Publications by authors named "Ricardo Brianezi Tiraboschi"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Expression of MicroRNAs (miR-15b, miR-16, miR-138, miR-221, and miR-222) as Biomarkers of Endothelial Corpus Cavernosum Dysfunction in a Diabetic Alcoholic Murine Model.

Sex Med 2021 Apr 3;9(2):100326. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Division of Urology, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirao Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression and are related to endothelial dysfunction (EnD). Recently, miRNAs have also been explored as potential biomarkers and target molecular therapy of erectile dysfunction (ED). Could the miRNAs be the tip of the iceberg of chronic arterial disease foreshadowed by the ED?

Aim: To investigate the expression of miR-15b, miR-16, miR-138, miR-221, and miR-222 in corpus cavernosum (CC) and peripheral blood in a rat model of endothelium dysfunction secondary to diabetes (DM) and alcohol consumption to assess potential endothelial lesion biomarkers.

Methods: Twenty males Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: control group (C), alcohol consumption group (A), diabetic group (D), diabetic-alcohol consumption group (D + A). DM was alloxan-induced and alcohol consumption was through progressive increase of ethanol concentration in drinkable water. After 7 weeks, miRNAs expressions from CC and blood sample were evaluated by real-time PCR. Functional assessment of CC was performed in an acetylcholine endothelium-dependent relaxation pharmacological study.

Main Outcome Measure: miRNA expression in CC and blood were evaluated; pharmacological study in CC strips was conducted to validate EnD.

Results: We found that 3 miRNAs (miR-16, miR-221, and miR-222) were downregulated in the CC in the D+A group, while all 5 miRNAs were downregulated in the blood of D and D + A groups. The endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by acetylcholine was significantly decreased in groups A, D, and D + A. Diagnostic accuracy estimated by AUC, to discriminating groups A, D, and D + A from controls, was superior to >0.9 in all plasmatic miRNAs.

Conclusion: miRNAs downregulation was identified in both CC and blood notably in DM associated with alcohol consumption animals (D + A), the greatest endothelial injury potential group. Serum miRNAs have also demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy properties in predicting CC relaxation dysfunction labeling EnD. RB Tiraboschi, FSL Neto, DP da Cunha Tirapelli, et al. Expression of MicroRNAs (miR-15b, miR-16, miR-138, miR-221, and miR-222) as Biomarkers of Endothelial Corpus Cavernosum Dysfunction in a Diabetic Alcoholic Murine Model. Sex Med 2021;9:100326.
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April 2021

Association between renal cysts and abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case-control study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2017 Aug;63(8):681-684

Division of Urology, Medical School, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Feira de Santana, BA, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the positive association between the presence of simple renal cysts (SRCs) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).

Method: In a retrospective case-control study including subjects aged > 50 years, we evaluated the incidence of SRCs on computed tomography (CT) scan. We compared 91 consecutive patients with AAA referred from the Division of Vascular Surgery and 396 patients without AAA, randomly selected after being matched by age and gender from 3,186 consecutive patients who underwent abdominal CT. SRC was defined as a round or oval low-attenuation lesion with a thin wall and size > 4 mm on CT without obvious evidence of radiographic enhancement or septations. Patients were considered as having AAA if the size of aorta was greater than 3.0 cm.

Results: Patients with AAA and without AAA were similar in terms of age (67.9± 8.41 vs. 68.5±9.13 years) (p=0.889) and gender (71.4 vs. 71.2% of male subjects, respectively) (p=0.999). There was no difference in the prevalence of SRC between case and controls. Among individuals with AAA, 38 (41.8%; [95CI 32.5-52.6]) had renal cysts compared to 148 (37.4%; [95CI 32.7-42.2]) in the control group (p=0.473), with a prevalence ratio (PR) of 1.16 (95CI 0.80-1.68).

Conclusion: We found no significant differences in the prevalence of SRCs among patients with AAA and controls. Our findings suggest that the presence of SRCs is not a risk factor or a marker for AAA.
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August 2017

Antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of febrile urinary tract infections in children with vesicoureteral reflux: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing dilated to nondilated vesicoureteral reflux.

J Urol 2015 May 25;193(5 Suppl):1772-7. Epub 2015 Mar 25.

Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (JdB, EFM, MCB, VPP, RBT), Feira de Santana, Brazil; Hospital e Maternidade Therezinha de Jesus da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora (Suprema) (JMBN), Juiz de Fora, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (FCdCM, JMBN), Juiz de Fora, Brazil; Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McMaster University (LHB), Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose: The followup and treatment of children with vesicoureteral reflux has been debated for many years. Antibiotic prophylaxis has a role for preventing urinary tract infection in these children. Recent studies and guidelines suggested that prophylaxis has little or no role in preventing urinary tract infection in those children, especially those with low grades (I and II) of reflux.

Materials And Methods: We analyzed all published randomized, controlled trials comparing antibiotic prophylaxis vs no prophylaxis or placebo in children with vesicoureteral reflux. The children were divided into those with nondilated (grades I and II) and dilated (grades III and IV) vesicoureteral reflux. After data were analyzed the RIVUR study was published and, therefore, it was added to the analyzed data.

Results: After analyzing the first published studies we found that antibiotic prophylaxis would be beneficial only in children with high grade vesicoureteral reflux. With the addition of the data in the RIVUR study these results changed. The new pooled data support antibiotic prophylaxis in all children with vesicoureteral reflux.

Conclusions: Vesicoureteral reflux management is still controversial. In contrast to recently published studies and guidelines, this meta-analysis supports antibiotic prophylaxis in all children with vesicoureteral reflux regardless of reflux grade. More studies are needed to support this finding.
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May 2015

Exercise-induced hematuria as the main manifestation of migration of intrauterine contraceptive device into the bladder.

Case Rep Urol 2012 6;2012:736426. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Division of Urology, School of Medicine, State University of Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana, Bahia 44031-460, BA, Brazil.

Intrauterine device (IUD) is a common contraceptive method, due to its cost-effectiveness and low complication rates. Uterine perforation is a possible complication and IUD migration to the bladder is a rare and morbid condition. The present report describes an interesting case in which the urinary manifestations started 13 years after insertion, and the main clinical finding was exercise-induced hematuria.
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January 2013