Publications by authors named "Ricardo Haidar Berjeaut"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Can extended upper pole ureterectomy prevent ureteral stump syndrome after proximal approach for duplex kidneys?

Int Braz J Urol 2021 Jul-Aug;47(4):821-826

Unidade de Urologia Pediátrica, Divisão de Urologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo - FMUSP, SP, Brasil.

Introduction: Symptomatic duplex kidneys usually present with recurrent urinary tract infection due to ureteral obstruction (megaureter, ureterocele or ectopic ureter) and/or vesicoureteral reflux. Upper-pole nephrectomy is a widely accepted procedure to correct symptomatic duplex systems with poor functioning moieties, also known as upper or proximal approach. The distal ureteral stump syndrome (DUSS) can be a late complication of this approach. There is no consensus upon the length of ureteral dissection and the better approach to symptomatic disease in duplex systems, so we aim to identify if extended ureteral dissection can prevent DUSS in top-down approach.

Materials And Methods: Forty-four consecutive patients with symptomatic duplex system were retrospectively classified into two groups: those with limited ureteral excision after heminephrectomy (HN) (group-1) and those with extended ureterectomy after HN (group-2). Patients were followed-up for at least 36 months regarding outcomes of distal ureteral stump.

Results: Overall complication was 20%. A total of 8 patients required unplanned further surgery in Group-1 (30%) whereas only 1 patient required unplanned surgery in group 2 (6%) (p=0.07). Subgroup analysis showed that Group-1 presented more DUSS requiring surgery during follow-up than group-2 (p=0.04). Factors possibly affecting complications incidence (such as ureterocele or ectopic ureter) did not differ between groups (p=0.72 and p=0.78).

Conclusion: Upper pole nephrectomy should be performed with extended distal ureteral dissection to prevent ureteral stump complications.
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April 2021

Hidden incision ureterocystoplasty: step-by-step description of a novel technique.

Cent European J Urol 2020 15;73(4):575. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, Pediatric Urology Unit, Division of Urology, São Paulo, Brazil.

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October 2020

Laparoscopic hidden incision endoscopic surgery (hides) nephrectomy VS. Traditional laparoscopic nephrectomy: Non-inferior surgical outcomes and better cosmetic results.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Jan 20. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Pediatric Urology Unit, Division of Urology, Hospital Das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, Brazil.

Introduction: The benefits of laparoscopic total nephrectomy in pediatric patients are well established. Traditional Ports placement (TPP) still follows Clayman's classic description: except for the umbilical scar, the other laparoscopic scars are exposed in the abdomen. Advances in robotic surgery permitted the development of HidES (hidden incision endoscopic surgery) technique, to obtain a better final cosmetic aspect with the scars located intraumbilically and in the hypogastric region, in an area easily hidden by underwear. As robotic surgery is related to higher costs and lacks availability, a pure laparoscopic HidES technique was developed.

Objectives: 1.Evaluate safety and efficacy of pure laparoscopic HidES.2. Compare HidES with TPP nephrectomy series to assess non-inferiority and cosmetic outcomes.

Study Design: Twenty-one pediatric patients with symptomatic poor functioning kidneys (DMSA<10%) underwent HidES nephrectomy. Their intra and post-operative outcomes were recorded prospectively. HidES group was compared to an equivalent group of thirty-two patients who underwent TPP nephrectomy.

Results: There were no conversions to open surgery in the TPP or HidES groups. There was a significant difference in operative time between HidES (53.4min) and TPP (109.4 min), with p = 0.004 and the mean bleeding volume was 65.5 ml. There was no significant difference in bleeding between HidES (71 ml) and TPP (120 ml) (p = 0.06), no intraoperative complications and no complications above Clavien-Dindo II during the 6-week follow-up. Satisfaction reached 100% in HidES group, whereas in TPP satisfaction was 63% (p = 0.004).

Discussion: HidES benefit over TPP is to conceal visible scars above underwear, improving cosmetical outcome. A prospective HidES group was compared to a retrospective TPP database due to decreasing number of nephrectomies being performed, which is a limitation of our study. HidES surgeries were performed by pediatric urologists (associate staff) while TPP group surgeries were performed by PGY-5 urological residents assisted by the associate staff, which is a clear limitation and can explain shorter operative times for HidES. During HidES surgeries an improved visualization of the operative field by the inferior trocar positioning was noted, which helps the posterior dissection of renal pedicle. Previous published study comparing robotic TPP and HidES pyeloplasty showed equal results for both groups with cosmetic advantages. Objective satisfaction was assessed with statistically advantage in favor of HidES procedure, consonant with other evidence that supports the benefit of scar location in patient and parental satisfaction.

Conclusion: HidES nephrectomy proved to be safe, feasible and not inferior to the traditional nephrectomy in experienced hands, with better cosmesis.
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January 2021

Management of functioning pediatric adrenal tumors.

J Pediatr Surg 2020 Sep 1. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Pediatric Urology Unit, Division of Urology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.

Aim: The aim of this study is to present our experience in the management of hormonally active adrenal tumors in children.

Material And Methods: We did a retrospective chart review of all children with hormonally active adrenal tumors evaluated at the endocrinology clinic and operated at our institution between 1983 and 2019.

Results: There were 75 patients included in the study, 58 with adrenocortical tumors (ACTs) and 17 with pheochromocytomas (PCCs). Within the group of patients with ACTs, there were 41 females and 17 males. The mean age was 58.3 (SD: 87.9; range: 9-211) months. The clinical manifestation of the tumor's hormonal activity was virilization in 37 cases, Cushing syndrome in 5, and mixed in 16. A positive family history was present in 11 patients (18.9%). The mean tumor size was 48.2 (SD: 22.4; range: 7-120) mm. The pathological diagnosis was adenoma in 42 cases, carcinoma in 15 cases, and macronodular hyperplasia in 1. Median follow-up was 192 (range: 50-290) months. Tumor recurrence occurred in 6 patients (10.3%), and there were three disease-related deaths (5%). Within the group of patients with PCCs, there were 11 males and 6 females. The mean age was 146.7 (SD: 71.2; range: 60-216) months. A positive family history was present in 7 patients (41.2%). The mean tumor size was 36.6 (SD: 16.7; range: 7-120) mm. The pheochromocytoma was classified as benign in 15 cases and as malignant in 2. During a median follow-up of 180 (range: 127-300) months, recurrence was observed in 6 cases (35.3%) and disease-related death in 1 case (5.9%).

Conclusions: Proper diagnosis and management at our referral center were associated with a high cure rate, even in cases of malignant tumors. Familial surveillance is highly recommended.

Level Of Evidence: Level IV.
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September 2020

Prune perineum surgical correction - Treatment of a rare syndrome.

J Pediatr Urol 2020 10 19;16(5):723-724. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Urology Unit, Hospital Das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Prune Perineum Syndrome (PPS) is rare, with only three cases described in the literature. Treatment requires abdominal and pelvic surgeries. Our goal is to provide a video with steps of the surgical corrections of this syndrome.

Materials And Methods: We present a case of an 8 months-old boy with PPS. At our first evaluation, he had already been submitted to a colostomy with mucous fistula and a vesicostomy.

Results: By the time of this publication, he had been submitted to six surgical procedures. First, osteotomy, followed by colostomy, cystoscopic evaluation, cystoplasty, perineal and abdominal correction with a dual mesh, bilateral orchidopexy, treatment of the vesicocolonic fistula, sigmoidectomy and appendicectomy. He is 6 years old, walks with no assistance, has satisfactory abdominal tonus which allows him to void with Valsalva Maneuver. Clean intermittent catheterization is also performed. He had no UTI since his first surgery. Although submitted to several procedures, treatment is not yet concluded. A future urethral dilation together with a genitoplasty might improve his quality of life.

Conclusion: PPS is a very rare condition, with scarce literature concerning its treatment. Multiple procedures might be necessary to correct malformations and improve patient's quality of life.
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October 2020

Single-stage Abdominoplasty Using Groin Flaps Without Osteotomies: Management of Exstrophy-epispadias Complex.

Urology 2018 Oct 19;120:266. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Divisao de Urologia, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background And Objective: The optimal treatment for children born with exstrophy-epispadia complex is still a matter of debate. We demonstrate the Single-Stage Abdominoplasty using Groin Flap technique to close the abdominal wall of children with classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) without osteotomy neither radical soft tissue mobilization. Advantages over current techniques are less risk of penile tissue loss and avoidance of osteotomies.

Material And Methods: Abdominal wall repair consists in using the hypogastric skin, rectus, and obliquus externus abdominalis muscle fascial flaps. These groin flaps are rotated medially resulting in a very strong abdominal wall support. Groin flaps are made of rectus anterior fascia rotated medially, flipped over, and sutured with Prolene sutures to close the defect. By rotating the fascial flaps medially, complete reinforcement of the abdominal wall to the level of the pubic bone is achieved. This permits abdominal closure maintenance without tension.

Results: Groin flap was applied to 128 patients with CBE referenced from all over the country. Most of these patients returned to their home areas making difficult their follow up. However, we have 44 cases that have regular clinical visits. Mean follow-up was 10.3 ± 4.5 years (2 years 8 months-16 years). Successful closure was achieved in 43 patients (97.7%) as a single procedure; one patient had a complete wound dehiscence and needed another reconstruction (2.2%). Four patients (9.1%) presented abdominal hernias that needed surgical management. When continence is evaluated, we present similar literature rates (60%). CONCLUSION: Abdominal reconstruction using Groin flaps has advantages over the traditional approaches to CBE. It reduces the surgical steps and facilitates the closure of the abdominal wall without the need of osteotomies and consequent immobilization during the postoperative period. It is feasible at any age and can be also very useful as a salvage technique even after previous failed procedures. Finally, it minimizes the number of surgeries.
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October 2018

Septic Shock Following Surgical Decompression of Obstructing Ureteral Stones: A Prospective Analysis.

J Endourol 2018 05 20;32(5):446-450. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Division of Urology, Hospital das Clínicas de São Paulo, University of São Paulo Medical School , São Paulo, Brazil .

Purpose: To investigate risk factors for septic shock and death in patients with obstructive pyelonephritis due to ureteral stone, who underwent urinary tract decompression.

Patients And Methods: We prospectively enrolled patients who presented at the emergency department of our institution with clinical signs of pyelonephritis, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), and obstructive ureteral stone confirmed by computed tomography scan. Forty patients that underwent urinary tract decompression were included. Demographical, medical, and laboratorial characteristics were recorded; antibiotic regimen and time from presentation to decompression were compared between patients with septic complications.

Results: Septic shock and death occurred in 6 (15%) and 2 (5%) patients, respectively. Gender, age, and comorbidities were not associated with septic complications. Urinary culture was negative in 40% of the cohort and the most prevalent pathogen was Escherichia coli. Administration of antibiotics other than third-generation cephalosporin was associated with septic shock (p = 0.02). There was no difference between groups regarding the time of antibiotics use (p = 0.63) and time from presentation to urinary tract decompression (p = 0.07). Patients with leukocyte count above 15.6 × 10/μL had 2.2-fold greater risk of having septic shock (p = 0.027).

Conclusions: We failed to find an association between time of antibiotic use or delayed urinary tract decompression and occurrence of septic complications; antibiotic choice was determinant of prognosis. Elevated serum leukocytes could be used as a trigger to indicate prompt surgical intervention.
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May 2018

Does the use of compression garments increase venous stasis in the common femoral vein?

Plast Reconstr Surg 2015 Jan;135(1):85e-91e

São Paulo, Brazil From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Federal University of São Paulo.

Background: Abdominoplasty is one of the most frequently performed procedures in plastic surgery. The impact of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after this operation is well described and is a feared complication. Most plastic surgeons recommend the use of compression garment after this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the venous changes at the common femoral vein induced by the use compression garments.

Methods: Fifteen female volunteers with no history of abdominal surgery were selected. Doppler examination was used to evaluate maximum and average flow speed and the vessel perimeter, area, and diameter of the common femoral vein of the patients using no garments and using a compressive garment and a Velcro binder in the supine position. Also patients were evaluated in the Fowler position. The t test was used to compare the parameters among all situations. The level of significance was stated as 0.05 (5 percent).

Results: The use of both garments increased venous flow stasis, and there were no significant differences between them. Also, it has been demonstrated that the Fowler position can worsen venous stasis. Therefore, the use of compressive garments can increase femoral vein stasis.

Conclusions: The use of compressive garments promotes venous stasis. There was no difference in stasis reduction when using the two different types of garments. The Fowler position increases venous stasis compared with the supine position.
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January 2015