Publications by authors named "Renata Pereira Abranches"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Copaiba Oil: Chemical Composition and Influence on In-vitro Cutaneous Permeability of Celecoxib.

Curr Drug Deliv 2018 ;15(3):357-366

School of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 21.941.902, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Background: Use of topical or transdermal administration of Celecoxib (Cxb) is an interesting strategy in cutaneous treatments since it reduces or avoids side effects of the oral route. However, Cxb´s high lipophilicity and the stratum corneum (SC) barrier impair cutaneous penetration.

Objective: Evaluation of copaiba oil (C.O) as a potential skin penetration enhancer (P.E) for Cxb.

Methods: The chemical composition of C.O was evaluated by GC-MS. Both in-vitro release and permeability assay of Cxb in Polyethylene glycol 400/ propylene glycol (PEG 400/PG) vehicle associated to C.O (1-50% w/w) were determined in a modified diffusion cell fitted with a synthetic hydrophobic membrane and pig ear skin as model, respectively.

Results: GC-MS analysis of C.O showed that it is composed of sesquiterpenes (68.65%) and diterpenes (22.26%). Formulations containing 25% C.O (F4) and 50% C.O (F5) have shown in-vitro burst release in the first 2 h, but only F4 released 100% of drug after 24 h. The highest Cxb permeation across skin was obtained from F4 and the highest skin retentions for F4 and F5 in the stratum corneum and epidermis plus dermis.

Conclusion: The increased Cxb permeability through skin and its retention for an extended time (24h) at 25% C.O suggest that it could be a promising adjuvant for the development of transdermal formulations of Cxb.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1567201814666170825154453DOI Listing
September 2018

Chitosan-based mucoadhesive films containing 5-aminolevulinic acid for buccal cancer's treatment.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2014 Nov 12;140:266-75. Epub 2014 Aug 12.

School of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho 373, 21.941.902 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a relatively new method to treat various kinds of tumors, including those of the oral cavity. The topical 5-ALA-PDT treatment for tumors of the oral mucosa is preferred, since when administered systemically, there is a general photosensitization drawback in the patient. However, 5-ALA is a hydrophilic molecule and its penetration and retention is limited by topical route, including oral mucosa. We propose a topical delivery system of chitosan-based mucoadhesive film, aiming to promote greater retention of 5-ALA in tissue. The chitosan (CHT) films (4% w/w) were prepared using the solvent evaporation/casting technique. They were tested without 5-ALA resulting in permeability to water vapor (W.V.P=2.15-8.54 g mm/(h cm(2)Pa) swelling ∼300.0% (±10.5) at 4 h or 24 h and in vitro residence time >24 h for all tests. CHT films containing 10.0% (w/w) 5-ALA have resulted in average weight of 0.22 g and thickness of 0.608 mm as suitable characteristics for oral application. In the presence of CHT films both in vitro permeation and retention of 5-ALA (1.0% or 10.0%) were increased. However, 10.0% 5-ALA presented highest values of permeation and retention (∼4 and 17 times respectively, compared to propylene glycol vehicle). On the other hand, in vitro mucoadhesion of CHT films was decreased (18.2-fold and 3.1-fold) by 5-ALA addition (1.0% or 10.0% respectively). However, CHT film containing 10.0% of 5-ALA can be a potential delivery system for topical use in the treatment of tumors of the oral cavity using PDT because it favored the retention of 5-ALA in this tissue and has shown convenient mucoadhesion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.08.005DOI Listing
November 2014