Publications by authors named "Renato Scarinci"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Epilepsy and electroencephalographic anomalies in chromosome 2 aberrations. A review.

Epilepsy Res 2008 Mar 20;79(1):63-70. Epub 2008 Feb 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology Section, University of Siena, Italy.

Unlabelled: Epilepsy and electroencephalographic (EEG) anomalies are common in subjects carrying chromosomal aberrations. We report clinical and EEG investigations on 13 patients carrying chromosome 2 anomalies, including two patients with inversions, six with translocations, two with partial duplications and three with interstitial deletion syndromes. Epilepsy and/or EEG anomalies were found in one patient with a chromosome 2 translocation, in both of those carrying partial duplications and in all three with interstitial deletion syndromes. No epilepsy or EEG anomalies were detected in the remaining patients.

Conclusions: Epilepsy may be associated with chromosome 2 aberrations. Gross rearrangements involving the long arm of chromosome 2 might be more often associated with epilepsy than those involving the short arm. The association of epilepsy with chromosome 2 duplications is less clear. In particular, our observations and a review of the literature appear to suggest that a strict relationship between epilepsy and interstitial deletions involving the 2q24-q31 region. In the latter disorder tonic and focal seizures occur early in life. Generalized and focal myoclonic jerks tend to appear in infancy and are subsequently followed by seizures mixed in type. Seizures usually persist up to late childhood and are drug resistant. Further studies are necessary to better define the electroclinical patterns of patients carrying deletions in 2q24-q31. These may help to direct systematic study of this--probably underestimated--cause of severe epilepsy.
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March 2008

New neurocutaneous syndrome with defect in cell trafficking and melanosome pathway: the future challenge.

Brain Dev 2008 Aug 28;30(7):461-8. Epub 2008 Jan 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatrics Neurology and Pediatrics Neuropsychiatric Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese, Policlinico Le Scotte, University of Siena, Viale Bracci, I-53100 Siena, Italy.

Objective: Case study of a CNS impairment lacking in presumptive cause; case presents with a clinical phenotype encompassing multiple differently expressed and combined symptoms, as well as a subtle skin defect.

Materials And Methods: A 6-year-old male with apparently isolated mental delay, speech delay, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, and subtle and insignificant skin dyschromias. The patient underwent a systematic evaluation, including clinical history; medical, neurological and ophthalmologic examinations. Skin, teeth, nails, hair and sudation were examined for defects. Routine laboratory tests for blood, urine, were performed. The proband had thyroid function tests, electrocardiography, genitourinary system and abdominal examinations. Special examinations pertaining to mental performance, biochemistry, chromosome studies, imaging and electrodiagnostic studies, and skin biopsy were also performed.

Results: Investigators ruled out genetic syndromes, congenital infections, fetal deprivation, perinatal insults, intrauterine exposure to drug abuse, and postnatal events such as CNS infections as possible common causes of brain impairment. Being all further test negative, the patient exhibited an ultrastructural defect of the skin, identical to that previously described [Buoni S, Zannolli R, de Santi MM, Macucci F, Hayek J, Orsi A et al. Neurocutaneous syndrome with mental delay, autism, blockage in intracellular vesicular trafficking and melanosome defects. Eur J Neurol 2006;13:842-51], suggesting that some cell compartments, such as rough endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, Golgi apparatus, and the vesicular zone (racket) of Birbeck granules, sharing similar components, can be altered, resulting in a common defect in cell trafficking, associated to melanosome defects.

Conclusions: This new devasting, ultrastructural phenotype accompanied by apparently unspecific and mixed neurological symptoms should represent a future challenge to finally discover the pathogenesis of many childhood CNS symptoms, that currently seem to lack any apparent cause.
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August 2008

Kabuki syndrome with trichrome vitiligo, ectodermal defect and hypogammaglobulinemia A and G.

Brain Dev 2007 Jul 14;29(6):373-6. Epub 2006 Dec 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neurology, Policlinico Le Scotte, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

We report a unique combination of symptoms in a case of Kabuki syndrome (KS), a multiple malformation/mental retardation syndrome that has a prevalence of 1:32,000 to 1:86,000. The patient was a mentally delayed 12-year-old male with trichrome vitiligo, ectodermal defect, and hypogammaglobulinemia A and G. This unique combination of signs, described here for the first time, indicates that KS comprises multiple deficits that affect not only the brain, but ectoderm-derived structures and the immune system as well. Our report may provide important clues for understanding the pathogenesis of the KS.
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July 2007

Re-evaluation of risk for Down syndrome by means of the combined test in pregnant women of 35 years or more.

Prenat Diagn 2005 Feb;25(2):133-6

Prenatal Diagnosis Centre, Chair of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics, and Reproductive Medicine, University of Siena, Siena Italy.

Objective: Evaluation of combined test in pregnant women 35 years of age and over to detect fetal Down syndrome.

Materials And Methods: The study population included 408 pregnant women of 35 years and over, who requested the combined test (nuchal translucency, PAPP-A, free beta hCG, maternal age, cut-off 1:250) before deciding whether to undergo amniocentesis.

Results: The test was positive in 66 women who then requested amniocentesis for fetal karyotype determination; the other women had a negative test and declined amniocentesis. False-positives increased with maternal age from 6.6% at 35 years to about 50% at 40 to 41 and 100% in women over 41. Six cases of Down syndrome and two cases of trisomy 18 were detected. Not a single case of Down syndrome or trisomy 18 was missed, and other chromosome abnormalities were detected as well.

Conclusions: The application of the combined test reduced the need for invasive testing to only 14% of the studied pregnant population, without missing any of the fetuses with trisomy 21 or 18.
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February 2005

Association of microphthalmia and esophageal atresia: description of a patient and review of the literature.

Am J Med Genet A 2003 Jun;119A(2):184-7

Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, University of Siena, Italy.

Since 1988, when Rogers first described a boy with anophthalmia associated with esophageal atresia, eight similar cases have been reported. These patients lend support to the hypothesis that this association of congenital anomalies constitutes a discrete entity, although the etiology is still unknown. We report a patient with this combination of malformations as well as a marked hypoplasia of the entire left half of the body.
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June 2003