamar fish could be linked to the specific contamination context of this estuary. Flounder life history traits were analyzed by otolith microchemistry, in order to depict how the fish use their habitat and thus respond to chemical stress in estuaries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.11.033DOI Listing
June 2015

On the control of copper colloidal distribution by humic substances in the Penzé estuary.

Chemosphere 2015 Jan 1;119:1176-1184. Epub 2014 Nov 1.

Université Européenne de Bretagne, Brest, France; Université de Bretagne Occidentale, IUEM, LEMAR, UMR-CNRS 6539, Equipe Chimie Marine, Place N. Copernic, 29280 Plouzané, France.

In this study, we investigated the variations of colloidal Cu in a temperate macrotidal estuarine system (Penzé, NW France). The originality of this work resides on examining seven colloidal/dissolved fractions at seven different periods of the year whereas previous studies on estuaries generally considered two or three fractions and were focused on a unique survey. A high proportion of Cu (∼90%) was generally found as colloids (5 kDa-0.45 μm) throughout the salinity gradient with divergent size distributions being observed over the seasonal cycle. This consisted essentially in two contrasted periods, i.e. winter-spring with a greater association of Cu with high molecular weight (HMW) compounds (50 kDa-0.45 μm) and summer-autumn with Cu being found mainly as low molecular weight (LMW) forms (5-50 kDa). The comparison of Cu with humic substances (HS) data allowed to us to highlight the importance of the pedogenic refractory organic matter in controlling the concentrations and the size distribution of Cu in the estuary. In the mixing zone, Cu behaved conservative in autumn and winter but important additions of HMW compounds were observed in spring in the lower estuary as the result of particulate organic matter degradation in the sediment. Although HS appears to be the background chelators of Cu in the systems, the strong benthic inputs occurring in spring may be of different (biotic) origin and may be in part responsible for the higher association of Cu with HMW compounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.09.107DOI Listing
January 2015

Cellular and biochemical responses of the oyster Crassostrea gigas to controlled exposures to metals and Alexandrium minutum.

Aquat Toxicol 2014 Feb 22;147:158-67. Epub 2013 Dec 22.

Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin, UMR 6539, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Place Copernic, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzané, France. Electronic address:

Effects of simultaneous exposure of Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, to both a harmful dinoflagellate that produces Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST), Alexandrium minutum, and cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu), were assessed. Oysters were exposed to a mix of Cd-Cu with two different diets (i.e. A. minutum or Tisochrysis lutea) and compared to control oysters fed A. minutum or T. lutea, respectively, without metal addition. Metals and PST accumulations, digestive gland lipid composition, and cellular and biochemical hemolymph variables were measured after 4 days of exposure. Oysters exposed to Cd-Cu accumulated about thirty-six times less PSTs than oysters exposed to A. minutum alone. Exposure to Cd-Cu induced significant changes in neutral lipids (increase in diacylglycerol - DAG - and decrease in sterols) and phospholipids (decreases in phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, cardiolipin and ceramide aminoethylphosphonate) of digestive gland suggesting that lipid metabolism disruptions and/or lipid peroxidation have occurred. Simultaneously, concentrations, percentages of dead cells and phenoloxidase activity of hemocytes increased in oysters exposed to metals while reactive oxygen species production of hemocytes decreased. Feeding on the harmful dinoflagellate A. minutum resulted in significant decreases in monoacylglycerol (MAG) and DAG and ether glycerides (EG), as well as significant increases in hemocyte concentration and phagocytic activity as compared to oysters fed T. lutea. Finally, the present study revealed that short-term, simultaneous exposure to Cd-Cu and A. minutum may induce antagonistic (i.e. hemocyte concentration and phagocytosis) or synergic (i.e. DAG content in digestive gland) effects upon cellular and tissular functions in oysters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2013.12.012DOI Listing
February 2014

Simple and simultaneous determination of glutathione, thioacetamide and refractory organic matter in natural waters by DP-CSV.

Sci Total Environ 2013 Oct 25;463-464:997-1005. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

Université Européenne de Bretagne, Rennes, France; Université de Bretagne Occidentale, IUEM, Lemar UMR CNRS 6539, Place Copernic, F-29280 Plouzané, France. Electronic address:

Although reduced sulphur substances, such as thiol compounds, contain extremely reactive functional groups in the cell, and influence metal speciation and solubility, very few techniques have been developed to quantify such substances in natural waters. In this paper we present a novel method that allows for the simultaneous identification and quantification of glutathione (GSH), thioacetamide-like compounds (TA), and refractory organic matter (ROM) by differential pulse cathodic stripping voltammetry (DP-CSV). Organic compounds are initially deposited on a mercury drop electrode at 0.000 V, pH 1.95, in the presence of ~200 nmol L(-1) Mo(VI), and then stripped, creating reduction peak currents at specific potentials. Using a 60-s deposition time, limits of detection (LODs) are 1 nmol L(-1), 81 nmol L(-1) and 14 μg C L(-1) for GSH, TA and ROM, respectively. By increasing the deposition time to 300 s, LOD is decreased to 0.2 nmol L(-1), 22 nmol L(-1) and 2 μg C L(-1), respectively. This method has a number of advantages in terms of its rapidity, low cost, and relative simplicity (due to the lack of derivatization and pre-concentration steps) and is also an effective method for simultaneously analysing GSH, TA and ROM in water. When not mixed in solution, GSH, L-cysteine and N-acetyl-L-cysteine, as well as TA-like compounds and thiourea, can be detected and identified by measuring their peak potential and standard addition, due to the acidic pH, which also allows for a longer preservation of the filtered sample. The new method described in this paper was tested along an entire river-seawater gradient of the Aulne Estuary (Brittany, France) to assess its capability in terms of determining these natural organic compounds in various surface waters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.053DOI Listing
October 2013

Variation patterns in individual fish responses to chemical stress among estuaries, seasons and genders: the case of the European flounder (Platichthys flesus) in the Bay of Biscay.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2013 Feb 9;20(2):738-48. Epub 2012 Nov 9.

Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin LEMAR, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université Européenne de Bretagne, Université de Brest, UMR 6539 CNRS/UBO/IRD/Ifremer, 29280 Plouzané, France.

The objective was to describe and model variation patterns in individual fish responses to contaminants among estuaries, season and gender. Two hundred twenty-seven adult European flounders were collected in two seasons (winter and summer) in four estuaries along the Bay of Biscay (South West France), focusing on a pristine system (the Ster), vs. three estuaries displaying contrasted levels of contaminants (the Vilaine, Loire and Gironde). Twenty-three variables were measured by fish, considering the load of contaminants (liver metals, liver and muscle persistent organic pollutants, muscle polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons); the gene expression (Cyt C oxydase, ATPase, BHMT, Cyt P450 1A1, ferritin); the blood genotoxicity (Comet test); and liver histology (foci of cellular alteration-tumour, steatosis, inflammation, abnormal glycogen storage). Canonical redundancy analysis (RDA) was used to model these variables using gender, season and estuary of origin as explanatory variables. The results underlined the homogeneity of fish responses within the pristine site (Ster) and more important seasonal variability within the three contaminated systems. The complete model RDA was significant and explained 35 % of total variance. Estuary and season respectively explained 30 and 5 % of the total independent variation components, whilst gender was not a significant factor. The first axis of the RDA explains nearly 27 % of the total variance and mostly represents a gradient of contamination. The links between the load of contaminants, the expression of several genes and the biomarkers were analysed considering different levels of chemical stress and a possible multi-stress, particularly in the Vilaine estuary.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1276-3DOI Listing
February 2013

Sulfide determination in hydrothermal seawater samples using a vibrating gold micro-wire electrode in conjunction with stripping chronopotentiometry.

Anal Chim Acta 2012 Nov 4;753:42-7. Epub 2012 Oct 4.

Université de Bretagne Occidentale, IUEM, Lemar UMR CNRS 6539, Plouzané, France.

A rapid electrochemical stripping chronopotentiometric procedure to determined sulfide in unaltered hydrothermal seawater samples is presented. Sulfide is deposited at -0.25 V (vs Ag/AgCl, KCl 3M) at a vibrating gold microwire and then stripped through the application of a reductive constant current (typically -2 μA). The hydrodynamic conditions are modulated by vibration allowing a short deposition step, which is shown here to be necessary to minimize H(2)S volatilization. The limit of detection (LOD) is 30 nM after a deposition step of 7s. This LOD is in the same range as the most sensitive cathodic voltammetric technique using a mercury drop electrode and is well below those reported previously for other electrodes capable of being implemented in situ.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2012.09.044DOI Listing
November 2012

Specific pathways for the incorporation of dissolved barium and molybdenum into the bivalve shell: an isotopic tracer approach in the juvenile Great Scallop (Pecten maximus).

Mar Environ Res 2012 Jul 10;78:15-25. Epub 2012 Apr 10.

Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique Bio-Inorganique et Environnement, Institut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physico-Chimie pour l'Environnement et les Matériaux, UMR 5254 CNRS-Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, Pau, France.

Dissolved barium and molybdenum incorporation in the calcite shell was investigated in the Great Scallop Pecten maximus. Sixty six individuals were exposed for 16 days to two successive dissolved Ba and Mo concentrations accurately differentiated by two different isotopic enrichments (⁹⁷Mo, ⁹⁵Mo; ¹³⁵Ba, ¹³⁷Ba). Soft tissue and shell isotopic composition were determined respectively by quantitative ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer) and laser ablation--ICP-MS. Results from Ba enrichment indicate the direct incorporation of dissolved Ba into the shell in proportion to the levels in the water in which they grew with a 6-8 day delay. The low spike contributions and the low partition coefficient (D(Mo) = 0.0049 ± 0.0013), show that neither the soft tissue nor the shell were significantly sensitive to Mo enrichment. These results eliminate direct Mo shell enrichment by the dissolved phase, and favour a trophic uptake that will be investigated using the successive isotopic enrichment approach developed in this study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2012.03.006DOI Listing
July 2012

Responses of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas populations to abiotic stress in environmentally contrasted estuaries along the Atlantic coast of France.

Aquat Toxicol 2012 Mar 6;109:70-9. Epub 2011 Dec 6.

Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin (LEMAR), UMR-CNRS 6539, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Place Nicolas Copernic, 29280 Plouzané, France.

Genetic and ecophysiological responses of oyster, Crassostrea gigas, populations to environmental stress were investigated in three highly contaminated French estuaries (the Gironde, Loire and Vilaine) and compared to a control, the Belon estuary. A strong response in both metallothionein CgMT4 mRNA expression, as determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, and amount of protein, as determined by ELISA tests, was demonstrated in estuarine populations subjected to differential contamination, with an inhibition in the area most highly contaminated with metals. In these same estuarine populations, we found polymorphisms of the metallothionein CgMT4 gene and three other genes (glutamine synthetase--GS, delta-9 desaturase--D9 and phosphoglucomutase--PGM) involved in stress response of C. gigas. We showed that genetic differentiation was observed for MT4 and PGM genes in the Gironde estuary which is highly contaminated with metals. A strong seasonal effect was observed. Phenotype-genotype coupling revealed that one particular MT4 allele and one PGM allele seemed to be associated with metal sensitivity expressed as lower detoxification efficiency and higher metal bioaccumulation. The MT4 gene is a good physiological and genetic marker of stress response and susceptibility.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2011.11.014DOI Listing
March 2012

Responses of the European flounder Platichthys flesus to the chemical stress in estuaries: load of contaminants, gene expression, cellular impact and growth rate.

Biomarkers 2010 Mar;15(2):111-27

Université Européenne de Bretagne, France.

European flounder responses to the chemical stress were assessed by a comparative approach on four estuaries displaying contrasted patterns of contamination. The contamination typology of the estuaries was investigated by individual measurements of contaminants in fish. Molecular and physiological responses were studied by gene expression, genotoxicity, neurotoxicity and growth rate. Fishes in contaminated estuaries were characterized by high levels of bioaccumulated contaminants, slow energetic metabolism and reduced growth rate, in contrast to the fish responses in the reference site. A seasonal effect was highlighted for contaminated flounder populations, with high PCB levels, high genotoxicity and elevated detoxification rate in summer compared with winter.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13547500903315598DOI Listing
March 2010

Speciation of dissolved copper within an active hydrothermal edifice on the Lucky Strike vent field (MAR, 37 degrees N).

Sci Total Environ 2009 Jan 11;407(2):869-78. Epub 2008 Nov 11.

Ifremer centre de Brest, Département Etudes des Ecosystèmes Profonds, BP70, F-29280 Plouzané, France.

The objective of this study was to determine the concentrations of different fractions of dissolved copper (after filtration at 0.45 microm) along the cold part of the hydrothermal fluid-seawater mixing zone on the Tour Eiffel edifice (MAR). Dissolved copper was analyzed by stripping chronopotentiometry (SCP) after chromatographic C(18) extraction. Levels of total dissolved copper (0.03 to 5.15 microM) are much higher than those reported for deep-sea oceanic waters but in accordance with data previously obtained in this area. Speciation measurements show that the hydrophobic organic fraction (C(18)Cu) is very low (2+/-1%). Dissolved copper is present mainly as inorganic and hydrophilic organic complexes (nonC(18)Cu). The distribution of copper along the pH gradient shows the same pattern for each fraction. Copper concentrations increase from pH 5.6 to 6.5 and then remain relatively constant at pH>6.5. Concentrations of oxygen and total sulphides demonstrate that the copper anomaly corresponds to the transition between suboxic and oxic waters. The increase of dissolved copper should correspond to the oxidative redissolution of copper sulphide particles formed in the vicinity of the fluid exit. The presence of such a secondary dissolved copper source, associated with the accumulation of metal sulphide particles, could play a significant role in the distribution of fauna in the different habitats available at vents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.09.056DOI Listing
January 2009

Dissolved and particulate metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb) in two habitats from an active hydrothermal field on the EPR at 13 degrees N.

Sci Total Environ 2008 Mar;392(1):119-29

Département Etudes des Ecosystèmes Profonds, Ifremer centre de Brest, BP70, Plouzané, France.

The distribution of Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd between the dissolved (<2 microm) and the particulate (>2 microm) fractions was measured after in-situ filtration in two hydrothermal habitats. The total metal concentration ranges exhibit a clear enrichment compared with the seawater concentration, accounting for the hydrothermal input for all the metals considered. Iron is the predominant metal (5-50 microM) followed by Zn and Cu. Cd and Pb are present at the nM level. At the scale studied, the behavior of temperature, pH and dissolved iron is semi-conservative whereas the other dissolved and particulate metals are characterized by non-conservative patterns. The metal enrichment of the >2 microm fraction results from the settlement and accumulation of particulate matter close to the organisms, acting as a secondary metal source. The enrichment observed in the dissolved fraction can be related to the dissolution or oxidation of particles (mainly polymetallic sulfide) or to the presence of small particles and large colloids not retained on the 2 microm frit. SEM observations indicate that the bulk particulate observed is characteristic of crystalline particles settling rapidly from the high temperature smoker (sphalerite, wurtzite and pyrite), amorphous structures and eroded particles formed in the external zone of the chimney. Precipitation of Zn, Cu, Cd and Pb with Fe as wurtzite, sphalerite and pyrite is the main process taking place within the area studied and is semi-quantitative. The distribution of the dominant observed fauna has been related to the gradient resulting from the dilution process, with the alvinellids worms colonizing the hotter and more variable part of the mixing zone, but also to the metallic load of the mixing zone. Dissolved and particulate metal concentrations are therefore necessary abiotic factors to be studied in a multiparametric approach to understand the faunal distribution in hydrothermal ecosystems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.11.015DOI Listing
March 2008

Dissolved iron analysis in estuarine and coastal waters by using a modified adsorptive stripping chronopotentiometric (SCP) method.

Anal Chim Acta 2007 Aug 22;598(2):235-41. Epub 2007 Jul 22.

Laboratoire de Chimie Marine, Université de Bretagne Occidentale (IUEM), UMR CNRS et UPMC 7144 (Roscoff), Place Nicolas Copernic, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzané, France.

An electrochemical method based on adsorptive stripping chronopotentiometry (SCP) with a rotating mercury film electrode has been developed for the determination of dissolved iron (III) at subnanomolar concentrations in estuarine and coastal waters. The detection limit was 0.11 nM after adsorption time of 60s. Compared to the other chronopotentiometric methods available for dissolved iron measurement in natural and estuarine waters, the procedure described here exhibits a 15-fold better sensitivity. Therefore, it allows one to accurately quantify concentrations commonly found in estuarine and coastal waters. Moreover, by using the speciation scheme proposed by Aldrich and van den Berg (Electroanalysis 10 (1998) 369), several forms could be measured, i.e. reactive iron (Fe R) and reactive iron (III) (Fe(III) R), or estimated, i.e. complexed iron (Fe C) and reactive iron (II) (Fe(II) R). The method described here is reliable, fast, inexpensive and compact. It was applied successfully to the study of the chemical speciation of dissolved iron along the salinity gradient of the Aulne estuary (Brittany-France).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2007.07.040DOI Listing
August 2007

A stripping chronopotentiometric (SCP) method with a gold film electrode for determining inorganic arsenic species in seawater.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2007 Jun 28;388(4):929-37. Epub 2007 Apr 28.

Laboratoire de Chimie Marine, Université de Bretagne Occidentale IUEM, UMR CNRS 7144 Roscoff, Place Nicolas Copernic, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, Plouzané, France.

An electrochemical method based on stripping chronopotentiometry (SCP) with a gold film electrode has been developed for determining arsenic in seawater. The detection limits were 0.053 ppb (0.71 nM) and 0.022 ppb (0.29 nM) for total inorganic As (As(T)) and As(III) after deposition times of 60 and 150 s, respectively. Compared to other stripping chronopotentiometric methods that use a gold macroelectrode to perform measurements of arsenic in seawater, the procedure described here exhibits better sensitivity and a fourfold shorter deposition time. Among the SCP methods, our procedure had proven its ability to analyse arsenic(III) in seawater. It therefore allows the concentrations of the various arsenic inorganic species in seawater--i.e. As(T), As(III) and As(V)--to be analysed. The proposed method is reliable, inexpensive and compact. It was successfully applied to the study of arsenic speciation along the salinity gradient of the Penzé estuary (NW France).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-007-1284-1DOI Listing
June 2007

Determination of dissolved iron(III) in estuarine and coastal waters by adsorptive stripping chronopotentiometry (SCP).

Anal Bioanal Chem 2006 May 21;385(1):76-82. Epub 2006 Mar 21.

Laboratoire de Chimie Marine, Université de Bretagne Occidentale (IUEM), UMR CNRS 7144 Roscoff, Place Nicolas Copernic, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzané, France.

An adsorptive stripping chronopotentiometric (SCP) method has been developed for quantification of dissolved iron in estuarine and coastal waters. After UV-digestion of filtered samples the Fe(III) ions in non-deoxygenated samples were complexed with solochrom violet RS (SVRS). The complexes were then accumulated by adsorption on the surface of a mercury-film electrode. The stripping step was performed by applying a constant current of -17 microA. Sensitivity and detection limit were 15 ms nmol(-1) L (270 ms microg(-1) L) and 1.5 nmol L(-1) (84 ng L(-1)), respectively, for 60-s electrolysis time. Compared with the only other chronopotentiometric method available for measurement of iron in natural waters, our procedure is fifty times more sensitive in a quarter of the electrolysis time. It therefore enables detection of the concentrations currently found in estuarine and coastal waters. The method was successfully used to study the behaviour and seasonal variations of dissolved iron in the Penzé estuary, NW France.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-006-0393-6DOI Listing
May 2006

Physiological cost of tolerance to toxicants in the European flounder Platichthys flesus, along the French Atlantic Coast.

Aquat Toxicol 2004 Dec;70(4):327-43

Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin, UMR 6539 CNRS/UBO, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Technopole Brest Iroise, Place Nicolas Copernic, 29280 Plouzané, France.

Physiological and genetic responses of flounder Platichthys flesus populations were investigated along the French Atlantic Coast in one moderately contaminated estuary (Ster) and three contaminated estuaries (Seine, Loire and Gironde). The focus of this study was to explore the relationship between stress resistance and energetic trade-offs, in order to detect possible differential physiological capacities or performances between individuals carrying particular alleles or genotypes (allozyme data) characterised as "tolerant" or "sensitive". A general reduction of the relative fecundity, the growth rate and the condition factor was highlighted in contaminated fish populations, suggesting that survival in such polluted systems implies energetic costs for fish thus reducing the energy available for particular functions. A lower observed heterozygosity was also detected in contaminated populations with respect to the Ster, suggesting a general decrease in genetic variability in response to chemical stress (with an exception for the Seine estuary). This study confirmed the previously detected relationship between PGM 85, AAT1 95 alleles and reduced DNA damage in contaminated fish [Marchand, J., Tanguy, A., Laroche, J., Quiniou, L., Moraga, D., 2003. Responses of European flounder Platichthys flesus populations to contamination in different estuaries along the Atlantic coast of France. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 260, 273-284] and furthermore suggested that, reduced fecundity and condition factor associated to the individuals carrying the previous alleles, were also reflecting the cost of resistance to stress in polluted populations. The cost of tolerance to stress as well as the high gene flow from neighbouring populations less exposed to contamination may explain the apparently moderate increase of the suspected "tolerant" alleles in contaminated flounder populations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2004.10.001DOI Listing
December 2004

Measurement of total selenium and selenium(IV) in seawater by stripping chronopotentiometry.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2004 Aug 13;379(7-8):1113-9. Epub 2004 Jul 13.

Laboratoire de Chimie Marine, Université de Bretagne Occidentale (IUEM), UMR CNRS 7127 Roscoff, Place Nicolas Copernic, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzané, France.

We developed a stripping chronopotentiometric method (constant current stripping analysis, CCSA) with a mercury film electrode for selenium quantification in seawater. A sensitivity and detection limit of 222 ms ng(-1) l and 4 ng l(-1) (50 pM), respectively, were accomplished for a 3-min electrolysis time. Compared to the other chronopotentiometric methods available for a single selenium measurement only in natural waters, our procedure exhibits a ten times better sensitivity. It, therefore, allows one to reach the current concentration thresholds found in coastal and oceanic waters (30-200 ng l(-1)). Moreover, a simple change in operating conditions enables one to also quantify Se(IV), a toxic dissolved species. With respect to the other electrochemical methods of current use, our procedure is beneficial because of its ease-of-use: it needs neither degassing step, nor catalyser.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-004-2677-zDOI Listing
August 2004

Immunochemical quantification of metallothioneins in marine mollusks: characterization of a metal exposure bioindicator.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2002 May;21(5):1009-14

Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin, UMR CNRS 6539, Institut Universtaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Plouzané, France.

A recombinant metallothionein CgMT1, from the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, was synthesized and used as antigen in the development of antibodies and a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The ELISA showed that rabbit anti-CgMT1 IgG reacted with purified CgMT1 and MTs from other marine bivalves, indicating its suitability as a reagent to quantify MTs and for monitoring of metal contamination in field animals. Application of this assay to tissues excised from metal exposed C. gigas, showed that MT induction reached a saturation level in gills that was not observed in digestive gland. Quantification of MTs in gills and digestive gland of field-collected C. gigas showed that the MT level depended on the metal concentrations at the collection sites and may have been influenced by salinity variations at estuarine sites. Oysters from metal-contaminated estuarine sites showed lower MT concentrations than those from nonestuarine contaminated sites.
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May 2002