Publications by authors named "Renke Perduns"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Influence of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) exposure on angiogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs).

Dent Mater 2021 03 10;37(3):534-546. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, Hannover Medical School, D-30625 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: The angiogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) is important for tissue homeostasis and wound healing. In this study the influence of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) on angiogenic differentiation was investigated.

Methods: To evaluate HEMA effects on angiogenic differentiation, DPSCs were cultivated in angiogenic differentiation medium (ADM) in the presence or absence of non-toxic HEMA concentrations (0.1 mM and 0.5 mM). Subsequently, angiogenic differentiation was analyzed on the molecular level by qRT-PCR and protein profiler analyzes of angiogenic markers and flow cytometry of PECAM1. The influence of HEMA on angiogenic phenotypes was analyzed by cell migration and sprouting assays.

Results: Treatment with 0.5 mM HEMA during differentiation can lead to a slight reduction of angiogenic markers on mRNA level. HEMA also seems to slightly reduce the quantity of angiogenic cytokines (not significant). However, these HEMA concentrations have no detectable influence on cell migration, the abundance of PECAM1 and the formation of capillaries. Higher concentrations caused primary cytotoxic effects in angiogenic differentiation experiments conducted for longer periods than 72 h.

Significance: Non-cytotoxic HEMA concentrations seem to have a minor impact on the expression of angiogenic markers, essentially on the mRNA level, without affecting the angiogenic differentiation process itself on a detectable level.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2020.12.008DOI Listing
March 2021

Camphorquinone alters the expression of extracellular proteases in a 3D co-culture model of the oral mucosa.

Dent Mater 2021 02 27;37(2):236-248. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, Hannover Medical School, D-30625 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Objective of our investigation was to determine the influence of CQ on the expression of antioxidant proteins and extracellular proteases in a 3D co-culture model (3DCCM) of the oral mucosa and to analyze the distribution and stability of CQ within 3D-CCMs.

Methods: 3D-CCMs consist of confluent keratinocytes (OKF6/TERT2) on cell culture inserts on top of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) in collagen. The treatment was carried out by adding CQ to the cell culture inserts at two time points with declining concentrations. Mass spectrometry was used to analyze the CQ concentration above and underneath the OKF6/TERT2-layer. The expression of antioxidant genes was analyzed by qRT-PCR and western blot. The regulation of extracellular proteases from different families was analyzed by qRT-PCR and Proteome Profiler arrays.

Results: GC/MS analysis showed that CQ was evenly distributed within the model. Heme oxygenase-1, NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1), and superoxide dismutase 1 were induced on the mRNA and protein level in OKF6/TERT2 cells. In HGFs, only the transcription of NQO1 was induced. The transcription of extracellular proteases was increased mainly in OKF6/TERT2 cells 72 h after the initial treatment. The quantity of ten out of 25 analyzed extracellular proteases in the cell culture supernatant above and six underneath the keratinocyte-layer were modulated by CQ.

Significance: Despite its high reactivity, CQ is able to penetrate a dense keratinocyte-layer, presumably across plasma membranes. CQ initially induced the cellular defense machinery against oxidative stress and altered the expression of extracellular proteases. We assume a relationship between both processes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2020.11.005DOI Listing
February 2021

Effects of HEMA on Nrf2-related gene expression using a newly developed 3D co-culture model of the oral mucosa.

Dent Mater 2019 09 28;35(9):1214-1226. Epub 2019 May 28.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, Hannover Medical School, D-30625 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) is a component of many resin-modified materials and elutes from dental restorations into the oral cavity. Objective of our investigation was to determine the impact of HEMA on oral keratinocytes (OKF6/TERT2) and gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) in a newly established 3D co-culture model (3D-CCM) and to analyze the permeability of OKF6/TERT2 cells for HEMA.

Methods: Well-characterized 3D-CCMs, consisting of confluent OKF6/TERT2 cells on cell culture inserts above HGF-containing collagen gels, were treated supra-epithelial with HEMA. Mass spectrometry was used to measure the supra- and sub-epithelial distribution of HEMA after 24 h. The impact of HEMA on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) target genes was measured by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis.

Results: Mass spectrometry showed that HEMA was evenly distributed above and below the keratinocyte layer after 24 h. Analyzed target genes of Nrf2 were induced in both cell types on the mRNA-level but less pronounced in HGFs. On the protein-level, both cell types showed similar effects: At 5 mM HEMA, heme oxygenase-1 was induced 5.1-fold in OKF6/TERT2 cells and 4.1-fold in HGFs. NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase-1 was approximately induced 1.85-fold in both cell types.

Significance: Our 3D-CCM is suitable to analyze the biocompatibility of dental materials due to an improved simulation of the oral mucosa compared to monolayer cultures. Our results indicate that HEMA is able to penetrate a dense layer of keratinocytes and to activate the cellular oxidative defense response. This may be due to the activation of the Nrf2-pathway in both cell types.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2019.05.006DOI Listing
September 2019

HEMA modulates the transcription of genes related to oxidative defense, inflammatory response and organization of the ECM in human oral cells.

Dent Mater 2019 03 25;35(3):501-510. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, Hannover Medical School, D-30625 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) is a widely used monomer of dental resin composite materials. Incomplete curing of resins leads to elution of HEMA, which may come in contact with different cells in oral tissues. We aimed to analyze the impact of HEMA on the transcription of genes participating in detoxification of oxidative stress, inflammatory response and organization of the extracellular matrix (ECM) using human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and human oral keratinocytes (OKF6/TERT2).

Methods: Cells were grown in monolayer cultures and treated with different HEMA concentrations (0.5-10mM). H33342 and LDH assays were used to determine HEMA-caused cytotoxicity. Quantitative RT-PCR was used to analyze mRNA expression of four genes related to oxidative stress and five genes each related to inflammation and organization of the ECM.

Results: HEMA caused similar concentration-dependent cytotoxicity in fibroblasts and keratinocytes. Analysis of the transcription showed that genes were regulated in both cell types after HEMA treatment. Genes related to defense against oxidative stress were transcriptionally induced, genes related to inflammation were mainly reduced and genes related to the organization of the ECM were differentially modulated.

Significance: We analyzed concurrent and HEMA-dependent differential expression of 14 important genes, which have a special significance for cellular processes that are linked to redox and tissue homeostasis. The results suggest that HEMA has an impact on cellular redox-homeostasis with potential impairment of inflammatory responses and of the organization of the ECM in human gingival fibroblasts and oral keratinocytes as first target cells of eluted HEMA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2019.01.011DOI Listing
March 2019

Impaired angiogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells during exposure to the resinous monomer triethylene glycol dimethacrylate.

Dent Mater 2019 01 28;35(1):144-155. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, Hannover Medical School, D-30625 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) can differentiate into tissue specific lineages to support dental pulp regeneration after injuries. Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) is a widely used co-monomer in restorative dentistry with adverse effects on cellular metabolism. Aim of this study was to analyze the impact of TEGDMA on the angiogenic differentiation potential of DPSCs.

Methods: DPSCs were characterized by flow cytometry. Short-term (max. 72h) cytotoxicity of TEGDMA was assessed by MTT assay. To evaluate TEGDMA effects on angiogenic differentiation, DPSCs were cultivated in angiogenic differentiation medium (ADM) in the presence or absence of short-term non-toxic TEGDMA concentrations (0.1mM and 0.25mM). Subsequently, angiogenic differentiation was analyzed by qRT-PCR analysis of mRNA markers and in vitro spheroid sprouting assays.

Results: DPSCs treated with 0.25mM TEGDMA revealed downregulation of angiogenesis-related marker genes PECAM1 (max. 3.8-fold), VEGF-A (max. 2.4-fold) and FLT1 (max. 2.9-fold) compared to respective untreated control. In addition, a reduction of the sprouting potential of DPSCs cultured in the presence of 0.25mM TEGDMA was detectable. Larger spheroidal structures were detectable in the untreated control in comparison to cells treated with 0.25mM TEGDMA. In contrast, TEGDMA at 0.1mM was not affecting angiogenic potential in the investigated time period (up to 28 days).

Significance: The results of the present study show that TEGDMA concentration dependently impair the angiogenic differentiation potential of DPSCs and may affect wound healing and the formation of granulation tissue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019

Photosynthetic Genes and Genes Associated with the C4 Trait in Maize Are Characterized by a Unique Class of Highly Regulated Histone Acetylation Peaks on Upstream Promoters.

Plant Physiol 2015 Aug 25;168(4):1378-88. Epub 2015 Jun 25.

Institute of Botany, Leibniz University Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany

Histone modifications contribute to gene regulation in eukaryotes. We analyzed genome-wide histone H3 Lysine (Lys) 4 trimethylation and histone H3 Lys 9 acetylation (two modifications typically associated with active genes) in meristematic cells at the base and expanded cells in the blade of the maize (Zea mays) leaf. These data were compared with transcript levels of associated genes. For individual genes, regulations (fold changes) of histone modifications and transcript levels were much better correlated than absolute intensities. When focusing on regulated histone modification sites, we identified highly regulated secondary H3 Lys 9 acetylation peaks on upstream promoters (regulated secondary upstream peaks [R-SUPs]) on 10% of all genes. R-SUPs were more often found on genes that were up-regulated toward the blade than on down-regulated genes and specifically, photosynthetic genes. Among those genes, we identified six genes encoding enzymes of the C4 cycle and a significant enrichment of genes associated with the C4 trait derived from transcriptomic studies. On the DNA level, R-SUPs are frequently associated with ethylene-responsive elements. Based on these data, we suggest coevolution of epigenetic promoter elements during the establishment of C4 photosynthesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.15.00934DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4528772PMC
August 2015

A Common histone modification code on C4 genes in maize and its conservation in Sorghum and Setaria italica.

Plant Physiol 2013 May 5;162(1):456-69. Epub 2013 Apr 5.

Leibniz University Hannover, Institute of Botany, 30419 Hannover, Germany.

C4 photosynthesis evolved more than 60 times independently in different plant lineages. Each time, multiple genes were recruited into C4 metabolism. The corresponding promoters acquired new regulatory features such as high expression, light induction, or cell type-specific expression in mesophyll or bundle sheath cells. We have previously shown that histone modifications contribute to the regulation of the model C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (C4-Pepc) promoter in maize (Zea mays). We here tested the light- and cell type-specific responses of three selected histone acetylations and two histone methylations on five additional C4 genes (C4-Ca, C4-Ppdk, C4-Me, C4-Pepck, and C4-RbcS2) in maize. Histone acetylation and nucleosome occupancy assays indicated extended promoter regions with regulatory upstream regions more than 1,000 bp from the transcription initiation site for most of these genes. Despite any detectable homology of the promoters on the primary sequence level, histone modification patterns were highly coregulated. Specifically, H3K9ac was regulated by illumination, whereas H3K4me3 was regulated in a cell type-specific manner. We further compared histone modifications on the C4-Pepc and C4-Me genes from maize and the homologous genes from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and Setaria italica. Whereas sorghum and maize share a common C4 origin, C4 metabolism evolved independently in S. italica. The distribution of histone modifications over the promoters differed between the species, but differential regulation of light-induced histone acetylation and cell type-specific histone methylation were evident in all three species. We propose that a preexisting histone code was recruited into C4 promoter control during the evolution of C4 metabolism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.113.216721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3641223PMC
May 2013
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